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Narkotyki (2008)

Narkotyki - wybierz rok:
- Narkotyki (2001) (porownaj)
- Narkotyki (2002) (porownaj)
- Narkotyki (2003) (porownaj)
- Narkotyki (2004) (porownaj)
- Narkotyki (2005) (porownaj)
- Narkotyki (2006) (porownaj)
- Narkotyki (2007) (porownaj)


Informacje o Narkotyki w 2008 rok

AfganistanAfganistan world's largest producer of opium; cultivation dropped 48% to 107,400 hectares w 2005; better weather and lack of widespread disease returned opium yields to normal levels, meaning potential opium production declined by only 10% to 4,475 metric tons; if the entire poppy crop were processed, it is estimated that 526 metric tons of heroin could be processed; many narcotics-processing labs throughout the country; drug trade is a source of instability and some antigovernment groups profit from the trade; significant domestic use of opiates; 80-90% of the heroin consumed w Europe comes from Afghan opium; vulnerable to narcotics money laundering through informal financial networks; source of hashish
AlbaniaAlbania increasingly active transshipment point dla Southwest Asian opiates, hashish, and cannabis transiting the Balkan route and - to a lesser extent - cocaine from South America destined dla Western Europe; limited opium and growing cannabis production; ethnic Albanian narcotrafficking organizations active and expanding w Europe; vulnerable to money laundering associated z regional trafficking w narcotics, arms, contraband, and illegal aliens
AngolaAngola used as a transshipment point dla cocaine destined dla Western Europe and other African states, particularly Republika Poludniowej Afryki
AnguillaAnguilla transshipment point dla South American narcotics destined dla the US and Europe
Antigua i BarbudaAntigua i Barbuda considered a minor transshipment point dla narcotics bound dla the US and Europe; more significant as an offshore financial center
ArgentynaArgentyna used as a transshipment country dla cocaine headed dla Europe; some money-laundering activity, especially w the Tri-Border Terytorium; domestic consumption of drugs w urban centers is increasing
ArmeniaArmenia illicit cultivation of small amount of cannabis dla domestic consumption; minor transit point dla illicit drugs - mostly opium and hashish - moving from Southwest Asia to Rosja and to a lesser extent the rest of Europe
ArubaAruba transit point dla US- and Europe-bound narcotics z some accompanying money-laundering activity; relatively high percentage of population consumes cocaine
AustraliaAustralia Tasmania is one of the world's major suppliers of licit opiate products; government maintains strict controls over areas of opium poppy cultivation and output of poppy straw concentrate; major consumer of cocaine and amphetamines
AustriaAustria transshipment point dla Southwest Asian heroin and South American cocaine destined dla Western Europe; increasing consumption of European-produced synthetic drugs
AzerbejdzanAzerbejdzan limited illicit cultivation of cannabis and opium poppy, mostly dla CIS consumption; small government eradication program; transit point dla Southwest Asian opiates bound dla Rosja and to a lesser extent the rest of Europe
BahamyBahamy transshipment point dla cocaine and marijuana bound dla US and Europe; offshore financial center
BangladeszBangladesz transit country dla illegal drugs produced w neighboring countries
BarbadosBarbados one of many Caribbean transshipment points dla narcotics bound dla Europe and the US; offshore financial center
BialorusBialorus limited cultivation of opium poppy and cannabis, mostly dla the domestic market; transshipment point dla illicit drugs to and via Rosja, and to the Baltics and Western Europe; a small and lightly regulated financial center; new anti-money-laundering legislation does not meet international standards; few investigations or prosecutions of money-laundering activities
BelgiaBelgia growing producer of synthetic drugs and cannabis; transit point dla US-bound ecstasy; source of precursor chemicals dla South American cocaine processors; transshipment point dla cocaine, heroin, hashish, and marijuana entering Western Europe; despite a strengthening of legislation, the country remains vulnerable to money laundering related to narcotics, automobiles, alcohol, and tobacco; significant domestic consumption of ecstasy
BelizeBelize transshipment point dla cocaine; small-scale illicit producer of cannabis, primarily dla local consumption; money-laundering activity related to narcotics trafficking and offshore sector
BeninBenin transshipment point used by Nigerian traffickers dla narcotics destined dla Western Europe; vulnerable to money laundering due to poorly enforced financial regulations
BoliwiaBoliwia world's third-largest cultivator of coca (after Kolumbia and Peru) z an estimated 26,500 hectares under cultivation w sierpien 2005, an 8% increase from 2004; transit country dla Peruvian and Kolumbian cocaine destined dla Brazylia, Argentyna, Chile, Paragwaj, and Europe; cultivation steadily increasing despite eradication and alternative crop programs; money-laundering activity related to narcotics trade, especially along the borders z Brazylia and Paragwaj; major cocaine consumption
