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Liberia (2002)

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Liberia 2002 roku

 Liberia
Podzial administracyjny 15 counties; Bomi, Bong, Gparbolu, Grand Bassa, Grand Cape Mount, Grand Gedeh, Grand Kru, Lofa, Margibi, Maryland, Montserrado, Nimba, River Cess, River Gee, Sinoe
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 43.3% (male 714,563; female 709,582)


15-64 years: 53.2% (male 854,324; female 894,753)


65 years and over: 3.5% (male 57,925; female 57,051) (2002 est.)
Rolinictwo rubber, coffee, cocoa, rice, cassava (tapioca), palm oil, sugarcane, bananas; sheep, goats; timber
Lotniska 47 (2001)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 2


over 3,047 m: 1


1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2002)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 45


1,524 to 2,437 m: 4


914 to 1,523 m: 7


under 914 m: 34 (2002)
Terytorium total: 111,370 sq km


land: 96,320 sq km


water: 15,050 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly larger than Tennessee
Tlo historyczne Seven years of civil strife were brought to a close w 1996 when free and open presidential and legislative elections were held. President TAYLOR now holds strong executive power z no real political opposition. The years of fighting coupled z the flight of most businesses have disrupted formal economic activity. A still unsettled domestic security situation has slowed the process of rebuilding the social and economic structure of this war-torn country. In 2001, the UN imposed sanctions on Liberian diamonds along z an army embargo and a travel ban on government officials dla Liberia's support of the rebel insurgency w Sierra Leone.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 45.95 births/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Budzet revenues: $85.4 million


expenditures: $90.5 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (2000 est.)
Stolica Monrovia
Klimat tropical; hot, humid; dry winters z hot days and cool to cold nights; wet, cloudy summers z frequent heavy showers
Linia brzegowa 579 km
Konstytucja 6 styczen 1986
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Liberia


conventional short form: Liberia
Waluta Liberian dollar (LRD)
Wspolczynnik zgonow 16.05 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $2.1 billion (2000 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador John William BLANEY III


embassy: 111 United Nations Drive, P. O. Box 10-0098, Mamba Point, 1000 Monrovia, 10 Liberia


mailing address: use embassy street address


telephone: [231] 226-370 through 226-380


FAX: [231] 226-148
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador William V. S. BULL


chancery: 5201 16th Street NW, Washington, DC 20011


telephone: [1] (202) 723-0437


FAX: [1] (202) 723-0436


consulate(s) general: New York
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje rebels and refugees contribute to border instabilities z Sierra Leone
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $94 million (1999)
Ekonomia A civil war w 1989-96 destroyed much of Liberia's economy, especially the infrastructure w and around Monrovia. Many businessmen fled the country, taking capital and expertise z them. Some returned; many will not return. Richly endowed z water, mineral resources, forests, and a climate favorable to agriculture, Liberia had been a producer and exporter of basic products, while local manufacturing, mainly foreign owned, had been small w scope. The democratically elected government, installed w sierpien 1997, inherited massive international debts and currently relies on revenues from its maritime registry and timber industry to provide the bulk of its foreign exchange earnings. The restoration of the infrastructure and the raising of incomes w this ravaged economy depend on the implementation of sound macro- and micro-economic policies of the new government, including the encouragement of foreign investment. Recent growth has been from a low base, and continued growth will require major policy successes and containment of armed rebellion.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 418.5 million kWh (2000)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2000)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2000)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 450 million kWh (2000)
Elektrycznosc - zrodla energii fossil fuel: 100%


hydro: 0%


nuclear: 0%


other: 0% (2000)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Atlantycki 0 m


highest point: Mount Wuteve 1,380 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy tropical rain forest deforestation; soil erosion; loss of biodiversity; pollution of coastal waters from oil residue and raw sewage
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Desertification, Endangered Species, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94


signed, but not ratified: Klimat Change, Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation
Grupy etniczne indigenous African tribes 95% (including Kpelle, Bassa, Gio, Kru, Grebo, Mano, Krahn, Gola, Gbandi, Loma, Kissi, Vai, Dei, Bella, Mandingo, and Mende), Americo-Liberians 2.5% (descendants of immigrants from the US who had been slaves), Congo People 2.5% (descendants of immigrants from the Caribbean who had been slaves)
Kurs waluty Liberian dollars per US dollar - 46.0400 (grudzien 2001), 48.5833 (2001), 40.9525 (2000), 41.9025 (1999), 41.5075 (1998), 1.0000 (officially fixed rate 1940-97); market exchange rate: Liberian dollars per US dollar - 40 (grudzien 1998), 50 (pazdziernik 1995)


