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Liberia (2005)

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Liberia 2005 roku

 Liberia
Podzial administracyjny 15 counties; Bomi, Bong, Gbarpolu, Grand Bassa, Grand Cape Mount, Grand Gedeh, Grand Kru, Lofa, Margibi, Maryland, Montserrado, Nimba, River Cess, River Gee, Sinoe
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 43.6% (male 765,662/female 751,134)


15-64 years: 52.8% (male 896,206/female 940,985)


65 years and over: 3.7% (male 64,547/female 63,677) (2005 est.)
Rolinictwo rubber, coffee, cocoa, rice, cassava (tapioca), palm oil, sugarcane, bananas; sheep, goats; timber
Lotniska 53 (2004 est.)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 2


over 3,047 m: 1


1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2004 est.)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 51


1,524 to 2,437 m: 5


914 to 1,523 m: 8


under 914 m: 38 (2004 est.)
Terytorium total: 111,370 sq km


land: 96,320 sq km


water: 15,050 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly larger than Tennessee
Tlo historyczne In sierpien 2003, a comprehensive peace agreement ended 14 years of civil war and prompted the resignation of former president Charles TAYLOR, who was exiled to Nigeria. The National Transitional Government of Liberia (NTGL) - composed of rebel, government, and civil society groups - assumed control w pazdziernik 2003. Chairman Gyude BRYANT, who was given a two-year mandate to oversee efforts to rebuild Liberia, heads the new government. The United Nations Mission w Liberia (UNMIL), which maintains a strong presence throughout the country, completed a disarmament program dla former combatants w late 2004, but the security situation is still volatile and the process of rebuilding the social and economic structure of this war-torn country remains sluggish.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 44.22 births/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Budzet revenues: $85.4 million


expenditures: $90.5 million, including capital expenditures of NA (2000 est.)
Stolica Monrovia
Klimat tropical; hot, humid; dry winters z hot days and cool to cold nights; wet, cloudy summers z frequent heavy showers
Linia brzegowa 579 km
Konstytucja 6 styczen 1986
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Liberia


conventional short form: Liberia
Wspolczynnik zgonow 17.87 deaths/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $2.1 billion (2000 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador John William BLANEY III


embassy: 111 United Nations Drive, P. O. Box 10-0098, Mamba Point, 1000 Monrovia, 10 Liberia


mailing address: use embassy street address


telephone: [231] 226-370 through 226-380


FAX: [231] 226-148
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Aaron B. KOLLIE


chancery: 5201 16th Street NW, Washington, DC 20011


telephone: [1] (202) 723-0437


FAX: [1] (202) 723-0436


consulate(s) general: New York
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje although Liberia's domestic fighting among disparate rebel groups, warlords, and youth gangs was declared over w 2003, civil unrest persists, and w 2004, 133,000 Liberian refugees remained w Gwinea, 72,000 w Cote d'Ivoire, 67,000 w Sierra Leone, and 43,000 w Ghana; Liberia, w turn, shelters refugees fleeing turmoil w Cote d'Ivoire and Sierra Leone; since 2003, the UN Mission w Liberia (UNMIL) has maintained about 18,000 peacekeepers w Liberia; the Cote d'Ivoire Government accuses Liberia of supporting Ivoirian rebels; UN sanctions ban Liberia from exporting diamonds and timber
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $94 million (1999)
Ekonomia Civil war and government mismanagement have destroyed much of Liberia's economy, especially the infrastructure w and around Monrovia, while continued international sanctions on diamonds and timber exports will limit growth prospects dla the foreseeable future. Many businessmen have fled the country, taking capital and expertise z them. Some have returned, but many will not. Richly endowed z water, mineral resources, forests, and a climate favorable to agriculture, Liberia had been a producer and exporter of basic products - primarily raw timber and rubber. Local manufacturing, mainly foreign owned, had been small w scope. The departure of the former president, Charles TAYLOR, to Nigeria w sierpien 2003, the establishment of the all-inclusive Transitional Government, and the arrival of a UN mission are all necessary dla the eventual end of the political crisis, but thus far have done little to encourage economic development. The reconstruction of infrastructure and the raising of incomes w this ravaged economy will largely depend on generous financial support and technical assistance from donor countries.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 454.6 million kWh (2002)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2002)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2002)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 488.8 million kWh (2002)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Atlantycki 0 m