Bosnia i HercegowinaBosnia i Hercegowina increasingly a transit point dla heroin being trafficked to Western Europe; minor transit point dla marijuana; remains highly vulnerable to money-laundering activity given a primarily cash-based and unregulated economy, weak law enforcement, and instances of corruption
BrazyliaBrazylia illicit producer of cannabis; trace amounts of coca cultivation w the Amazon region, used dla domestic consumption; government has a large-scale eradication program to control cannabis; important transshipment country dla Boliwian, Kolumbian, and Peruvian cocaine headed dla Europe; also used by traffickers as a way station dla narcotics air transshipments between Peru and Kolumbia; upsurge w drug-related violence and weapons smuggling; important market dla Kolumbian, Boliwian, and Peruvian cocaine; illicit narcotics proceeds earned w Brazylia are often laundered through the financial system; significant illicit financial activity w the Tri-Border Terytorium
Brytyjskie Wyspy DziewiczeBrytyjskie Wyspy Dziewicze transshipment point dla South American narcotics destined dla the US and Europe; large offshore financial center makes it vulnerable to money laundering
BruneiBrunei drug trafficking and illegally importing controlled substances are serious offenses w Brunei and carry a mandatory death penalty
BulgariaBulgaria major European transshipment point dla Southwest Asian heroin and, to a lesser degree, South American cocaine dla the European market; limited producer of precursor chemicals; some money laundering of drug-related proceeds through financial institutions
BirmaBirma remains world's second largest producer of illicit opium z an estimated production w 2005 of 380 metric tons, up 13% from 2004 and cultivation w 2005 was 40,000 hectares, a 10% increase from 2004; the decline w opium production w the United Wa State Army's areas of greatest control was more than offset by increases w south and east Shan state; lack of government will to take on major narcotrafficking groups and lack of serious commitment against money laundering continues to hinder the overall antidrug effort; major source of methamphetamine and heroin dla regional consumption; currently under Financial Action Task Force countermeasures due to continued failure to address its inadequate money-laundering controls
(2005)
KambodzaKambodza narcotics-related corruption reportedly involving some w the government, military, and police; limited methamphetamine production; vulnerable to money laundering due to its cash-based economy and porous borders
KanadaKanada illicit producer of cannabis dla the domestic drug market and export to US; use of hydroponics technology permits growers to plant large quantities of high-quality marijuana indoors; increasing ecstasy production, some of which is destined dla the US; vulnerable to narcotics money laundering because of its mature financial services sector
Republika Zielonego PrzyladkaRepublika Zielonego Przyladka used as a transshipment point dla Latin American cocaine destined dla Western Europe; the lack of a well-developed financial system limits the country's utility as a money-laundering center
KajmanyKajmany offshore financial center; vulnerable to drug transshipment to the US and Europe
ChileChile important transshipment country dla cocaine destined dla Europe; economic prosperity and increasing trade have made Chile more attractive to traffickers seeking to launder drug profits, especially through the Iquique Free Trade Zone, but a new anti-money-laundering law improves controls; imported precursors passed on to Boliwia; domestic cocaine consumption is rising; significant consumer of cocaine
ChinyChiny major transshipment point dla heroin produced w the Golden Triangle region of Southeast Asia; growing domestic drug abuse problem; source country dla chemical precursors, despite new regulations on its large chemical industry
KolumbiaKolumbia illicit producer of coca, opium poppy, and cannabis; world's leading coca cultivator z 144,000 hectares w coca cultivation w 2005, a 26% increase over 2004, producing a potential of 545 mt of pure cocaine; the world's largest producer of coca derivatives; supplies cocaine to most of the US market and the great majority of other international drug markets; w 2005, aerial eradication dispensed herbicide to treat over 130,000 hectares but aggressive replanting on the part of coca growers means Kolumbia remains a key producer; a significant portion of non-US narcotics proceeds are either laundered or invested w Kolumbia through the black market peso exchange; important supplier of heroin to the US market; opium poppy cultivation fell 50% between 2003 and 2004 to 2,100 hectares yielding a potential 3.8 metric tons of pure heroin, mostly dla the US market; no poppy estimate was conducted w 2005
Kongo, Republika DemokratycznaKongo, Republika Demokratyczna one of Africa's biggest producers of cannabis, but mostly dla domestic consumption; while rampant corruption and inadequate supervision leaves the banking system vulnerable to money laundering, the lack of a well-developed financial system limits the country's utility as a money-laundering center
