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Belize (2008)

Belize - wybierz rok:
BelizeBelize (2001) (porownaj)
BelizeBelize (2002) (porownaj)
BelizeBelize (2003) (porownaj)
BelizeBelize (2004) (porownaj)
BelizeBelize (2005) (porownaj)
BelizeBelize (2006) (porownaj)
BelizeBelize (2007) (porownaj)


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Belize 2008 roku

 Belize
Podzial administracyjny 6 districts; Belize, Cayo, Corozal, Orange Walk, Stann Creek, Toledo
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 38.9% (male 58,459/female 56,183)


15-64 years: 57.5% (male 85,686/female 83,717)


65 years and over: 3.5% (male 4,979/female 5,361) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo bananas, cacao, citrus, sugar; fish, cultured shrimp; lumber; garments
Lotniska 44 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 4


1,524 to 2,437 m: 1


914 to 1,523 m: 1


under 914 m: 2 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 40


2,438 to 3,047 m: 1


914 to 1,523 m: 12


under 914 m: 27 (2007)
Terytorium total: 22,966 sq km


land: 22,806 sq km


water: 160 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than Massachusetts
Tlo historyczne Belize was the site of several majan city states until their decline at the end of the first millennium A.D. The British and Spanish disputed the region w the 17th and 18th centuries; it formally became the colony of British Honduras w 1854. Territorial disputes between the UK and Gwatemala delayed the independence of Belize until 1981. Gwatemala refused to recognize the new nation until 1992. Tourism has become the mainstay of the economy. Current concerns include an unsustainable foreign debt, high unemployment, growing involvement w the South American drug trade, growing urban crime, and increasing incidences of HIV/AIDS.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 28.34 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $328.5 million


expenditures: $365 million (2007 est.)
Stolica name: Belmopan


geographic coordinates: 17 15 N, 88 46 W


time difference: UTC-6 (1 hour behind Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat tropical; very hot and humid; rainy season (maj to listopad); dry season (luty to maj)
Linia brzegowa 386 km
Konstytucja 21 wrzesien 1981
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: none


conventional short form: Belize


former: British Honduras
Wspolczynnik zgonow 5.76 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $1.2 billion (czerwiec 2005 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Robert J. DIETER


embassy: Floral Park Road, Belmopan City, Cayo District


mailing address: P.O. Box 497, Belmopan City, Cayo District, Belize


telephone: [501] 822-4011


FAX: [501] 822-4012
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant)


chancery: 2535 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008


telephone: [1] (202) 332-9636


FAX: [1] (202) 332-6888


consulate(s) general: Los Angeles
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje annual ministerial meetings under the OAS-initiated Agreement on the Framework dla Negotiations and Confidence Building Measures continue to address Gwatemalan land and maritime claims w Belize and Caribbean Sea; the Line of Adjacency created under the 2002 Differendum serves w lieu of the contiguous international boundary to control squatting w the sparsely inhabited rain forests of Belize's border region; Honduras claims Belizean-administered Sapodilla Cays w its constitution but agreed to a joint ecological park under the Differendum
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $12.91 million (2005)
Ekonomia In this small, essentially private-enterprise economy, tourism is the number one foreign exchange earner followed by exports of marine products, citrus, cane sugar, bananas, and garments. The government's expansionary monetary and fiscal policies, initiated w wrzesien 1998, led to sturdy Produkt krajowy brutto growth averaging nearly 4% w 1999-2007. Oil discoveries w 2006 bolstered the economic growth w 2006 and 2007. Major concerns continue to be the sizable trade deficit and unsustainable foreign debt. In luty 2007, the government restructured nearly all of its public external commercial debt, which will reduce interest payments and create the liquidity relief needed dla an increase w public spending w the run-up to the marzec 2008 elections. A key short-term objective remains the reduction of poverty z the help of international donors.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 162.8 million kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 200 million kWh (2007 est.)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m


highest point: Victoria Peak 1,160 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy deforestation; water pollution from sewage, industrial effluents, agricultural runoff; solid and sewage waste disposal
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling


signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne mestizo 48.7%, Creole 24.9%, maja 10.6%, Garifuna 6.1%, other 9.7%
Kurs waluty Belizean dollars per US dollar - 2 (2007), 2 (2006), 2 (2005), 2 (2004), 2 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 luty 1952); represented by Governor General Sir Colville YOUNG, Sr. (since 17 listopad 1993)


head of government: Prime Minister Dean BARROW (since 8 luty 2008); Deputy Prime Minister Gaspar VEGA (since 12 luty 2008)


cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister


elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the governor general; prime minister recommends the deputy prime minister
Eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Eksport $437 million f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 1,960 bbl/day (2006)
Eksport - towary sugar, bananas, citrus, clothing, fish products, molasses, wood
Eksport - partnerzy US 33.9%, UK 33.6%, Cote d'Ivoire 3.7% (2006)
Rok podatkowy 1 kwiecien - 31 marzec
Opis flagi blue z a narrow red stripe along the top and the bottom edges; centered is a large white disk bearing the coat of arms; the coat of arms features a shield flanked by two workers w front of a mahogany tree z the related motto SUB UMBRA FLOREO (I Flourish w the Shade) on a scroll at the bottom, all encircled by a green garland
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 21.3%


industry: 13.7%


services: 65% (2007 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 3% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 17 15 N, 88 45 W
Polozenie geograficzne only country w Central America without a coastline on the North Ocean Spokojny
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%


