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Independence (2002)

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Informations about Independence in 2002 year

AfghanistanAfghanistan 19 August 1919 (from UK control over Afghan foreign affairs)
AlbaniaAlbania 28 November 1912 (from Ottoman Empire)
AlgeriaAlgeria 5 July 1962 (from France)
American SamoaAmerican Samoa none (territory of the US)
AndorraAndorra 1278 (was formed under the joint suzerainty of the French count of Foix and the Spanish bishop of Urgel)
AngolaAngola 11 November 1975 (from Portugal)
AnguillaAnguilla none (overseas territory of the UK)
Antigua and BarbudaAntigua and Barbuda 1 November 1981 (from UK)
ArgentinaArgentina 9 July 1816 (from Spain)
ArmeniaArmenia 21 September 1991 (from Soviet Union)
ArubaAruba none (part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)
AustraliaAustralia 1 January 1901 (federation of UK colonies)
AustriaAustria 1156 (from Bavaria)
AzerbaijanAzerbaijan 30 August 1991 (from Soviet Union)
Bahamas, TheBahamas, The 10 July 1973 (from UK)
BahrainBahrain 15 August 1971 (from UK)
BangladeshBangladesh 16 December 1971 (from West Pakistan); note - 26 March 1971 is the date of independence from West Pakistan, 16 December 1971 is known as Victory Day and commemorates the official creation of the state of Bangladesh
BarbadosBarbados 30 November 1966 (from UK)
BelarusBelarus 25 August 1991 (from Soviet Union)
BelgiumBelgium 4 October 1830 a provisional government declared independence from the Netherlands; 21 July 1831 the ascension of King Leopold I to the throne
BelizeBelize 21 September 1981 (from UK)
BeninBenin 1 August 1960 (from France)
BermudaBermuda none (overseas territory of the UK)
BhutanBhutan 8 August 1949 (from India)
BoliviaBolivia 6 August 1825 (from Spain)
Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and Herzegovina 1 March 1992 (from Yugoslavia; referendum for independence was completed 1 March 1992; independence was declared 3 March 1992)
BotswanaBotswana 30 September 1966 (from UK)
BrazilBrazil 7 September 1822 (from Portugal)
British Virgin IslandsBritish Virgin Islands none (overseas territory of the UK)
BruneiBrunei 1 January 1984 (from UK)
BulgariaBulgaria 3 March 1878 (from Ottoman Empire)
Burkina FasoBurkina Faso 5 August 1960 (from France)
BurmaBurma 4 January 1948 (from UK)
BurundiBurundi 1 July 1962 (from UN trusteeship under Belgian administration)
CambodiaCambodia 9 November 1953 (from France)
CameroonCameroon 1 January 1960 (from French-administered UN trusteeship)
CanadaCanada 1 July 1867 (from UK)
Cape VerdeCape Verde 5 July 1975 (from Portugal)
Cayman IslandsCayman Islands none (overseas territory of the UK)
Central African RepublicCentral African Republic 13 August 1960 (from France)
ChadChad 11 August 1960 (from France)
ChileChile 18 September 1810 (from Spain)
ChinaChina 221 BC (unification under the Qin or Ch'in Dynasty 221 BC; Qing or Ch'ing Dynasty replaced by the Republic on 12 February 1912; People's Republic established 1 October 1949)
Christmas IslandChristmas Island none (territory of Australia)
Cocos (Keeling) IslandsCocos (Keeling) Islands none (territory of Australia)
ColombiaColombia 20 July 1810 (from Spain)
ComorosComoros 6 July 1975 (from France)
Congo, Democratic Republic of theCongo, Democratic Republic of the 30 June 1960 (from Belgium)
Congo, Republic of theCongo, Republic of the 15 August 1960 (from France)
Cook IslandsCook Islands none (became self-governing in free association with New Zealand on 4 August 1965 and has the right at any time to move to full independence by unilateral action)
Costa RicaCosta Rica 15 September 1821 (from Spain)
