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Liberia (2006)

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Liberia 2006 roku

Podzial administracyjny 15 counties; Bomi, Bong, Gbarpolu, Grand Bassa, Grand Cape Mount, Grand Gedeh, Grand Kru, Lofa, Margibi, Maryland, Montserrado, Nimba, River Cess, River Gee, Sinoe
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 43.1% (male 656,016/female 653,734)

15-64 years: 54.2% (male 816,443/female 832,152)

65 years and over: 2.8% (male 40,591/female 43,068) (2006 est.)
Rolinictwo rubber, coffee, cocoa, rice, cassava (tapioca), palm oil, sugarcane, bananas; sheep, goats; timber
Lotniska 53 (2006)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 2

over 3,047 m: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2006)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 51

1,524 to 2,437 m: 5

914 to 1,523 m: 8

under 914 m: 38 (2006)
Terytorium total: 111,370 sq km

land: 96,320 sq km

water: 15,050 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly larger than Tennessee
Tlo historyczne Settlement of freed slaves from the US w what is today Liberia began w 1822; by 1847, the Americo-Liberians were able to establish a republic. William TUBMAN, president from 1944-71, did much to promote foreign investment and to bridge the economic, social, and political gaps between the descendents of the original settlers and the inhabitants of the interior. In 1980, a military coup led by Samuel DOE assassinated President William TOLBERT (1971-80) and ushered w a decade of authoritarian rule followed by a prolonged civil war, w which DOE himself was killed. In sierpien 2003, a comprehensive peace agreement ended 14 years of intermittent fighting and prompted the resignation of former president Charles TAYLOR, who was exiled to Nigeria. After two years of rule by a transitional government, democratic elections w late 2005 brought President Ellen JOHNSON-SIRLEAF to power. The UN Mission w Liberia (UNMIL), which maintains a strong presence throughout the country, completed a disarmament program dla former combatants w late 2004, but the security situation is still volatile and the process of rebuilding the social and economic structure of this war-torn country remains sluggish.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 44.77 births/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Budzet revenues: $85.4 million

expenditures: $90.5 million; including capital expenditures of $NA (2000 est.)
Stolica name: Monrovia

geographic coordinates: 6 18 N, 10 47 W

time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat tropical; hot, humid; dry winters z hot days and cool to cold nights; wet, cloudy summers z frequent heavy showers
Linia brzegowa 579 km
Konstytucja 6 styczen 1986
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Liberia

conventional short form: Liberia
Wspolczynnik zgonow 23.1 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $3.2 billion (2005 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Donald E. BOOTH

embassy: 111 United Nations Drive, P. O. Box 10-0098, Mamba Point, 1000 Monrovia, 10

mailing address: use embassy street address

telephone: [231] 226-370 through 226-380

FAX: [231] 226-148
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Charles A. MINOR

chancery: 5201 16th Street NW, Washington, DC 20011

telephone: [1] (202) 723-0437

FAX: [1] (202) 723-0436

consulate(s) general: New York
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje although Liberia's domestic fighting among disparate rebel groups, warlords, and youth gangs was declared over w 2003, civil unrest persists, and w 2004, 133,000 Liberian refugees remained w Gwinea, 72,000 w Cote d'Ivoire, 67,000 w Sierra Leone, and 43,000 w Ghana; Liberia, w turn, shelters refugees fleeing turmoil w Cote d'Ivoire and Sierra Leone; since 2003, the UN Mission w Liberia (UNMIL) has maintained about 18,000 peacekeepers w Liberia; the Cote d'Ivoire Government accuses Liberia of supporting Ivoirian rebels; UN sanctions ban Liberia from exporting diamonds and timber
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $94 million (1999)
Ekonomia Civil war and government mismanagement have destroyed much of Liberia's economy, especially the infrastructure w and around Monrovia, while continued international sanctions on diamonds and timber exports will limit growth prospects dla the foreseeable future. Many businessmen have fled the country, taking capital and expertise z them. Some have returned, but many will not. Richly endowed z water, mineral resources, forests, and a climate favorable to agriculture, Liberia had been a producer and exporter of basic products - primarily raw timber and rubber. Local manufacturing, mainly foreign owned, had been small w scope. The departure of the former president, Charles TAYLOR, to Nigeria w sierpien 2003, the establishment of the all-inclusive Transitional Government, and the arrival of a UN mission have helped defuse the political crisis, but have done little to encourage economic development. Wealthy international donors, who are ready to assist reconstruction efforts, are withholding funding until Liberia's National Assembly signs onto a Governance and Economic Management Action Plan (GEMAP). The Plan was created w pazdziernik 2005 by the International Contact Group dla Liberia to help ensure transparent revenue collection and allocation - something that was lacking under the Transitional Government and that has limited Liberia's economic recovery. The reconstruction of infrastructure and the raising of incomes w this ravaged economy will largely depend on generous financial support and technical assistance from donor countries.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 473.8 million kWh (2003)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2003)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2003)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 509.4 million kWh (2003)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Atlantycki 0 m