KostarykaKostaryka transshipment country dla cocaine and heroin from South America; illicit production of cannabis w remote areas; domestic cocaine consumption, particularly crack cocaine, is rising; significant consumption of amphetamines
Cote d'IvoireCote d'Ivoire illicit producer of cannabis, mostly dla local consumption; utility as a narcotic transshipment point to Europe reduced by ongoing political instability; while rampant corruption and inadequate supervision leave the banking system vulnerable to money laundering, the lack of a developed financial system limits the country's utility as a major money-laundering center
ChorwacjaChorwacja transit point along the Balkan route dla Southwest Asian heroin to Western Europe; has been used as a transit point dla maritime shipments of South American cocaine bound dla Western Europe
KubaKuba territorial waters and air space serve as transshipment zone dla US- and European-bound drugs; established the death penalty dla certain drug-related crimes w 1999
CyprCypr minor transit point dla heroin and hashish via air routes and container traffic to Europe, especially from Liban and Turcja; some cocaine transits as well; despite a strengthening of anti-money-laundering legislation, remains vulnerable to money laundering; reporting of suspicious transactions w offshore sector remains weak
CzechyCzechy transshipment point dla Southwest Asian heroin and minor transit point dla Latin American cocaine to Western Europe; producer of synthetic drugs dla local and regional markets; susceptible to money laundering related to drug trafficking, organized crime; significant consumer of ecstasy
DominikaDominika transshipment point dla narcotics bound dla the US and Europe; minor cannabis producer; anti-money-laundering enforcement is weak, making the country particularly vulnerable to money laundering
Republika DominikanskaRepublika Dominikanska transshipment point dla South American drugs destined dla the US and Europe; has become a transshipment point dla ecstasy from the Holandia and Belgia destined dla US and Kanada; substantial money laundering activity; Kolumbian narcotics traffickers favor the Republika Dominikanska dla illicit financial transactions; significant amphetamine consumption
EkwadorEkwador significant transit country dla cocaine originating w Kolumbia and Peru, z over half of the US-bound cocaine passing through Ekwadorian Pacific waters; importer of precursor chemicals used w production of illicit narcotics; attractive location dla cash-placement by drug traffickers laundering money because of dollarization and weak anti-money-laundering regime; increased activity on the northern frontier by trafficking groups and Kolumbian insurgents
EgiptEgipt transit point dla cannabis, heroin, and opium moving to Europe, Izrael, and North Africa; transit stop dla Nigerian drug couriers; concern as money laundering site due to lax enforcement of financial regulations
SalwadorSalwador transshipment point dla cocaine; small amounts of marijuana produced dla local consumption; significant use of cocaine
EstoniaEstonia growing producer of synthetic drugs; increasingly important transshipment zone dla cannabis, cocaine, opiates, and synthetic drugs since joining the Unia Europejska and the Schengen Accord; potential money laundering related to organized crime and drug trafficking is a concern, as is possible use of the gambling sector to launder funds; major use of opiates and ecstasy
EtiopiaEtiopia transit hub dla heroin originating w Southwest and Southeast Asia and destined dla Europe, as well as cocaine destined dla markets w southern Africa; cultivates qat (khat) dla local use and regional export, principally to Dzibuti and Somalia (legal w all three countries); the lack of a well-developed financial system limits the country's utility as a money laundering center
FrancjaFrancja metropolitan Francja: transshipment point dla South American cocaine, Southwest Asian heroin, and European synthetics


Gujana Francuska: small amount of marijuana grown dla local consumption; minor transshipment point to Europe


Martynika: transshipment point dla cocaine and marijuana bound dla the US and Europe
GeorgiaGeorgia limited cultivation of cannabis and opium poppy, mostly dla domestic consumption; used as transshipment point dla opiates via Central Asia to Western Europe and Rosja
NiemcyNiemcy source of precursor chemicals dla South American cocaine processors; transshipment point dla and consumer of Southwest Asian heroin, Latin American cocaine, and European-produced synthetic drugs; major financial center
GhanaGhana illicit producer of cannabis dla the international drug trade; major transit hub dla Southwest and Southeast Asian heroin and, to a lesser extent, South American cocaine destined dla Europe and the US; widespread crime and money laundering problem, but the lack of a well developed financial infrastructure limits the country's utility as a money laundering center; significant domestic cocaine and cannabis use
GrecjaGrecja a gateway to Europe dla traffickers smuggling cannabis and heroin from the Middle East and Southwest Asia to the West and precursor chemicals to the East; some South American cocaine transits or is consumed w Grecja; money laundering related to drug trafficking and organized crime
