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Honduras (2008)

Honduras - wybierz rok:
HondurasHonduras (2001) (porownaj)
HondurasHonduras (2002) (porownaj)
HondurasHonduras (2003) (porownaj)
HondurasHonduras (2004) (porownaj)
HondurasHonduras (2005) (porownaj)
HondurasHonduras (2006) (porownaj)
HondurasHonduras (2007) (porownaj)


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Honduras 2008 roku

 Honduras
Podzial administracyjny 18 departments (departamentos, singular - departamento); Atlantida, Choluteca, Colon, Comayagua, Copan, Cortes, El Paraiso, Francisco Morazan, Gracias a Dios, Intibuca, Islas de la Bahia, La Paz, Lempira, Ocotepeque, Olancho, Santa Barbara, Valle, Yoro
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 39.3% (male 1,500,949/female 1,439,084)


15-64 years: 57.2% (male 2,142,953/female 2,140,432)


65 years and over: 3.5% (male 117,774/female 142,571) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo bananas, coffee, citrus; beef; timber; shrimp, tilapia, lobster; corn, African palm
Lotniska 112 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 12


2,438 to 3,047 m: 3


1,524 to 2,437 m: 2


914 to 1,523 m: 4


under 914 m: 3 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 100


1,524 to 2,437 m: 2


914 to 1,523 m: 15


under 914 m: 83 (2007)
Terytorium total: 112,090 sq km


land: 111,890 sq km


water: 200 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly larger than Tennessee
Tlo historyczne Once part of Hiszpania's vast empire w the New Swiat, Honduras became an independent nation w 1821. After two and a half decades of mostly military rule, a freely elected civilian government came to power w 1982. During the 1980s, Honduras proved a haven dla anti-Sandinista contras fighting the Marxist Nikaraguan Government and an ally to Salvadoran Government forces fighting leftist guerrillas. The country was devastated by Hurricane Mitch w 1998, which killed about 5,600 people and caused approximately $2 billion w damage.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 27.59 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $2.089 billion


expenditures: $2.357 billion; including capital expenditures of $106 million (2007 est.)
Stolica name: Tegucigalpa


geographic coordinates: 14 06 N, 87 13 W


time difference: UTC-6 (1 hour behind Washington, DC during Standard Time)


daylight saving time: +1hr, begins second Sunday w marzec; ends first Sunday w listopad; note - these dates become effective w 2007
Klimat subtropical w lowlands, temperate w mountains
Linia brzegowa 820 km
Konstytucja 11 styczen 1982, effective 20 styczen 1982; amended many times
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Honduras


conventional short form: Honduras


local long form: Republica de Honduras


local short form: Honduras
Wspolczynnik zgonow 5.32 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $3.871 billion (31 grudzien 2007 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Charles A. FORD


embassy: Avenida La Paz, Apartado Postal No. 3453, Tegucigalpa


mailing address: American Embassy, APO AA 34022, Tegucigalpa


telephone: [504] 236-9320, 238-5114


FAX: [504] 236-9037
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Roberto FLORES BERMUDEZ


chancery: Suite 4-M, 3007 Tilden Street NW, Washington, DC 20008


telephone: [1] (202) 966-7702


FAX: [1] (202) 966-9751


consulate(s) general: Atlanta, Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, New Orleans, New York, Phoenix, San Francisco


honorary consulate(s): Boston, Detroit, Jacksonville
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje International Court of Justice (ICJ) ruled on the delimitation of "bolsones" (disputed areas) along the Salwador-Honduras border w 1992 z final settlement by the parties w 2006 after an Organization of American States (OAS) survey and a further ICJ ruling w 2003; the 1992 ICJ ruling advised a tripartite resolution to a maritime boundary w the Gulf of Fonseca z consideration of Honduran access to the Pacific; Salwador continues to claim tiny Conejo Island, not mentioned w the ICJ ruling, off Honduras w the Gulf of Fonseca; Honduras claims the Belizean-administered Sapodilla Cays off the coast of Belize w its constitution, but agreed to a joint ecological park around the cays should Gwatemala consent to a maritime corridor w the Caribbean under the OAS-sponsored 2002 Belize-Gwatemala Differendum; memorials and countermemorials were filed by the parties w Nikaragua's 1999 and 2001 proceedings against Honduras and Kolumbia at the ICJ over the maritime boundary and territorial claims w the western Caribbean Sea - final public hearings are scheduled dla 2007
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $680.8 million (2005)
Ekonomia Honduras, the second poorest country w Central America and one of the poorest countries w the Western Hemisphere, z an extraordinarily unequal distribution of income and massive unemployment, is banking on expanded trade under the US-Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) and on debt relief under the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) initiative. Despite improvements w tax collections, the government's fiscal deficit is growing due to increases w current expenditures and financial losses from the state energy and telephone companies. Honduras is the fastest growing remittance destination w the region z inflows representing over a quarter of Produkt krajowy brutto, equivalent to nearly three-quarters of exports. The economy relies heavily on a narrow range of exports, notably bananas and coffee, making it vulnerable to natural disasters and shifts w commodity prices, however, investments w the maquila and non-traditional export sectors are slowly diversifying the economy. Growth remains dependent on the economy of the US, its largest trading partner, and on reduction of the high crime rate, as a means of attracting and maintaining investment.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 4.036 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 57 million kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 5.339 billion kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m


