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Barbados (2008)

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Barbados 2008 roku

Podzial administracyjny 11 parishes and 1 city*; Bridgetown*, Christ Church, Saint Andrew, Saint George, Saint James, Saint John, Saint Joseph, Saint Lucy, Saint Michael, Saint Peter, Saint Philip, Saint Thomas
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 19.7% (male 27,659/female 27,573)

15-64 years: 71.4% (male 98,633/female 102,020)

65 years and over: 8.9% (male 9,662/female 15,399) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo sugarcane, vegetables, cotton
Lotniska 1 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 1

over 3,047 m: 1 (2007)
Terytorium total: 431 sq km

land: 431 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci 2.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Tlo historyczne The island was uninhabited when first settled by the British w 1627. Slaves worked the sugar plantations established on the island until 1834 when slavery was abolished. The economy remained heavily dependent on sugar, rum, and molasses production through most of the 20th century. The gradual introduction of social and political reforms w the 1940s and 1950s led to complete independence from the UK w 1966. In the 1990s, tourism and manufacturing surpassed the sugar industry w economic importance.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 12.61 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $847 million (including grants)

expenditures: $886 million (2000 est.)
Stolica name: Bridgetown

geographic coordinates: 13 06 N, 59 37 W

time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat tropical; rainy season (czerwiec to pazdziernik)
Linia brzegowa 97 km
Konstytucja 30 listopad 1966
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: none

conventional short form: Barbados
Wspolczynnik zgonow 8.61 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $668 million (2003)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Mary M. OURISMAN

embassy: U.S. Embassy, Wildey Business Park, Wildey, St. Michael

mailing address: P. O. Box 302, Bridgetown; CMR 1014, APO AA 34055

telephone: [1] (246) 436-4950

FAX: [1] (246) 429-5246, 429-3379
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Michael Ian KING

chancery: 2144 Wyoming Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008

telephone: [1] (202) 939-9200

FAX: [1] (202) 332-7467

consulate(s) general: Miami, New York

consulate(s): Los Angeles
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje in kwiecien 2006, the Permanent Court of Arbitration issued a decision that delimited a maritime boundary z Trynidad i Tobago and compelled Barbados to enter a fishing agreement limiting Barbadian fishermen's catches of flying fish w Trynidad i Tobago's exclusive economic zone; w 2005, Barbados and Trynidad i Tobago agreed to compulsory international arbitration under UNCLOS challenging whether the northern limit of Trynidad i Tobago's and Wenezuela's maritime boundary extends into Barbadian waters; joins other Caribbean states to counter Wenezuela's claim that Aves Island sustains human habitation, a criterion under the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), which permits Wenezuela to extend its EEZ/continental shelf over a large portion of the eastern Caribbean Sea
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $2.07 million (2005)
Ekonomia Historically, the Barbadian economy was dependent on sugarcane cultivation and related activities. However, production w recent years has diversified into light industry and tourism, z nearly three-quarters of Produkt krajowy brutto and 80% of exports being attributed to services. Growth has rebounded since 2003, bolstered by increases w construction projects and tourism revenues - reflecting its success w the higher-end segment. The country enjoys one of the highest per capita incomes w the region and an investment grade rating which benefits from its political stability and stable institutions. Offshore finance and information services are important foreign exchange earners and thrive from having the same time zone as eastern US financial centers and a relatively highly educated workforce. The government continues its efforts to reduce unemployment, to encourage direct foreign investment, and to privatize remaining state-owned enterprises.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 886.3 million kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 953 million kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Atlantycki 0 m

highest point: Mount Hillaby 336 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy pollution of coastal waters from waste disposal by ships; soil erosion; illegal solid waste disposal threatens contamination of aquifers
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne black 90%, white 4%, Asian and mixed 6%
Kurs waluty Barbadian dollars per US dollar - NA (2007), 2 (2006), 2 (2005), 2 (2004), 2 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 luty 1952); represented by Governor General Sir Clifford Straughn HUSBANDS (since 1 czerwiec 1996)

head of government: Prime Minister David THOMPSON (since 16 styczen 2008)

cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister

elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the governor general; the prime minister recommends the deputy prime minister
Eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Eksport $385 million (2006)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 1,666 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary manufactures, sugar and molasses, rum, other foods and beverages, chemicals, electrical components
Eksport - partnerzy US 27.6%, Trynidad i Tobago 15%, UK 10.2%, Saint Lucia 7%, Jamajka 6.5%, Saint Vincent i Grenadyny 4.3% (2006)
Rok podatkowy 1 kwiecien - 31 marzec
Opis flagi three equal vertical bands of blue (hoist side), gold, and blue z the head of a black trident centered on the gold band; the trident head represents independence and a break z the past (the colonial coat of arms contained a complete trident)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 6%