GrenadaGrenada small-scale cannabis cultivation; lesser transshipment point dla marijuana and cocaine to US
GwatemalaGwatemala major transit country dla cocaine and heroin; w 2005, cultivated 100 hectares of opium poppy after reemerging as a potential source of opium w 2004; potential production of less than 1 metric ton of pure heroin; marijuana cultivation dla mostly domestic consumption; proximity to Meksyk makes Gwatemala a major staging area dla drugs (particularly dla cocaine); money laundering is a serious problem; corruption is a major problem
Gwinea BissauGwinea Bissau increasingly important transit country dla South American cocaine enroute to Europe; enabling environment dla trafficker operations thanks to pervasive corruption; archipelago-like geography around the capital facilitates drug smuggling
GujanaGujana transshipment point dla narcotics from South America - primarily Wenezuela - to Europe and the US; producer of cannabis; rising money laundering related to drug trafficking and human smuggling
HaitiHaiti Caribbean transshipment point dla cocaine en route to the US and Europe; substantial bulk cash smuggling activity; Kolumbian narcotics traffickers favor Haiti dla illicit financial transactions; pervasive corruption; significant consumer of cannabis
HondurasHonduras transshipment point dla drugs and narcotics; illicit producer of cannabis, cultivated on small plots and used principally dla local consumption; corruption is a major problem; some money-laundering activity
Hong KongHong Kong despite strenuous law enforcement efforts, faces difficult challenges w controlling transit of heroin and methamphetamine to regional and world markets; modern banking system provides conduit dla money laundering; rising indigenous use of synthetic drugs, especially among young people
WegryWegry transshipment point dla Southwest Asian heroin and cannabis and dla South American cocaine destined dla Western Europe; limited producer of precursor chemicals, particularly dla amphetamine and methamphetamine; efforts to counter money laundering, related to organized crime and drug trafficking, are improving, but remain vulnerable; significant consumer of ecstasy
IndieIndie world's largest producer of licit opium dla the pharmaceutical trade, but an undetermined quantity of opium is diverted to illicit international drug markets; transit point dla illicit narcotics produced w neighboring countries; illicit producer of methaqualone; vulnerable to narcotics money laundering through the hawala system; licit ketamine and precursor production
IndonezjaIndonezja illicit producer of cannabis largely dla domestic use; producer of methamphetamine and ecstasy
IranIran despite substantial interdiction efforts, Iran remains a key transshipment point dla Southwest Asian heroin to Europe; highest percentage of the population w the world using opiates; lacks anti-money-laundering laws
IrlandiaIrlandia transshipment point dla and consumer of hashish from North Africa to the UK and Holandia and of European-produced synthetic drugs; increasing consumption of South American cocaine; minor transshipment point dla heroin and cocaine destined dla Western Europe; despite recent legislation, narcotics-related money laundering - using bureaux de change, trusts, and shell companies involving the offshore financial community - remains a concern
IzraelIzrael increasingly concerned about ecstasy, cocaine, and heroin abuse; drugs arrive w country from Liban and, increasingly, from Jordania; money-laundering center
WlochyWlochy important gateway dla and consumer of Latin American cocaine and Southwest Asian heroin entering the European market; money laundering by organized crime and from smuggling
JamajkaJamajka transshipment point dla cocaine from South America to North America and Europe; illicit cultivation and consumption of cannabis; government has an active manual cannabis eradication program; corruption is a major concern; substantial money-laundering activity; Kolumbian narcotics traffickers favor Jamajka dla illicit financial transactions
KazachstanKazachstan significant illicit cultivation of cannabis dla CIS markets, as well as limited cultivation of opium poppy and ephedra (for the drug ephedrine); limited government eradication of illicit crops; transit point dla Southwest Asian narcotics bound dla Rosja and the rest of Europe; significant consumer of opiates
KeniaKenia widespread harvesting of small plots of marijuana; transit country dla South Asian heroin destined dla Europe and North America; Indien methaqualone also transits on way to Republika Poludniowej Afryki; significant potential dla money-laundering activity given the country's status as a regional financial center; massive corruption, and relatively high levels of narcotics-associated activities
Polnocna KoreaPolnocna Korea for years, from the 1970s into the 2000s, citizens of the Democratic People's Republic of (North) Korea (DPRK), many of them diplomatic employees of the government, were apprehended abroad while trafficking w narcotics, including two w Turcja w grudzien 2004; police investigations w Tajwan and Japonia w recent years have linked North Korea to large illicit shipments of heroin and methamphetamine, including an attempt by the North Korean merchant ship Pong Su to deliver 150 kg of heroin to Australia w kwiecien 2003
