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Honduras (2004)

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Honduras 2004 year

Administrative divisions 18 departments (departamentos, singular - departamento); Atlantida, Choluteca, Colon, Comayagua, Copan, Cortes, El Paraiso, Francisco Morazan, Gracias a Dios, Intibuca, Islas de la Bahia, La Paz, Lempira, Ocotepeque, Olancho, Santa Barbara, Valle, Yoro
Age structure 0-14 years: 41.2% (male 1,434,555; female 1,376,216)

15-64 years: 55.1% (male 1,866,219; female 1,896,027)

65 years and over: 3.7% (male 118,404; female 132,147) (2004 est.)
Agriculture - products bananas, coffee, citrus; beef; timber; shrimp
Airports 115 (2003 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total: 11

2,438 to 3,047 m: 3

1,524 to 2,437 m: 2

914 to 1,523 m: 3

under 914 m: 3 (2004 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways total: 104

1,524 to 2,437 m: 2

914 to 1,523 m: 18

under 914 m: 84 (2004 est.)
Area total: 112,090 sq km

land: 111,890 sq km

water: 200 sq km
Area - comparative slightly larger than Tennessee
Background Part of Spain's vast empire in the New World, Honduras became an independent nation in 1821. After two and one-half decades of mostly military rule, a freely elected civilian government came to power in 1982. During the 1980s, Honduras proved a haven for anti-Sandinista contras fighting the Marxist Nicaraguan Government and an ally to Salvadoran Government forces fighting against leftist guerrillas. The country was devastated by Hurricane Mitch in 1998, which killed about 5,600 people and caused approximately $2 billion in damage.
Birth rate 31.04 births/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Budget revenues: $1.342 billion

expenditures: $1.744 billion, including capital expenditures of $106 million (2003)
Capital Tegucigalpa
Climate subtropical in lowlands, temperate in mountains
Coastline 820 km
Constitution 11 January 1982, effective 20 January 1982; amended 1995
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Honduras

conventional short form: Honduras

local long form: Republica de Honduras

local short form: Honduras
Currency lempira (HNL)
Death rate 6.64 deaths/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Debt - external $5.246 billion (2003)
Diplomatic representation from the US chief of mission: Ambassador Larry Leon PALMER

embassy: Avenida La Paz, Apartado Postal No. 3453, Tegucigalpa

mailing address: American Embassy, APO AA 34022, Tegucigalpa

telephone: [504] 238-5114, 236-9320

FAX: [504] 236-9037
Diplomatic representation in the US chief of mission: Ambassador Mario Miguel CANAHUATI

chancery: Suite 4-M, 3007 Tilden Street NW, Washington, DC 20008

telephone: [1] (202) 966-7702

FAX: [1] (202) 966-9751

consulate(s) general: Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, New Orleans, New York, Phoenix, San Francisco

honorary consulate(s): Atlanta, Boston, Detroit, Jacksonville
Disputes - international in 1992, ICJ ruled on the delimitation of "bolsones" (disputed areas) along the El Salvador-Honduras border, and the OAS is assisting with a technical resolution of bolsones; in 2003, the ICJ rejected El Salvador's request to revise its decision on one bolsone; the 1992 ICJ ruling advised a tripartite resolution to a maritime boundary in the Gulf of Fonseca with consideration of Honduran access to the Pacific; El Salvador continues to claim tiny Conejo Island, not mentioned by the ICJ, off Honduras in the Gulf of Fonseca; Honduras claims Sapodilla Cays off the coast of Belize but agreed to creation of a joint ecological park and Guatemalan corridor in the Caribbean in the failed 2002 Belize-Guatemala Differendum; Nicaragua filed a claim against Honduras in 1999 and against Colombia in 2001 at the ICJ over a complex maritime dispute in the Caribbean Sea
Economic aid - recipient $557.8 million (1999)
Economy - overview Honduras, one of the poorest countries in the Western Hemisphere with an extraordinarily unequal distribution of income and massive unemployment, is banking on expanded trade privileges under the Enhanced Caribbean Basin Initiative and on debt relief under the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) initiative. While the country has met most of its macroeconomic targets, it has failed to meet the IMF's goals to liberalize its energy and telecommunications sectors. Growth remains dependent on the status of the US economy, its major trading partner, on commodity prices, particularly coffee, and on reduction of the high crime rate.
Electricity - consumption 3.822 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2001)
Electricity - imports 308 million kWh (2001)
Electricity - production 3.778 billion kWh (2001)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