industry: 16%

services: 78% (2000 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 4% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 13 10 N, 59 32 W
Polozenie geograficzne easternmost Caribbean island
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Narkotyki one of many Caribbean transshipment points dla narcotics bound dla Europe and the US; offshore financial center
Import 0 kWh (2005)
Import $1.586 billion (2006)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 7,071 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary consumer goods, machinery, foodstuffs, construction materials, chemicals, fuel, electrical components
Import - partnerzy US 37.7%, Trynidad i Tobago 22.6%, UK 5.9% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 30 listopad 1966 (from UK)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle -3.2% (2000 est.)
Przemysl tourism, sugar, light manufacturing, component assembly dla export
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 11.55 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 12.88 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 10.19 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 5.5% (2007 est.)
Nawadniane tereny 50 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court of Judicature (judges are appointed by the Service Commissions dla the Judicial and Legal Services); Caribbean Court of Justice is the highest court of appeal
Sila robocza 128,500 (2001 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 10%

industry: 15%

services: 75% (1996 est.)
Granica 0 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 37.21%

permanent crops: 2.33%

other: 60.46% (2005)
Jezyki English
System prawny English common law; no judicial review of legislative acts; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, z reservations
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (21 seats; members appointed by the governor general - 12 on the advice of the Prime Minister, 2 on the advice of the opposition leader, and 7 at his discretion) and the House of Assembly (30 seats; members are elected by direct popular vote to serve five-year terms)

elections: House of Assembly - last held 15 styczen 2008 (next to be called w 2013)

election results: House of Assembly - percent of vote by party - DLP 52.5%, BLP 47.3%; seats by party - DLP 20, BLP 10
Zywotnosc total population: 73 years

male: 71.02 years

female: 75.01 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school

total population: 99.7%

male: 99.7%

female: 99.7% (2002 est.)
Lokalizacja Caribbean, island w the North Ocean Atlantycki, northeast of Wenezuela
Lokalizacja na mapie Central America and the Caribbean
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Flota handlowa total: 71 ships (1000 GRT or over) 539,579 GRT/793,899 DWT

by type: bulk carrier 13, cargo 39, chemical tanker 6, passenger 1, passenger/cargo 1, petroleum tanker 3, refrigerated cargo 5, roll on/roll off 2, specialized tanker 1

foreign-owned: 67 (Bahamy 1, Kanada 9, Grecja 11, Indie 1, Liban 1, Monako 1, Norwegia 35, Szwecja 5, UK 3)

registered w other countries: 1 (St Vincent and The Grenadines 1) (2007)
Wojsko - uwagi the Royal Barbados Defense Force includes a land-based Troop Command and a small Coast Guard; the primary role of the land element is to defend the island against external aggression; the Command consists of a single, part-time battalion z a small regular cadre that is deployed throughout the island; it increasingly supports the police w patrolling the coastline to prevent smuggling and other illicit activities (2005)
Wojsko Royal Barbados Defense Force: Troops Command, Barbados Coast Guard (2007)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 0.5% (2006 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 30 listopad (1966)
Narodowosc noun: Barbadian(s) or Bajan (colloquial)

adjective: Barbadian or Bajan (colloquial)
Naturalne zagrozenia infrequent hurricanes; periodic landslides
Surowce naturalne petroleum, fish, natural gas
Wspolczynnik migracji -0.31 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Barbados Labor Party or BLP [Owen ARTHUR]; Democratic Labor Party or DLP [David THOMPSON]; People's Empowerment Party or PEP [David COMISSIONG]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow Barbados Secondary Teachers' Union or BSTU [Patrick FROST]; Barbados Union of Teachers or BUT [Herbert GITTENS]; Congress of Trade Unions and Staff Associations of Barbados or CTUSAB, which includes the BWU, NUPW, BUT, and BSTU [Leroy TROTMAN]; Barbados Workers Union or BWU [Leroy TROTMAN]; Clement Payne Labor Union [David COMISSIONG]; National Union of Public Workers [Joseph GODDARD]
Ludnosc 280,946 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny 0.369% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 2, FM 6, shortwave 0 (2004)
Religie Protestant 67% (Anglican 40%, Pentecostal 8%, Methodist 7%, other 12%), Roman Catholic 4%, none 17%, other 12%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.01 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.003 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.967 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.627 male(s)/female

total population: 0.938 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: fixed-line teledensity of roughly 50 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular telephone density of 75 per 100 persons

domestic: island-wide automatic telephone system

international: country code - 1-246; landing point dla the East Caribbean Fiber System (ECFS) optic submarine cable z links to 13 other islands w the eastern Caribbean extending from the Brytyjskie Wyspy Dziewicze to Trinidad; satellite earth stations - 1 (Intelsat -Ocean Atlantycki); tropospheric scatter to Trinidad and Saint Lucia (2007)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 134,900 (2005)
Telefony komorkowe 206,200 (2005)
Stacje telewizyjne 1 (plus 2 cable channels) (2004)
Uksztaltowanie terenu relatively flat; rises gently to central highland region
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 1.65 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 10.7% (2003 est.)
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