Main page Compare countries Index countries Index fields


Benin (2004)

Benin - select year:
BeninBenin (2001) (compare)
BeninBenin (2002) (compare)
BeninBenin (2003) (compare)
BeninBenin (2005) (compare)
BeninBenin (2006) (compare)
BeninBenin (2007) (compare)
BeninBenin (2008) (compare)

Compare with other popular countries

Benin 2004 year

Administrative divisions 12 departments; Alibori, Atakora, Atlantique, Borgou, Collines, Kouffo, Donga, Littoral, Mono, Oueme, Plateau, Zou
Age structure 0-14 years: 46.8% (male 1,711,075; female 1,679,439)

15-64 years: 51% (male 1,802,990; female 1,890,915)

65 years and over: 2.3% (male 68,890; female 96,724) (2004 est.)
Agriculture - products cotton, corn, cassava (tapioca), yams, beans, palm oil, peanuts, livestock (2001)
Airports 5 (2003 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2004 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways total: 4

2,438 to 3,047 m: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1

914 to 1,523 m: 2 (2004 est.)
Area total: 112,620 sq km

land: 110,620 sq km

water: 2,000 sq km
Area - comparative slightly smaller than Pennsylvania
Background Present day Benin was the site of Dahomey, a prominent West African kingdom that rose in the 15th century. The territory became a French Colony in 1872 and achieved independence on 1 August 1960, as the Republic of Benin. A succession of military governments ended in 1972 with the rise to power of Mathieu KEREKOU and the establishment of a government based on Marxist-Leninist principles. A move to representative government began in 1989. Two years later, free elections ushered in former Prime Minister Nicephore SOGLO as president, marking the first successful transfer of power in Africa from a dictatorship to a democracy. KEREKOU was returned to power by elections held in 1996 and 2001, though some irregularities were alleged.
Birth rate 42.57 births/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Budget revenues: $698.9 million

expenditures: $613.2 million, including capital expenditures of NA (2003)
Capital Porto-Novo is the official capital; Cotonou is the seat of government
Climate tropical; hot, humid in south; semiarid in north
Coastline 121 km
Constitution December 1990
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Benin

conventional short form: Benin

local long form: Republique du Benin

local short form: Benin

former: Dahomey
Currency Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (XOF); note - responsible authority is the Central Bank of the West African States
Death rate 13.69 deaths/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Debt - external $1.6 billion (2000)
Diplomatic representation from the US chief of mission: Ambassador Wayne NEILL

embassy: Rue Caporal Bernard Anani, Cotonou

mailing address: 01 B. P. 2012, Cotonou

telephone: [229] 30-06-50

FAX: [229] 30-06-70
Diplomatic representation in the US chief of mission: Ambassador Cyrille Segbe OGUIN

chancery: 2124 Kalorama Road NW, Washington, DC 20008

telephone: [1] (202) 232-6656

FAX: [1] (202) 265-1996
Disputes - international two villages remain in dispute along the border with Burkina Faso; accuses Burkina Faso of moving boundary pillars; much of Benin-Niger boundary, including tripoint with Nigeria, remains undemarcated, and ICJ ad hoc judges have been selected to rule on disputed Niger and Mekrou River islands; several villages along the Okpara River are in dispute with Nigeria; a joint boundary commission continues to resurvey the boundary with Togo to verify Benin's claim that Togo moved boundary stones
Economic aid - recipient $342.6 million (2000)
Economy - overview The economy of Benin remains underdeveloped and dependent on subsistence agriculture, cotton production, and regional trade. Growth in real output has averaged a stable 5% in the past six years, but rapid population rise has offset much of this increase. Inflation has subsided over the past several years. In order to raise growth still further, Benin plans to attract more foreign investment, place more emphasis on tourism, facilitate the development of new food processing systems and agricultural products, and encourage new information and communication technology. The 2001 privatization policy should continue in telecommunications, water, electricity, and agriculture in spite of initial government reluctance. The Paris Club and bilateral creditors have eased the external debt situation, while pressing for speeded-up structural reforms.
Electricity - consumption 631.1 million kWh (2001)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2001)
Electricity - imports 376 million kWh (2001)
Electricity - production 274.3 million kWh (2001)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