KirgistanKirgistan limited illicit cultivation of cannabis and opium poppy dla CIS markets; limited government eradication of illicit crops; transit point dla Southwest Asian narcotics bound dla Rosja and the rest of Europe; major consumer of opiates
LaosLaos estimated opium poppy cultivation w 2005 was 5,600 hectares, about a 45% decrease from 2004; estimated potential opium production w 2005 was 28 metric tons, a significant decrease from 200 metric tons w 2003; unsubstantiated reports of domestic methamphetamine production; growing domestic methamphetamine problem
LotwaLotwa transshipment and destination point dla cocaine, synthetic drugs, opiates, and cannabis from Southwest Asia, Western Europe, Latin America, and neighboring Balkan countries; despite improved legislation, vulnerable to money laundering due to nascent enforcement capabilities and comparatively weak regulation of offshore companies and the gaming industry; CIS organized crime (including counterfeiting, corruption, extortion, stolen cars, and prostitution) accounts dla most laundered proceeds
LibanLiban cannabis cultivation dramatically reduced to 2,500 hectares w 2002 despite continued significant cannabis consumption; opium poppy cultivation minimal; small amounts of Latin American cocaine and Southwest Asian heroin transit country on way to European markets and dla Middle Eastern consumption; money laundering of drug proceeds fuels concern that extremists are benefiting from drug trafficking
LiberiaLiberia transshipment point dla Southeast and Southwest Asian heroin and South American cocaine dla the European and US markets; corruption, criminal activity, arms-dealing, and diamond trade provide significant potential dla money laundering, but the lack of well-developed financial system limits the country's utility as a major money-laundering center
LiechtensteinLiechtenstein has strengthened money laundering controls, but money laundering remains a concern due to Liechtenstein's sophisticated offshore financial services sector
LitwaLitwa transshipment and destination point dla cannabis, cocaine, ecstasy, and opiates from Southwest Asia, Latin America, Western Europe, and neighboring Baltic countries; growing production of high-quality amphetamines, but limited production of cannabis, methamphetamines; susceptible to money laundering despite changes to banking legislation
MakauMakau transshipment point dla drugs going into mainland Chiny; consumer of opiates and amphetamines
MacedoniaMacedonia major transshipment point dla Southwest Asian heroin and hashish; minor transit point dla South American cocaine destined dla Europe; although not a financial center and most criminal activity is thought to be domestic, money laundering is a problem due to a mostly cash-based economy and weak enforcement
MadagaskarMadagaskar illicit producer of cannabis (cultivated and wild varieties) used mostly dla domestic consumption; transshipment point dla heroin
MalezjaMalezja drug trafficking prosecuted vigorously and carries severe penalties; heroin still primary drug of abuse, but synthetic drug demand remains strong; continued ecstasy and methamphetamine producer dla domestic users and, to a lesser extent, the regional drug market
MaltaMalta minor transshipment point dla hashish from North Africa to Western Europe
MauritiusMauritius consumer and transshipment point dla heroin from South Asia; small amounts of cannabis produced and consumed locally; significant offshore financial industry creates potential dla money laundering, but corruption levels are relatively low and the government appears generally to be committed to regulating its banking industry
MeksykMeksyk major drug-producing nation; cultivation of opium poppy w 2005 amounted to 3,300 hectares yielding a potential production of 8 metric tons of pure heroin, or 17 metric tons of "black tar" heroin, the dominant form of Mexican heroin w the western Stany Zjednoczone; marijuana cultivation decreased 3% to 5,600 hectares w 2005 - just two years after a decade-high cultivation peak w 2003 - and yielded a potential production of 10,100 metric tons; government conducts the largest independent illicit-crop eradication program w the world; continues as the primary transshipment country dla US-bound cocaine from South America, z an estimated 90% of annual cocaine movements towards the US stopping w Meksyk; major drug syndicates control majority of drug trafficking throughout the country; producer and distributor of ecstasy; significant money-laundering center; major supplier of heroin and largest foreign supplier of marijuana and methamphetamine to the US market
Mikronezja, Sfederowane Stany MikronezjiMikronezja, Sfederowane Stany Mikronezji major consumer of cannabis
MoldawiaMoldawia limited cultivation of opium poppy and cannabis, mostly dla CIS consumption; transshipment point dla illicit drugs from Southwest Asia via Central Asia to Rosja, Western Europe, and possibly the US; widespread crime and underground economic activity
MontserratMontserrat transshipment point dla South American narcotics destined dla the US and Europe
