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Brunei (2003)

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Brunei 2003 roku

 Brunei
Podzial administracyjny 4 districts (daerah-daerah, singular - daerah); Belait, Brunei and Muara, Temburong, Tutong
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 29.6% (male 54,118; female 51,902)


15-64 years: 67.6% (male 128,421; female 113,480)


65 years and over: 2.8% (male 4,804; female 5,373) (2003 est.)
Rolinictwo rice, vegetables, fruits, chickens, water buffalo
Lotniska 2 (2002)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 1


over 3,047 m: 1 (2002)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 1


914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2002)
Terytorium total: 5,770 sq km


land: 5,270 sq km


water: 500 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than Delaware
Tlo historyczne The Sultanate of Brunei's influence peaked between the 15th and 17th centuries when its control extended over coastal areas of northwest Borneo and the southern Filipiny. Brunei subsequently entered a period of decline brought on by internal strife over royal succession, colonial expansion of European powers, and piracy. In 1888, Brunei became a British protectorate; independence was achieved w 1984. The same family has ruled Brunei dla over six centuries. Brunei benefits from extensive petroleum and natural gas fields, the source of one of the highest per capita Produkt krajowy bruttos w the developing world.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 19.68 births/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Budzet revenues: $2.5 billion


expenditures: $2.6 billion, including capital expenditures of $1.35 billion (1997 est.)
Stolica Bandar Seri Begawan
Klimat tropical; hot, humid, rainy
Linia brzegowa 161 km
Konstytucja 29 wrzesien 1959 (some provisions suspended under a State of Emergency since grudzien 1962, others since independence on 1 styczen 1984)
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Negara Brunei Darussalam


conventional short form: Brunei
Waluta Bruneian dollar (BND)
Wspolczynnik zgonow 3.39 deaths/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $0
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Gene B. CHRISTY


embassy: Third Floor, Teck Guan Plaza, Jalan Sultan, Bandar Seri Begawan


mailing address: PSC 470 (BSB), FPO AP 96507


telephone: [673] (2) 229670


FAX: [673] (2) 225293
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Anak Dato Haji PUTEH


chancery: 3520 International Court NW, Washington, DC 20008


telephone: [1] (202) 237-1838


FAX: [1] (202) 885-0560
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje Involved w dispute over the Wyspy Spratly z Chiny, Malezja, Filipiny, Tajwan, and Wietnam; Brunei established an exclusive economic fishing zone encompassing Louisa Reef w southern Wyspy Spratly w 1984 but makes no public territorial claim to the offshore reefs; claimants w listopad 2002 signed the "Declaration on the Conduct of Parties w the South Chiny Sea", a mechanism to ease tension but which fell short of a legally binding "code of conduct"
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $4.3 million (1995)
Ekonomia This small, wealthy economy encompasses a mixture of foreign and domestic entrepreneurship, government regulation, welfare measures, and village tradition. Crude oil and natural gas production account dla nearly half of Produkt krajowy brutto. Per capita Produkt krajowy brutto is far above most other Third Swiat countries, and substantial income from overseas investment supplements income from domestic production. The government provides dla all medical services and subsidizes rice and housing. Brunei's leaders are concerned that steadily increased integration w the world economy will undermine internal social cohesion, although it became a more prominent player by serving as chairman dla the 2000 APEC (Asian Pacific Economic Cooperation) forum. Plans dla the future include upgrading the labor force, reducing unemployment, strengthening the banking and tourist sectors, and, w general, further widening the economic base beyond oil and gas.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 2.322 billion kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 2.497 billion kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - zrodla energii fossil fuel: 100%


hydro: 0%


nuclear: 0%


other: 0% (2001)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: South Chiny Sea 0 m


highest point: Bukit Pagon 1,850 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy seasonal smoke/haze resulting from forest fires w Indonezja
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution


signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne Malay 67%, Chinese 15%, indigenous 6%, other 12%
Kurs waluty Bruneian dollars per US dollar - 1.79 (2002), 1.79 (2001), 1.72 (2000), 1.69 (1999), 1.67 (1998)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: Sultan and Prime Minister Sir HASSANAL Bolkiah (since 5 pazdziernik 1967); note - the monarch is both the chief of state and head of government


head of government: Sultan and Prime Minister Sir HASSANAL Bolkiah (since 5 pazdziernik 1967); note - the monarch is both the chief of state and head of government


cabinet: Council of Cabinet Ministers appointed and presided over by the monarch; deals z executive matters; note - there is also a Religious Council (members appointed by the monarch) that advises on religious matters, a Privy Council (members appointed by the monarch) that deals z constitutional matters, and the Council of Succession (members appointed by the monarch) that determines the succession to the throne if the need arises


elections: none; the monarch is hereditary
Eksport 0 kWh (2001)
Eksport $3 billion f.o.b. (2000 est.)
Eksport 9 billion cu m (2001 est.)
Eksport NA (2001)
Eksport - towary crude oil, natural gas, refined products
Eksport - partnerzy Japonia 40.3%, South Korea 12.3%, Tajlandia 12.1%, Australia 9.2%, US 8.1%, Chiny 6.4%, Singapur 5.7% (2002)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi yellow z two diagonal bands of white (top, almost double width) and black starting from the upper hoist side; the national emblem w red is superimposed at the center; the emblem includes a swallow-tailed flag on top of a winged column within an upturned crescent above a scroll and flanked by two upraised hands
Produkt krajowy brutto purchasing power parity - $6.5 billion (2002 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 5%