highest point: Cerro Las Minas 2,870 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy urban population expanding; deforestation results from logging and the clearing of land dla agricultural purposes; further land degradation and soil erosion hastened by uncontrolled development and improper land use practices such as farming of marginal lands; mining activities polluting Lago de Yojoa (the country's largest source of fresh water), as well as several rivers and streams, z heavy metals
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands


signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne mestizo (mixed Amerindian and European) 90%, Amerindian 7%, black 2%, white 1%
Kurs waluty lempiras per US dollar - 18.9 (2007), 18.895 (2006), 18.92 (2005), 18.206 (2004), 17.345 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Manuel ZELAYA Rosales (since 27 styczen 2006); Vice President Elvin Ernesto SANTOS Ordonez (since 27 styczen 2006); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government


head of government: President Manuel ZELAYA Rosales (since 27 styczen 2006); Vice President Elvin Ernesto SANTOS Ordonez (since 27 styczen 2006)


cabinet: Cabinet appointed by president


elections: president elected by popular vote dla a four-year term; election last held 27 listopad 2005 (next to be held w listopad 2009)


election results: Manuel ZELAYA Rosales elected president - 49.8%, Porfirio "Pepe" LOBO Sosa 46.1%, other 4.1%
Eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Eksport $3.924 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 765.4 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary coffee, shrimp, bananas, gold, palm oil, fruit, lobster, lumber
Eksport - partnerzy US 70.6%, Gwatemala 3.5%, Salwador 3.4% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi three equal horizontal bands of blue (top), white, and blue z five blue, five-pointed stars arranged w an X pattern centered w the white band; the stars represent the members of the former Federal Republic of Central America - Kostaryka, Salwador, Gwatemala, Honduras, and Nikaragua; similar to the flag of Salwador, which features a round emblem encircled by the words REPUBLICA DE EL SALVADOR EN LA AMERICA CENTRAL centered w the white band; also similar to the flag of Nikaragua, which features a triangle encircled by the word REPUBLICA DE NICARAGUA on top and AMERICA CENTRAL on the bottom, centered w the white band
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 13.5%


industry: 31%


services: 55.6% (2007 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 6% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 15 00 N, 86 30 W
Polozenie geograficzne has only a short Pacific coast but a long Caribbean shoreline, including the virtually uninhabited eastern Mosquito Coast
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 1.2%


highest 10%: 42.2% (2003)
Narkotyki transshipment point dla drugs and narcotics; illicit producer of cannabis, cultivated on small plots and used principally dla local consumption; corruption is a major problem; some money-laundering activity
Import 57 million kWh (2005)
Import $6.798 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 42,620 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary machinery and transport equipment, industrial raw materials, chemical products, fuels, foodstuffs
Import - partnerzy US 53%, Gwatemala 7%, Salwador 4.5%, Kostaryka 4.1%, Meksyk 4.1% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 15 wrzesien 1821 (from Hiszpania)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 5.3% (2007 est.)
Przemysl sugar, coffee, textiles, clothing, wood products
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 25.21 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 28.3 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 21.95 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 6.4% (2007 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji BCIE, CACM, FAO, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO (subscriber), ITSO, ITU, ITUC, LAES, LAIA (observer), MIGA, MINURSO, NAM, OAS, OPANAL, OPCW, PCA, RG, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, Union Latina, UNWTO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny 800 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court of Justice or Corte Suprema de Justicia (15 judges are elected dla seven-year terms by the National Congress)
Sila robocza 2.812 million (2007 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 34%


industry: 23%


services: 43% (2003 est.)
Granica total: 1,520 km


border countries: Gwatemala 256 km, Salwador 342 km, Nikaragua 922 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 9.53%


