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Barbados (2001)

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Barbados 2001 year

Administrative divisions 11 parishes; Christ Church, Saint Andrew, Saint George, Saint James, Saint John, Saint Joseph, Saint Lucy, Saint Michael, Saint Peter, Saint Philip, Saint Thomas; note - the city of Bridgetown may be given parish status
Age structure 0-14 years:
21.68% (male 30,122; female 29,572)

15-64 years:
69.44% (male 93,283; female 97,915)

65 years and over:
8.88% (male 9,432; female 15,006) (2001 est.)
Agriculture - products sugarcane, vegetables, cotton
Airports 1 (2000 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total:

over 3,047 m:
1 (2000 est.)
Area total:
430 sq km

430 sq km

0 sq km
Area - comparative 2.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Background The island was uninhabited when first settled by the British in 1627. Its economy remained heavily dependent on sugar, rum, and molasses production through most of the 20th century. In the 1990s, tourism and manufacturing surpassed the sugar industry in economic importance.
Birth rate 13.47 births/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Budget revenues:
$725.5 million

$750.6 million, including capital expenditures of $126.3 million (FY97/98 est.)
Capital Bridgetown
Climate tropical; rainy season (June to October)
Coastline 97 km
Constitution 30 November 1966
Country name conventional long form:

conventional short form:
Currency Barbadian dollar (BBD)
Death rate 8.53 deaths/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Debt - external $425 million (2000 est.)
Diplomatic representation from the US chief of mission:
Ambassador James A. DALEY

Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce Building, Broad Street, Bridgetown

mailing address:
P. O. Box 302, Bridgetown; FPO AA 34055

[1] (246) 436-4950

[1] (246) 429-5246
Diplomatic representation in the US chief of mission:
Ambassador Michael KING

2144 Wyoming Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008

[1] (202) 939-9200

[1] (202) 332-7467

consulate(s) general:
Miami and New York

Los Angeles
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient $9.1 million (1995)
Economy - overview Historically, the Barbadian economy had been dependent on sugarcane cultivation and related activities, but production in recent years has diversified into manufacturing and tourism. The start of the Port Charles Marina project in Speightstown helped the tourism industry continue to expand in 1996-2000. Offshore finance and information services are important foreign exchange earners, and there is also a light manufacturing sector. The government continues its efforts to reduce unemployment, encourage direct foreign investment, and privatize remaining state-owned enterprises. Growth should remain steady in 2001, with new tourist facilities a plus factor.
Electricity - consumption 667.7 million kWh (1999)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (1999)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (1999)
Electricity - production 718 million kWh (1999)
Electricity - production by source fossil fuel:



0% (1999)
Elevation extremes lowest point:
Atlantic Ocean 0 m

highest point:
Mount Hillaby 336 m
Environment - current issues pollution of coastal waters from waste disposal by ships; soil erosion; illegal solid waste disposal threatens contamination of aquifers
Environment - international agreements party to:
Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution

signed, but not ratified:
Ethnic groups black 80%, white 4%, other 16%
Exchange rates Barbadian dollars per US dollar - 2.0000 (fixed rate pegged to the US dollar)
Executive branch chief of state:
Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Governor General Sir Clifford Straughn HUSBANDS (since 1 June 1996)

head of government:
Prime Minister Owen Seymour ARTHUR (since 6 September 1994); Deputy Prime Minister Billie MILLER (since 6 September 1994)

Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister

none; the monarch is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch; prime minister appointed by the governor general
Exports 0 kWh (1999)
Exports $260 million (2000 est.)
Exports - commodities sugar and molasses, rum, other foods and beverages, chemicals, electrical components, clothing
Exports - partners UK 14.8%, US 11.6%, Trinidad and Tobago 7.6%, Venezuela 6.1%, Jamaica 5.8% (1998)
Fiscal year 1 April - 31 March
Flag description three equal vertical bands of blue (hoist side), gold, and blue with the head of a black trident centered on the gold band; the trident head represents independence and a break with the past (the colonial coat of arms contained a complete trident)
GDP purchasing power parity - $4 billion (2000 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture:


80% (1998)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $14,500 (2000 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 2.8% (2000 est.)
Geographic coordinates 13 10 N, 59 32 W
Geography - note easternmost Caribbean island
Highways total:
1,600 km