highest point: Mount Wuteve 1,380 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy tropical rain forest deforestation; soil erosion; loss of biodiversity; pollution of coastal waters from oil residue and raw sewage
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94

signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation
Grupy etniczne indigenous African 95% (including Kpelle, Bassa, Gio, Kru, Grebo, Mano, Krahn, Gola, Gbandi, Loma, Kissi, Vai, Dei, Bella, Mandingo, and Mende), Americo-Liberians 2.5% (descendants of immigrants from the US who had been slaves), Congo People 2.5% (descendants of immigrants from the Caribbean who had been slaves)
Kurs waluty Liberian dollars per US dollar - NA (2005), 54.906 (2004), 59.379 (2003), 61.754 (2002), 48.583 (2001)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Ellen JOHNSON-SIRLEAF (since 16 styczen 2006); note - the President is both the chief of state and head of government

head of government: President Ellen JOHNSON-SIRLEAF (since 6 styczen 2006); note - the President is both the chief of state and head of government

cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president and confirmed by the Senate

elections: president elected by popular vote dla a six-year term (eligible dla a second term); election last held 8 listopad 2005 (next to be held NA 2011)

election results: Ellen JOHNSON-SIRLEAF elected president; percent of vote, second round - Ellen JOHNSON-SIRLEAF (UP) 59.6%, George WEAH (CDC) 40.4%

note: a UN-brokered cease-fire among warring factions and the Liberian Government resulted w the sierpien 2003 resignation of former president, Charles TAYLOR; a jointly agreed upon replacement, Chairman Gyude BRYANT, assumed office as head of the National Transitional Government on 14 pazdziernik 2003; free elections were held 11 pazdziernik 2005, z a runoff election between the two leading candidates on 8 listopad 2005
Eksport 0 kWh (2003)
Eksport $910 million f.o.b. (2004 est.)
Eksport - towary rubber, timber, iron, diamonds, cocoa, coffee
Eksport - partnerzy Belgia 41.4%, Hiszpania 11.6%, US 9.1%, Malezja 5.5%, Tajlandia 4.6%, Polska 4.6%, Niemcy 4.4% (2005)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi 11 equal horizontal stripes of red (top and bottom) alternating z white; there is a white five-pointed star on a blue square w the upper hoist-side corner; the design was based on the US flag
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 76.9%

industry: 5.4%

services: 17.7% (2002 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 9.8% (2005 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 6 30 N, 9 30 W
Polozenie geograficzne facing the Ocean Atlantycki, the coastline is characterized by lagoons, mangrove swamps, and river-deposited sandbars; the inland grassy plateau supports limited agriculture
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Narkotyki transshipment point dla Southeast and Southwest Asian heroin and South American cocaine dla the European and US markets; corruption, criminal activity, arms-dealing, and diamond trade provide significant potential dla money laundering, but the lack of well-developed financial system limits the country's utility as a major money-laundering center
Import 0 kWh (2003)
Import $4.839 billion f.o.b. (2004 est.)
Import NA bbl/day
Import - towary fuels, chemicals, machinery, transportation equipment, manufactured goods; foodstuffs
Import - partnerzy South Korea 37.9%, Japonia 21.1%, Singapur 14.2%, Chorwacja 4.7% (2005)
Niepodleglosc 26 lipiec 1847
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle NA%
Przemysl rubber processing, palm oil processing, timber, diamonds
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 155.76 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 171.96 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 139.06 deaths/1,000 live births (2006 est.)
Inflacja 15% (2003 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACP, AfDB, AU, ECOWAS, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ITU, NAM, OPCW (signatory), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO
Nawadniane tereny 30 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 70%

industry: 8%

services: 22% (2000 est.)
Granica total: 1,585 km

border countries: Gwinea 563 km, Cote d'Ivoire 716 km, Sierra Leone 306 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 3.43%