Cote d'IvoireCote d'Ivoire 7 August (1960) (from France)
CroatiaCroatia 25 June 1991 (from Yugoslavia)
CubaCuba 20 May 1902 (from Spain 10 December 1898; administered by the US from 1898 to 1902)
CyprusCyprus 16 August 1960 (from UK); note - Turkish Cypriot area proclaimed self-rule on 13 February 1975
Czech RepublicCzech Republic 1 January 1993 (Czechoslovakia split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia)
DenmarkDenmark first organized as a unified state in 10th century; in 1849 became a constitutional monarchy
DjiboutiDjibouti 27 June 1977 (from France)
DominicaDominica 3 November 1978 (from UK)
Dominican RepublicDominican Republic 27 February 1844 (from Haiti)
East TimorEast Timor 28 November 1975 (date of proclamation of independence from Portugal); note - 20 May 2002 is the official date of international recognition of East Timor's independence from Indonesia
EcuadorEcuador 24 May 1822 (from Spain)
EgyptEgypt 28 February 1922 (from UK)
El SalvadorEl Salvador 15 September 1821 (from Spain)
Equatorial GuineaEquatorial Guinea 12 October 1968 (from Spain)
EritreaEritrea 24 May 1993 (from Ethiopia)
EstoniaEstonia regained on 20 August 1991 (from Soviet Union)
EthiopiaEthiopia oldest independent country in Africa and one of the oldest in the world - at least 2,000 years
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) none (overseas territory of the UK; also claimed by Argentina)
Faroe IslandsFaroe Islands none (part of the Kingdom of Denmark; self-governing overseas administrative division of Denmark)
FijiFiji 10 October 1970 (from UK)
FinlandFinland 6 December 1917 (from Russia)
FranceFrance 486 (unified by Clovis)
French GuianaFrench Guiana none (overseas department of France)
French PolynesiaFrench Polynesia none (overseas territory of France)
GabonGabon 17 August 1960 (from France)
Gambia, TheGambia, The 18 February 1965 (from UK)
GeorgiaGeorgia 9 April 1991 (from Soviet Union)
GermanyGermany 18 January 1871 (German Empire unification); divided into four zones of occupation (UK, US, USSR, and later, France) in 1945 following World War II; Federal Republic of Germany (FRG or West Germany) proclaimed 23 May 1949 and included the former UK, US, and French zones; German Democratic Republic (GDR or East Germany) proclaimed 7 October 1949 and included the former USSR zone; unification of West Germany and East Germany took place 3 October 1990; all four powers formally relinquished rights 15 March 1991
GhanaGhana 6 March 1957 (from UK)
GibraltarGibraltar none (overseas territory of the UK)
GreeceGreece 1829 (from the Ottoman Empire)
GreenlandGreenland none (part of the Kingdom of Denmark; self-governing overseas administrative division of Denmark since 1979)

note: foreign affairs is the responsibility of Denmark, but Greenland actively participates in international agreements relating to Greenland
GrenadaGrenada 7 February 1974 (from UK)
GuadeloupeGuadeloupe none (overseas department of France)
GuamGuam none (territory of the US)
GuatemalaGuatemala 15 September 1821 (from Spain)
GuernseyGuernsey none (British crown dependency)
GuineaGuinea 2 October 1958 (from France)
Guinea-BissauGuinea-Bissau 24 September 1973 (unilaterally declared by Guinea-Bissau); 10 September 1974 (recognized by Portugal)
GuyanaGuyana 26 May 1966 (from UK)
HaitiHaiti 1 January 1804 (from France)
Holy See (Vatican City)Holy See (Vatican City) 11 February 1929 (from Italy)

note: on 11 February 1929, three treaties were signed with Italy which, among other things, recognized the full sovereignty of the Vatican and established its territorial extent; however, the origin of the Papal States, which over the years have varied considerably in extent, may be traced back to the 8th century
