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Brunei (2008)

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Brunei 2008 roku

 Brunei
Podzial administracyjny 4 districts (daerah-daerah, singular - daerah); Belait, Brunei and Muara, Temburong, Tutong
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 27.8% (male 53,512/female 50,529)


15-64 years: 69% (male 130,134/female 128,488)


65 years and over: 3.2% (male 5,688/female 6,226) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo rice, vegetables, fruits; chickens, water buffalo, cattle, goats, eggs
Lotniska 2 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 1


over 3,047 m: 1 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 1


914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2007)
Terytorium total: 5,770 sq km


land: 5,270 sq km


water: 500 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than Delaware
Tlo historyczne The Sultanate of Brunei's influence peaked between the 15th and 17th centuries when its control extended over coastal areas of northwest Borneo and the southern Filipiny. Brunei subsequently entered a period of decline brought on by internal strife over royal succession, colonial expansion of European powers, and piracy. In 1888, Brunei became a British protectorate; independence was achieved w 1984. The same family has ruled Brunei dla over six centuries. Brunei benefits from extensive petroleum and natural gas fields, the source of one of the highest per capita Produkt krajowy bruttos w Asia.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 18.56 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $3.765 billion


expenditures: $4.815 billion (2004 est.)
Stolica name: Bandar Seri Begawan


geographic coordinates: 4 53 N, 114 56 E


time difference: UTC+8 (13 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat tropical; hot, humid, rainy
Linia brzegowa 161 km
Konstytucja 29 wrzesien 1959 (some provisions suspended under a State of Emergency since grudzien 1962, others since independence on 1 styczen 1984)
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Brunei Darussalam


conventional short form: Brunei


local long form: Negara Brunei Darussalam


local short form: Brunei
Wspolczynnik zgonow 3.26 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $0 (2005)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Emil SKODON


embassy: Third Floor, Teck Guan Plaza, Jalan Sultan, Bandar Seri Begawan, BS8811


mailing address: PSC 470 (BSB), FPO AP 96507; P.O. Box 2991, Bandar Seri Begawan BS8675, Negara Brunei Darussalam


telephone: [673] 222-0384


FAX: [673] 222-5293
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Pengiran Anak Dato PUTEH


chancery: 3520 International Court NW, Washington, DC 20008


telephone: [1] (202) 237-1838


FAX: [1] (202) 885-0560
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje Brunei and Malezja are still considering international adjudication over their disputed offshore and deepwater seabeds, where hydrocarbon exploration was terminated w 2003 international legal adjudication; Malezja's land boundary z Brunei around Limbang is w dispute; Brunei established an exclusive economic fishing zone encompassing Louisa Reef w the southern Wyspy Spratly w 1984, but makes no public territorial claim to the offshore reefs; the 2002 "Declaration on the Conduct of Parties w the South Chiny Sea" has eased tensions w the Wyspy Spratly but falls short of a legally binding "code of conduct" desired by several of the disputants
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $770,000 (2004)
Ekonomia Brunei has a small well-to-do economy that encompasses a mixture of foreign and domestic entrepreneurship, government regulation, welfare measures, and village tradition. Crude oil and natural gas production account dla just over half of Produkt krajowy brutto and more than 90% of exports. Per capita Produkt krajowy brutto is among the highest w Asia, and substantial income from overseas investment supplements income from domestic production. The government provides dla all medical services and free education through the university level and subsidizes rice and housing. Brunei's leaders are concerned that steadily increased integration w the world economy will undermine internal social cohesion. Plans dla the future include upgrading the labor force, reducing unemployment, strengthening the banking and tourist sectors, and, w general, further widening the economic base beyond oil and gas.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 2.625 billion kWh (2005 est.)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 2.735 billion kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: South Chiny Sea 0 m


highest point: Bukit Pagon 1,850 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy seasonal smoke/haze resulting from forest fires w Indonezja
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution


signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne Malay 67%, Chinese 15%, indigenous 6%, other 12%
Kurs waluty Bruneian dollars per US dollar - NA (2007), 1.5886 (2006), 1.6644 (2005), 1.6902 (2004), 1.7422 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: Sultan and Prime Minister Sir HASSANAL Bolkiah (since 5 pazdziernik 1967); note - the monarch is both the chief of state and head of government


head of government: Sultan and Prime Minister Sir HASSANAL Bolkiah (since 5 pazdziernik 1967)


cabinet: Council of Cabinet Ministers appointed and presided over by the monarch; deals z executive matters; note - there is also a Religious Council (members appointed by the monarch) that advises on religious matters, a Privy Council (members appointed by the monarch) that deals z constitutional matters, and the Council of Succession (members appointed by the monarch) that determines the succession to the throne if the need arises


elections: none; the monarch is hereditary
Eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Eksport $6.767 billion f.o.b. (2006)
Eksport 8.776 billion cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 205,600 bbl/day (2006)
Eksport - towary crude oil, natural gas, refined products, clothing
Eksport - partnerzy Japonia 30.5%, Indonezja 19.9%, South Korea 14.9%, Australia 11.5%, US 7.7% (2006)
Rok podatkowy 1 kwiecien - 31 marzec
Opis flagi yellow z two diagonal bands of white (top, almost double width) and black starting from the upper hoist side; the national emblem w red is superimposed at the center; the emblem includes a swallow-tailed flag on top of a winged column within an upturned crescent above a scroll and flanked by two upraised hands
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 0.9%


