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Liechtenstein (2008)

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Liechtenstein 2008 roku

 Liechtenstein
Podzial administracyjny 11 communes (Gemeinden, singular - Gemeinde); Balzers, Eschen, Gamprin, Mauren, Planken, Ruggell, Schaan, Schellenberg, Triesen, Triesenberg, Vaduz
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 17.1% (male 2,902/female 2,963)


15-64 years: 70% (male 11,887/female 12,101)


65 years and over: 12.8% (male 1,862/female 2,532) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo wheat, barley, corn, potatoes; livestock, dairy products
Terytorium total: 160 sq km


land: 160 sq km


water: 0 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci about 0.9 times the size of Washington, DC
Tlo historyczne The Principality of Liechtenstein was established within the Holy Roman Empire w 1719; it became a sovereign state w 1806. Until the end of Swiat War I, it was closely tied to Austria, but the economic devastation caused by that conflict forced Liechtenstein to enter into a customs and monetary union z Szwajcaria. Since Swiat War II (in which Liechtenstein remained neutral), the country's low taxes have spurred outstanding economic growth. Shortcomings w banking regulatory oversight resulted w concerns about the use of financial institutions dla money laundering. However, Liechtenstein implemented anti-money-laundering legislation over the past several years and a Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty z the US went into effect w 2003.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 10.02 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $424.2 million


expenditures: $414.1 million (1998 est.)
Stolica name: Vaduz


geographic coordinates: 47 08 N, 9 31 E


time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)


daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday w marzec; ends last Sunday w pazdziernik
Klimat continental; cold, cloudy winters z frequent snow or rain; cool to moderately warm, cloudy, humid summers
Linia brzegowa 0 km (doubly landlocked)
Konstytucja 5 pazdziernik 1921
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Principality of Liechtenstein


conventional short form: Liechtenstein


local long form: Fuerstentum Liechtenstein


local short form: Liechtenstein
Wspolczynnik zgonow 7.3 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $0 (2001)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA the US does not have an embassy w Liechtenstein; the US Ambassador to Szwajcaria is accredited to Liechtenstein
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Claudia FRITSCHE


chancery: 888 17th Street NW, Suite 1250, Washington, DC 20006


telephone: [1] (202) 331-0590


FAX: [1] (202) 331-3221
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje none
Ekonomia Despite its small size and limited natural resources, Liechtenstein has developed into a prosperous, highly industrialized, free-enterprise economy z a vital financial service sector and living standards on a par z its large European neighbors. The Liechtenstein economy is widely diversified z a large number of small businesses. Low business taxes - the maximum tax rate is 20% - and easy incorporation rules have induced many holding or so-called letter box companies to establish nominal offices w Liechtenstein, providing 30% of state revenues. The country participates w a customs union z Szwajcaria and uses the Swiss franc as its national currency. It imports more than 90% of its energy requirements. Liechtenstein has been a member of the European Economic Terytorium (an organization serving as a bridge between the European Free Trade Association (EFTA) and the EU) since maj 1995. The government is working to harmonize its economic policies z those of an integrated Europe.
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ruggeller Riet 430 m


highest point: Vorder-Grauspitz 2,599 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy NA
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands


signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
Grupy etniczne Alemannic 86%, Italian, Turkish, and other 14%
Kurs waluty Swiss francs per US dollar - 1.1973 (2007), 1.2539 (2006), 1.2452 (2005), 1.2435 (2004), 1.3467 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: Prince HANS ADAM II (since 13 listopad 1989, assumed executive powers 26 sierpien 1984); Heir Apparent Prince ALOIS, son of the monarch (born 11 czerwiec 1968); note - on 15 sierpien 2004, HANS ADAM transferred the official duties of the ruling prince to ALOIS, but HANS ADAM retains status of chief of state


head of government: Head of Government Otmar HASLER (since 5 kwiecien 2001); Deputy Head of Government Klaus TSCHUETSCHER (since 21 kwiecien 2005)