HondurasHonduras 15 September 1821 (from Spain)
Hong KongHong Kong none (special administrative region of China)
HungaryHungary 1001 (unification by King Stephen I)
IcelandIceland 1 December 1918 (became a sovereign state under the Danish Crown); 17 June 1944 (from Denmark)
IndiaIndia 15 August 1947 (from UK)
IndonesiaIndonesia 17 August 1945 (proclaimed independence; on 27 December 1949, Indonesia became legally independent from the Netherlands)
IranIran 1 April 1979 (Islamic Republic of Iran proclaimed)
IraqIraq 3 October 1932 (from League of Nations mandate under British administration)
IrelandIreland 6 December 1921 (from UK by treaty)
Isle of ManIsle of Man none (British crown dependency)
IsraelIsrael 14 May 1948 (from League of Nations mandate under British administration)
ItalyItaly 17 March 1861 (Kingdom of Italy proclaimed; Italy was not finally unified until 1870)
JamaicaJamaica 6 August 1962 (from UK)
JapanJapan 660 BC (traditional founding by Emperor Jimmu)
JerseyJersey none (British crown dependency)
JordanJordan 25 May 1946 (from League of Nations mandate under British administration)
KazakhstanKazakhstan 16 December 1991 (from the Soviet Union)
KenyaKenya 12 December 1963 (from UK)
KiribatiKiribati 12 July 1979 (from UK)
Korea, NorthKorea, North 15 August 1945 (from Japan)
Korea, SouthKorea, South 15 August 1945 (from Japan)
KuwaitKuwait 19 June 1961 (from UK)
KyrgyzstanKyrgyzstan 31 August 1991 (from Soviet Union)
LaosLaos 19 July 1949 (from France)
LatviaLatvia 21 August 1991 (from Soviet Union)
LebanonLebanon 22 November 1943 (from League of Nations mandate under French administration)
LesothoLesotho 4 October 1966 (from UK)
LiberiaLiberia 26 July 1847
LibyaLibya 24 December 1951 (from Italy)
LiechtensteinLiechtenstein 23 January 1719 Imperial Principality of Liechtenstein established; 12 July 1806 established independence from the Holy Roman Empire
LithuaniaLithuania 11 March 1990 (independence declared from Soviet Union); 6 September 1991 (Soviet Union recognizes Lithuania's independence)
LuxembourgLuxembourg 1839 (from the Netherlands)
MacauMacau none (special administrative region of China)
Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of 8 September 1991 referendum by registered voters endorsing independence (from Yugoslavia)
MadagascarMadagascar 26 June 1960 (from France)
MalawiMalawi 6 July 1964 (from UK)
MalaysiaMalaysia 31 August 1957 (from UK)
MaldivesMaldives 26 July 1965 (from UK)
MaliMali 22 September 1960 (from France)
MaltaMalta 21 September 1964 (from UK)
Marshall IslandsMarshall Islands 21 October 1986 (from the US-administered UN trusteeship)
MartiniqueMartinique none (overseas department of France)
MauritaniaMauritania 28 November 1960 (from France)
MauritiusMauritius 12 March 1968 (from UK)
MayotteMayotte none (territorial collectivity of France)
MexicoMexico 16 September 1810 (from Spain)
Micronesia, Federated States ofMicronesia, Federated States of 3 November 1986 (from the US-administered UN Trusteeship)
MoldovaMoldova 27 August 1991 (from Soviet Union)
MonacoMonaco 1419 (beginning of the rule by the House of Grimaldi)
MongoliaMongolia 11 July 1921 (from China)
MontserratMontserrat none (overseas territory of the UK)
MoroccoMorocco 2 March 1956 (from France)
MozambiqueMozambique 25 June 1975 (from Portugal)
NamibiaNamibia 21 March 1990 (from South African mandate)
NauruNauru 31 January 1968 (from the Australia-, NZ-, and UK-administered UN trusteeship)
NepalNepal 1768 (unified by Prithvi Narayan Shah)
NetherlandsNetherlands 1579 (from Spain); note - the northern provinces of the Low Country concluded the Union of Utrecht, but it was 1648 before Spain finally recognized their independence
