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Barbados (2003)

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Barbados 2003 year

Administrative divisions 11 parishes; Christ Church, Saint Andrew, Saint George, Saint James, Saint John, Saint Joseph, Saint Lucy, Saint Michael, Saint Peter, Saint Philip, Saint Thomas; note - the city of Bridgetown may be given parish status
Age structure 0-14 years: 21.2% (male 29,621; female 29,207)

15-64 years: 70% (male 94,840; female 99,230)

65 years and over: 8.8% (male 9,355; female 15,011) (2003 est.)
Agriculture - products sugarcane, vegetables, cotton
Airports 1 (2002)
Airports - with paved runways total: 1

over 3,047 m: 1 (2002)
Area total: 431 sq km

land: 431 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative 2.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Background The island was uninhabited when first settled by the British in 1627. Slaves worked the sugar plantations established on the island until 1834 when slavery was abolished. The economy remained heavily dependent on sugar, rum, and molasses production through most of the 20th century. The gradual introduction of social and political reforms in the 1940s and 1950s led to complete independence from the UK in 1966. In the 1990s, tourism and manufacturing surpassed the sugar industry in economic importance.
Birth rate 13.15 births/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Budget revenues: $847 million (including grants)

expenditures: $886 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (2000 est.)
Capital Bridgetown
Climate tropical; rainy season (June to October)
Coastline 97 km
Constitution 30 November 1966
Country name conventional long form: none

conventional short form: Barbados
Currency Barbadian dollar (BBD)
Death rate 9.02 deaths/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Debt - external $692 million (2002)
Diplomatic representation from the US chief of mission: Ambassador Earl N. PHILLIPS, Jr.

embassy: Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce Building, Broad Street, Bridgetown; (courier) ALICO Building-Cheapside, Bridgetown

mailing address: P. O. Box 302, Bridgetown; FPO AA 34055

telephone: [1] (246) 436-4950

FAX: [1] (246) 429-5246, 429-3379
Diplomatic representation in the US chief of mission: Ambassador Michael Ian KING

chancery: 2144 Wyoming Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008

telephone: [1] (202) 339-9201

FAX: [1] (202) 332-7467

consulate(s) general: Miami and New York

consulate(s): Los Angeles
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient $9.1 million (1995)
Economy - overview Historically, the Barbadian economy had been dependent on sugarcane cultivation and related activities, but production in recent years has diversified into manufacturing and tourism. Offshore finance and information services are important foreign exchange earners, and there is also a light-manufacturing sector. The government continues its efforts to reduce unemployment, to encourage direct foreign investment, and to privatize remaining state-owned enterprises. The economy contracted in 2002 mainly due to a 3% decline in tourism. Growth should be positive in 2003, the precise level largely dependent on economic conditions in the US and Europe.
Electricity - consumption 725.4 million kWh (2001)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2001)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2001)
Electricity - production 780 million kWh (2001)
Electricity - production by source fossil fuel: 100%

hydro: 0%

nuclear: 0%

other: 0% (2001)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

highest point: Mount Hillaby 336 m
Environment - current issues pollution of coastal waters from waste disposal by ships; soil erosion; illegal solid waste disposal threatens contamination of aquifers
Environment - international agreements party to: Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution

signed, but not ratified: Biodiversity
Ethnic groups black 90%, white 4%, Asian and mixed 6%
Exchange rates Barbadian dollars per US dollar - 2 (2002), 2 (2001), 2 (2000), 2 (1999), 2 (1998)
Executive branch chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Governor General Sir Clifford Straughn HUSBANDS (since 1 June 1996)

head of government: Prime Minister Owen Seymour ARTHUR (since 6 September 1994); Deputy Prime Minister Mia MOTTLEY (since 26 May 2003)

cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister

elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the governor general; the prime minister recommends the deputy prime minister
Exports 0 kWh (2001)
Exports $227 million (2002)
Exports 0 cu m (2001 est.)
Exports NA (2001)
Exports - commodities sugar and molasses, rum, other foods and beverages, chemicals, electrical components
Exports - partners US 14.7%, Trinidad and Tobago 12%, UK 10.6%, Jamaica 6.2%, Saint Lucia 4.7% (2002)
Fiscal year 1 April - 31 March
Flag description three equal vertical bands of blue (hoist side), gold, and blue with the head of a black trident centered on the gold band; the trident head represents independence and a break with the past (the colonial coat of arms contained a complete trident)
GDP purchasing power parity - $4.153 billion (2002 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 6%