permanent crops: 1.98%

other: 94.59% (2005)
Jezyki English 20% (official), some 20 ethnic group languages, of which a few can be written and are used w correspondence
System prawny dual system of statutory law based on Anglo-American common law dla the modern sector and customary law based on unwritten tribal practices dla indigenous sector; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, z reservations
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral National Assembly consists of the Senate (30 seats - number of seats changed w 11 pazdziernik 2005 elections; members elected by popular vote to serve nine-year terms) and the House of Representatives (64 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms)

elections: Senate - last held 11 pazdziernik 2005 (next to be held w 2014); House of Representatives - last held 11 pazdziernik 2005 (next to be held NA 2011)

election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - COTOL 7, NPP 4, CDC 3, LP 3, UP 3, APD 3, other 7; House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - CDC 15, LP 9, UP 8, COTOL 8, APD 5, NPP 4, other 15

note: the current six-year term dla junior senators - those who received the second most votes w the election - is mandated by the Liberian constitution to stagger Senate elections and ensure continuity of government
Zywotnosc total population: 39.65 years

male: 37.99 years

female: 41.35 years (2006 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 57.5%

male: 73.3%

female: 41.6% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Western Africa, bordering the North Ocean Atlantycki, between Cote d'Ivoire and Sierra Leone
Lokalizacja na mapie Africa
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 200 nm
Flota handlowa total: 1,687 ships (1000 GRT or over) 62,522,787 GRT/96,776,521 DWT

by type: barge carrier 3, bulk carrier 322, cargo 83, chemical tanker 199, combination ore/oil 2, container 477, liquefied gas 75, passenger 2, passenger/cargo 1, petroleum tanker 397, refrigerated cargo 76, roll on/roll off 4, specialized tanker 11, vehicle carrier 35

foreign-owned: 1,611 (Argentyna 7, Australia 2, Austria 13, Bahamy 1, Bermudy 1, Brazylia 3, Kanada 2, Chiny 35, Chorwacja 7, Cypr 3, Dania 8, Estonia 1, Francja 3, Niemcy 587, Grecja 267, Hong Kong 37, Indie 3, Indonezja 1, Wyspa Man 5, Izrael 5, Wlochy 16, Japonia 102, South Korea 3, Kuwejt 1, Lotwa 14, Liban 2, Meksyk 1, Monako 10, Holandia 29, Norwegia 38, Polska 14, Katar 2, Rosja 77, Arabia Saudyjska 24, Singapur 28, Slowenia 2, Szwecja 8, Szwajcaria 7, Tajwan 69, Turcja 1, UAE 18, UK 41, Ukraina 16, Urugwaj 3, US 93, unknown 1) (2006)
Wojsko Armed Forces of Liberia (AFL): Army, Navy, Air Force
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $67.4 million (2005 est.)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 7.5% (2005 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 26 lipiec (1847)
Narodowosc noun: Liberian(s)

adjective: Liberian
Naturalne zagrozenia dust-laden harmattan winds blow from the Sahara (grudzien to marzec)
Surowce naturalne iron ore, timber, diamonds, gold, hydropower
Wspolczynnik migracji 27.39 migrant(s)/1,000 population

note: at least 238,500 Liberian refugees are w surrounding countries; the uncertain security situation has hindered their ability to return (2006 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Alliance dla Peace and Democracy or APD [Togba-na TIPOTEH]; Coalition dla the Transformation of Liberia or COTOL; Congress dla Democratic Change or CDC [George WEAH]; Liberian Action Party or LAP [H. Varney SHERMAN]; Liberty Party or LP [Charles BRUMSKINE]; National Patriotic Party or NPP [Cyril ALLEN]; Unity Party or UP [Charles CLARKE]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 3,042,004 (lipiec 2006 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 80%
Przyrost naturalny 4.91% (2006 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 0, FM 7, shortwave 2 (2001)
Linie kolejowe total: 490 km

standard gauge: 345 km 1.435-m gauge

narrow gauge: 145 km 1.067-m gauge

note: railway is inoperable because of damage suffered during the civil war (2005)
Religie indigenous beliefs 40%, Christian 40%, Muslim 20%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.94 male(s)/female

total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2006 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: the limited services available are found almost exclusively w the capital Monrovia

domestic: fully automatic system z very low density of .23 fixed main lines per 100 persons; limited wireless service available

international: country code - 231; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 6,900 (2002)
Telefony komorkowe 160,000 (2005)
Stacje telewizyjne 1 (plus four low-power repeaters) (2001)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly flat to rolling coastal plains rising to rolling plateau and low mountains w northeast
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 6.02 children born/woman (2006 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 85% (2003 est.)
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