Netherlands AntillesNetherlands Antilles none (part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)
New CaledoniaNew Caledonia none (overseas territory of France); note - a referendum on independence was held in 1998 but did not pass; a new referendum is scheduled for 2014
New ZealandNew Zealand 26 September 1907 (from UK)
NicaraguaNicaragua 15 September 1821 (from Spain)
NigerNiger 3 August 1960 (from France)
NigeriaNigeria 1 October 1960 (from UK)
NiueNiue on 19 October 1974, Niue became a self-governing parliamentary government in free association with New Zealand
Norfolk IslandNorfolk Island none (territory of Australia)
Northern Mariana IslandsNorthern Mariana Islands none (commonwealth in political union with the US)
NorwayNorway 7 June 1905 Norway declared the union with Sweden dissolved; 26 October 1905 Sweden agreed to the repeal of the union
OmanOman 1650 (expulsion of the Portuguese)
PakistanPakistan 14 August 1947 (from UK)
PalauPalau 1 October 1994 (from the US-administered UN Trusteeship)
PanamaPanama 3 November 1903 (from Colombia; became independent from Spain 28 November 1821)
Papua New GuineaPapua New Guinea 16 September 1975 (from the Australian-administered UN trusteeship)
ParaguayParaguay 14 May 1811 (from Spain)
PeruPeru 28 July 1821 (from Spain)
PhilippinesPhilippines 4 July 1946 (from US)
Pitcairn IslandsPitcairn Islands none (overseas territory of the UK)
PolandPoland 11 November 1918 (independent republic proclaimed)
PortugalPortugal 1143 (independent republic proclaimed 5 October 1910)
Puerto RicoPuerto Rico none (commonwealth associated with the US)
QatarQatar 3 September 1971 (from UK)
ReunionReunion none (overseas department of France)
RomaniaRomania 9 May 1877 (independence proclaimed from Turkey; independence recognized 13 July 1878 by the Treaty of Berlin; kingdom proclaimed 26 March 1881; republic proclaimed 30 December 1947)
RussiaRussia 24 August 1991 (from Soviet Union)
RwandaRwanda 1 July 1962 (from Belgium-administered UN trusteeship)
Saint HelenaSaint Helena none (overseas territory of the UK)
Saint Kitts and NevisSaint Kitts and Nevis 19 September 1983 (from UK)
Saint LuciaSaint Lucia 22 February 1979 (from UK)
Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Pierre and Miquelon none (territorial collectivity of France; has been under French control since 1763)
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesSaint Vincent and the Grenadines 27 October 1979 (from UK)
SamoaSamoa 1 January 1962 (from New Zealand-administered UN trusteeship)
San MarinoSan Marino 3 September 301
Sao Tome and PrincipeSao Tome and Principe 12 July 1975 (from Portugal)
Saudi ArabiaSaudi Arabia 23 September 1932 (Unification of the Kingdom)
SenegalSenegal 4 April 1960 (from France); complete independence was achieved upon dissolution of federation with Mali on 20 August 1960
Serbia and MontenegroSerbia and Montenegro 27 April 1992 (Federal Republic of Yugoslavia or FRY formed as self-proclaimed successor to the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia or SFRY)
SeychellesSeychelles 29 June 1976 (from UK)
Sierra LeoneSierra Leone 27 April 1961 (from UK)
SingaporeSingapore 9 August 1965 (from Malaysia)
SlovakiaSlovakia 1 January 1993 (Czechoslovakia split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia)
SloveniaSlovenia 25 June 1991 (from Yugoslavia)
Solomon IslandsSolomon Islands 7 July 1978 (from UK)
SomaliaSomalia 1 July 1960 (from a merger of British Somaliland, which became independent from the UK on 26 June 1960, and Italian Somaliland, which became independent from the Italian-administered UN trusteeship on 1 July 1960, to form the Somali Republic)
