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Liberia (2008)

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Liberia 2008 roku

Podzial administracyjny 15 counties; Bomi, Bong, Gbarpolu, Grand Bassa, Grand Cape Mount, Grand Gedeh, Grand Kru, Lofa, Margibi, Maryland, Montserrado, Nimba, River Cess, River Gee, Sinoe
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 43.6% (male 698,382/female 695,409)

15-64 years: 53.6% (male 848,951/female 865,380)

65 years and over: 2.7% (male 42,745/female 45,064) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo rubber, coffee, cocoa, rice, cassava (tapioca), palm oil, sugarcane, bananas; sheep, goats; timber
Lotniska 53 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 2

over 3,047 m: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 51

1,524 to 2,437 m: 5

914 to 1,523 m: 8

under 914 m: 38 (2007)
Terytorium total: 111,370 sq km

land: 96,320 sq km

water: 15,050 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly larger than Tennessee
Tlo historyczne Settlement of freed slaves from the US w what is today Liberia began w 1822; by 1847, the Americo-Liberians were able to establish a republic. William TUBMAN, president from 1944-71, did much to promote foreign investment and to bridge the economic, social, and political gaps between the descendents of the original settlers and the inhabitants of the interior. In 1980, a military coup led by Samuel DOE ushered w a decade of authoritarian rule. In grudzien 1989, Charles TAYLOR launched a rebellion against DOE's regime that led to a prolonged civil war w which DOE himself was killed. A period of relative peace w 1997 allowed dla elections that brought TAYLOR to power, but major fighting resumed w 2000. An sierpien 2003, peace agreement ended the war and prompted the resignation of former president Charles TAYLOR, who faces war crimes charges w The Hague related to his involvement w Sierra Leone's civil war. After two years of rule by a transitional government, democratic elections w late 2005 brought President Ellen JOHNSON SIRLEAF to power. The UN Mission w Liberia (UNMIL) maintains a strong presence throughout the country, but the security situation is still fragile and the process of rebuilding the social and economic structure of this war-torn country will take many years.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 43.75 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: NA

expenditures: NA
Stolica name: Monrovia

geographic coordinates: 6 18 N, 10 48 W

time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat tropical; hot, humid; dry winters z hot days and cool to cold nights; wet, cloudy summers z frequent heavy showers
Linia brzegowa 579 km
Konstytucja 6 styczen 1986
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Liberia

conventional short form: Liberia
Wspolczynnik zgonow 22.24 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $3.2 billion (2005 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Donald E. BOOTH

embassy: 111 United Nations Drive, P. O. Box 10-0098, Mamba Point, 1000 Monrovia, 10

mailing address: use embassy street address

telephone: [231] 7-705-4825 or 4826

FAX: [231] 7-701-0370
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Charles A. MINOR

chancery: 5201 16th Street NW, Washington, DC 20011

telephone: [1] (202) 723-0437

FAX: [1] (202) 723-0436

consulate(s) general: New York
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje although civil unrest continues to abate z the assistance of 18,000 UN Mission w Liberia (UNMIL) peacekeepers, as of styczen 2007, Liberian refugees still remain w Gwinea, Cote d'Ivoire, Sierra Leone, and Ghana; Liberia, w turn, shelters refugees fleeing turmoil w Cote d'Ivoire; despite the presence of over 9,000 UN forces (UNOCI) w Cote d'Ivoire since 2004, ethnic conflict continues to spread into neighboring states who can no longer send their migrant workers to Ivorian cocoa plantations; UN sanctions ban Liberia from exporting diamonds and timber
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $236.2 million (2005)
Ekonomia Civil war and government mismanagement destroyed much of Liberia's economy, especially the infrastructure w and around the capital, Monrovia. Many businesses fled the country, taking capital and expertise z them, but z the conclusion of fighting and the installation of a democratically-elected government w 2006, some have returned. Richly endowed z water, mineral resources, forests, and a climate favorable to agriculture, Liberia had been a producer and exporter of basic products - primarily raw timber and rubber. Local manufacturing, mainly foreign owned, had been small w scope. President JOHNSON SIRLEAF, a Harvard-trained banker and administrator, has taken steps to reduce corruption, build support from international donors, and encourage private investment. Embargos on timber and diamond exports have been lifted, opening new sources of revenue dla the government. The reconstruction of infrastructure and the raising of incomes w this ravaged economy will largely depend on generous financial and technical assistance from donor countries and foreign investment w key sectors, such as infrastructure and power generation.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 296.9 million kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 319.3 million kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Atlantycki 0 m

