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Benin (2008)

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BeninBenin (2001) (porownaj)
BeninBenin (2002) (porownaj)
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BeninBenin (2006) (porownaj)
BeninBenin (2007) (porownaj)


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Benin 2008 roku

 Benin
Podzial administracyjny 12 departments; Alibori, Atakora, Atlantique, Borgou, Collines, Kouffo, Donga, Littoral, Mono, Oueme, Plateau, Zou
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 43.9% (male 1,788,248/female 1,754,940)


15-64 years: 53.7% (male 2,138,649/female 2,203,291)


65 years and over: 2.4% (male 77,844/female 115,342) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo cotton, corn, cassava (tapioca), yams, beans, palm oil, peanuts, cashews; livestock
Lotniska 5 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 1


1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 4


2,438 to 3,047 m: 1


1,524 to 2,437 m: 1


914 to 1,523 m: 2 (2007)
Terytorium total: 112,620 sq km


land: 110,620 sq km


water: 2,000 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than Pennsylvania
Tlo historyczne Present day Benin was the site of Dahomey, a prominent West African kingdom that rose w the 15th century. The territory became a French Colony w 1872 and achieved independence on 1 sierpien 1960, as the Republic of Benin. A succession of military governments ended w 1972 z the rise to power of Mathieu KEREKOU and the establishment of a government based on Marxist-Leninist principles. A move to representative government began w 1989. Two years later, free elections ushered w former Prime Minister Nicephore SOGLO as president, marking the first successful transfer of power w Africa from a dictatorship to a democracy. KEREKOU was returned to power by elections held w 1996 and 2001, though some irregularities were alleged. KEREKOU stepped down at the end of his second term w 2006 and was succeeded by Thomas YAYI Boni, a political outsider and independent. YAYI has begun a high profile fight against corruption and has strongly promoted accelerating Benin's economic growth.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 38.1 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $936.9 million


expenditures: $1.226 billion (2007 est.)
Stolica name: Porto-Novo (official capital)


geographic coordinates: 6 29 N, 2 37 E


time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)


note: Cotonou (seat of government)
Klimat tropical; hot, humid w south; semiarid w north
Linia brzegowa 121 km
Konstytucja adopted by referendum 2 grudzien 1990
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Benin


conventional short form: Benin


local long form: Republique du Benin


local short form: Benin


former: Dahomey
Wspolczynnik zgonow 11.94 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $1.2 billion (2007)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Gayleatha B. BROWN


embassy: Rue Caporal Bernard Anani, Cotonou


mailing address: 01 B. P. 2012, Cotonou


telephone: [229] 21-30-06-50


FAX: [229] 21-30-03-84
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Cyrille Segbe OGUIN


chancery: 2124 Kalorama Road NW, Washington, DC 20008


telephone: [1] (202) 232-6656


FAX: [1] (202) 265-1996
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje two villages remain w dispute along the border z Burkina Faso; Benin accused Burkina Faso of moving boundary pillars; much of Benin-Niger boundary, including tripoint z Nigeria, remains undemarcated; w 2005, Nigeria ceded thirteen villages to Benin, but border relations remain strained by rival gang clashes; Benin and Togo announced plans w 2006 to construct a joint hydroelectric dam on the Mona River at the southern end of the border
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $374.7 million (2006)
Ekonomia The economy of Benin remains underdeveloped and dependent on subsistence agriculture, cotton production, and regional trade. Growth w real output has averaged around 5% w the past seven years, but rapid population growth has offset much of this increase. Inflation has subsided over the past several years. In order to raise growth still further, Benin plans to attract more foreign investment, place more emphasis on tourism, facilitate the development of new food processing systems and agricultural products, and encourage new information and communication technology. Specific projects to improve the business climate by reforms to the land tenure system, the commercial justice system, and the financial sector were included w Benin's $307 million Millennium Challenge Account grant signed w luty 2006. The 2001 privatization policy continues w telecommunications, water, electricity, and agriculture though the government annulled the privatization of Benin's state cotton company w listopad 2007 after the discovery of irregularities w the bidding process. The Paris Club and bilateral creditors have eased the external debt situation, z Benin benefiting from a G8 debt reduction announced w lipiec 2005, while pressing dla more rapid structural reforms. An insufficient electrical supply continues to adversely affect Benin's economic growth though the government recently has taken steps to increase domestic power production.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 587 million kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 595 million kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 105 million kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Atlantycki 0 m


highest point: Mont Sokbaro 658 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy inadequate supplies of potable water; poaching threatens wildlife populations; deforestation; desertification
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling


signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne Fon and related 39.2%, Adja and related 15.2%, Yoruba and related 12.3%, Bariba and related 9.2%, Peulh and related 7%, Ottamari and related 6.1%, Yoa-Lokpa and related 4%, Dendi and related 2.5%, other 1.6% (includes Europeans), unspecified 2.9% (2002 census)
Kurs waluty Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XOF) per US dollar - 493.51 (2007), 522.59 (2006), 527.47 (2005), 528.29 (2004), 581.2 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Thomas YAYI Boni (since 6 kwiecien 2006); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government


head of government: President Thomas YAYI Boni (since 6 kwiecien 2006)


cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president


elections: president elected by popular vote dla a five-year term (eligible dla a second term); runoff election held 19 marzec 2006 (next to be held w marzec 2011)


