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Liberia (2001)

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Liberia 2001 roku

Podzial administracyjny 13 counties; Bomi, Bong, Grand Bassa, Grand Cape Mount, Grand Gedeh, Grand Kru, Lofa, Margibi, Maryland, Montserrado, Nimba, River Cess, Sinoe
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years:
43.21% (male 698,178; female 695,599)

15-64 years:
53.34% (male 840,103; female 880,403)

65 years and over:
3.45% (male 56,073; female 55,481) (2001 est.)
Rolinictwo rubber, coffee, cocoa, rice, cassava (tapioca), palm oil, sugarcane, bananas; sheep, goats; timber
Lotniska 46 (2000 est.)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total:

over 3,047 m:

1,524 to 2,437 m:
1 (2000 est.)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total:

1,524 to 2,437 m:

914 to 1,523 m:

under 914 m:
36 (2000 est.)
Terytorium total:
111,370 sq km

96,320 sq km

15,050 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly larger than Tennessee
Tlo historyczne Seven years of civil strife were brought to a close w 1996 when free and open presidential and legislative elections were held. President TAYLOR now holds strong executive power z no real political opposition. The years of fighting coupled z the flight of most businesses have disrupted formal economic activity. A still unsettled domestic security situation has slowed the process of rebuilding the social and economic structure of this war-torn country.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 46.55 births/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Budzet revenues:

$NA, including capital expenditures of $NA
Stolica Monrovia
Klimat tropical; hot, humid; dry winters z hot days and cool to cold nights; wet, cloudy summers z frequent heavy showers
Linia brzegowa 579 km
Konstytucja 6 styczen 1986
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form:
Republic of Liberia

conventional short form:
Waluta Liberian dollar (LRD)
Wspolczynnik zgonow 16.36 deaths/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $3 billion (1999 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission:
Ambassador Bismarck MYRICK

111 United Nations Drive, P. O. Box 10-0098, Mamba Point, Monrovia

mailing address:
use embassy street address

[231] 226-370 through 226-380

[231] 226-148
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission:
Ambassador William BULL

5201 16th Street NW, Washington, DC 20011

[1] (202) 723-0437

[1] (202) 723-0436

consulate(s) general:
New York
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje large refugee population from civil war w Sierra Leone
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $200 million pledged (1998)
Ekonomia A civil war w 1989-96 destroyed much of Liberia's economy, especially the infrastructure w and around Monrovia. Many businessmen fled the country, taking capital and expertise z them. Some returned during 1997. Many will not return. Richly endowed z water, mineral resources, forests, and a climate favorable to agriculture, Liberia had been a producer and exporter of basic products, while local manufacturing, mainly foreign owned, had been small w scope. The democratically elected government, installed w sierpien 1997, inherited massive international debts and currently relies on revenues from its maritime registry to provide the bulk of its foreign exchange earnings. The restoration of the infrastructure and the raising of incomes w this ravaged economy depend on the implementation of sound macro- and micro-economic policies of the new government, including the encouragement of foreign investment. Recent growth has been from a low base, and continued growth will require major policy successes.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 401.8 million kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 432 million kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - zrodla energii fossil fuel:



0% (1999)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point:
Ocean Atlantycki 0 m

highest point:
Mount Wuteve 1,380 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy tropical rain forest subject to deforestation; soil erosion; loss of biodiversity; pollution of coastal waters from oil residue and raw sewage
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to:
Biodiversity, Desertification, Endangered Species, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94

signed, but not ratified:
Klimat Change, Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation
Grupy etniczne indigenous African tribes 95% (including Kpelle, Bassa, Gio, Kru, Grebo, Mano, Krahn, Gola, Gbandi, Loma, Kissi, Vai, and Bella), Americo-Liberians 2.5% (descendants of immigrants from the US who had been slaves), Congo People 2.5% (descendants of immigrants from the Caribbean who had been slaves)
Kurs waluty Liberian dollars per US dollar - 39.8100 (grudzien 2000), 41.0483 (2000), 41.9025 (1999), 41.5075 (1998), 1.0000 (officially fixed rate 1940-97); market exchange rate: Liberian dollars per US dollar - 40 (grudzien 1998), 50 (pazdziernik 1995)

until grudzien 1997, rates were based on a fixed relationship z the US dollar; beginning w styczen 1998, rates are market determined
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state:
President Charles Ghankay TAYLOR (since 2 sierpien 1997); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

head of government:
President Charles Ghankay TAYLOR (since 2 sierpien 1997); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

