Main page Compare countries Index countries Index fields


Honduras (2001)

Honduras - select year:
HondurasHonduras (2002) (compare)
HondurasHonduras (2003) (compare)
HondurasHonduras (2004) (compare)
HondurasHonduras (2005) (compare)
HondurasHonduras (2006) (compare)
HondurasHonduras (2007) (compare)
HondurasHonduras (2008) (compare)

Compare with other popular countries

Honduras 2001 year

Administrative divisions 18 departments (departamentos, singular - departamento); Atlantida, Choluteca, Colon, Comayagua, Copan, Cortes, El Paraiso, Francisco Morazan, Gracias a Dios, Intibuca, Islas de la Bahia, La Paz, Lempira, Ocotepeque, Olancho, Santa Barbara, Valle, Yoro
Age structure 0-14 years:
42.22% (male 1,381,823; female 1,322,684)

15-64 years:
54.21% (male 1,719,593; female 1,753,003)

65 years and over:
3.57% (male 108,271; female 120,678) (2001 est.)
Agriculture - products bananas, coffee, citrus; beef; timber; shrimp
Airports 119 (2000 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total:

2,438 to 3,047 m:

1,524 to 2,437 m:

914 to 1,523 m:

under 914 m:
3 (2000 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways total:

1,524 to 2,437 m:

914 to 1,523 m:

under 914 m:
84 (2000 est.)
Area total:
112,090 sq km

111,890 sq km

200 sq km
Area - comparative slightly larger than Tennessee
Background Part of Spain's vast empire in the New World, Honduras became an independent nation in 1821. After two and one-half decades of mostly military rule, a freely elected civilian government came to power in 1982. During the 1980s, Honduras proved a haven for anti-Sandinista contras fighting the Marxist Nicaraguan Government and an ally to Salvadoran Government forces fighting against leftist guerrillas.
Birth rate 31.94 births/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Budget revenues:
$607 million

$411.9 million, including capital expenditures of $106 million (1999 est.)
Capital Tegucigalpa
Climate subtropical in lowlands, temperate in mountains
Coastline 820 km
Constitution 11 January 1982, effective 20 January 1982; amended 1995
Country name conventional long form:
Republic of Honduras

conventional short form:

local long form:
Republica de Honduras

local short form:
Currency lempira (HNL)
Death rate 5.52 deaths/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Debt - external $5.4 billion (2000)
Diplomatic representation from the US chief of mission:
Ambassador Frank ALMAGUER

Avenida La Paz, Apartado Postal No. 3453, Tegucigalpa

mailing address:
American Embassy, APO AA 34022, Tegucigalpa

[504] 238-5114, 236-9320

[504] 236-9037
Diplomatic representation in the US chief of mission:
Ambassador Hugo NOE PINO

Suite 4-M, 3007 Tilden Street NW, Washington, DC 20008

[1] (202) 966-7702

[1] (202) 966-9751

consulate(s) general:
Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, New Orleans, New York, San Francisco, San Juan (Puerto Rico)

honorary consulate(s):
Boston, Detroit, and Jacksonville
Disputes - international with respect to the maritime boundary in the Golfo de Fonseca, the ICJ referred to the line determined by the 1900 Honduras-Nicaragua Mixed Boundary Commission and advised that some tripartite resolution among El Salvador, Honduras, and Nicaragua likely would be required; the maritime boundary dispute with Nicaragua in the Caribbean Sea is before the ICJ
Economic aid - recipient $557.8 million (1999)
Economy - overview Honduras, one of the poorest countries in the Western Hemisphere, is banking on expanded trade privileges under the Enhanced Caribbean Basin Initiative and on debt relief under the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) initiative. While reconstruction from 1998's Hurricane Mitch is at an advanced stage, and the country has met most of its macroeconomic targets, it failed to meet the IMF's goals to liberalize its energy and telecommunications sectors. Economic growth has rebounded nicely since the hurricane and should continue in 2001.
Electricity - consumption 3.232 billion kWh (1999)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (1999)
Electricity - imports 145 million kWh (1999)
Electricity - production 3.319 billion kWh (1999)
Electricity - production by source fossil fuel:



0% (1999)
Elevation extremes lowest point:
Caribbean Sea 0 m

highest point:
Cerro Las Minas 2,870 m
Environment - current issues urban population expanding; deforestation results from logging and the clearing of land for agricultural purposes; further land degradation and soil erosion hastened by uncontrolled development and improper land use practices such as farming of marginal lands; mining activities polluting Lago de Yojoa (the country's largest source of fresh water) as well as several rivers and streams with heavy metals; severe Hurricane Mitch damage
Environment - international agreements party to:
Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified:
none of the selected agreements
Ethnic groups mestizo (mixed Amerindian and European) 90%, Amerindian 7%, black 2%, white 1%
Exchange rates lempiras per US dollar - 15.1407 (December 2000), 15.1407 (2000), 14.5039 (1999), 13.8076 (1998), 13.0942 (1997), 12.8694 (1996)
Executive branch chief of state:
President Carlos Roberto FLORES Facusse (since 27 January 1998); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government; First Vice President William HANDAL (since NA); Second Vice President Gladys CABALLERO de Arevalo (since NA); Third Vice President Hector Vidal CERRATO Hernandez (since NA)

head of government:
President Carlos Roberto FLORES Facusse (since 27 January 1998); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government; First Vice President William HANDAL (since NA); Second Vice President Gladys CABALLERO de Arevalo (since NA); Third Vice President Hector Vidal CERRATO Hernandez (since NA)

Cabinet appointed by president

president elected by popular vote for a four-year term; election last held 30 November 1997 (next to be held 25 November 2001)

election results:
Carlos Roberto FLORES Facusse elected president; percent of vote - Carlos Roberto FLORES Facusse (PL) 50%, Nora de MELGAR (PN) 40%, other 10%
Exports 0 kWh (1999)
Exports $2 billion (f.o.b., 2000 est.)
Exports - commodities coffee, bananas, shrimp, lobster, meat; zinc, lumber
Exports - partners US 35.4%, Germany 7.5%, El Salvador 6.4%, Guatemala 5.8%, Nicaragua 4.8% (1999)
Fiscal year calendar year
Flag description three equal horizontal bands of blue (top), white, and blue with five blue five-pointed stars arranged in an X pattern centered in the white band; the stars represent the members of the former Federal Republic of Central America - Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua; similar to the flag of El Salvador, which features a round emblem encircled by the words REPUBLICA DE EL SALVADOR EN LA AMERICA CENTRAL centered in the white band; also similar to the flag of Nicaragua, which features a triangle encircled by the word REPUBLICA DE NICARAGUA on top and AMERICA CENTRAL on the bottom, centered in the white band
GDP purchasing power parity - $17 billion (2000 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture:


51.9% (1999 est.)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $2,700 (2000 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 5% (2000 est.)
Geographic coordinates 15 00 N, 86 30 W
Highways total:
15,400 km

3,126 km

12,274 km (1999 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%:

highest 10%:
42.1% (1996)
Illicit drugs transshipment point for drugs and narcotics; illicit producer of cannabis, cultivated on small plots and used principally for local consumption; corruption is a major problem; vulnerable to money laundering
Imports 145 million kWh (1999)
Imports $2.8 billion (f.o.b., 2000 est.)
Imports - commodities machinery and transport equipment, industrial raw materials, chemical products, fuels, foodstuffs
Imports - partners US 47.1%, Guatemala 7.4%, El Salvador 5.9%, Mexico 4.8%, Japan 4.7% (1999)
Independence 15 September 1821 (from Spain)
Industrial production growth rate 4% (1999 est.)
Industries sugar, coffee, textiles, clothing, wood products
Infant mortality rate 30.88 deaths/1,000 live births (2001 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 11% (2000 est.)
International organization participation BCIE, CACM, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, IADB, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO (correspondent), ITU, LAES, LAIA (observer), MINURSO, NAM, OAS, OPANAL, OPCW, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 8 (2000)
Irrigated land 740 sq km (1993 est.)
Judicial branch Supreme Court of Justice or Corte Suprema de Justicia (judges are elected for four-year terms by the National Congress)
Labor force 2.3 million (1997 est.)
Labor force - by occupation agriculture 29%, industry 21%, services 50% (1998 est.)
Land boundaries total:
1,520 km

border countries:
Guatemala 256 km, El Salvador 342 km, Nicaragua 922 km
Land use arable land:

permanent crops:

permanent pastures:

forests and woodland:

14% (1993 est.)
Languages Spanish, Amerindian dialects
Legal system rooted in Roman and Spanish civil law with increasing influence of English common law; recent judicial reforms include abandoning Napoleonic legal codes in favor of the oral adversarial system; accepts ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations
Legislative branch unicameral National Congress or Congreso Nacional (128 seats; members are elected proportionally to the number of votes their party's presidential candidate receives to serve four-year terms)

last held on 30 November 1997 (next to be held 25 November 2001)

election results:
percent of vote by party - PL 46%, PN 38%, PINU-SD 4%, PDC 2%, PUD 2%; seats by party - PL 67, PN 55, PINU-SD 3, PDC 2, PUD 1
Life expectancy at birth total population:
69.35 years

67.51 years

71.28 years (2001 est.)
Literacy definition:
age 15 and over can read and write

total population:


72.7% (1995 est.)
Location Middle America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Guatemala and Nicaragua and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between El Salvador and Nicaragua
Map references Central America and the Caribbean
Maritime claims contiguous zone:
24 NM

continental shelf:
natural extension of territory or to 200 NM

exclusive economic zone:
200 NM

territorial sea:
12 NM
Merchant marine total:
313 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 760,819 GRT/820,582 DWT

ships by type:
bulk 21, cargo 187, chemical tanker 7, container 4, livestock carrier 2, passenger 2, passenger/cargo 4, petroleum tanker 52, refrigerated cargo 17, roll on/roll off 8, short-sea passenger 5, specialized tanker 2, vehicle carrier 2

includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: Russia 4, Singapore 2, Vietnam 1 (2000 est.)
Military branches Army, Navy (includes Marines), Air Force
Military expenditures - dollar figure $35 million (FY99)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP 0.6% (FY99)
Military manpower - availability males age 15-49:
1,515,101 (2001 est.)
Military manpower - fit for military service males age 15-49:
902,220 (2001 est.)
Military manpower - military age 18 years of age
Military manpower - reaching military age annually males:
72,335 (2001 est.)
National holiday Independence Day, 15 September (1821)
Nationality noun:

Natural hazards frequent, but generally mild, earthquakes; damaging hurricanes and floods along Caribbean coast
Natural resources timber, gold, silver, copper, lead, zinc, iron ore, antimony, coal, fish, hydropower
Net migration rate -2.12 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Political parties and leaders Christian Democratic Party or PDC [Efrain DIAZ Arrivillaga, president]; Democratic Unification Party or PUD [Marias FUNES Valladares, president]; Liberal Party or PL [Carlos Roberto FLORES Facusse, president]; National Innovation and Unity Party-Social Democratic Party or PINU-SD [Olban VALLADARES, president]; National Party of Honduras or PN [Carlos URBIZO, president]
Political pressure groups and leaders Committee for the Defense of Human Rights in Honduras or CODEH; Confederation of Honduran Workers or CTH; Coordinating Committee of Popular Organizations or CCOP; General Workers Confederation or CGT; Honduran Council of Private Enterprise or COHEP; National Association of Honduran Campesinos or ANACH; National Union of Campesinos or UNC; Popular Bloc or BP; United Federation of Honduran Workers or FUTH
Population 6,406,052

estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2001 est.)
Population below poverty line 53% (1993 est.)
Population growth rate 2.43% (2001 est.)
Ports and harbors La Ceiba, Puerto Castilla, Puerto Cortes, San Lorenzo, Tela, Puerto Lempira
Radio broadcast stations AM 241, FM 53, shortwave 12 (1998)
Radios 2.45 million (1997)
Railways total:
595 km

narrow gauge:
349 km 1.067-m gauge; 246 km 0.914-m gauge (1999)
Religions Roman Catholic 97%, Protestant minority
Sex ratio at birth:
1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years:
1.04 male(s)/female

15-64 years:
0.98 male(s)/female

65 years and over:
0.9 male(s)/female

total population:
1 male(s)/female (2001 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal and compulsory
Telephone system general assessment:
inadequate system


satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean); connected to Central American Microwave System
Telephones - main lines in use 234,000 (1997)
Telephones - mobile cellular 14,427 (1997)
Television broadcast stations 11 (plus 17 repeaters) (1997)
Terrain mostly mountains in interior, narrow coastal plains
Total fertility rate 4.15 children born/woman (2001 est.)
Unemployment rate 28% (2000 est.)
Waterways 465 km (navigable by small craft)
Sitemap: Compare countries listing (map site) | Country listing (map site)
Links: Add to favorites | Information about this website | Stats | Polityka prywatnosci
This page was generated in ##czas## s. Size this page: ##rozmiar_strony## kB.