election results: Thomas YAYI Boni elected president; percent of vote - Thomas YAYI Boni 74.5%, Adrien HOUNGBEDJI 25.5%
Eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Eksport $708.7 million f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 0 bbl/day (2007)
Eksport - towary cotton, cashews, shea butter, textiles, palm products, seafood
Eksport - partnerzy Chiny 20.9%, Indonezja 7.7%, Indie 7%, Holandia 6.2%, Niger 5.7%, Togo 4.6%, Nigeria 4.3% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi two equal horizontal bands of yellow (top) and red (bottom) z a vertical green band on the hoist side
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 33.2%


industry: 14.5%


services: 52.3% (2007 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 4.5% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 9 30 N, 2 15 E
Polozenie geograficzne sandbanks create difficult access to a coast z no natural harbors, river mouths, or islands
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 3.1%


highest 10%: 29% (2003)
Narkotyki transshipment point used by Nigerian traffickers dla narcotics destined dla Western Europe; vulnerable to money laundering due to poorly enforced financial regulations
Import 595 million kWh (2005)
Import $976.3 million f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 16,830 bbl/day (2007 est.)
Import - towary foodstuffs, capital goods, petroleum products
Import - partnerzy Chiny 46.6%, Francja 7.5%, Tajlandia 6% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 1 sierpien 1960 (from Francja)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 4.5% (2007 est.)
Przemysl textiles, food processing, construction materials, cement
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 77.85 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 82.32 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 73.26 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 2.5% (2007 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACCT, ACP, AfDB, AU, ECOWAS, Entente, FAO, FZ, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, MONUC, NAM, OIC, OIF, OPCW, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNMIL, UNMIS, UNOCI, UNWTO, UPU, WADB (regional), WAEMU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny 120 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Konstytucjaal Court or Cour Konstytucjanelle; Supreme Court or Cour Supreme; High Court of Justice
Sila robocza 5.38 million (2007 est.)
Granica total: 1,989 km


border countries: Burkina Faso 306 km, Niger 266 km, Nigeria 773 km, Togo 644 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 23.53%


permanent crops: 2.37%


other: 74.1% (2005)
Jezyki French (official), Fon and Yoruba (most common vernaculars w south), tribal languages (at least six major ones w north)
System prawny based on French civil law and customary law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (83 seats; members are elected by direct popular vote to serve four-year terms)


elections: last held 31 marzec 2007 (next to be held by marzec 2011)


election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - FCBE 35, ADD 20, PRD 10, other and independents 18
Zywotnosc total population: 53.44 years


male: 52.28 years


female: 54.63 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 34.7%


male: 47.9%


female: 23.3% (2002 census)
Lokalizacja Western Africa, bordering the Bight of Benin, between Nigeria and Togo
Lokalizacja na mapie Africa
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 200 nm
Wojsko Benin Armed Forces (FAB): Army (l'Arme de Terre), Benin Navy (Forces Navales Beninois, FNB), Benin People's Air Force (Force Aerienne Populaire de Benin, FAPB) (2008)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 1.7% (2006)
Swieto narodowe National Day, 1 sierpien (1960)
Narodowosc noun: Beninese (singular and plural)


adjective: Beninese
Naturalne zagrozenia hot, dry, dusty harmattan wind may affect north from grudzien to marzec
Surowce naturalne small offshore oil deposits, limestone, marble, timber
Wspolczynnik migracji 0.58 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Alliance dla Dynamic Democracy or ADD; Alliance of Progress Forces or AFP; African Movement dla Democracy and Progress or MADEP [Sefou FAGBOHOUN]; Benin Renaissance or RB [Rosine SOGLO]; Democratic Renewal Party or PRD [Adrien HOUNGBEDJI]; Force Cowrie dla an Emerging Benin or FCBE; Impulse dla Progress and Democracy or IPD [Theophile NATA]; Key Force or FC [Lazare SÈHOUÉTO]; Movement dla the People's Alternative or MAP [Olivier CAPO-CHICHI]; Rally dla Democracy and Progress or RDP [Dominique HOUNGNINOU]; Social Democrat Party or PSD [Bruno AMOUSSOU]; Union dla the Relief or UPR [Issa SALIFOU]; Union dla Democracy and National Solidarity or UDS [Sacca LAFIA]


note: approximately 20 additional minor parties
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 8,078,314


note: estimates dla this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result w lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes w the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 37.4% (2007 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 2.674% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 1, FM 34, shortwave 1 (2007)
Linie kolejowe total: 758 km


narrow gauge: 758 km 1.000-m gauge (2006)
Religie Christian 42.8% (Catholic 27.1%, Celestial 5%, Methodist 3.2%, other Protestant 2.2%, other 5.3%), Muslim 24.4%, Vodoun 17.3%, other 15.5% (2002 census)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.019 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 0.971 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.675 male(s)/female


total population: 0.983 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: inadequate; fixed-line network is almost saturated z fixed-line teledensity stuck at a meager 1 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular telephone subscribership is increasing


domestic: fair system of open-wire, microwave radio relay, and cellular connections; four mobile-cellular providers


international: country code - 229; landing point dla the SAT-3/WASC fiber-optic submarine cable that provides connectivity to Europe and Asia; satellite earth station - 7 (Intelsat-Ocean Atlantycki) (2007)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 77,300 (2006)
Telefony komorkowe 1.056 million (2006)
Stacje telewizyjne 6 (2007)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly flat to undulating plain; some hills and low mountains
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 5.08 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia NA%
Drogi wodne 150 km (on River Niger along northern border) (2005)
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