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Austria (2008)

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Austria 2008 roku

 Austria
Podzial administracyjny 9 states (Bundeslaender, singular - Bundesland); Burgenland, Kaernten (Carinthia), Niederoesterreich (Lower Austria), Oberoesterreich (Upper Austria), Salzburg, Steiermark (Styria), Tirol (Tyrol), Vorarlberg, Wien (Vienna)
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 15.1% (male 633,375/female 603,459)


15-64 years: 67.5% (male 2,781,291/female 2,749,539)


65 years and over: 17.5% (male 585,747/female 846,372) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo grains, potatoes, sugar beets, wine, fruit; dairy products, cattle, pigs, poultry; lumber
Lotniska 55 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 25


over 3,047 m: 1


2,438 to 3,047 m: 5


1,524 to 2,437 m: 1


914 to 1,523 m: 3


under 914 m: 15 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 30


1,524 to 2,437 m: 1


914 to 1,523 m: 3


under 914 m: 26 (2007)
Terytorium total: 83,870 sq km


land: 82,444 sq km


water: 1,426 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than Maine
Tlo historyczne Once the center of power dla the large Austro-Hungarian Empire, Austria was reduced to a small republic after its defeat w Swiat War I. Following annexation by Nazi Niemcy w 1938 and subsequent occupation by the victorious Allies w 1945, Austria's status remained unclear dla a decade. A State Treaty signed w 1955 ended the occupation, recognized Austria's independence, and forbade unification z Niemcy. A constitutional law that same year declared the country's "perpetual neutrality" as a condition dla Soviet military withdrawal. The Soviet Union's collapse w 1991 and Austria's entry into the Unia Europejska w 1995 have altered the meaning of this neutrality. A prosperous, democratic country, Austria entered the EU Economic Monetary Union w 1999.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 8.69 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $176.4 billion


expenditures: $178.3 billion (2007 est.)
Stolica name: Vienna


geographic coordinates: 48 12 N, 16 22 E


time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)


daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday w marzec; ends last Sunday w pazdziernik
Klimat temperate; continental, cloudy; cold winters z frequent rain and some snow w lowlands and snow w mountains; moderate summers z occasional showers
Linia brzegowa 0 km (landlocked)
Konstytucja 1920; revised 1929; reinstated 1 maj 1945; note - during the period 1 maj 1934-1 maj 1945 there was a fascist (corporative) constitution w place
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Austria


conventional short form: Austria


local long form: Republik Oesterreich


local short form: Oesterreich
Wspolczynnik zgonow 9.84 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $752.5 billion (30 czerwiec 2007)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Scott KILNER


embassy: Boltzmanngasse 16, A-1090, Vienna


mailing address: use embassy street address


telephone: [43] (1) 31339-0


FAX: [43] (1) 3100682
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Eva NOWOTNY


chancery: 3524 International Court NW, Washington, DC 20008-3035


telephone: [1] (202) 895-6700


FAX: [1] (202) 895-6750


consulate(s) general: Chicago, Los Angeles, New York
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje in 2006, Austrian public protests dla the Czechy to close the Temelin nuclear power plant resulted w a parliamentary motion threatening international legal action
Ekonomiczna pomoc - udzielanie ODA, $681 million (2004)
Ekonomia Austria, z its well-developed market economy and high standard of living, is closely tied to other EU economies, especially Niemcy's. The Austrian economy also benefits greatly from strong commercial relations, especially w the banking and insurance sectors, z central, eastern, and southeastern Europe. The economy features a large service sector, a sound industrial sector, and a small, but highly developed agricultural sector. Membership w the EU has drawn an influx of foreign investors attracted by Austria's access to the single European market and proximity to the new EU economies. The outgoing government has successfully pursued a comprehensive economic reform program, aimed at streamlining government and creating a more competitive business environment, further strengthening Austria's attractiveness as an investment location. It has implemented effective pension reforms; however, lower taxes w 2005-06 led to a small budget deficit w 2006 and 2007. Boosted by strong exports, growth nevertheless reached 3.3% w both 2006 and 2007, although the economy may slow w 2008 because of the strong euro, high oil prices, and problems w international financial markets. To meet increased competition - especially from new EU members and Central European countries - Austria will need to continue restructuring, emphasizing knowledge-based sectors of the economy, and encouraging greater labor flexibility and greater labor participation by its aging population.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 60.25 billion kWh (2005 est.)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 17.73 billion kWh (2005 est.)
Elektrycznosc - import 20.4 billion kWh (2005 est.)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 61.02 billion kWh (2005 est.)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Neusiedler See 115 m