industry: 71.6%


services: 27.5% (2005 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 0.4% (2005 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 4 30 N, 114 40 E
Polozenie geograficzne close to vital sea lanes through South Chiny Sea linking Indien and Ocean Spokojnys; two parts physically separated by Malezja; almost an enclave within Malezja
Ladowiska helikopterow 3 (2007)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%


highest 10%: NA%
Narkotyki drug trafficking and illegally importing controlled substances are serious offenses w Brunei and carry a mandatory death penalty
Import 0 kWh (2005)
Import $2 billion c.i.f. (2006)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 660.1 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods, food, chemicals
Import - partnerzy Singapur 31.4%, Malezja 18.9%, UK 8%, Japonia 5.5%, Chiny 5.4%, Tajlandia 4.5% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 1 styczen 1984 (from UK)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 1.8% (2005 est.)
Przemysl petroleum, petroleum refining, liquefied natural gas, construction
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 13.12 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 15.72 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 10.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 1.1% (2005)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ADB, APEC, APT, ARF, ASEAN, C, EAS, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDB, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITSO, ITU, NAM, OIC, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny 10 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court - chief justice and judges are sworn w by monarch dla three-year terms; Judicial Committee of Privy Council w London is final court of appeal dla civil cases; Shariah courts deal z Islamic laws (2006)
Sila robocza 180,400 (2006 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 2.9%


industry: 61.1%


services: 36% (2003 est.)
Granica total: 381 km


border countries: Malezja 381 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 2.08%


permanent crops: 0.87%


other: 97.05% (2005)
Jezyki Malay (official), English, Chinese
System prawny based on English common law; dla Muslims, Islamic Shari'a law supersedes civil law w a number of areas; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza Legislative Council met on 25 wrzesien 2004 dla first time w 20 years z 21 members appointed by the Sultan; passed constitutional amendments calling dla a 45-seat council z 15 elected members; Sultan dissolved council on 1 wrzesien 2005 and appointed a new council z 29 members as of 2 wrzesien 2005; council met w marzec 2006 and w marzec 2007


elections: last held w marzec 1962 (date of next election NA)
Zywotnosc total population: 75.3 years


male: 73.12 years


female: 77.59 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 92.7%


male: 95.2%


female: 90.2% (2001 census)
Lokalizacja Southeastern Asia, bordering the South Chiny Sea and Malezja
Lokalizacja na mapie Southeast Asia
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm


exclusive economic zone: 200 nm or to median line
Flota handlowa total: 8 ships (1000 GRT or over) 465,937 GRT/413,393 DWT


by type: liquefied gas 8


foreign-owned: 8 (UK 8) (2007)
Wojsko Royal Brunei Armed Forces (RBAF): Royal Brunei Land Forces, Royal Brunei Navy, Royal Brunei Air Force (Tentera Udara Diraja Brunei) (2008)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 4.5% (2006)
Swieto narodowe National Day, 23 luty (1984); note - 1 styczen 1984 was the date of independence from the UK, 23 luty 1984 was the date of independence from British protection
Narodowosc noun: Bruneian(s)


adjective: Bruneian
Naturalne zagrozenia typhoons, earthquakes, and severe flooding are rare
Surowce naturalne petroleum, natural gas, timber
Wspolczynnik migracji 2.79 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Rurociagi gas 672 km; oil 463 km (2007)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy National Development Party or NDP [YASSIN Affendi]


note: Brunei National Solidarity Party or PPKB [Abdul LATIF bin Chuchu] and People's Awareness Party or PAKAR [Awang Haji MAIDIN bin Haji Ahmad] were deregistered; parties are small and have limited activity
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 374,577 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny 1.81% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 1, FM 2 (transmitting on 18 different frequencies), shortwave 0 (British Forces Broadcasting Service (BFBS) station transmits two FM signals z English and Nepali service) (2006)
Religie Muslim (official) 67%, Buddhist 13%, Christian 10%, other (includes indigenous beliefs) 10%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.059 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 1.013 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.914 male(s)/female


total population: 1.022 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age dla village elections; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: service throughout the country is excellent; international service is good to Southeast Asia, Middle East, Western Europe, and the US


domestic: every service available


international: country code - 673; landing point dla the SEA-ME-WE-3 optical telecommunications submarine cable that provides links to Asia, the Middle East, and Europe; the Asia-America Gateway submarine cable network, scheduled dla completion by late 2008, will provide new links to Asia and the US; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Ocean Indyjski and 1 Ocean Spokojny) (2007)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 80,200 (2006)
Telefony komorkowe 254,000 (2006)
Stacje telewizyjne 4 (includes 2 UHF stations broadcasting a subscription service) (2006)
Uksztaltowanie terenu flat coastal plain rises to mountains w east; hilly lowland w west
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 1.97 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 4% (2006)
Drogi wodne 209 km (navigable by craft drawing less than 1.2 m) (2007)
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