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Senegal (2008)

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SenegalSenegal (2001) (porownaj)
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SenegalSenegal (2007) (porownaj)


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Senegal 2008 roku

 Senegal
Podzial administracyjny 11 regions (regions, singular - region); Dakar, Diourbel, Fatick, Kaolack, Kolda, Louga, Matam, Saint-Louis, Tambacounda, Thies, Ziguinchor
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 42% (male 2,656,122/female 2,608,423)


15-64 years: 55% (male 3,426,504/female 3,454,372)


65 years and over: 3% (male 176,877/female 199,553) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo peanuts, millet, corn, sorghum, rice, cotton, tomatoes, green vegetables; cattle, poultry, pigs; fish
Lotniska 20 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 9


over 3,047 m: 1


1,524 to 2,437 m: 7


914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 11


1,524 to 2,437 m: 6


914 to 1,523 m: 4


under 914 m: 1 (2007)
Terytorium total: 196,190 sq km


land: 192,000 sq km


water: 4,190 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than South Dakota
Tlo historyczne The French colonies of Senegal and the French Sudan were merged w 1959 and granted their independence as the Mali Federation w 1960. The union broke up after only a few months. Senegal joined z The Gambia to form the nominal confederation of Senegambia w 1982, but the envisaged integration of the two countries was never carried out, and the union was dissolved w 1989. The Movement of Democratic Forces w the Casamance (MFDC) has led a low-level separatist insurgency w southern Senegal since the 1980s, and several peace deals have failed to resolve the conflict. Nevertheless, Senegal remains one of the most stable democracies w Africa. Senegal was ruled by a Socialist Party dla 40 years until current President Abdoulaye WADE was elected w 2000. He was reelected w luty 2007, but complaints of fraud led opposition parties to boycott czerwiec 2007 legislative polls. Senegal has a long history of participating w international peacekeeping.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 37.4 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $2.212 billion


expenditures: $2.814 billion (2007 est.)
Stolica name: Dakar


geographic coordinates: 14 40 N, 17 26 W


time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat tropical; hot, humid; rainy season (maj to listopad) has strong southeast winds; dry season (grudzien to kwiecien) dominated by hot, dry, harmattan wind
Linia brzegowa 531 km
Konstytucja adopted 7 styczen 2001
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Senegal


conventional short form: Senegal


local long form: Republique du Senegal


local short form: Senegal


former: Senegambia (along z The Gambia), Mali Federation
Wspolczynnik zgonow 10.96 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $1.604 billion (31 grudzien 2007 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Jay Thomas Smith


embassy: Avenue Jean XXIII at the corner of Rue Kleber, Dakar


mailing address: B. P. 49, Dakar


telephone: [221] 33-823-4296


FAX: [221] 33-822-2991
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Amadou Lamine BA


chancery: 2112 Wyoming Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008


telephone: [1] (202) 234-0540


FAX: [1] (202) 332-6315


consulate(s) general: Houston, New York
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje The Gambia and Gwinea Bissau attempt to stem separatist violence, cross border raids, and arms smuggling into their countries from Senegal's Casamance region, and w 2006, respectively accepted 6,000 and 10,000 Casamance residents fleeing the conflict; 2,500 Gwinea Bissau residents fled into Senegal w 2006 to escape armed confrontations along the border
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $689.3 million (2005 est.)
Ekonomia In styczen 1994, Senegal undertook a bold and ambitious economic reform program z the support of the international donor community. This reform began z a 50% devaluation of Senegal's currency, the CFA franc, which was linked at a fixed rate to the French franc. Government price controls and subsidies have been steadily dismantled. After seeing its economy contract by 2.1% w 1993, Senegal made an important turnaround, thanks to the reform program, z real growth w Produkt krajowy brutto averaging over 5% annually during 1995-2007. Annual inflation had been pushed down to the low single digits. As a member of the West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU), Senegal is working toward greater regional integration z a unified external tariff and a more stable monetary policy. High unemployment, however, continues to prompt illegal migrants to flee Senegal w search of better job opportunities w Europe. Senegal was also beset by an energy crisis that caused widespread blackouts w 2006 and 2007. The phosphate industry has struggled dla two years to secure capital, and reduced output has directly impacted Produkt krajowy brutto. In 2007, Senegal signed agreements dla major new mining concessions dla iron, zircon, and gold z foreign companies. Firms from Dubai have agreed to manage and modernize Dakar's maritime port, and create a new special economic zone. Senegal still relies heavily upon outside donor assistance. Under the IMF's Highly Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) debt relief program, Senegal has benefited from eradication of two-thirds of its bilateral, multilateral, and private-sector debt. In 2007, Senegal and the IMF agreed to a new, non-disbursing, Policy Support Initiative program.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 1.456 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 2.223 billion kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Atlantycki 0 m