highest point: Grossglockner 3,798 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy some forest degradation caused by air and soil pollution; soil pollution results from the use of agricultural chemicals; air pollution results from emissions by coal- and oil-fired power stations and industrial plants and from trucks transiting Austria between northern and southern Europe
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling


signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne Austrians 91.1%, former Yugoslavs 4% (includes Chorwacjans, Slovenes, Serbs, and Bosniaks), Turks 1.6%, German 0.9%, other or unspecified 2.4% (2001 census)
Kurs waluty euros per US dollar - 0.7345 (2007), 0.7964 (2006), 0.8041 (2005), 0.8054 (2004), 0.886 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Heinz FISCHER (SPOe) (since 8 lipiec 2004)


head of government: Chancellor Alfred GUSENBAUER (SPOe) (since 11 styczen 2007); Vice Chancellor Wilhelm MOLTERER (OeVP) (since 11 styczen 2007)


cabinet: Council of Ministers chosen by the president on the advice of the chancellor


elections: president elected by direct popular vote dla a six-year term (eligible dla a second term); presidential election last held 25 kwiecien 2004 (next to be held w kwiecien 2010); chancellor formally chosen by the president but determined by the coalition parties forming a parliamentary majority; vice chancellor chosen by the president on the advice of the chancellor


election results: Heinz FISCHER elected president; percent of vote - Heinz FISCHER 52.4%, Benita FERRERO-WALDNER 47.6%


note: government coalition - SPOe and OeVP
Eksport 17.73 billion kWh (2005 est.)
Eksport $158.3 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Eksport 936.1 million cu m (2005)
Eksport 34,680 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary machinery and equipment, motor vehicles and parts, paper and paperboard, metal goods, chemicals, iron and steel, textiles, foodstuffs
Eksport - partnerzy Niemcy 30.2%, Wlochy 9%, US 5.8%, Szwajcaria 4.7% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and red
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 1.6%


industry: 30.4%


services: 67.3% (2007 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 3.3% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 47 20 N, 13 20 E
Polozenie geograficzne landlocked; strategic location at the crossroads of central Europe z many easily traversable Alpine passes and valleys; major river is the Danube; population is concentrated on eastern lowlands because of steep slopes, poor soils, and low temperatures elsewhere
Ladowiska helikopterow 1 (2007)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 3.3%


highest 10%: 22.5% (2004)
Narkotyki transshipment point dla Southwest Asian heroin and South American cocaine destined dla Western Europe; increasing consumption of European-produced synthetic drugs
Import 20.4 billion kWh (2005 est.)
Import $157.4 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Import 9.063 billion cu m (2005)
Import 157,500 bbl/day (2005)
Import - towary machinery and equipment, motor vehicles, chemicals, metal goods, oil and oil products; foodstuffs
Import - partnerzy Niemcy 45.5%, Wlochy 7%, Szwajcaria 4.5%, Holandia 4.1% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 976 (Margravate of Austria established); 17 wrzesien 1156 (Duchy of Austria founded); 11 sierpien 1804 (Austrian Empire proclaimed); 12 listopad 1918 (republic proclaimed)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 2.5% (2007 est.)
Przemysl construction, machinery, vehicles and parts, food, metals, chemicals, lumber and wood processing, paper and paperboard, communications equipment, tourism
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 4.54 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 5.56 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 3.47 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 1.9% (2007 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACCT (observer), ADB (nonregional members), AfDB, Australia Group, BIS, BSEC (observer), CE, CEI, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, EIB, EMU, ESA, EU, FAO, G- 9, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, MINURSO, NAM (guest), NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OIF (observer), OPCW, OSCE, Paris Club, PCA, PFP, Schengen Convention, SECI (observer), UN, UNCTAD, UNDOF, UNESCO, UNFICYP, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNMEE, UNOMIG, UNTSO, UNWTO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WEU (observer), WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC
Nawadniane tereny 40 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Supreme Judicial Court or Oberster Gerichtshof; Administrative Court or Verwaltungsgerichtshof; Konstytucjaal Court or Verfassungsgerichtshof
Sila robocza 3.56 million (2007 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 3%


industry: 27%


services: 70% (2005 est.)
Granica total: 2,562 km


border countries: Czechy 362 km, Niemcy 784 km, Wegry 366 km, Wlochy 430 km, Liechtenstein 35 km, Slowacja 91 km, Slowenia 330 km, Szwajcaria 164 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 16.59%