permanent crops: 3.21%


other: 87.26% (2005)
Jezyki Spanish, Amerindian dialects
System prawny rooted w Roman and Spanish civil law z increasing influence of English common law; recent judicial reforms include abandoning Napoleonic legal codes w favor of the oral adversarial system; accepts ICJ jurisdiction z reservations
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral National Congress or Congreso Nacional (128 seats; members are elected proportionally to the number of votes their party's presidential candidate receives to serve four-year terms)


elections: last held 27 listopad 2005 (next to be held w listopad 2009)


election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PL 62, PN 55, PUD 5, PDC 4, PINU 2
Zywotnosc total population: 69.35 years


male: 67.78 years


female: 70.99 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 80%


male: 79.8%


female: 80.2% (2001 census)
Lokalizacja Central America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Gwatemala and Nikaragua and bordering the Gulf of Fonseca (North Ocean Spokojny), between Salwador and Nikaragua
Lokalizacja na mapie Central America and the Caribbean
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm


contiguous zone: 24 nm


exclusive economic zone: 200 nm


continental shelf: natural extension of territory or to 200 nm
Flota handlowa total: 126 ships (1000 GRT or over) 352,534 GRT/481,217 DWT


by type: bulk carrier 9, cargo 58, chemical tanker 5, container 1, liquefied gas 1, livestock carrier 1, passenger 4, passenger/cargo 7, petroleum tanker 27, refrigerated cargo 8, roll on/roll off 4, specialized tanker 1


foreign-owned: 40 (Bangladesz 1, Kanada 1, Chiny 3, Egipt 4, Grecja 1, Hong Kong 1, Izrael 1, Japonia 4, South Korea 6, Liban 2, Meksyk 1, Singapur 10, Tajwan 2, Tanzania 1, US 1, Wietnam 1) (2007)
Wojsko Army, Navy (includes Naval Infantry), Honduran Air Force (Fuerza Aerea Hondurena, FAH) (2007)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 0.6% (2006 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 15 wrzesien (1821)
Narodowosc noun: Honduran(s)


adjective: Honduran
Naturalne zagrozenia frequent, but generally mild, earthquakes; extremely susceptible to damaging hurricanes and floods along the Caribbean coast
Surowce naturalne timber, gold, silver, copper, lead, zinc, iron ore, antimony, coal, fish, hydropower
Wspolczynnik migracji -1.36 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Christian Democratic Party or PDC [Felicito AVILA]; Democratic Unification Party or PUD [Cesar HAM]; Liberal Party or PL [Patricia RODAS]; National Innovation and Unity Party or PINU [Jorge AQUILAR Paredes]; National Party of Honduras or PN [Porfirio LOBO]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow Committee dla the Defense of Human Rights w Honduras or CODEH; Confederation of Honduran Workers or CTH; Coordinating Committee of Popular Organizations or CCOP; General Workers Confederation or CGT; Honduran Council of Private Enterprise or COHEP; National Association of Honduran Campesinos or ANACH; National Union of Campesinos or UNC; Popular Bloc or BP; United Confederation of Honduran Workers or CUTH
Ludnosc 7,483,763


note: estimates dla this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result w lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes w the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 50.7% (2004)
Przyrost naturalny 2.091% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 241, FM 53, shortwave 12 (1998)
Linie kolejowe total: 699 km


narrow gauge: 279 km 1.067-m gauge; 420 km 0.914-m gauge (2006)
Religie Roman Catholic 97%, Protestant 3%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.043 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 1.001 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.826 male(s)/female


total population: 1.011 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal and compulsory
System telefoniczny general assessment: inadequate system


domestic: beginning w 2003, private sub-operators allowed to provide fixed-lines w order to expand telephone coverage; fixed-line teledensity has increased to about 10 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular telephone service has been increasing rapidly and subscribership w 2006 exceeded 30 per 100 persons


international: country code - 504; landing point dla both the Americas Region Caribbean Ring System (ARCOS-1) and the MAYA-1 fiber optic submarine cable system that together provide connectivity to South and Central America, parts of the Caribbean, and the US; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki); connected to Central American Microwave System
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 708,400 (2006)
Telefony komorkowe 2.241 million (2006)
Stacje telewizyjne 11 (plus 17 repeaters) (1997)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly mountains w interior, narrow coastal plains
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 3.48 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 27.8% (2007 est.)
Drogi wodne 465 km (most navigable only by small craft) (2007)
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