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Montserrat (2008)

Montserrat - wybierz rok:
MontserratMontserrat (2001) (porownaj)
MontserratMontserrat (2002) (porownaj)
MontserratMontserrat (2003) (porownaj)
MontserratMontserrat (2004) (porownaj)
MontserratMontserrat (2005) (porownaj)
MontserratMontserrat (2006) (porownaj)
MontserratMontserrat (2007) (porownaj)

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Montserrat 2008 roku

Podzial administracyjny 3 parishes; Saint Anthony, Saint Georges, Saint Peter
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 23.5% (male 1,144/female 1,094)

15-64 years: 65.7% (male 2,989/female 3,281)

65 years and over: 10.8% (male 527/female 503) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo cabbages, carrots, cucumbers, tomatoes, onions, peppers; livestock products
Lotniska 2 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 2

under 914 m: 2 (2007)
Terytorium total: 102 sq km

land: 102 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci about 0.6 times the size of Washington, DC
Tlo historyczne English and Irish colonists from St. Kitts first settled on Montserrat w 1632; the first African slaves arrived three decades later. The British and French fought dla possession of the island dla most of the 18th century, but it finally was confirmed as a British possession w 1783. The island's sugar plantation economy was converted to small farm landholdings w the mid 19th century. Much of this island was devastated and two-thirds of the population fled abroad because of the eruption of the Soufriere Hills Volcano that began on 18 lipiec 1995. Montserrat has endured volcanic activity since, z the last eruption occurring w lipiec 2003.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 17.51 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $31.4 million

expenditures: $31.6 million (1997 est.)
Stolica name: Plymouth

geographic coordinates: 16 42 N, 62 13 W

time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

note: Plymouth was abandoned w 1997 because of volcanic activity; interim government buildings have been built at Brades Estate w the Carr's Bay/Little Bay vicinity at the northwest end of Montserrat
Klimat tropical; little daily or seasonal temperature variation
Linia brzegowa 40 km
Konstytucja effective 19 grudzien 1989
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: none

conventional short form: Montserrat
Wspolczynnik zgonow 7.02 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $8.9 million (1997)
Podleglosc overseas territory of the UK
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA none (overseas territory of the UK)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA none (overseas territory of the UK)
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje none
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie Country Policy Plan (2001) is a three-year program dla spending $122.8 million w British budgetary assistance (2002 est.)
Ekonomia Severe volcanic activity, which began w lipiec 1995, has put a damper on this small, open economy. A catastrophic eruption w czerwiec 1997 closed the airports and seaports, causing further economic and social dislocation. Two-thirds of the 12,000 inhabitants fled the island. Some began to return w 1998, but lack of housing limited the number. The agriculture sector continued to be affected by the lack of suitable land dla farming and the destruction of crops. Prospects dla the economy depend largely on developments w relation to the volcanic activity and on public sector construction activity. The UK has launched a three-year $122.8 million aid program to help reconstruct the economy. Half of the island is expected to remain uninhabitable dla another decade.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 18.6 million kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 20 million kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

highest point: lava dome w English's Crater (in the Soufriere Hills volcanic complex) estimated at over 930 m (2006)
Srodowisko - obecne problemy land erosion occurs on slopes that have been cleared dla cultivation
Grupy etniczne black, white
Kurs waluty East Caribbean dollars per US dollar - 2.7 (2007), 2.7 (2006), 2.7 (2005), 2.7 (2004), 2.7 (2003)

note: fixed rate since 1976
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 luty 1952); represented by Governor Peter A. WATERWORTH (since 27 lipiec 2007)

head of government: Chief Minister Lowell LEWIS (since 2 czerwiec 2006)

cabinet: Executive Council consists of the governor, the chief minister, three other ministers, the attorney general, and the finance secretary

elections: the monarch is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party usually becomes chief minister
Eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Eksport $700,000 (2001)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 0 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary electronic components, plastic bags, apparel; hot peppers, limes, live plants; cattle
Eksport - partnerzy US, Antigua i Barbuda (2006)
Rok podatkowy 1 kwiecien - 31 marzec
Opis flagi blue, z the flag of the UK w the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Montserratian coat of arms centered w the outer half of the flag; the coat of arms features a woman standing beside a yellow harp z her arm around a black cross
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 1.2%