highest point: unnamed feature near Nepen Diakha 581 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy wildlife populations threatened by poaching; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification; overfishing
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
Grupy etniczne Wolof 43.3%, Pular 23.8%, Serer 14.7%, Jola 3.7%, Mandinka 3%, Soninke 1.1%, European and Lebanese 1%, other 9.4%
Kurs waluty Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XOF) per US dollar - 481.83 (2007), 522.89 (2006), 527.47 (2005), 528.29 (2004), 581.2 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Abdoulaye WADE (since 1 kwiecien 2000)


head of government: Prime Minister Cheikh Hadjibou SOUMARE (since 19 czerwiec 2007)


cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister w consultation z the president


elections: president elected by popular vote dla a five-year term (eligible dla a second term) under new constitution; election last held on 25 luty 2007 (next to be held w 2012); prime minister appointed by the president


election results: Abdoulaye WADE reelected president w the first round of voting; percent of vote - Abdoulaye WADE 55.9%, Idrissa SECK 14.9%, Ousmane Tanor DIENG 13.6%, Moustapha NIASSE 5.9%, other 9.7%
Eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Eksport $1.587 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Eksport NA
Eksport 3,889 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary fish, groundnuts (peanuts), petroleum products, phosphates, cotton
Eksport - partnerzy Mali 19.2%, Francja 8.3%, Indie 5.8%, Gambia 5.3%, Hiszpania 5.1%, Wlochy 4.9% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), yellow, and red z a small green five-pointed star centered w the yellow band; uses the popular pan-African colors of Etiopia
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 16.7%


industry: 18.9%


services: 64.4% (2007 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 4.6% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 14 00 N, 14 00 W
Polozenie geograficzne westernmost country on the African continent; The Gambia is almost an enclave within Senegal
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 2.7%


highest 10%: 33.4% (2001)
Narkotyki transshipment point dla Southwest and Southeast Asian heroin and South American cocaine moving to Europe and North America; illicit cultivator of cannabis
Import 0 kWh (2005)
Import $3.253 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Import NA
Import 37,180 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary food and beverages, capital goods, fuels
Import - partnerzy Francja 25.1%, UK 5.2%, Tajlandia 4.8%, Chiny 4.5%, Hiszpania 4% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 4 kwiecien 1960 (from Francja); note - complete independence achieved upon dissolution of federation z Mali on 20 sierpien 1960
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 2.7% (2007 est.)
Przemysl agricultural and fish processing, phosphate mining, fertilizer production, petroleum refining, construction materials, ship construction and repair
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 60.15 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 64.06 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 56.12 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 5.4% (2007 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACCT, ACP, AfDB, AU, ECOWAS, FAO, FZ, G-15, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, MINURCAT, MONUC, NAM, OIC, OIF, OPCW, PCA, UN, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, Union Latina, UNMIL, UNOCI, UNWTO, UPU, WADB (regional), WAEMU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny 1,200 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Konstytucjaal Court; Council of State; Court of Final Appeals or Cour de Cassation; Court of Appeals
Sila robocza 4.85 million (2007 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 77%


industry and services: 23% (1990 est.)
Granica total: 2,640 km


border countries: The Gambia 740 km, Gwinea 330 km, Gwinea Bissau 338 km, Mali 419 km, Mauretania 813 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 12.51%


permanent crops: 0.24%


other: 87.25% (2005)
Jezyki French (official), Wolof, Pulaar, Jola, Mandinka
System prawny based on French civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts w Konstytucjaal Court; the Council of State audits the government's accounting office; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction z reservations
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral Parliament consisting of the National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (150 seats; 90 members elected by direct popular vote z the remaining members elected by proportional representation from party lists to serve five-year terms) and the Senate reinstituted w 2007 (100 seats; 35 indirectly elected z the remaining 65 members to be appointed by the president)


