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Montserrat (2003)

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Montserrat 2003 year

Administrative divisions 3 parishes; Saint Anthony, Saint Georges, Saint Peter
Age structure 0-14 years: 23.4% (male 1,062; female 1,041)

15-64 years: 65.3% (male 2,805; female 3,066)

65 years and over: 11.4% (male 537; female 484) (2003 est.)
Agriculture - products cabbages, carrots, cucumbers, tomatoes, onions, peppers; livestock products
Airports none; only airport was destroyed by volcanic activity; a helicopter service to Antigua is used (2002)
Area total: 102 sq km

land: 102 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative about 0.6 times the size of Washington, DC
Background Much of this island has been devastated and two-thirds of the population has fled abroad due to the eruption of the Soufriere Hills Volcano that began on 18 July 1995.
Birth rate 17.57 births/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Budget revenues: $31.4 million

expenditures: $31.6 million, including capital expenditures of $8.4 million (1997 est.)
Capital Plymouth (abandoned in 1997 due to volcanic activity; interim government buildings have been built at Brades Estate, in the Carr's Bay/Little Bay vicinity at the northwest end of Montserrat)
Climate tropical; little daily or seasonal temperature variation
Coastline 40 km
Constitution present constitution came into force 19 December 1989
Country name conventional long form: none

conventional short form: Montserrat
Currency East Caribbean dollar (XCD)
Death rate 7.34 deaths/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Debt - external $8.9 million (1997)
Dependency status overseas territory of the UK
Diplomatic representation from the US none (overseas territory of the UK)
Diplomatic representation in the US none (overseas territory of the UK)
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient Country Policy Plan (2001) is a three-year program for spending $122.8 million in British budgetary assistance
Economy - overview Severe volcanic activity, which began in July 1995, has put a damper on this small, open economy. A catastrophic eruption in June 1997 closed the airports and seaports, causing further economic and social dislocation. Two-thirds of the 12,000 inhabitants fled the island. Some began to return in 1998, but lack of housing limited the number. The agriculture sector continued to be affected by the lack of suitable land for farming and the destruction of crops. Prospects for the economy depend largely on developments in relation to the volcano and on public sector construction activity. The UK has launched a three-year $122.8 million aid program to help reconstruct the economy. Half of the island is expected to remain uninhabitable for another decade.
Electricity - consumption 2.325 million kWh (2001)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2001)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2001)
Electricity - production 2.5 million kWh (2001)
Electricity - production by source fossil fuel: 100%

hydro: 0%

nuclear: 0%

other: 0% (2001)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

highest point: Chances Peak (in the Soufriere Hills volcanic complex) 914 m
Environment - current issues land erosion occurs on slopes that have been cleared for cultivation
Ethnic groups black, white
Exchange rates East Caribbean dollars per US dollar - 2.7000 (fixed rate since 1976)
Executive branch chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Governor Anthony LONGRIGG (since NA May 2001)

head of government: Chief Minister John OSBORNE (since 5 April 2001)

cabinet: Executive Council consists of the governor, the chief minister, three other ministers, the attorney general, and the finance secretary

elections: the monarch is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party usually becomes chief minister
Exports 0 kWh (2001)
Exports $700,000 (2001)
Exports NA (2001)
Exports - commodities electronic components, plastic bags, apparel, hot peppers, live plants, cattle
Exports - partners US, Antigua and Barbuda
Fiscal year 1 April - 31 March
Flag description blue, with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Montserratian coat of arms centered in the outer half of the flag; the coat of arms features a woman standing beside a yellow harp with her arm around a black cross
GDP purchasing power parity - $29 million (2002 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 5.4%

industry: 13.6%

services: 81% (1996 est.)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $3,400 (2002 est.)
GDP - real growth rate -1% (2002 est.)
Geographic coordinates 16 45 N, 62 12 W
Geography - note the island is entirely volcanic in origin and contains seven active volcanoes
Highways total: 227 km

paved: NA km

unpaved: NA km

note: volcanic eruptions beginning in 1995 destroyed most of the road system (2003)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Illicit drugs transshipment point for South American narcotics destined for the US and Europe
Imports 0 kWh (2001)
Imports $17 million (2001)
Imports NA (2001)
Imports - commodities machinery and transportation equipment, foodstuffs, manufactured goods, fuels, lubricants, and related materials
Imports - partners US, UK, Trinidad and Tobago, Japan, Canada
Independence none (overseas territory of the UK)
Industrial production growth rate NA%
Industries tourism, rum, textiles, electronic appliances
Infant mortality rate total: 7.77 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 9.05 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 6.43 deaths/1,000 live births (2003 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 2.6% (2002 est.)
International organization participation Caricom, CDB, ECLAC (associate), ICFTU, Interpol (subbureau), OECS
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 17 (2000)
Irrigated land NA sq km
Judicial branch Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (based in Saint Lucia, one judge of the Supreme Court is a resident of the islands and presides over the High Court)
Labor force 4,521 ; note - lowered by flight of people from volcanic activity
Labor force - by occupation agriculture NA%, industry NA%, services NA%
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: 20%

permanent crops: 0%

other: 80% (1998 est.)
Languages English
Legal system English common law and statutory law
Legislative branch unicameral Legislative Council (11 seats, 9 popularly elected; members serve five-year terms)

note: expanded in 2001 from 7 to 9 elected members with attorney general and financial secretary sitting as ex-officio members

elections: last held NA April 2001 (next to be held by November 2006)

election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - NPLM 7, NPP 2

note: in 2001, the Elections Commission instituted a single constituency/voter-at-large system whereby all eligible voters cast ballots for all nine seats of the Legislative Council
Life expectancy at birth total population: 78.36 years

male: 76.24 years

female: 80.59 years (2003 est.)
Literacy definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school

total population: 97%

male: 97%

female: 97% (1970 est.)
Location Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, southeast of Puerto Rico
Map references Central America and the Caribbean
Maritime claims exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM

territorial sea: 3 NM
Merchant marine none (2002 est.)
Military - note defense is the responsibility of the UK
Military branches no regular indigenous military forces; Police Force
National holiday Birthday of Queen ELIZABETH II, second Saturday in June (1926)
Nationality noun: Montserratian(s)

adjective: Montserratian
Natural hazards severe hurricanes (June to November); volcanic eruptions (Soufriere Hills volcano has erupted continuously since 1996)
Natural resources NEGL
Net migration rate 34.8 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Political parties and leaders National Progressive Party or NPP [Reuben T. MEADE]; New People's Liberation Movement or NPLM [John A. OSBORNE]
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 8,995

note: an estimated 8,000 refugees left the island following the resumption of volcanic activity in July 1995; some have returned (July 2003 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 4.5% (2003 est.)
Ports and harbors Plymouth (abandoned), Little Bay (anchorages and ferry landing), Carr's Bay
Radio broadcast stations AM 1, FM 2, shortwave 0 (1998)
Railways 0 km
Religions Anglican, Methodist, Roman Catholic, Pentecostal, Seventh-Day Adventist, other Christian denominations
Sex ratio at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.91 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 1.11 male(s)/female

total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2003 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment: NA

domestic: NA

international: NA
Telephones - main lines in use 4,000 (1997)
Telephones - mobile cellular 70 (1994)
Television broadcast stations 1 (1997)
Terrain volcanic island, mostly mountainous, with small coastal lowland
Total fertility rate 1.8 children born/woman (2003 est.)
Unemployment rate 6% (1998 est.)
Waterways none
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