permanent crops: 0.85%


other: 82.56% (2005)
Jezyki German (official nationwide) 88.6%, Turkish 2.3%, Serbian 2.2%, Chorwacjan (official w Burgenland) 1.6%, other (includes Slovene,official w Carinthia, and Hungarian, official w Burgenland) 5.3% (2001 census)
System prawny civil law system z Roman law origin; judicial review of legislative acts by the Konstytucjaal Court; separate administrative and civil/penal supreme courts; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral Federal Assembly or Bundesversammlung consists of Federal Council or Bundesrat (62 seats; members chosen by state parliaments z each state receiving 3 to 12 members according to its population; to serve a five- or six-year term) and the National Council or Nationalrat (183 seats; members elected by direct popular vote to serve four-year terms)


elections: National Council - last held 1 pazdziernik 2006 (next scheduled dla the fall of 2010)


election results: National Council - percent of vote by party - SPOe 35.3%, OeVP 34.3%, Greens 11.1%, FPOe 11.0%, BZOe 4.1%, other 4.2%; seats by party - SPOe 68, OeVP 66, Greens 21, FPOe 21, BZOe 7
Zywotnosc total population: 79.21 years


male: 76.32 years


female: 82.26 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 98%


male: NA


female: NA
Lokalizacja Central Europe, north of Wlochy and Slowenia
Lokalizacja na mapie Europe
Morskie obszary none (landlocked)
Flota handlowa total: 7 ships (1000 GRT or over) 31,705 GRT/40,627 DWT


by type: cargo 5, container 2


foreign-owned: 2 (Holandia 2)


registered w other countries: 4 (Cypr 1, Malta 1, St Vincent and The Grenadines 2) (2007)
Wojsko Land Forces (KdoLdSK), Air Forces (KdoLuSK)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 0.9% (2005 est.)
Swieto narodowe National Day, 26 pazdziernik (1955); note - commemorates the passage of the law on permanent neutrality
Narodowosc noun: Austrian(s)


adjective: Austrian
Naturalne zagrozenia landslides; avalanches; earthquakes
Surowce naturalne oil, coal, lignite, timber, iron ore, copper, zinc, antimony, magnesite, tungsten, graphite, salt, hydropower
Wspolczynnik migracji 1.91 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Rurociagi gas 2,722 km; oil 663 km; refined products 157 km (2007)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Alliance dla the Future of Austria or BZOe [Peter WESTENTHALER]; Austrian People's Party or OeVP [Wilhelm MOLTERER]; Freedom Party of Austria or FPOe [Heinz Christian STRACHE]; Social Democratic Party of Austria or SPOe [Alfred GUSENBAUER]; The Greens [Alexander VAN DER BELLEN]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow Austrian Trade Union Federation (nominally independent but primarily Social Democratic) or OeGB; Federal Economic Chamber; OeVP-oriented Association of Austrian Industrialists or IV; Roman Catholic Church, including its chief lay organization, Catholic Action; three composite leagues of the Austrian People's Party or OeVP representing business, labor, and farmers and other non-government organizations w the areas of environment and human rights
Ludnosc 8,199,783 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 5.9% (2004)
Przyrost naturalny 0.077% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 2, FM 65 (plus several hundred repeaters), shortwave 1 (2001)
Linie kolejowe total: 6,383 km


standard gauge: 5,924 km 1.435-m gauge (3,772 km electrified)


narrow gauge: 371 km 1.000-m gauge; 88 km 0.760-m gauge (25 km electrified) (2006)
Religie Roman Catholic 73.6%, Protestant 4.7%, Muslim 4.2%, other 3.5%, unspecified 2%, none 12% (2001 census)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 1.012 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.692 male(s)/female


total population: 0.953 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 16 years of age; universal; note - reduced from 18 years of age w 2007
System telefoniczny general assessment: highly developed and efficient


domestic: fixed-line subscribership has been w decline since the mid-1990s z mobile-cellular subscribership elipsing it by the late 1990s; the fiber-optic net is very extensive; all telephone applications and Internet services are available


international: country code - 43; satellite earth stations - 15; w addition, there are about 600 VSATs (very small aperture terminals) (2007)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 3.564 million (2006)
Telefony komorkowe 9.255 million (2006)
Stacje telewizyjne 10 (plus more than 1,000 repeaters) (2001)
Uksztaltowanie terenu in the west and south mostly mountains (Alps); along the eastern and northern margins mostly flat or gently sloping
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 1.37 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 4.3% (2007 est.)
Drogi wodne 358 km (2007)
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