industry: 23.1%

services: 75.7% (1999 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu -1% (2002 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 16 45 N, 62 12 W
Polozenie geograficzne the island is entirely volcanic w origin and comprised of three major volcanic centers of differing ages
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Narkotyki transshipment point dla South American narcotics destined dla the US and Europe
Import 0 kWh (2005)
Import $17 million (2001)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 458 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary machinery and transportation equipment, foodstuffs, manufactured goods, fuels, lubricants, and related materials
Import - partnerzy US, UK, Trynidad i Tobago, Japonia, Kanada (2006)
Niepodleglosc none (overseas territory of the UK)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle NA%
Przemysl tourism, rum, textiles, electronic appliances
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 7.03 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 8.15 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 5.84 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 2.6% (2002 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji Caricom, CDB, Interpol (subbureau), OECS, UPU
Nawadniane tereny NA
Sadownictwo Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (based w Saint Lucia, one judge of the Supreme Court is a resident of the islands and presides over the High Court)
Sila robocza 4,521

note: lowered by flight of people from volcanic activity (2000 est.)
Granica 0 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 20%

permanent crops: 0%

other: 80% (2005)
Jezyki English
System prawny English common law and statutory law
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral Legislative Council (11 seats, 9 popularly elected; members serve five-year terms)

note: expanded w 2001 from 7 to 9 elected members z attorney general and financial secretary sitting as ex-officio members

elections: last held 31 maj 2006 (next to be held by 2011)

election results: percent of vote by party - MCAP 36.1%, NPLM 29.4%, MDP 24.4%, independents 10.1%; seats by party - MCAP 4, NPLM 3, MDP 1, independents 1

note: w 2001, the Elections Commission instituted a single constituency/voter-at-large system whereby all eligible voters cast ballots dla all nine seats of the Legislative Council
Zywotnosc total population: 79 years

male: 76.8 years

female: 81.31 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school

total population: 97%

male: 97%

female: 97% (1970 est.)
Lokalizacja Caribbean, island w the Caribbean Sea, southeast of Portoryko
Lokalizacja na mapie Central America and the Caribbean
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 3 nm

exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Wojsko - uwagi defense is the responsibility of the UK
Wojsko no regular military forces; Royal Montserrat Police Force (2005)
Swieto narodowe Birthday of Queen ELIZABETH II, second Saturday w czerwiec (1926)
Narodowosc noun: Montserratian(s)

adjective: Montserratian
Naturalne zagrozenia severe hurricanes (czerwiec to listopad); volcanic eruptions (Soufriere Hills volcano has erupted continuously since 1995)
Surowce naturalne NEGL
Wspolczynnik migracji 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Montserrat Democratic Party or MDP [Lowell LEWIS]; Movement dla Change and Prosperity or MCAP [Roselyn CASSELL-SEALY]; New People's Liberation Movement or NPLM [John A. OSBORNE]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 9,538

note: an estimated 8,000 refugees left the island following the resumption of volcanic activity w lipiec 1995; some have returned (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny 1.048% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 1, FM 2, shortwave 0 (1998)
Religie Anglican, Methodist, Roman Catholic, Pentecostal, Seventh-Day Adventist, other Christian denominations
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.046 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.911 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 1.048 male(s)/female

total population: 0.955 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: modern and fully digitalized

domestic: NA

international: country code - 1-664; landing point dla the East Caribbean Fiber System (ECFS) optic submarine cable z links to 13 other islands w the eastern Caribbean extending from the Brytyjskie Wyspy Dziewicze to Trinidad
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne NA
Telefony komorkowe NA
Stacje telewizyjne 1 (1997)
Uksztaltowanie terenu volcanic island, mostly mountainous, z small coastal lowland
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 1.77 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 6% (1998 est.)
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