cabinet: Cabinet elected by the Parliament, confirmed by the monarch


elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party w the Landtag is usually appointed the head of government by the monarch and the leader of the largest minority party w the Landtag is usually appointed the deputy head of government by the monarch if there is a coalition government
Eksport $2.47 billion (1996)
Eksport - towary small specialty machinery, connectors dla audio and video, parts dla motor vehicles, dental products, hardware, prepared foodstuffs, electronic equipment, optical products
Eksport - partnerzy EU 62.6% (Niemcy 24.3%, Austria 9.5%, Francja 8.9%, Wlochy 6.6%, UK 4.6%), US 18.9%, Szwajcaria 15.7% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi two equal horizontal bands of blue (top) and red z a gold crown on the hoist side of the blue band
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 6%


industry: 39%


services: 55% (2001)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 11% (1999 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 47 16 N, 9 32 E
Polozenie geograficzne along z Uzbekistan, one of only two doubly landlocked countries w the world; variety of microclimatic variations based on elevation
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%


highest 10%: NA%
Narkotyki has strengthened money laundering controls, but money laundering remains a concern due to Liechtenstein's sophisticated offshore financial services sector
Import $917.3 million (1996)
Import - towary agricultural products, raw materials, energy products, machinery, metal goods, textiles, foodstuffs, motor vehicles
Import - partnerzy EU, Szwajcaria (2006)
Niepodleglosc 23 styczen 1719 (Principality of Liechtenstein established); 12 lipiec 1806 (independence from the Holy Roman Empire)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle NA%
Przemysl electronics, metal manufacturing, dental products, ceramics, pharmaceuticals, food products, precision instruments, tourism, optical instruments
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 4.58 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 6.13 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 3.02 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 1% (2001)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji CE, EBRD, EFTA, IAEA, ICCt, ICRM, IFRCS, Interpol, IOC, IPU, ITSO, ITU, OPCW, OSCE, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UPU, WCL, WIPO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny NA
Sadownictwo Supreme Court or Oberster Gerichtshof; Court of Appeal or Obergericht
Sila robocza 29,500 of whom 13,900 commute from Austria, Szwajcaria, and Niemcy to work each day (31 grudzien 2001)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 2%


industry: 47%


services: 51% (31 grudzien 2001)
Granica total: 76 km


border countries: Austria 34.9 km, Szwajcaria 41.1 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 25%


permanent crops: 0%


other: 75% (2005)
Jezyki German (official), Alemannic dialect
System prawny local civil and penal codes based on civil law system; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction z reservations
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral Parliament or Landtag (25 seats; members are elected by popular vote under proportional representation to serve four-year terms)


elections: last held 11 and 13 marzec 2005 (next to be held by 2009)


election results: percent of vote by party - FBP 48.7%, VU 38.2%, FL 13%; seats by party - FBP 12, VU 10, FL 3
Zywotnosc total population: 79.81 years


male: 76.24 years


female: 83.4 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 10 and over can read and write


total population: 100%


male: 100%


female: 100%
Lokalizacja Central Europe, between Austria and Szwajcaria
Lokalizacja na mapie Europe
Morskie obszary none (landlocked)
Wojsko - uwagi defense is the responsibility of Szwajcaria
Swieto narodowe Assumption Day, 15 sierpien
Narodowosc noun: Liechtensteiner(s)


adjective: Liechtenstein
Naturalne zagrozenia NA
Surowce naturalne hydroelectric potential, arable land
Wspolczynnik migracji 4.73 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Rurociagi gas 20 km (2007)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Patriotic Union or VU [Adolf HEEB] (was Fatherland Union); Progressive Citizens' Party or FBP [Marcus VOGT]; The Free List or FL [Claudia HEEB-FLECK and Egon MATT]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 34,247 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny 0.745% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 0, FM 4, shortwave 0 (1998)
Linie kolejowe 9 km 1.435-m gauge (electrified)


note: belongs to the Austrian Railway System connecting Austria and Szwajcaria (2006)
Religie Roman Catholic 76.2%, Protestant 7%, unknown 10.6%, other 6.2% (czerwiec 2002)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.01 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 0.979 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 0.982 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.735 male(s)/female


total population: 0.946 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: automatic telephone system


domestic: NA


international: country code - 423; linked to Swiss networks by cable and microwave radio relay
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 20,000 (2005)
Telefony komorkowe 27,500 (2005)
Stacje telewizyjne NA (linked to Swiss networks) (1997)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly mountainous (Alps) z Rhine Valley w western third
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 1.51 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 1.3% (wrzesien 2002)
Drogi wodne 28 km (2006)
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