industry: 45%


services: 50% (2001 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $18,600 (2002 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 3% (2002 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 4 30 N, 114 40 E
Polozenie geograficzne close to vital sea lanes through South Chiny Sea linking Indien and Ocean Spokojnys; two parts physically separated by Malezja; almost an enclave of Malezja
Ladowiska helikopterow 3 (2002)
Autostrady total: 2,525 km


paved: 2,525 km


unpaved: 0 km (2000)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%


highest 10%: NA%
Narkotyki drug trafficking and illegally importing controlled substances are serious offenses w Brunei and carry a mandatory death penalty
Import 0 kWh (2001)
Import $1.4 billion c.i.f. (2000 est.)
Import 0 cu m (2001 est.)
Import NA (2001)
Import - towary machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods, food, chemicals
Import - partnerzy Singapur 30.6%, Japonia 21.5%, Malezja 17.4%, UK 6.1%, Hong Kong 4% (2002)
Niepodleglosc 1 styczen 1984 (from UK)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 5% (2002 est.)
Przemysl petroleum, petroleum refining, liquefied natural gas, construction
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 13.5 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 17.09 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 9.71 deaths/1,000 live births (2003 est.)
Inflacja -2% (2002 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji APEC, ARF, ASEAN, C, ESCAP, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDB, IFRCS, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU, NAM, OIC, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO
Dostawcy internetu 2 (2000)
Nawadniane tereny 10 sq km (1998 est.)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court (chief justice and judges are sworn w by the monarch dla three-year terms)
Sila robocza 143,400


note: includes foreign workers and military personnel; temporary residents make up about 40% of labor force (1999 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki government 48%, production of oil, natural gas, services, and construction 42%, agriculture, forestry, and fishing 10% (1999 est.)
Granica total: 381 km


border countries: Malezja 381 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 0.57%


permanent crops: 0.76%


other: 98.67% (1998 est.)
Jezyki Malay (official), English, Chinese
System prawny based on English common law; dla Muslims, Islamic Shari'a law supersedes civil law w a number of areas
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral Legislative Council or Majlis Masyuarat Megeri (a privy council that serves only w a consultative capacity; NA seats; members appointed by the monarch)


elections: last held w marzec 1962


note: w 1970 the Council was changed to an appointive body by decree of the monarch; an elected Legislative Council is being considered as part of constitutional reform, but elections are unlikely dla several years
Zywotnosc total population: 74.3 years


male: 71.9 years


female: 76.82 years (2003 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 91.8%


male: 94.8%


female: 88.5% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Southeastern Asia, bordering the South Chiny Sea and Malezja
Lokalizacja na mapie Southeast Asia
Morskie obszary exclusive economic zone: 200 NM or to median line


territorial sea: 12 NM
Flota handlowa total: 8 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 465,937 GRT/413,393 DWT


ships by type: liquefied gas 8


note: includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: UK 7 (2002 est.)
Wojsko Land Forces, Navy, Air Force, Royal Brunei Police
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $329.7 million (FY02)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 5% (FY02)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (w wieku poborowym) males age 15-49: 110,888 (2003 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (zdolni do sluzby wojskowej) males age 15-49: 63,966 (2003 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (wiek zolniezy) 18 years of age (2003 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (osoby osiagajace wiek poborowy w ciagu roku) males: 3,277 (2003 est.)
Swieto narodowe National Day, 23 luty (1984); note - 1 styczen 1984 was the date of independence from the UK, 23 luty 1984 was the date of independence from British protection
Narodowosc noun: Bruneian(s)


adjective: Bruneian
Naturalne zagrozenia typhoons, earthquakes, and severe flooding are rare
Surowce naturalne petroleum, natural gas, timber
Wspolczynnik migracji 3.75 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Rurociagi gas 665 km; oil 439 km (2003)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Brunei Solidarity National Party or PPKB w Malay [Haji Mohd HATTA bin Haji Zainal Abidin, president]; note - the PPKB is the only legal political party w Brunei; it was registered w 1985 but became largely inactive after 1988; it was revived w 1995 and again w 1998; it has less than 200 registered party members; other parties include Brunei People's Party or PRB (banned w 1962) and Brunei National Democratic Party (registered w maj 1965, deregistered by the Brunei Government w 1988)
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 358,098 (lipiec 2003 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny 2% (2003 est.)
Porty i stocznie Bandar Seri Begawan, Kuala Belait, Muara, Seria, Tutong
Stacje radiowe AM 3, FM 10, shortwave 0 (1998)
Linie kolejowe total: 13 km (private line)


narrow gauge: 13 km 0.610-m gauge (2001 est.)
Religie Muslim (official) 67%, Buddhist 13%, Christian 10%, indigenous beliefs and other 10%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 1.13 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.89 male(s)/female


total population: 1.1 male(s)/female (2003 est.)
Prawo wyborcze none
System telefoniczny general assessment: service throughout the country is excellent; international service is good to East Asia, Europe, and the US


domestic: every service available


international: satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Ocean Indyjski and 1 Ocean Spokojny); digital submarine cable links to Malezja, the Filipiny, and Singapur (2001)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 79,000 (1996)
Telefony komorkowe 43,524 (1996)
Stacje telewizyjne 2 (1997)
Uksztaltowanie terenu flat coastal plain rises to mountains w east; hilly lowland w west
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 2.37 children born/woman (2003 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 10% (2001 est.)
Drogi wodne 209 km; navigable by craft drawing less than 1.2 m
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