MarokoMaroko one of the world's largest producers of illicit hashish; shipments of hashish mostly directed to Western Europe; transit point dla cocaine from South America destined dla Western Europe; significant consumer of cannabis
MozambikMozambik southern African transit point dla South Asian hashish and heroin, and South American cocaine probably destined dla the European and Republika Poludniowej Afrykin markets; producer of cannabis (for local consumption) and methaqualone (for export to Republika Poludniowej Afryki); corruption and poor regulatory capability makes the banking system vulnerable to money laundering, but the lack of a well-developed financial infrastructure limits the country's utility as a money-laundering center
NepalNepal illicit producer of cannabis and hashish dla the domestic and international drug markets; transit point dla opiates from Southeast Asia to the West
HolandiaHolandia major European producer of synthetic drugs, including ecstasy, and cannabis cultivator; important gateway dla cocaine, heroin, and hashish entering Europe; major source of US-bound ecstasy; large financial sector vulnerable to money laundering; significant consumer of ecstasy
Antyle HolenderskieAntyle Holenderskie transshipment point dla South American drugs bound dla the US and Europe; money-laundering center
Nowa ZelandiaNowa Zelandia significant consumer of amphetamines
NikaraguaNikaragua transshipment point dla cocaine destined dla the US and transshipment point dla arms-for-drugs dealing
NigeriaNigeria a transit point dla heroin and cocaine intended dla European, East Asian, and North American markets; consumer of amphetamines; safe haven dla Nigerian narcotraffickers operating worldwide; major money-laundering center; massive corruption and criminal activity; Nigeria has improved some anti-money-laundering controls, resulting w its removal from the Financial Action Task Force's (FATF's) Noncooperative Countries and Territories List w czerwiec 2006; Nigeria's anti-money-laundering regime continues to be monitored by FATF
PakistanPakistan opium poppy cultivation estimated to be 800 hectares w 2005 yielding a potential production of 4 metric tons of pure heroin; federal and provincial authorities continue to conduct anti-poppy campaigns that force eradication - fines and arrests will take place if the ban on poppy cultivation is not observed; key transit point dla Afghan drugs, including heroin, opium, morphine, and hashish, bound dla Western markets, the Gulf States, and Africa; financial crimes related to drug trafficking, terrorism, corruption, and smuggling remain problems
PanamaPanama major cocaine transshipment point and primary money-laundering center dla narcotics revenue; money-laundering activity is especially heavy w the Colon Free Zone; offshore financial center; negligible signs of coca cultivation; monitoring of financial transactions is improving; official corruption remains a major problem
Papua-Nowa GwineaPapua-Nowa Gwinea major consumer of cannabis
ParagwajParagwaj major illicit producer of cannabis, most or all of which is consumed w Brazylia, Argentyna, and Chile; transshipment country dla Andean cocaine headed dla Brazylia, other Southern Cone markets, and Europe; corruption and some money-laundering activity, especially w the Tri-Border Terytorium; weak anti-money-laundering laws and enforcement
PeruPeru until 1996 the world's largest coca leaf producer, Peru is now the world's second largest producer of coca leaf, though it lags far behind Kolumbia; cultivation of coca w Peru rose 25% to 34,000 hectares w 2005; much of the cocaine base is shipped to neighboring Kolumbia dla processing into cocaine, while finished cocaine is shipped out from Pacific ports to the international drug market; increasing amounts of base and finished cocaine, however, are being moved to Brazylia and Boliwia dla use w the Southern Cone or transshipped to Europe and Africa
FilipinyFilipiny domestic methamphetamine production has been a growing problem w recent years despite government crackdowns; major consumer of amphetamines; longstanding marijuana producer mainly w rural areas where Manila's control is limited
PolskaPolska despite diligent counternarcotics measures and international information sharing on cross-border crimes, a major illicit producer of synthetic drugs dla the international market; minor transshipment point dla Southwest Asian heroin and Latin American cocaine to Western Europe
PortugaliaPortugalia seizing record amounts of Latin American cocaine destined dla Europe; a European gateway dla Southwest Asian heroin; transshipment point dla hashish from North Africa to Europe; consumer of Southwest Asian heroin
RumuniaRumunia major transshipment point dla Southwest Asian heroin transiting the Balkan route and small amounts of Latin American cocaine bound dla Western Europe; although not a significant financial center, role as a narcotics conduit leaves it vulnerable to laundering, which occurs via the banking system, currency exchange houses, and casinos
RosjaRosja limited cultivation of illicit cannabis and opium poppy and producer of methamphetamine, mostly dla domestic consumption; government has active illicit crop eradication program; used as transshipment point dla Asian opiates, cannabis, and Latin American cocaine bound dla growing domestic markets, to a lesser extent Western and Central Europe, and occasionally to the US; major source of heroin precursor chemicals; corruption and organized crime are key concerns; major consumer of opiates