note: until grudzien 1997, rates were based on a fixed relationship z the US dollar; beginning w styczen 1998, rates are market determined
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Charles Ghankay TAYLOR (since 2 sierpien 1997); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government


head of government: President Charles Ghankay TAYLOR (since 2 sierpien 1997); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government


cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president and confirmed by the Senate


elections: president elected by popular vote dla a six-year term (renewable); election last held 19 lipiec 1997 (next to be held NA pazdziernik 2003)


election results: Charles Ghankay TAYLOR elected president; percent of vote - Charles Ghankay TAYLOR (NPP) 75.3%, Ellen Johnson SIRLEAF (UP) 9.6%, Alhaji KROMAH (ALCOP) 4%, other 11.1%
Eksport 0 kWh (2000)
Eksport $55 million f.o.b. (2000 est.)
Eksport - towary rubber, timber, iron, diamonds, cocoa, coffee
Eksport - partnerzy Belgia 38.5%, Niemcy 17.6%, Wlochy 6.0%, US 5.8% (2000)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi 11 equal horizontal stripes of red (top and bottom) alternating z white; there is a white five-pointed star on a blue square w the upper hoist-side corner; the design was based on the US flag
Produkt krajowy brutto purchasing power parity - $3.6 billion (2001 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 60%


industry: 10%


services: 30% (2001 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $1,100 (2001 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 5% (2001 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 6 30 N, 9 30 W
Polozenie geograficzne facing the Ocean Atlantycki, the coastline is characterized by lagoons, mangrove swamps, and river-deposited sandbars; the inland grassy plateau supports limited agriculture
Autostrady total: 10,600 km


paved: 657 km


unpaved: 9,943 km


note: there is major deterioration on all highways due to heavy rains and lack of maintenance (1996 est.)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%


highest 10%: NA%
Narkotyki transshipment point dla Southeast and Southwest Asian heroin and South American cocaine dla the European and US markets; corruption, criminal activity, arms-dealing, and diamond trade provide significant potential dla money laundering, but the lack of well-developed financial system limits the country's utility as a major money-laundering center
Import 0 kWh (2000)
Import $170 million f.o.b. (2000 est.)
Import - towary fuels, chemicals, machinery, transportation equipment, manufactured goods; rice and other foodstuffs
Import - partnerzy Francja 29.1%, South Korea 20.6%, Japonia 15.8%, Singapur 8.4% (2000)
Niepodleglosc 26 lipiec 1847
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle NA
Przemysl rubber processing, palm oil processing, timber, diamonds
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow 130.21 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.)
Inflacja 8% (2001 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACP, AfDB, CCC, ECA, ECOWAS, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ITU, NAM, OAU, OPCW (signatory), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO
Dostawcy internetu 2 (2001)
Nawadniane tereny 30 sq km (1998 est.)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture 70%, industry 8%, services 22% (2000 est.)
Granica total: 1,585 km


border countries: Gwinea 563 km, Cote d'Ivoire 716 km, Sierra Leone 306 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 1.97%


permanent crops: 2.08%


other: 95.95% (1998 est.)
Jezyki English 20% (official), some 20 ethnic group languages, of which a few can be written and are used w correspondence
System prawny dual system of statutory law based on Anglo-American common law dla the modern sector and customary law based on unwritten tribal practices dla indigenous sector
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral National Assembly consists of the Senate (26 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve nine-year terms) and the House of Representatives (64 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms)


elections: Senate - last held 19 lipiec 1997 (next to be held NA 2006); House of Representatives - last held 19 lipiec 1997 (next to be held NA 2003)


election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - NPP 21, UP 3, ALCOP 2; House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - NPP 49, UP 7, ALCOP 3, Alliance of Political Parties 2, UPP 2, LPP 1; note - the Alliance of Political Parties was a coalition of the LAP and the Liberia Unification Party or LUP
Zywotnosc total population: 51.8 years


male: 50.33 years


female: 53.33 years (2002 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 38.3%


male: 53.9%


female: 22.4% (1995 est.)