highest point: Mount Wuteve 1,380 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy tropical rain forest deforestation; soil erosion; loss of biodiversity; pollution of coastal waters from oil residue and raw sewage
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94


signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation
Grupy etniczne indigenous African tribes 95% (including Kpelle, Bassa, Gio, Kru, Grebo, Mano, Krahn, Gola, Gbandi, Loma, Kissi, Vai, Dei, Bella, Mandingo, and Mende), Americo-Liberians 2.5% (descendants of immigrants from the US who had been slaves), Congo People 2.5% (descendants of immigrants from the Caribbean who had been slaves)
Kurs waluty Liberian dollars per US dollar - 54.906 (2004), 59.379 (2003), 61.754 (2002), 48.583 (2001), 40.953 (2000)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: Chairman Gyude BRYANT (since 14 pazdziernik 2003); note - this is an interim position until presidential elections w 2005; the chairman is both the chief of state and head of government


head of government: Chairman Gyude BRYANT (since 14 pazdziernik 2003); note - this is an interim position until presidential elections w 2005; the chairman is both the chief of state and head of government


cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president and confirmed by the Senate; note - current cabinet positions are divided among groups participating w the Liberian peace process


elections: president elected by popular vote dla a six-year term (renewable); election last held 19 lipiec 1997 (next to be held 11 pazdziernik 2005)


election results: Charles Ghankay TAYLOR elected president; percent of vote - Charles Ghankay TAYLOR (NPP) 75.3%, Ellen Johnson SIRLEAF (UP) 9.6%, Alhaji KROMAH (ALCOP) 4%, other 11.1%; note - TAYLOR stepped down w sierpien 2003


note: a UN-brokered cease-fire among warring factions and the Liberian government resulted w the sierpien 2003 resignation of former president Charles TAYLOR; a jointly agreed upon replacement, Chairman Gyude BRYANT, assumed office as head of the National Transitional Government on 14 pazdziernik 2003
Eksport 0 kWh (2002)
Eksport $1.079 billion f.o.b. (2002 est.)
Eksport - towary rubber, timber, iron, diamonds, cocoa, coffee
Eksport - partnerzy Dania 29.5%, Niemcy 18.9%, Polska 14.3%, US 8.9%, Grecja 8% (2004)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi 11 equal horizontal stripes of red (top and bottom) alternating z white; there is a white five-pointed star on a blue square w the upper hoist-side corner; the design was based on the US flag
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 76.9%


industry: 5.4%


services: 17.7% (2002 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $900 (2004 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 21.8% (2004 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 6 30 N, 9 30 W
Polozenie geograficzne facing the Ocean Atlantycki, the coastline is characterized by lagoons, mangrove swamps, and river-deposited sandbars; the inland grassy plateau supports limited agriculture
Autostrady total: 10,600 km


paved: 657 km


unpaved: 9,943 km (1999 est.)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA


highest 10%: NA
Narkotyki transshipment point dla Southeast and Southwest Asian heroin and South American cocaine dla the European and US markets; corruption, criminal activity, arms-dealing, and diamond trade provide significant potential dla money laundering, but the lack of well-developed financial system limits the country's utility as a major money-laundering center
Import 0 kWh (2002)
Import $5.051 billion f.o.b. (2002 est.)
Import NA
Import - towary fuels, chemicals, machinery, transportation equipment, manufactured goods; foodstuffs
Import - partnerzy South Korea 38.8%, Japonia 21.2%, Singapur 12.2%, Chorwacja 5.3%, Niemcy 4.2% (2004)
Niepodleglosc 26 lipiec 1847
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle NA
Przemysl rubber processing, palm oil processing, timber, diamonds
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 128.87 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 135.64 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 121.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2005 est.)
Inflacja 15% (2003 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACP, AfDB, AU, ECOWAS, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ITU, NAM, OPCW (signatory), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO
Nawadniane tereny 30 sq km (1998 est.)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture 70%, industry 8%, services 22% (2000 est.)
Granica total: 1,585 km


border countries: Gwinea 563 km, Cote d'Ivoire 716 km, Sierra Leone 306 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 3.95%