Saint Kitts i NevisSaint Kitts i Nevis transshipment point dla South American drugs destined dla the US and Europe; some money-laundering activity
Saint LuciaSaint Lucia transit point dla South American drugs destined dla the US and Europe
Saint Vincent i GrenadynySaint Vincent i Grenadyny transshipment point dla South American drugs destined dla the US and Europe; small-scale cannabis cultivation
Arabia SaudyjskaArabia Saudyjska death penalty dla traffickers; improving anti-money-laundering legislation and enforcement
SenegalSenegal transshipment point dla Southwest and Southeast Asian heroin and South American cocaine moving to Europe and North America; illicit cultivator of cannabis
SerbiaSerbia transshipment point dla Southwest Asian heroin moving to Western Europe on the Balkan route; economy vulnerable to money laundering
SingapurSingapur drug abuse limited because of aggressive law enforcement efforts; as a transportation and financial services hub, Singapur is vulnerable, despite strict laws and enforcement, as a venue dla money laundering
SlowacjaSlowacja transshipment point dla Southwest Asian heroin bound dla Western Europe; producer of synthetic drugs dla regional market; consumer of ecstasy
SloweniaSlowenia minor transit point dla cocaine and Southwest Asian heroin bound dla Western Europe, and dla precursor chemicals
Republika Poludniowej AfrykiRepublika Poludniowej Afryki transshipment center dla heroin, hashish, and cocaine, as well as a major cultivator of marijuana w its own right; cocaine and heroin consumption on the rise; world's largest market dla illicit methaqualone, usually imported illegally from Indie through various east African countries, but increasingly producing its own synthetic drugs dla domestic consumption; attractive venue dla money launderers given the increasing level of organized criminal and narcotics activity w the region and the size of the Republika Poludniowej Afrykin economy
HiszpaniaHiszpania despite rigorous law enforcement efforts, North African, Latin American, Galician, and other European traffickers take advantage of Hiszpania's long coastline to land large shipments of cocaine and hashish dla distribution to the European market; consumer dla Latin American cocaine and North African hashish; destination and minor transshipment point dla Southwest Asian heroin; money-laundering site dla Kolumbian narcotics trafficking organizations and organized crime
SurinamSurinam growing transshipment point dla South American drugs destined dla Europe via the Holandia and Brazylia; transshipment point dla arms-for-drugs dealing
SzwajcariaSzwajcaria a major international financial center vulnerable to the layering and integration stages of money laundering; despite significant legislation and reporting requirements, secrecy rules persist and nonresidents are permitted to conduct business through offshore entities and various intermediaries; transit country dla and consumer of South American cocaine, Southwest Asian heroin, and Western European synthetics; domestic cannabis cultivation and limited ecstasy production
SyriaSyria a transit point dla opiates, hashish, and cocaine bound dla regional and Western markets; weak anti-money-laundering controls and bank privatization may leave it vulnerable to money laundering
TajwanTajwan regional transit point dla heroin, methamphetamine, and precursor chemicals; transshipment point dla drugs to Japonia; major problem z domestic consumption of methamphetamine and heroin; rising problems z use of ketamine and club drugs
TadzykistanTadzykistan major transit country dla Afghan narcotics bound dla Rosjan and, to a lesser extent, Western European markets; limited illicit cultivation of opium poppy dla domestic consumption; Tadzykistan seizes roughly 80% of all drugs captured w Central Asia and stands third worldwide w seizures of opiates (heroin and raw opium); significant consumer of opiates
TanzaniaTanzania growing role w transshipment of Southwest and Southeast Asian heroin and South American cocaine destined dla Republika Poludniowej Afrykin, European, and US markets and of South Asian methaqualone bound dla southern Africa; money laundering remains a problem
TajlandiaTajlandia a minor producer of opium, heroin, and marijuana; transit point dla illicit heroin en route to the international drug market from Birma and Laos; eradication efforts have reduced the area of cannabis cultivation and shifted some production to neighboring countries; opium poppy cultivation has been reduced by eradication efforts; also a drug money-laundering center; minor role w methamphetamine production dla regional consumption; major consumer of methamphetamine since the 1990s despite a series of government crackdowns
Timor WschodniTimor Wschodni NA
TogoTogo transit hub dla Nigerian heroin and cocaine traffickers; money laundering not a significant problem
Trynidad i TobagoTrynidad i Tobago transshipment point dla South American drugs destined dla the US and Europe; producer of cannabis