highest point: Mont Sokbaro 658 m
Environment - current issues inadequate supplies of potable water; poaching threatens wildlife populations; deforestation; desertification
Environment - international agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Ethnic groups African 99% (42 ethnic groups, most important being Fon, Adja, Yoruba, Bariba), Europeans 5,500
Exchange rates Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XOF) per US dollar - 581.2 (2003), 696.988 (2002), 733.039 (2001), 711.976 (2000), 615.699 (1999)
Executive branch chief of state: President Mathieu KEREKOU (since 4 April 1996); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

head of government: President Mathieu KEREKOU (since 4 April 1996); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president

elections: president reelected by popular vote for a five-year term; runoff election held 22 March 2001 (next to be held NA March 2006)

election results: Mathieu KEREKOU reelected president; percent of vote - Mathieu KEREKOU 84.1%, Bruno AMOUSSOU 15.9%

note: the four top-ranking contenders following the first-round presidential elections were: Mathieu KEREKOU (incumbent) 45.4%, Nicephore SOGOLO (former president) 27.1%, Adrien HOUNGBEDJI (National Assembly Speaker) 12.6%, and Bruno AMOUSSOU (Minister of State) 8.6%; the second-round balloting, originally scheduled for 18 March 2001, was postponed four days because both SOGOLO and HOUNGBEDJI withdrew alleging electoral fraud; this left KEREKOU to run against his own Minister of State, AMOUSSOU, in what was termed a "friendly match"
Exports 0 kWh (2001)
Exports $485 million f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Exports NA (2001)
Exports - commodities cotton, crude oil, palm products, cocoa
Exports - partners China 21.1%, India 18%, Thailand 6.8%, Ghana 5.8%, Niger 4.4%, Indonesia 4.1% (2003)
Fiscal year calendar year
Flag description two equal horizontal bands of yellow (top) and red with a vertical green band on the hoist side
GDP purchasing power parity - $7.742 billion (2003 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 36.4%

industry: 14.5%

services: 49.1% (2003 est.)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $1,100 (2003 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 5.5% (2003 est.)
Geographic coordinates 9 30 N, 2 15 E
Geography - note sandbanks create difficult access to a coast with no natural harbors, river mouths, or islands
Highways total: 6,787 km

paved: 1,357 km (including 10 km of expressways)

unpaved: 5,430 km (1999 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA

highest 10%: NA
Illicit drugs transshipment point for narcotics associated with Nigerian trafficking organizations and most commonly destined for Western Europe and the US; vulnerable to money laundering due to a poorly regulated financial infrastructure
Imports 376 million kWh (2001)
Imports $726 million f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Imports NA (2001)
Imports - commodities foodstuffs, capital goods, petroleum products
Imports - partners China 29.5%, France 14.9%, UK 4.7%, Cote d'Ivoire 4.7%, Thailand 4.6% (2003)
Independence 1 August 1960 (from France)
Industrial production growth rate 8.3% (2001 est.)
Industries textiles, food processing, chemical production, construction materials (2001)
Infant mortality rate total: 85.88 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 90.89 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 80.71 deaths/1,000 live births (2004 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 1.5% (2003 est.)
International organization participation ACCT, ACP, AfDB, AU, ECOWAS, Entente, FAO, FZ, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO (correspondent), ITU, MIGA, MINUSTAH, MONUC, NAM, OIC, ONUB, OPCW, UN, UN Security Council (temporary), UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNMIL, UNOCI, UPU, WADB (regional), WAEMU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO
Irrigated land 120 sq km (1998 est.)
Judicial branch Constitutional Court or Cour Constitutionnelle; Supreme Court or Cour Supreme; High Court of Justice
Labor force NA (1996)
Land boundaries total: 1,989 km