1,578 km

22 km (1998)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%:

highest 10%:
Illicit drugs one of many Caribbean transshipment points for narcotics bound for Europe and the US
Imports 0 kWh (1999)
Imports $800.3 million (2000 est.)
Imports - commodities consumer goods, machinery, foodstuffs, construction materials, chemicals, fuel, electrical components
Imports - partners US 30.7%, Trinidad and Tobago 10.2%, Japan 8.3%, UK 7.7%, Canada 2.2% (1998)
Independence 30 November 1966 (from UK)
Industrial production growth rate 0.8% (1996)
Industries tourism, sugar, light manufacturing, component assembly for export
Infant mortality rate 12.04 deaths/1,000 live births (2001 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 2% (2000 est.)
International organization participation ACP, C, Caricom, CCC, CDB, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, IADB, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, ISO, ITU, LAES, NAM, OAS, OPANAL, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 19 (2000)
Irrigated land NA sq km
Judicial branch Supreme Court of Judicature (judges are appointed by the Service Commissions for the Judicial and Legal Services)
Labor force 136,000 (1998 est.)
Labor force - by occupation services 75%, industry 15%, agriculture 10% (1996 est.)
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land:

permanent crops:

permanent pastures:

forests and woodland:

46% (1993 est.)
Languages English
Legal system English common law; no judicial review of legislative acts
Legislative branch bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (21-member body appointed by the governor general) and the House of Assembly (28 seats; members are elected by direct popular vote to serve five-year terms)

House of Assembly - last held 20 January 1999 (next to be held by January 2004)

election results:
House of Assembly - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - BLP 26, DLP 2
Life expectancy at birth total population:
73.25 years

70.66 years

75.86 years (2001 est.)
Literacy definition:
age 15 and over has ever attended school

total population:


96.8% (1995 est.)
Location Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Venezuela
Map references Central America and the Caribbean
Maritime claims exclusive economic zone:
200 NM

territorial sea:
12 NM
Merchant marine total:
47 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 671,545 GRT/1,125,635 DWT

ships by type:
bulk 10, cargo 28, combination bulk 1, container 2, petroleum tanker 4, refrigerated cargo 1, roll on/roll off 1

includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: Canada 2, Hong Kong 1 (2000 est.)
Military branches Royal Barbados Defense Force (includes Ground Forces and Coast Guard), Royal Barbados Police Force
Military expenditures - dollar figure $NA
Military expenditures - percent of GDP NA%
Military manpower - availability males age 15-49:
78,069 (2001 est.)
Military manpower - fit for military service males age 15-49:
53,576 (2001 est.)
National holiday Independence Day, 30 November (1966)
Nationality noun:
Barbadian(s) or Bajan (colloquial)

Barbadian or Bajan (colloquial)
Natural hazards infrequent hurricanes; periodic landslides
Natural resources petroleum, fish, natural gas
Net migration rate -0.32 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Political parties and leaders Barbados Labor Party or BLP [Owen ARTHUR]; Democratic Labor Party or DLP [David THOMPSON]; National Democratic Party or NDP [Richard HAYNES]
Political pressure groups and leaders Barbados Workers Union [Leroy TROTMAN]; Clement Payne Labor Union [David COMMISSIONG]; People's Progressive Movement [Eric SEALY]; Worker's Party of Barbados [Dr. George BELLE]
Population 275,330 (July 2001 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 0.46% (2001 est.)
Ports and harbors Bridgetown, Speightstown (Port Charles Marina)
Radio broadcast stations AM 2, FM 3, shortwave 0 (1998)
Radios 237,000 (1997)
Railways 0 km
Religions Protestant 67% (Anglican 40%, Pentecostal 8%, Methodist 7%, other 12%), Roman Catholic 4%, none 17%, other 12%
Sex ratio at birth:
1.01 male(s)/female

under 15 years:
1.02 male(s)/female

15-64 years:
0.95 male(s)/female

65 years and over:
0.63 male(s)/female

total population:
0.93 male(s)/female (2001 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment:

island-wide automatic telephone system

satellite earth stations - 4 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean); tropospheric scatter to Trinidad and Saint Lucia
Telephones - main lines in use 108,000 (1997)
Telephones - mobile cellular 8,013 (1997)
Television broadcast stations 1 (plus two cable channels) (1997)
Terrain relatively flat; rises gently to central highland region
Total fertility rate 1.64 children born/woman (2001 est.)
Unemployment rate 11% (1999 est.)
Waterways none
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