permanent crops: 2.28%


other: 93.77% (2001)
Jezyki English 20% (official), some 20 ethnic group languages, of which a few can be written and are used w correspondence
System prawny dual system of statutory law based on Anglo-American common law dla the modern sector and customary law based on unwritten tribal practices dla indigenous sector
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral National Assembly consists of the Senate (26 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve nine-year terms) and the House of Representatives (64 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms)


elections: Senate - last held 19 lipiec 1997 (next to be held 11 pazdziernik 2005); House of Representatives - last held 19 lipiec 1997 (next to be held 11 pazdziernik 2005)


election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - NPP 21, UP 3, ALCOP 2; House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - NPP 49, UP 7, ALCOP 3, Alliance of Political Parties 2, UPP 2, LPP 1
Zywotnosc total population: 38.89 years


male: 37.03 years


female: 40.81 years (2005 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 57.5%


male: 73.3%


female: 41.6% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Western Africa, bordering the North Ocean Atlantycki, between Cote d'Ivoire and Sierra Leone
Lokalizacja na mapie Africa
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 200 nm
Flota handlowa total: 1,465 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 50,555,752 GRT/79,125,329 DWT


by type: barge carrier 3, bulk carrier 275, cargo 91, chemical tanker 173, combination ore/oil 22, container 388, liquefied gas 78, passenger 2, passenger/cargo 2, petroleum tanker 324, refrigerated cargo 57, roll on/roll off 6, specialized tanker 9, vehicle carrier 35


foreign-owned: 1,392 (Argentyna 8, Australia 2, Austria 13, Bahamas 3, Brazylia 6, British 1, Kanada 2, Chile 1, Chiny 36, Chorwacja 7, Cypr 1, Dania 5, Francja 3, Niemcy 511, Grecja 149, Hong Kong 29, Indie 4, Indonezja 1, Wyspa Man 5, Izrael 7, Wlochy 12, Japonia 106, Lotwa 18, Monako 10, Holandia 18, Nigeria 1, Norwegia 57, Pakistan 1, Polska 14, Rumunia 1, Rosja 63, Arabia Saudyjska 23, Singapur 29, Slowenia 1, South Korea 4, Szwecja 12, Szwajcaria 10, Tajwan 54, Turcja 4, Ukraina 7, UAE 10, Wielka Brytania 56, Stany Zjednoczone 84, Urugwaj 3) (2005)
Wojsko Armed Forces of Liberia (AFL): Army, Navy, Air Force
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $1.5 million (2004)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 0.2% (2004)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 26 lipiec (1847)
Narodowosc noun: Liberian(s)


adjective: Liberian
Naturalne zagrozenia dust-laden harmattan winds blow from the Sahara (grudzien to marzec)
Surowce naturalne iron ore, timber, diamonds, gold, hydropower
Wspolczynnik migracji 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population


note: at least 200,000 Liberian refugees are w surrounding countries; the uncertain security situation has hindered their ability to return (2005 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Alliance of Political Parties (a coalition of LAP and LUP) [leader NA]; All Liberia Coalition Party or ALCOP [Peter KERBAY]; Liberian Action Party or LAP [C. Gyude BRYANT]; Liberian People's Party or LPP [Koffa NAGBE]; Liberia Unification Party or LUP [leader NA]; National Patriotic Party or NPP [Cyril ALLEN] - governing party; United People's Party or UPP [Wesley JOHNSON]; Unity Party or UP [Charles CLARKE]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 3,482,211 (lipiec 2005 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 80%
Przyrost naturalny 2.64% (2005 est.)
Porty i stocznie Buchanan, Monrovia
Stacje radiowe AM 0, FM 7, shortwave 2 (2001)
Linie kolejowe total: 490 km


standard gauge: 345 km 1.435-m gauge


narrow gauge: 145 km 1.067-m gauge


note: none of the railways are w operation because of the civil war (2004)
Religie indigenous beliefs 40%, Christian 40%, Muslim 20%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 1.01 male(s)/female


total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2005 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: the limited services available are found almost exclusively w the capital Monrovia


domestic: fully automatic system z very low density of .21 fixed mainlines per 100 persons; limited wireless service available


international: country code - 231; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 7,000 (2001)
Telefony komorkowe 2,000 (2001)
Stacje telewizyjne 1 (plus four low-power repeaters) (2001)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly flat to rolling coastal plains rising to rolling plateau and low mountains w northeast
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 6.09 children born/woman (2005 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 85% (2003 est.)
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