border countries: Burkina Faso 306 km, Niger 266 km, Nigeria 773 km, Togo 644 km
Land use arable land: 18.08%

permanent crops: 2.4%

other: 79.52% (2001)
Languages French (official), Fon and Yoruba (most common vernaculars in south), tribal languages (at least six major ones in north)
Legal system based on French civil law and customary law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Legislative branch unicameral National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (83 seats; members are elected by direct popular vote to serve four-year terms)

elections: last held 30 March 2003 (next to be held NA March 2007)

election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Presidential Movement 52, opposition (PRB, PRD, E'toile, and 5 other small parties) 31
Life expectancy at birth total population: 50.81 years

male: 50.25 years

female: 51.39 years (2004 est.)
Literacy definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 40.9%

male: 56.2%

female: 26.5% (2000)
Location Western Africa, bordering the Bight of Benin, between Nigeria and Togo
Map references Africa
Maritime claims territorial sea: 200 nm
Merchant marine none
Military branches Armed Forces: Army, Navy, Air Force
Military expenditures - dollar figure $98.3 million (2003)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP 2.7% (2003)
Military manpower - availability males age 15-49: 1,638,010

females age 15-49: 1,647,850 (2004 est.)
Military manpower - fit for military service males age 15-49: 835,561

females age 15-49: 835,633 (2004 est.)
Military manpower - reaching military age annually males: 77,552

females: 81,841 (2004 est.)
National holiday National Day, 1 August (1960)
Nationality noun: Beninese (singular and plural)

adjective: Beninese
Natural hazards hot, dry, dusty harmattan wind may affect north from December to March
Natural resources small offshore oil deposits, limestone, marble, timber
Net migration rate 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Political parties and leaders African Congress for Renewal or DUNYA [Saka SALEY]; African Movement for Democracy and Progress or MADEP [Sefou FAGBOHOUN]; Alliance of the Social Democratic Party or PSD [Bruno AMOUSSOU]; Coalition of Democratic Forces [Gatien HOUNGBEDJI]; Democratic Renewal Party or PRD [Adrien HOUNGBEDJI]; Front for Renewal and Development or FARD-ALAFIA [Jerome Sakia KINA]; Impulse for Progress and Democracy or IPD [Bertin BORNA]; Key Force or FC [leader NA]; Presidential Movement (UBF, MADEP, FC, IDP, and 4 other small parties); Renaissance Party du Benin or PRB [Nicephore SOGLO]; The Star Alliance (Alliance E'toile) [Sacca LAFIA]; Union of Tomorrow's Benin or UBF [Bruno AMOUSSOU]

note: approximately 20 additional minor parties
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 7,250,033

note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2004 est.)
Population below poverty line 37% (2001 est.)
Population growth rate 2.89% (2004 est.)
Ports and harbors Cotonou, Porto-Novo
Radio broadcast stations AM 2, FM 9, shortwave 4 (2000)
Railways total: 578 km

narrow gauge: 578 km 1.000-m gauge (2003)
Religions indigenous beliefs 50%, Christian 30%, Muslim 20%
Sex ratio at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.71 male(s)/female

total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment: NA

domestic: fair system of open-wire, microwave radio relay, and cellular connections

international: country code - 229; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean); fiber optic submarine cable (SAT-3/WASC) provides connectivity to Europe and Asia
Telephones - main lines in use 66,500 (2003)
Telephones - mobile cellular 236,200 (2003)
Television broadcast stations 1 (2001)
Terrain mostly flat to undulating plain; some hills and low mountains
Total fertility rate 5.95 children born/woman (2004 est.)
Unemployment rate NA
Waterways 150 km (on River Niger along northern border) (2004)
Sitemap: Compare countries listing (map site) | Country listing (map site)
Links: Add to favorites | Information about this website | Stats | Polityka prywatnosci
This page was generated in ##czas## s. Size this page: ##rozmiar_strony## kB.