highest point: Cerro Las Minas 2,870 m
Environment - current issues urban population expanding; deforestation results from logging and the clearing of land for agricultural purposes; further land degradation and soil erosion hastened by uncontrolled development and improper land use practices such as farming of marginal lands; mining activities polluting Lago de Yojoa (the country's largest source of fresh water), as well as several rivers and streams, with heavy metals
Environment - international agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Ethnic groups mestizo (mixed Amerindian and European) 90%, Amerindian 7%, black 2%, white 1%
Exchange rates lempiras per US dollar - 17.3453 (2003), 16.4334 (2002), 15.4737 (2001), 14.8392 (2000), 14.2132 (1999)
Executive branch chief of state: President Ricardo (Joest) MADURO (since 27 January 2002); First Vice President Vicente WILLIAMS Agasse (since 27 January 2002); Second Vice President Armida Villela Maria DE LOPEZ Contreras (since 27 January 2002); Third Vice President Alberto DIAZ Lobo (since 27 January 2002); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

head of government: President Ricardo (Joest) MADURO (since 27 January 2002); First Vice President Vicente WILLIAMS Agasse (since 27 January 2002); Second Vice President Armida Villela Maria DE LOPEZ Contreras (since 27 January 2002); Third Vice President Alberto DIAZ Lobo (since 27 January 2002); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

cabinet: Cabinet appointed by president

elections: president elected by popular vote for a four-year term; election last held 25 November 2001 (next to be held 27 November 2005)

election results: Ricardo (Joest) MADURO (PN) elected president - 52.2%, Raphael PINEDA Ponce (PL) 44.3%, others 3.5%
Exports 0 kWh (2001)
Exports $1.37 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Exports NA (2001)
Exports - commodities coffee, bananas, shrimp, lobster, meat; zinc, lumber (2000)
Exports - partners US 65.5%, El Salvador 3.5%, Guatemala 2.4% (2003)
Fiscal year calendar year
Flag description three equal horizontal bands of blue (top), white, and blue with five blue, five-pointed stars arranged in an X pattern centered in the white band; the stars represent the members of the former Federal Republic of Central America - Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua; similar to the flag of El Salvador, which features a round emblem encircled by the words REPUBLICA DE EL SALVADOR EN LA AMERICA CENTRAL centered in the white band; also similar to the flag of Nicaragua, which features a triangle encircled by the word REPUBLICA DE NICARAGUA on top and AMERICA CENTRAL on the bottom, centered in the white band
GDP purchasing power parity - $17.55 billion (2003 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 12.8%

industry: 31.9%

services: 55.3% (2003 est.)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $2,600 (2003 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 3% (2003 est.)
Geographic coordinates 15 00 N, 86 30 W
Geography - note has only a short Pacific coast but a long Caribbean shoreline, including the virtually uninhabited eastern Mosquito Coast
Highways total: 13,603 km

paved: 2,775 km

unpaved: 10,828 km (1999 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: 0.6%

highest 10%: 42.7% (1998)
Illicit drugs transshipment point for drugs and narcotics; illicit producer of cannabis, cultivated on small plots and used principally for local consumption; corruption is a major problem; some money-laundering activity
Imports 308 million kWh (2001)
Imports $3.11 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Imports NA (2001)
Imports - commodities machinery and transport equipment, industrial raw materials, chemical products, fuels, foodstuffs (2000)
Imports - partners US 53.1%, El Salvador 4.5%, Mexico 3% (2003)
Independence 15 September 1821 (from Spain)
Industrial production growth rate 7.7% (2003 est.)
Industries sugar, coffee, textiles, clothing, wood products
Infant mortality rate total: 29.64 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 33.22 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 25.89 deaths/1,000 live births (2004 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 7.7% (2003 est.)
International organization participation ABEDA, BCIE, CACM, FAO, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO (subscriber), ITU, LAES, LAIA (observer), MIGA, MINURSO, NAM, OAS, OPANAL, OPCW (signatory), PCA, RG, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO
Irrigated land 760 sq km (1998 est.)
Judicial branch Supreme Court of Justice or Corte Suprema de Justicia (judges are elected for seven-year terms by the National Congress)
Labor force 2.41 million (2003 est.)
Labor force - by occupation agriculture 34%, industry 21%, services 45% (2001 est.)
Land boundaries total: 1,520 km

border countries: Guatemala 256 km, El Salvador 342 km, Nicaragua 922 km
Land use arable land: 9.55%

permanent crops: 3.22%

other: 87.23% (2001)
Languages Spanish, Amerindian dialects
Legal system rooted in Roman and Spanish civil law with increasing influence of English common law; recent judicial reforms include abandoning Napoleonic legal codes in favor of the oral adversarial system; accepts ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations
Legislative branch unicameral National Congress or Congreso Nacional (128 seats; members are elected proportionally to the number of votes their party's presidential candidate receives to serve four-year terms)