South AfricaSouth Africa 31 May 1910 (from UK)
SpainSpain the Iberian peninsula was characterized by a variety of independent kingdoms prior to the Moslem occupation that began in the early 8th Century A. D. and lasted nearly seven centuries; the small Christian redoubts of the north began the reconquest almost immediately, culminating in the seizure of Granada in 1492; this event completed the unification of several kingdoms and is traditionally considered the forging of present-day Spain
Sri LankaSri Lanka 4 February 1948 (from UK)
SudanSudan 1 January 1956 (from Egypt and UK)
SurinameSuriname 25 November 1975 (from Netherlands)
SvalbardSvalbard none (territory of Norway)
SwazilandSwaziland 6 September 1968 (from UK)
SwedenSweden 6 June 1523 (Gustav VASA elected king)
SwitzerlandSwitzerland 1 August 1291 (Founding of the Swiss Confederation)
SyriaSyria 17 April 1946 (from League of Nations mandate under French administration)
TajikistanTajikistan 9 September 1991 (from Soviet Union)
TanzaniaTanzania 26 April 1964; Tanganyika became independent 9 December 1961 (from UK-administered UN trusteeship); Zanzibar became independent 19 December 1963 (from UK); Tanganyika united with Zanzibar 26 April 1964 to form the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar; renamed United Republic of Tanzania 29 October 1964
ThailandThailand 1238 (traditional founding date; never colonized)
TogoTogo 27 April 1960 (from French-administered UN trusteeship)
TokelauTokelau none (territory of New Zealand)
TongaTonga 4 June 1970 (from UK protectorate)
Trinidad and TobagoTrinidad and Tobago 31 August 1962 (from UK)
TunisiaTunisia 20 March 1956 (from France)
TurkeyTurkey 29 October 1923 (successor state to the Ottoman Empire)
TurkmenistanTurkmenistan 27 October 1991 (from the Soviet Union)
Turks and Caicos IslandsTurks and Caicos Islands none (overseas territory of the UK)
TuvaluTuvalu 1 October 1978 (from UK)
UgandaUganda 9 October 1962 (from UK)
UkraineUkraine 24 August 1991 (from Soviet Union)
United Arab EmiratesUnited Arab Emirates 2 December 1971 (from UK)
United KingdomUnited Kingdom England has existed as a unified entity since the 10th century; the union between England and Wales was enacted under the Statute of Rhuddlan in 1284; in the Act of Union of 1707, England and Scotland agreed to permanent union as Great Britain; the legislative union of Great Britain and Ireland was implemented in 1801, with the adoption of the name the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland; the Anglo-Irish treaty of 1921 formalized a partition of Ireland; six northern Irish counties remained part of the United Kingdom as Northern Ireland and the current name of the country, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, was adopted in 1927
United StatesUnited States 4 July 1776 (from Great Britain)
UruguayUruguay 25 August 1825 (from Brazil)
UzbekistanUzbekistan 1 September 1991 (from Soviet Union)
VanuatuVanuatu 30 July 1980 (from France and UK)
VenezuelaVenezuela 5 July 1811 (from Spain)
VietnamVietnam 2 September 1945 (from France)
Wallis and FutunaWallis and Futuna none (overseas territory of France)
YemenYemen 22 May 1990, Republic of Yemen was established with the merger of the Yemen Arab Republic [Yemen (Sanaa) or North Yemen] and the Marxist-dominated People's Democratic Republic of Yemen [Yemen (Aden) or South Yemen]; previously North Yemen had become independent on NA November 1918 (from the Ottoman Empire) and South Yemen had become independent on 30 November 1967 (from the UK)
ZambiaZambia 24 October 1964 (from UK)
ZimbabweZimbabwe 18 April 1980 (from UK)
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