elections: National Assembly - last held on 3 czerwiec 2007 (next to be held 2012); note - the National Assembly w grudzien 2005 voted to postpone legislative elections originally scheduled dla 2006; legislative elections were first rescheduled to coincide z the 25 luty 2007 presidential elections and later rescheduled dla 3 czerwiec 2007; the czerwiec election was boycotted by 12 opposition parties, including the former ruling Socialist Party, that resulted w a record-low, 35-percent voter turnout; Senate - last held 19 sierpien 2007 (next to be held - NA)


election results: National Assembly results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - SOPI Coalition 131, other 19; Senate results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PDS 34, AJ/PADS 1, 65 appointed by the president
Zywotnosc total population: 56.69 years


male: 55.34 years


female: 58.09 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 39.3%


male: 51.1%


female: 29.2% (2002 est.)
Lokalizacja Western Africa, bordering the North Ocean Atlantycki, between Gwinea Bissau and Mauretania
Lokalizacja na mapie Africa
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm


contiguous zone: 24 nm


exclusive economic zone: 200 nm


continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Wojsko Army, Senegalese Navy (Marine Senegalaise), Senegalese Air Force (Armee de l'Air du Senegal) (2007)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 1.4% (2005 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 4 kwiecien (1960)
Narodowosc noun: Senegalese (singular and plural)


adjective: Senegalese
Naturalne zagrozenia lowlands seasonally flooded; periodic droughts
Surowce naturalne fish, phosphates, iron ore
Wspolczynnik migracji 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Rurociagi gas 43 km (2007)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy African Party of Niepodleglosc [Majhemout DIOP]; And-Jef/African Party dla Democracy and Socialism or (AJ/PADS) [Landing SAVANE]; Alliance of Forces of Progress or AFP [Moustapha NIASSE]; Democratic League-Labor Party Movement or LD-MPT [Dr. Abdoulaye BATHILY]; Front dla Socialism and Democracy/Benno Jubel or FSD/BJ [Cheikh Abdoulaye Bamba DIEYE]; Gainde Centrist Bloc or BGC [Jean-Paul DIAS]; Niepodleglosc and Labor Party or PIT [Amath DANSOKHO]; Jef-Jel [Talla SYLLA]; National Democratic Rally or RND [Madior DIOUF]; People's Labor Party or PTP [Elhadji DIOUF]; Reform Party or PR [Abdourahim AGNE]; Senegalese Democratic Party or PDS [Abdoulaye WADE]; Socialist Party or PS [Ousmane Tanor DIENG]; SOPI Coalition [Abdoulaye WADE] (a coalition led by the PDS); Union dla Democratic Renewal or URD [Djibo Leyti KA]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow labor; Sufi brotherhoods, including the Mourides and Tidjanes; students; teachers
Ludnosc 12,521,851 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 54% (2001 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 2.645% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 8, FM 20, shortwave 1 (2001)
Linie kolejowe total: 906 km


narrow gauge: 906 km 1.000 meter gauge (2006)
Religie Muslim 94%, Christian 5% (mostly Roman Catholic), indigenous beliefs 1%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.018 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 0.992 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.886 male(s)/female


total population: 1 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: good system


domestic: above-average urban system; more than half of all fixed-line connections are w Dakar z expansion of fixed-line services w rural areas needed; mobile-cellular service is expanding rapidly; microwave radio relay, coaxial cable and fiber-optic cable w trunk system


international: country code - 221; the SAT-3/WASC fiber optic cable provides connectivity to Europe and Asia while Atlantis-2 provides connectivity to South America; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 282,600 (2006)
Telefony komorkowe 2.983 million (2006)
Stacje telewizyjne 4 (2007)
Uksztaltowanie terenu generally low, rolling, plains rising to foothills w southeast
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 5 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 48%; note - urban youth 45% (2001 est.)
Drogi wodne 1,000 km (primarily on Senegal, Saloum, and Casamance rivers) (2005)
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