elections: last held 25 November 2001 (next to be held 27 November 2005)

election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - PN 61, PL 55, PUD 5, PDC 4, PINU-SD 3
Life expectancy at birth total population: 66.15 years

male: 64.99 years

female: 67.37 years (2004 est.)
Literacy definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 76.2%

male: 76.1%

female: 76.3% (2003 est.)
Location Central America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Guatemala and Nicaragua and bordering the Gulf of Fonseca (North Pacific Ocean), between El Salvador and Nicaragua
Map references Central America and the Caribbean
Maritime claims territorial sea: 12 nm

contiguous zone: 24 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

continental shelf: natural extension of territory or to 200 nm
Merchant marine total: 238 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 598,600 GRT/616,158 DWT

by type: bulk 12, cargo 139, chemical tanker 5, combination bulk 1, container 5, liquefied gas 1, livestock carrier 1, passenger 3, passenger/cargo 2, petroleum tanker 54, refrigerated cargo 8, roll on/roll off 4, short-sea/passenger 3

foreign-owned: Argentina 1, Bahrain 1, British Virgin Islands 1, Bulgaria 1, Cayman Islands 1, China 4, Costa Rica 1, Cyprus 1, Egypt 5, El Salvador 1, Greece 16, Hong Kong 3, Indonesia 2, Israel 1, Italy 1, Japan 2, Jordan 1, South Korea 9, Lebanon 4, Liberia 4, Maldives 2, Marshall Islands 3, Mexico 1, Nigeria 2, Panama 10, Philippines 1, Russia 1, Saint Kitts and Nevis 3, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1, Saudi Arabia 1, Singapore 22, Spain 1, Taiwan 2, Tanzania 1, Thailand 1, Turkey 2, Turks and Caicos Islands 1, United States 7, Vanuatu 1, Vietnam 1

registered in other countries: 16 (2004 est.)
Military branches Army, Navy (including Naval Infantry), Air Force
Military expenditures - dollar figure $99.8 million (2003)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP 1.5% (2003)
Military manpower - availability males age 15-49: 1,642,029 (2004 est.)
Military manpower - fit for military service males age 15-49: 977,130 (2004 est.)
Military manpower - reaching military age annually males: 76,143 (2004 est.)
National holiday Independence Day, 15 September (1821)
Nationality noun: Honduran(s)

adjective: Honduran
Natural hazards frequent, but generally mild, earthquakes; extremely susceptible to damaging hurricanes and floods along the Caribbean coast
Natural resources timber, gold, silver, copper, lead, zinc, iron ore, antimony, coal, fish, hydropower
Net migration rate -1.99 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Political parties and leaders Christian Democratic Party or PDC [Juan Ramon VELAZQUEZ Nassar]; Democratic Unification Party or PUD [Matias FUNES]; Liberal Party or PL [Roberto MICHELETTI Bain]; National Innovation and Unity Party-Social Democratic Party or PINU-SD [Olban F. VALLADARES]; National Party of Honduras or PN [Jose Celin DISCUA Elvir]; United Confederation of Honduran Workers or CUTH
Political pressure groups and leaders Committee for the Defense of Human Rights in Honduras or CODEH; Confederation of Honduran Workers or CTH; Coordinating Committee of Popular Organizations or CCOP; General Workers Confederation or CGT; Honduran Council of Private Enterprise or COHEP; National Association of Honduran Campesinos or ANACH; National Union of Campesinos or UNC; Popular Bloc or BP; United Federation of Honduran Workers or FUTH
Population 6,823,568

note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2004 est.)
Population below poverty line 53% (1993 est.)
Population growth rate 2.24% (2004 est.)
Ports and harbors La Ceiba, Puerto Castilla, Puerto Cortes, San Lorenzo, Tela, Puerto Lempira
Radio broadcast stations AM 241, FM 53, shortwave 12 (1998)
Railways total: 699 km

narrow gauge: 279 km 1.067-m gauge; 420 km 0.914-m gauge (2003)
Religions Roman Catholic 97%, Protestant minority
Sex ratio at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.9 male(s)/female

total population: 1 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal and compulsory
Telephone system general assessment: inadequate system

domestic: NA

international: country code - 504; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean); connected to Central American Microwave System
Telephones - main lines in use 322,500 (2002)
Telephones - mobile cellular 326,500 (2002)
Television broadcast stations 11 (plus 17 repeaters) (1997)
Terrain mostly mountains in interior, narrow coastal plains
Total fertility rate 3.97 children born/woman (2004 est.)
Unemployment rate 27.5% (2003 est.)
Waterways 465 km (most navigable only by small craft) (2004)
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