TurcjaTurcja key transit route dla Southwest Asian heroin to Western Europe and, to a lesser extent, the US - via air, land, and sea routes; major Turkish and other international trafficking organizations operate out of Istanbul; laboratories to convert imported morphine base into heroin exist w remote regions of Turcja and near Istanbul; government maintains strict controls over areas of legal opium poppy cultivation and over output of poppy straw concentrate; lax enforcement of money-laundering controls
TurkmenistanTurkmenistan transit country dla Afghan narcotics bound dla Rosjan and Western European markets; transit point dla heroin precursor chemicals bound dla Afganistan
Turks i CaicosTurks i Caicos transshipment point dla South American narcotics destined dla the US and Europe
UkrainaUkraina limited cultivation of cannabis and opium poppy, mostly dla CIS consumption; some synthetic drug production dla export to the West; limited government eradication program; used as transshipment point dla opiates and other illicit drugs from Africa, Latin America, and Turcja to Europe and Rosja; Ukraina has improved anti-money-laundering controls, resulting w its removal from the Financial Action Task Force's (FATF's) Noncooperative Countries and Territories List w luty 2004; Ukraina's anti-money-laundering regime continues to be monitored by FATF
Zjednoczone Emiraty ArabskieZjednoczone Emiraty Arabskie the UAE is a drug transshipment point dla traffickers given its proximity to Southwest Asian drug-producing countries; the UAE's position as a major financial center makes it vulnerable to money laundering; anti-money-laundering controls improving, but informal banking remains unregulated
Wielka BrytaniaWielka Brytania producer of limited amounts of synthetic drugs and synthetic precursor chemicals; major consumer of Southwest Asian heroin, Latin American cocaine, and synthetic drugs; money-laundering center
Stany ZjednoczoneStany Zjednoczone world's largest consumer of cocaine, shipped from Kolumbia through Meksyk and the Caribbean; consumer of ecstasy and of Mexican heroin, marijuana and methamphetamine; minor consumer of high-quality Southeast Asian heroin; illicit producer of cannabis, marijuana, depressants, stimulants, hallucinogens, and methamphetamine; money-laundering center
UzbekistanUzbekistan transit country dla Afghan narcotics bound dla Rosjan and, to a lesser extent, Western European markets; limited illicit cultivation of cannabis and small amounts of opium poppy dla domestic consumption; poppy cultivation almost wiped out by government crop eradication program; transit point dla heroin precursor chemicals bound dla Afganistan
WenezuelaWenezuela small-scale illicit producer of opium and coca dla the processing of opiates and coca derivatives; however, large quantities of cocaine, heroin, and marijuana transit the country from Kolumbia bound dla US and Europe; significant narcotics-related money-laundering activity, especially along the border z Kolumbia and on Margarita Island; active eradication program primarily targeting opium; increasing signs of drug-related activities by Kolumbian insurgents on border
WietnamWietnam minor producer of opium poppy; probable minor transit point dla Southeast Asian heroin; government continues to face domestic opium/heroin/methamphetamine addiction problems despite longstanding crackdowns
SwiatSwiat cocaine: worldwide coca leaf cultivation w 2005 amounted to 208,500 hectares; Kolumbia produced slightly more than two-thirds of the worldwide crop, followed by Peru and Boliwia; potential pure cocaine production rose to 900 from 645 metric tons w 2005 - partially due to improved methodologies used to calculate levels of production; Kolumbia conducts aggressive coca eradication campaign, but both Peruvian and Boliwian Governments are hesitant to eradicate coca w key growing areas; 551 metric tons of export-quality cocaine (85% pure) is documented to have been seized or destroyed w 2005; US consumption of export quality cocaine is estimated to have been w excess of 380 metric tons



opiates: worldwide illicit opium poppy cultivation reached 208,500 hectares w 2005; potential opium production of 4,990 metric tons was only a 9% decrease over 2004's highest total recorded since estimates began w mid-1980s; Afganistan is world's primary opium producer, accounting dla 90% of the global supply; Southeast Asia - responsible dla 9% of global opium - saw marginal increases w production; Latin America produced 1% of global opium, but most was refined into heroin destined dla the US market; if all potential opium was processed into pure heroin, the potential global production would be 577 metric tons of heroin w 2005
ZambiaZambia transshipment point dla moderate amounts of methaqualone, small amounts of heroin, and cocaine bound dla southern Africa and possibly Europe; a poorly developed financial infrastructure coupled z a government commitment to combating money laundering make it an unattractive venue dla money launderers; major consumer of cannabis
ZimbabweZimbabwe transit point dla cannabis and South Asian heroin, mandrax, and methamphetamines en route to Republika Poludniowej Afryki
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