note: these figures are increasing because of the improving school system
Lokalizacja Western Africa, bordering the North Ocean Atlantycki, between Cote d'Ivoire and Sierra Leone
Lokalizacja na mapie Africa
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 200 NM
Flota handlowa total: 1,513 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 51,912,244 GRT/79,297,046 DWT


ships by type: barge carrier 3, bulk 313, cargo 89, chemical tanker 167, combination bulk 16, combination ore/oil 32, container 318, liquefied gas 99, multi-functional large-load carrier 4, passenger 23, petroleum tanker 302, refrigerated cargo 69, roll on/roll off 20, short-sea passenger 3, specialized tanker 13, vehicle carrier 42


note: includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: Argentyna 9, Australia 2, Austria 15, Belgia 9, Brazylia 5, Kanada 4, Kajmany 1, Chile 7, Chiny 39, Chorwacja 11, Dania 4, Ekwador 1, Estonia 1, Niemcy 437, Grecja 154, Hong Kong 69, Indie 5, Indonezja 1, Izrael 1, Wlochy 5, Japonia 90, Lotwa 20, Wyspa Man 5, Monako 56, Holandia 12, Nowa Zelandia 1, Nigeria 1, Norwegia 103, Pakistan 1, Portugalia 5, Rosja 66, Arabia Saudyjska 21, Singapur 20, Slowenia 1, Republika Poludniowej Afryki 1, South Korea 10, Hiszpania 2, Szwecja 9, Szwajcaria 17, Tajwan 29, Turcja 3, Ukraina 4, Zjednoczone Emiraty Arabskie 12, Wielka Brytania 39, Stany Zjednoczone 113, Urugwaj 3, Wietnam 1 (2002 est.)
Wojsko Army, Navy, Air Force
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $7.8 million (FY01)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 1.3% (FY01)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (w wieku poborowym) males age 15-49: 729,469 (2002 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (zdolni do sluzby wojskowej) males age 15-49: 393,028 (2002 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 26 lipiec (1847)
Narodowosc noun: Liberian(s)


adjective: Liberian
Naturalne zagrozenia dust-laden harmattan winds blow from the Sahara (grudzien to marzec)
Surowce naturalne iron ore, timber, diamonds, gold, hydropower
Wspolczynnik migracji -10.8 migrant(s)/1,000 population


note: by the end of 1999, all Liberian refugees who had fled the domestic strife were assumed to have returned (2002 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy All Liberia Coalition Party or ALCOP [Peter KERBAY]; Free Democratic Party or FDP [George BORWAH]; Liberian Action Party or LAP [C. Gyude BRYANT]; Liberian National Union or LINU [Victor MOMOH]; Liberian People's Party or LPP [Koffa NAGBE]; National Democratic Party of Liberia or NDPL [Isaac D. DIKENAH]; National Patriotic Party or NPP [Cyril ALLEN] - governing party; People's Progressive Party or PPP [Weah A. WEAH]; Reformation Alliance Party or RAP [James THOMAS]; True Whig Party or TWP [Rudolph SHERMAN]; United People's Party or UPP [Wesley JOHNSON]; Unity Party or UP [Charles Clarke]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 3,288,198 (lipiec 2002 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 80%
Przyrost naturalny 1.91% (2002 est.)
Porty i stocznie Buchanan, Greenville, Harper, Monrovia
Stacje radiowe AM 0, FM 7, shortwave 2 (2001)
Radia 790,000 (1997)
Linie kolejowe total: 490 km (328 km single-track)


standard gauge: 345 km 1.435-m gauge


narrow gauge: 145 km 1.067-m gauge


note: w 1989, Liberia had three rail systems owned and operated by foreign steel and financial interests w conjunction z the Liberian Government; one of these, the Lamco Railroad, closed w 1989 after iron ore production ceased; the other two were shut down by the civil war; large sections of the rail lines have been dismantled; approximately 60 km of railroad track was exported dla scrap (2001)
Religie indigenous beliefs 40%, Christian 40%, Muslim 20%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 1.02 male(s)/female


total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2002 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: telephone and telegraph service via microwave radio relay network; main center is Monrovia


domestic: NA


international: satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 6,700 (2000)
Telefony komorkowe 0 (1998)
Stacje telewizyjne 1 (plus four low-power repeaters) (2001)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly flat to rolling coastal plains rising to rolling plateau and low mountains w northeast
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 6.29 children born/woman (2002 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 70%
Drogi wodne none
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