highest point: Mount Wuteve 1,380 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy tropical rain forest deforestation; soil erosion; loss of biodiversity; pollution of coastal waters from oil residue and raw sewage
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation
Grupy etniczne indigenous African 95% (including Kpelle, Bassa, Gio, Kru, Grebo, Mano, Krahn, Gola, Gbandi, Loma, Kissi, Vai, Dei, Bella, Mandingo, and Mende), Americo-Liberians 2.5% (descendants of immigrants from the US who had been slaves), Congo People 2.5% (descendants of immigrants from the Caribbean who had been slaves)
Kurs waluty Liberian dollars per US dollar - NA (2007), 59.43 (2006), 53.098 (2005), 54.906 (2004), 59.379 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Ellen JOHNSON SIRLEAF (since 16 styczen 2006); note - the President is both the chief of state and head of government

head of government: President Ellen JOHNSON SIRLEAF (since 16 styczen 2006)

cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president and confirmed by the Senate

elections: president elected by popular vote dla a six-year term (eligible dla a second term); election last held 8 listopad 2005 (next to be held w 2011)

election results: Ellen JOHNSON SIRLEAF elected president; percent of vote, second round - Ellen JOHNSON SIRLEAF 59.6%, George WEAH 40.4%
Eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Eksport $1.197 billion f.o.b. (2006)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 23.31 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary rubber, timber, iron, diamonds, cocoa, coffee
Eksport - partnerzy Niemcy 40.1%, Republika Poludniowej Afryki 12%, Polska 11.7%, US 8.5%, Hiszpania 8.2% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi 11 equal horizontal stripes of red (top and bottom) alternating z white; there is a white five-pointed star on a blue square w the upper hoist-side corner; the design was based on the US flag
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 76.9%

industry: 5.4%

services: 17.7% (2002 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 8.5% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 6 30 N, 9 30 W
Polozenie geograficzne facing the Ocean Atlantycki, the coastline is characterized by lagoons, mangrove swamps, and river-deposited sandbars; the inland grassy plateau supports limited agriculture
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Narkotyki transshipment point dla Southeast and Southwest Asian heroin and South American cocaine dla the European and US markets; corruption, criminal activity, arms-dealing, and diamond trade provide significant potential dla money laundering, but the lack of well-developed financial system limits the country's utility as a major money-laundering center
Import 0 kWh (2005)
Import $7.143 billion f.o.b. (2006)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 3,532 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary fuels, chemicals, machinery, transportation equipment, manufactured goods; foodstuffs
Import - partnerzy South Korea 43.2%, Singapur 15%, Japonia 12.8%, Chiny 8.2% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 26 lipiec 1847
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle NA%
Przemysl rubber processing, palm oil processing, timber, diamonds
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 149.73 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 165.65 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 133.34 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 15% (2003 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACP, AfDB, AU, ECOWAS, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NAM, OPCW (signatory), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO
Nawadniane tereny 30 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 70%

industry: 8%

services: 22% (2000 est.)
Granica total: 1,585 km

border countries: Gwinea 563 km, Cote d'Ivoire 716 km, Sierra Leone 306 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 3.43%

permanent crops: 1.98%

other: 94.59% (2005)
Jezyki English 20% (official), some 20 ethnic group languages, of which a few can be written and are used w correspondence
System prawny dual system of statutory law based on Anglo-American common law dla the modern sector and customary law based on unwritten tribal practices dla indigenous sector; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction z reservations
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral National Assembly consists of the Senate (30 seats; note - number of seats changed w 11 pazdziernik 2005 elections; members elected by popular vote to serve nine-year terms) and the House of Representatives (64 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms)