Cabinet appointed by the president and confirmed by the Senate

president elected by popular vote dla a six-year term (renewable); election last held 19 lipiec 1997 (next to be held NA lipiec 2003)

election results:
Charles Ghankay TAYLOR elected president; percent of vote - Charles Ghankay TAYLOR (NPP) 75.3%, Ellen Johnson SIRLEAF (UP) 9.6%, Alhaji KROMAH (ALCOP) 4%, other 11.1%
Eksport 0 kWh (1999)
Eksport $55 million (f.o.b., 2000 est.)
Eksport - towary diamonds, iron ore, rubber, timber, coffee, cocoa
Eksport - partnerzy Belgia 53%, Szwajcaria 9%, US 6%, Francja 4% (1999)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi 11 equal horizontal stripes of red (top and bottom) alternating z white; there is a white five-pointed star on a blue square w the upper hoist-side corner; the design was based on the US flag
Produkt krajowy brutto purchasing power parity - $3.35 billion (2000 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture:


30% (2000 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $1,100 (2000 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 15% (2000 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 6 30 N, 9 30 W
Autostrady total:
10,600 km

657 km

9,943 km

(there is major deterioration on all highways due to heavy rains and lack of maintenance) (1996 est.)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%:

highest 10%:
Narkotyki increasingly a transshipment point dla Southeast and Southwest Asian heroin and South American cocaine dla the European and US markets
Import 0 kWh (1999)
Import $170 million (f.o.b., 2000 est.)
Import - towary fuels, chemicals, machinery, transportation equipment, manufactured goods; rice and other foodstuffs
Import - partnerzy South Korea 30%, Wlochy 24%, Japonia 15%, Niemcy 9% (1999)
Niepodleglosc 26 lipiec 1847
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle NA
Przemysl rubber processing, palm oil processing, diamonds
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow 132.42 deaths/1,000 live births (2001 est.)
Inflacja 5% (2000 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACP, AfDB, CCC, ECA, ECOWAS, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat (nonsignatory user), Interpol, IOC, IOM, ITU, NAM, OAU, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO
Dostawcy internetu 1 (2000)
Nawadniane tereny 20 sq km (1993 est.)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture 70%, industry 8%, services 22% (1999 est.)
Granica total:
1,585 km

border countries:
Gwinea 563 km, Cote d'Ivoire 716 km, Sierra Leone 306 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land:

permanent crops:

permanent pastures:

forests and woodland:

19% (1993 est.)
Jezyki English 20% (official), some 20 ethnic group languages, of which a few can be written and are used w correspondence
System prawny dual system of statutory law based on Anglo-American common law dla the modern sector and customary law based on unwritten tribal practices dla indigenous sector
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral National Assembly consists of the Senate (26 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve nine-year terms) and the House of Representatives (64 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms)

Senate - last held 19 lipiec 1997 (next to be held w NA 2006); House of Representatives - last held 19 lipiec 1997 (next to be held w NA 2003)

election results:
Senate - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - NPP 21, UP 3, ALCOP 2; House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - NPP 49, UP 7, ALCOP 3, Alliance of Political Parties 2, UPP 2, LPP 1; note - the Alliance of Political Parties was a coalition of the LAP and the Liberia Unification Party or LUP
Zywotnosc total population:
51.41 years

49.96 years

52.91 years (2001 est.)
Pismienni definition:
age 15 and over can read and write

total population:


22.4% (1995 est.)