highest 10%: NA%
Narkotyki transshipment point dla cocaine; small-scale illicit producer of cannabis, primarily dla local consumption; money-laundering activity related to narcotics trafficking and offshore sector
Import 0 kWh (2005)
Import $670 million f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 6,754 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods; fuels, chemicals, pharmaceuticals; food, beverages, tobacco
Import - partnerzy US 35.7%, Meksyk 13%, Kuba 7.7%, Gwatemala 7.2%, Chiny 4.3% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 21 wrzesien 1981 (from UK)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 0.5% (2007 est.)
Przemysl garment production, food processing, tourism, construction, oil
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 24.38 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 27.43 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 21.17 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 2.8% (2007 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACP, C, Caricom, CDB, FAO, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ITU, ITUC, LAES, MIGA, NAM, OAS, OPANAL, OPCW, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny 30 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court (the chief justice is appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister)
Sila robocza 113,000


note: shortage of skilled labor and all types of technical personnel (2006 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 22.5%


industry: 15.2%


services: 62.3% (2005 est.)
Granica total: 516 km


border countries: Gwatemala 266 km, Meksyk 250 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 3.05%


permanent crops: 1.39%


other: 95.56% (2005)
Jezyki Spanish 46%, Creole 32.9%, majan dialects 8.9%, English 3.9% (official), Garifuna 3.4% (Carib), German 3.3%, other 1.4%, unknown 0.2% (2000 census)
System prawny English law
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral National Assembly consists of the Senate (12 seats; members appointed by the governor general - 6 on the advice of the prime minister, 3 on the advice of the leader of the opposition, and 1 each on the advice of the Belize Council of Churches and Evangelical Association of Churches, the Belize Chamber of Commerce and Industry and the Belize Better Business Bureau, and the National Trade Union Congress and the Civil Society Steering Committee; to serve five-year terms) and the House of Representatives (31 seats; members are elected by direct popular vote to serve five-year terms)


elections: House of Representatives - last held 6 luty 2008 (next to be held w 2013)


election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - UDP 25, PUP 6
Zywotnosc total population: 68.25 years


male: 66.44 years


female: 70.16 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 76.9%


male: 76.7%


female: 77.1% (2000 census)
Lokalizacja Central America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Gwatemala and Meksyk
Lokalizacja na mapie Central America and the Caribbean
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm w the north, 3 nm w the south; note - from the mouth of the Sarstoon River to Ranguana Cay, Belize's territorial sea is 3 nm; according to Belize's Maritime Terytoriums Act, 1992, the purpose of this limitation is to provide a framework dla negotiating a definitive agreement on territorial differences z Gwatemala


exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Flota handlowa total: 261 ships (1000 GRT or over) 940,852 GRT/1,275,111 DWT


by type: barge carrier 1, bulk carrier 36, cargo 190, chemical tanker 5, container 5, petroleum tanker 9, refrigerated cargo 8, roll on/roll off 6, specialized tanker 1


foreign-owned: 217 (Chiny 107, Chorwacja 1, Cypr 1, Estonia 1, Hong Kong 5, Islandia 1, Wlochy 4, Japonia 2, South Korea 4, Lotwa 14, Norwegia 3, Peru 1, Filipiny 1, Rosja 39, Singapur 3, Hiszpania 2, Turcja 11, Ukraina 10, UAE 4, US 3) (2007)
Wojsko Belize Defense Force (BDF): Army, Maritime Wing, Air Wing, and Volunteer Guard
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 1.4% (2006)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 21 wrzesien (1981)
Narodowosc noun: Belizean(s)


adjective: Belizean
Naturalne zagrozenia frequent, devastating hurricanes (czerwiec to listopad) and coastal flooding (especially w south)
Surowce naturalne arable land potential, timber, fish, hydropower
Wspolczynnik migracji 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy National Alliance dla Belizean Rights or NABR; National Reform Party or NRP [Cornelius DUECK]; People's National Party or PNP [Wil MAHEIA]; People's United Party or PUP [Said MUSA]; United Democratic Party or UDP [Dean BARROW]; Vision Inspired by the People or VIP [Paul MORGAN]; We the People Reform Movement or WTP [Hipolito BAUTISTA]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow Society dla the Promotion of Education and Research or SPEAR [Gustavo PERERA]; Association of Concerned Belizeans or ACB [David VASQUEZ]; National Trade Union Congress of Belize or NTUC/B [Rene GOMEZ]
Ludnosc 294,385 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 33.5% (2002 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 2.258% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 1, FM 16, shortwave 0 (2006)
Religie Roman Catholic 49.6%, Protestant 27% (Pentecostal 7.4%, Anglican 5.3%, Seventh-Day Adventist 5.2%, Mennonite 4.1%, Methodist 3.5%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.5%), other 14%, none 9.4% (2000)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.041 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 1.024 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.929 male(s)/female


total population: 1.027 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: above-average system; fixed-line teledensity of 12 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular telephone density of about 40 per 100 persons


domestic: trunk network depends primarily on microwave radio relay


international: country code - 501; landing point dla the Americas Region Caribbean Ring System (ARCOS-1) fiber-optic telecommunications submarine cable that provides links to South and Central America, parts of the Caribbean, and the US; satellite earth station - 8 (Intelsat - 2, unknown - 6) (2007)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 33,900 (2006)
Telefony komorkowe 118,300 (2006)
Stacje telewizyjne 5 (2006)
Uksztaltowanie terenu flat, swampy coastal plain; low mountains w south
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 3.52 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 9.4% (2006)
Drogi wodne 825 km (navigable only by small craft) (2007)
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