elections: Senate - last held 11 pazdziernik 2005 (next to be held w 2011); House of Representatives - last held 11 pazdziernik 2005 (next to be held w 2011)

election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - COTOL 7, NPP 4, CDC 3, LP 3, UP 3, APD 3, other 7; House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - CDC 15, LP 9, COTOL 8, UP 8, APD 5, NPP 4, other 15

note: junior senators - those who received the second most votes w each county w the 11 pazdziernik 2005 election - will only serve a six-year first term because the Liberian constitution mandates staggered Senate elections to ensure continuity of government; all senators will be eligible dla nine-year terms thereafter
Zywotnosc total population: 40.39 years

male: 38.93 years

female: 41.89 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 57.5%

male: 73.3%

female: 41.6% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Western Africa, bordering the North Ocean Atlantycki, between Cote d'Ivoire and Sierra Leone
Lokalizacja na mapie Africa
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 200 nm
Flota handlowa total: 1,948 ships (1000 GRT or over) 71,387,243 GRT/109,450,945 DWT

by type: barge carrier 3, bulk carrier 338, cargo 91, chemical tanker 211, combination ore/oil 9, container 614, liquefied gas 81, passenger 2, passenger/cargo 1, petroleum tanker 455, refrigerated cargo 91, roll on/roll off 6, specialized tanker 11, vehicle carrier 35

foreign-owned: 1,904 (Argentyna 3, Australia 2, Belgia 1, Brazylia 3, Kanada 3, Chiny 32, Chorwacja 5, Cypr 5, Dania 12, Estonia 1, Francja 5, Niemcy 728, Gibraltar 7, Grecja 311, Hong Kong 21, Indie 2, Indonezja 1, Izrael 9, Wlochy 31, Japonia 111, South Korea 4, Kuwejt 1, Lotwa 15, Liban 2, Meksyk 1, Monako 8, Holandia 28, Norwegia 42, Polska 14, Katar 2, Rosja 87, Arabia Saudyjska 24, Singapur 42, Slowenia 1, Szwecja 11, Szwajcaria 11, Tajwan 82, Turcja 7, Ukraina 24, UAE 22, UK 74, US 103, Urugwaj 3, Wietnam 3) (2007)
Wojsko Armed Forces of Liberia (AFL): Army, Navy, Air Force
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 1.3% (2006 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 26 lipiec (1847)
Narodowosc noun: Liberian(s)

adjective: Liberian
Naturalne zagrozenia dust-laden harmattan winds blow from the Sahara (grudzien to marzec)
Surowce naturalne iron ore, timber, diamonds, gold, hydropower
Wspolczynnik migracji 26.86 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Alliance dla Peace and Democracy or APD [Togba-na TIPOTEH]; Coalition dla the Transformation of Liberia or COTOL [H. Varney SHERMAN]; Congress dla Democratic Change or CDC [George WEAH]; Liberty Party or LP [Charles BRUMSKINE]; National Patriotic Party or NPP [Roland MASSAQUOI]; Unity Party or UP [Ellen JOHNSON SIRLEAF]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow Demobilized former military officers
Ludnosc 3,195,931 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 80% (2000 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 4.836% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 0, FM 10, shortwave 2 (2007)
Linie kolejowe total: 490 km

standard gauge: 345 km 1.435-m gauge

narrow gauge: 145 km 1.067-m gauge

note: sections of railway are inoperable because of damage suffered during the civil war (2008)
Religie Christian 40%, Muslim 20%, indigenous beliefs 40%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.004 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.981 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.949 male(s)/female

total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: the limited services available are found almost exclusively w the capital Monrovia; coverage extended to a number of other towns and rural areas by four mobile-cellular network operators

domestic: combined fixed and mobile-cellular teledensity only about 5 per 100 persons

international: country code - 231; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 6,900 (2002)
Telefony komorkowe 160,000 (2005)
Stacje telewizyjne 4 (plus 4 repeaters) (2007)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly flat to rolling coastal plains rising to rolling plateau and low mountains w northeast
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 5.94 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 85% (2003 est.)
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