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Montserrat (2001)

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Montserrat 2001 year

Administrative divisions 3 parishes; Saint Anthony, Saint Georges, Saint Peter's
Age structure 0-14 years:
23.83% (male 907; female 898)

15-64 years:
64.66% (male 2,341; female 2,556)

65 years and over:
11.51% (male 464; female 408) (2001 est.)
Agriculture - products cabbages, carrots, cucumbers, tomatoes, onions, peppers; livestock products
Airports 1 (2000 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total:

under 914 m:
1 (2000 est.)
Area total:
100 sq km

100 sq km

0 sq km
Area - comparative about 0.6 times the size of Washington, DC
Background Much of this island has been devastated and two-thirds of the population has fled abroad due to the eruption of the Soufriere Hills volcano that began on 18 July 1995.
Birth rate 17.43 births/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Budget revenues:
$31.4 million

$31.6 million, including capital expenditures of $8.4 million (1997 est.)
Capital Plymouth (abandoned in 1997 due to volcanic activity; interim government buildings have been built at Brades, in the Carr's Bay/Little Bay vicinity at the northwest end of Montserrat)
Climate tropical; little daily or seasonal temperature variation
Coastline 40 km
Constitution present constitution came into force 19 December 1989
Country name conventional long form:

conventional short form:
Currency East Caribbean dollar (XCD)
Death rate 7.53 deaths/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Debt - external $8.9 million (1997)
Dependency status overseas territory of the UK
Diplomatic representation from the US none (overseas territory of the UK)
Diplomatic representation in the US none (overseas territory of the UK)
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient $9.8 million (1995); note - about $100 million (1996-98) in reconstruction aid from the UK; Country Policy Plan (1999) is a three-year program for spending $122.8 million in British budgetary assistance
Economy - overview Severe volcanic activity, which began in July 1995, has put a damper on this small, open economy. A catastrophic eruption in June 1997 closed the airports and seaports, causing further economic and social dislocation. Two-thirds of the 12,000 inhabitants fled the island. Some began to return in 1998, but lack of housing limited the number. The agriculture sector continued to be affected by the lack of suitable land for farming and the destruction of crops. Prospects for the economy depend largely on developments in relation to the volcano and on public sector construction activity. The UK committed to a three year $125 million aid program in 1999 to help reconstruct the economy.
Electricity - consumption 9.3 million kWh (1999)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (1999)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (1999)
Electricity - production 10 million kWh (1999)
Electricity - production by source fossil fuel:



0% (1999)
Elevation extremes lowest point:
Caribbean Sea 0 m

highest point:
Chances Peak (in the Soufriere Hills) 914 m
Environment - current issues land erosion occurs on slopes that have been cleared for cultivation
Ethnic groups black, white
Exchange rates East Caribbean dollars per US dollar - 2.7000 (fixed rate since 1976)
Executive branch chief of state:
Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Governor Anthony John ABBOTT (since NA September 1997)

head of government:
Chief Minister David BRANDT (since 22 August 1997)

Executive Council consists of the governor, the chief minister, three other ministers, the attorney general, and the finance secretary

the monarch is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party usually becomes chief minister; note - as a result of the last election, a coalition party was formed between NPP, NDP, and one of the independent candidates
Exports 0 kWh (1999)
Exports $1.5 million (1998)
Exports - commodities electronic components, plastic bags, apparel, hot peppers, live plants, cattle
Exports - partners US, Antigua and Barbuda (1993)
Fiscal year 1 April - 31 March
Flag description blue, with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Montserratian coat of arms centered in the outer half of the flag; the coat of arms features a woman standing beside a yellow harp with her arm around a black cross
GDP purchasing power parity - $31 million (1999 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture:


81% (1996 est.)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $5,000 (1999 est.)
GDP - real growth rate -1.5% (1999 est.)
Geographic coordinates 16 45 N, 62 12 W
Highways total:
269 km

203 km

66 km (1995)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%:

highest 10%:
Illicit drugs transshipment point for South American narcotics destined for the US and Europe
Imports 0 kWh (1999)
Imports $26 million (1998)
Imports - commodities machinery and transportation equipment, foodstuffs, manufactured goods, fuels, lubricants, and related materials
Imports - partners US, UK, Trinidad and Tobago, Japan, Canada (1993)
Independence none (overseas territory of the UK)
Industrial production growth rate NA%
Industries tourism, rum, textiles, electronic appliances
Infant mortality rate 8.19 deaths/1,000 live births (2001 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 5% (1998)
International organization participation Caricom, CDB, ECLAC (associate), ICFTU, Interpol (subbureau), OECS, WCL
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 17 (2000)
Irrigated land NA sq km
Judicial branch Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (based in Saint Lucia, one judge of the Supreme Court is a resident of the islands and presides over the High Court)
Labor force 4,521 (1992); note - recently lowered by flight of people from volcanic activity
Labor force - by occupation agriculture NA%, industry NA%, services NA%
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land:

permanent crops:

permanent pastures:

forests and woodland:

30% (1993 est.)
Languages English
Legal system English common law and statutory law
Legislative branch unicameral Legislative Council (11 seats, 7 popularly elected; members serve five-year terms)

last held 11 November 1996 (next to be held by NA November 2001)

election results:
percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - PPA 2, MNR 2, NPP 1, independent 2
Life expectancy at birth total population:
78.03 years

75.95 years

80.22 years (2001 est.)
Literacy definition:
age 15 and over has ever attended school

total population:


97% (1970 est.)
Location Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, southeast of Puerto Rico
Map references Central America and the Caribbean
Maritime claims exclusive fishing zone:
200 NM

territorial sea:
3 NM
Merchant marine none (2000 est.)
Military - note defense is the responsibility of the UK
Military branches Police Force
National holiday Birthday of Queen ELIZABETH II, second Saturday in June (1926)
Nationality noun:

Natural hazards severe hurricanes (June to November); volcanic eruptions (full-scale eruptions of the Soufriere Hills volcano occurred during 1996-97)
Natural resources NEGL
Net migration rate 123.98 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Political parties and leaders Movement for National Reconstruction or MNR [Percival Austin BRAMBLE]; National Development Party or NDP [leader NA]; National Progressive Party or NPP [Reuben T. MEADE]; People's Progressive Alliance or PPA [John A. OSBORNE]
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 7,574

an estimated 8,000 refugees left the island following the resumption of volcanic activity in July 1995; some have returned (July 2001 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 13.39% (2001 est.)
Ports and harbors Plymouth (abandoned), Little Bay (anchorages and ferry landing), Carr's Bay
Radio broadcast stations AM 1, FM 2, shortwave 0 (1998)
Radios 7,000 (1997)
Railways 0 km
Religions Anglican, Methodist, Roman Catholic, Pentecostal, Seventh-Day Adventist, other Christian denominations
Sex ratio at birth:
1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years:
1.01 male(s)/female

15-64 years:
0.92 male(s)/female

65 years and over:
1.14 male(s)/female

total population:
0.96 male(s)/female (2001 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment:


Telephones - main lines in use 4,000 (1997)
Telephones - mobile cellular 70 (1994)
Television broadcast stations 1 (1997)
Terrain volcanic islands, mostly mountainous, with small coastal lowland
Total fertility rate 1.82 children born/woman (2001 est.)
Unemployment rate 20% (1996 est.)
Waterways none
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