industry: 16%

services: 78% (2000 est.)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $15,000 (2002 est.)
GDP - real growth rate -2.8% (2002 est.)
Geographic coordinates 13 10 N, 59 32 W
Geography - note easternmost Caribbean island
Highways total: 1,793 km

paved: 1,719 km

unpaved: 74 km (1999)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Illicit drugs one of many Caribbean transshipment points for narcotics bound for Europe and the US; offshore financial center
Imports 0 kWh (2001)
Imports $987 million (2002)
Imports 0 cu m (2001 est.)
Imports NA (2001)
Imports - commodities consumer goods, machinery, foodstuffs, construction materials, chemicals, fuel, electrical components
Imports - partners US 41.1%, Trinidad and Tobago 17%, UK 7.3%, Japan 4.2% (2002)
Independence 30 November 1966 (from UK)
Industrial production growth rate -3.2% (2000 est.)
Industries tourism, sugar, light manufacturing, component assembly for export
Infant mortality rate total: 12.72 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 14.39 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 11.04 deaths/1,000 live births (2003 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) -0.6% (2002 est.)
International organization participation ACP, C, Caricom, CDB, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, IADB, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO, ITU, LAES, NAM, OAS, OPANAL, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 19 (2000)
Irrigated land 10 sq km (1998 est.)
Judicial branch Supreme Court of Judicature (judges are appointed by the Service Commissions for the Judicial and Legal Services)
Labor force 128,500 (2001 est.)
Labor force - by occupation services 75%, industry 15%, agriculture 10% (1996 est.)
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: 37.21%

permanent crops: 2.33%

other: 60.46% (1998 est.)
Languages English
Legal system English common law; no judicial review of legislative acts
Legislative branch bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (21-member body appointed by the governor general) and the House of Assembly (30 seats; members are elected by direct popular vote to serve five-year terms)

elections: House of Assembly - last held 21 May 2003 (next to be held by May 2008)

election results: House of Assembly - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - BLP 23, DLP 7
Life expectancy at birth total population: 71.84 years

male: 69.56 years

female: 74.14 years (2003 est.)
Literacy definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school

total population: 97.4%

male: 98%

female: 96.8% (1995 est.)
Location Caribbean, island in the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Venezuela
Map references Central America and the Caribbean
Maritime claims exclusive economic zone: 200 NM

territorial sea: 12 NM
Merchant marine total: 34 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 284,222 GRT/439,810 DWT

ships by type: bulk 8, cargo 22, combination bulk 1, container 1, petroleum tanker 2

note: includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: Australia 1, The Bahamas 1, Canada 4, Germany 1, Greece 2, Hong Kong 7, Norway 7, UK 18 (2002 est.)
Military branches Royal Barbados Defense Force (including Ground Forces and Coast Guard), Royal Barbados Police Force
Military expenditures - dollar figure $NA
Military expenditures - percent of GDP NA%
Military manpower - availability males age 15-49: 77,862 (2003 est.)
Military manpower - fit for military service males age 15-49: 53,282 (2003 est.)
National holiday Independence Day, 30 November (1966)
Nationality noun: Barbadian(s) or Bajan (colloquial)

adjective: Barbadian or Bajan (colloquial)
Natural hazards infrequent hurricanes; periodic landslides
Natural resources petroleum, fish, natural gas
Net migration rate -0.31 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Political parties and leaders Barbados Labor Party or BLP [Owen ARTHUR]; Democratic Labor Party or DLP [Clyde Mascoll]
Political pressure groups and leaders Barbados Workers Union [Leroy TROTMAN]; Clement Payne Labor Union [David COMMISSIONG]; People's Progressive Movement [Eric SEALY]; Worker's Party of Barbados [Dr. George BELLE]
Population 277,264 (July 2003 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 0.38% (2003 est.)
Ports and harbors Bridgetown, Speightstown (Port Charles Marina)
Radio broadcast stations AM 2, FM 3, shortwave 0 (1998)
Railways 0 km
Religions Protestant 67% (Anglican 40%, Pentecostal 8%, Methodist 7%, other 12%), Roman Catholic 4%, none 17%, other 12%
Sex ratio at birth: 1.01 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.96 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.62 male(s)/female

total population: 0.93 male(s)/female (2003 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment: NA

domestic: island-wide automatic telephone system

international: satellite earth stations - 4 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean); tropospheric scatter to Trinidad and Saint Lucia
Telephones - main lines in use 108,000 (1997)
Telephones - mobile cellular 8,013 (1997)
Television broadcast stations 1 (plus two cable channels) (1997)
Terrain relatively flat; rises gently to central highland region
Total fertility rate 1.65 children born/woman (2003 est.)
Unemployment rate 10% (2001 est.)
Waterways none
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