these figures are increasing because of the improving school system
Lokalizacja Western Africa, bordering the North Ocean Atlantycki, between Cote d'Ivoire and Sierra Leone
Lokalizacja na mapie Africa
Morskie obszary territorial sea:
200 NM
Flota handlowa total:
1,478 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 49,456,361 GRT/76,620,648 DWT

ships by type:
barge carrier 3, bulk 324, cargo 97, chemical tanker 163, combination bulk 20, combination ore/oil 38, container 245, liquefied gas 97, multi-functional large-load carrier 4, passenger 24, petroleum tanker 310, refrigerated cargo 74, roll on/roll off 19, short-sea passenger 3, specialized tanker 12, vehicle carrier 45

includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: Argentyna 8, Australia 1, Wyspy Ashmore i Cartiera 1, Austria 5, Bermudy 5, Belgia 5, Birma 1, Brazylia 8, Kanada 1, Chiny 28, Chile 7, Kostaryka 8, Cypr 27, Dania 4, Ekwador 1, Niemcy 117, Grecja 83, Hong Kong 54, Chorwacja 9, Indonezja 2, Indie 8, Izrael 1, Wlochy 8, Japonia 85, South Korea 8, Lotwa 15, Monako 28, Meksyk 6, Malezja 1, Nigeria 1, Holandia 7, Norwegia 86, Antyle Holenderskie 1, NZ 1, Polska 2, Portugalia 2, Filipiny 1, Rosja 22, Arabia Saudyjska 20, Republika Poludniowej Afryki 1, Slowenia 1, Singapur 30, Hiszpania 1, Szwecja 8, Szwajcaria 23, UAE 5, Tajwan 10, UK 15, US 85, Urugwaj 1, Wietnam 1 (2000 est.)
Wojsko Army, Air Force, Navy
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $1 million (FY98)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 2% (FY98)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (w wieku poborowym) males age 15-49:
715,753 (2001 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (zdolni do sluzby wojskowej) males age 15-49:
385,460 (2001 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 26 lipiec (1847)
Narodowosc noun:

Naturalne zagrozenia dust-laden harmattan winds blow from the Sahara (grudzien to marzec)
Surowce naturalne iron ore, timber, diamonds, gold, hydropower
Wspolczynnik migracji -11 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2001 est.)

by the end of 1999, all Liberian refugees, who had fled the domestic strife, were assumed to have returned
Partie polityczne i przywodcy All Liberia Coalition Party or ALCOP [Lusinee KAMARA]; Liberian Action Party or LAP [Cletus WOTORSON]; Liberian National Union or LINU [Henry MONIBA, chairman]; Liberian People's Party or LPP [Togba-Nah TIPOTEH, chairman]; National Democratic Party of Liberia or NDPL [Isaac DAKINAH]; National Patriotic Party or NPP [Charles Ghankay TAYLOR] - governing party; People's Progressive Party or PPP [Chea CHEAPOO, chairman]; Reformation Alliance Party or RAP [Henry Boimah FAHNBULLEH, chairman]; True Whig Party or TWP [Rudolph SHERMAN, chairman]; United People's Party or UPP [Gabriel Baccus MATTHEWS, chairman]; Unity Party or UP [Charles Clarke]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 3,225,837 (lipiec 2001 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 80%
Przyrost naturalny 1.92% (2001 est.)
Porty i stocznie Buchanan, Greenville, Harper, Monrovia
Stacje radiowe AM 0, FM 6, shortwave 4 (1999)
Radia 790,000 (1997)
Linie kolejowe total:
490 km (328 km single track); note - three rail systems owned and operated by foreign steel and financial interests w conjunction z the Liberian Government; one of these, the Lamco Railroad, closed w 1989 after iron ore production ceased; the other two were shut down by the civil war; large sections of the rail lines have been dismantled; approximately 60 km of railroad track was exported dla scrap

standard gauge:
345 km 1.435-m gauge

narrow gauge:
145 km 1.067-m gauge
Religie indigenous beliefs 40%, Christian 40%, Muslim 20%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth:
1.03 male(s)/female

under 15 years:
1 male(s)/female

15-64 years:
0.95 male(s)/female

65 years and over:
1.01 male(s)/female

total population:
0.98 male(s)/female (2001 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment:
telephone and telegraph service via microwave radio relay network; main center is Monrovia


satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 6,000 (1997)
Telefony komorkowe 0 (1995)
Stacje telewizyjne 2 (plus four low-power repeaters) (2000)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly flat to rolling coastal plains rising to rolling plateau and low mountains w northeast
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 6.36 children born/woman (2001 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 70%
Drogi wodne none
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