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Bulgaria (2008)

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BulgariaBulgaria (2007) (porownaj)


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Bulgaria 2008 roku

 Bulgaria
Podzial administracyjny 28 provinces (oblasti, singular - oblast); Blagoevgrad, Burgas, Dobrich, Gabrovo, Khaskovo, Kurdzhali, Kyustendil, Lovech, Montana, Pazardzhik, Pernik, Pleven, Plovdiv, Razgrad, Ruse, Shumen, Silistra, Sliven, Smolyan, Sofiya, Sofiya-Grad, Stara Zagora, Turgovishte, Varna, Veliko Turnovo, Vidin, Vratsa, Yambol
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 13.9% (male 521,117/female 496,022)


15-64 years: 68.7% (male 2,472,424/female 2,556,102)


65 years and over: 17.4% (male 523,660/female 753,533) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo vegetables, fruits, tobacco, wine, wheat, barley, sunflowers, sugar beets; livestock
Lotniska 214 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 131


over 3,047 m: 2


2,438 to 3,047 m: 18


1,524 to 2,437 m: 15


914 to 1,523 m: 1


under 914 m: 95 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 83


1,524 to 2,437 m: 2


914 to 1,523 m: 9


under 914 m: 72 (2007)
Terytorium total: 110,910 sq km


land: 110,550 sq km


water: 360 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly larger than Tennessee
Tlo historyczne The Bulgars, a Central Asian Turkic tribe, merged z the local Slavic inhabitants w the late 7th century to form the first Bulgarian state. In succeeding centuries, Bulgaria struggled z the Byzantine Empire to assert its place w the Balkans, but by the end of the 14th century the country was overrun by the Ottoman Turks. Northern Bulgaria attained autonomy w 1878 and all of Bulgaria became independent from the Ottoman Empire w 1908. Having fought on the losing side w both Swiat Wars, Bulgaria fell within the Soviet sphere of influence and became a People's Republic w 1946. Communist domination ended w 1990, when Bulgaria held its first multiparty election since Swiat War II and began the contentious process of moving toward political democracy and a market economy while combating inflation, unemployment, corruption, and crime. The country joined NATO w 2004 and the EU w 2007.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 9.62 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $16.62 billion


expenditures: $15.18 billion (2007 est.)
Stolica name: Sofia


geographic coordinates: 42 41 N, 23 19 E


time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)


daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday w marzec; ends last Sunday w pazdziernik
Klimat temperate; cold, damp winters; hot, dry summers
Linia brzegowa 354 km
Konstytucja adopted 12 lipiec 1991
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Bulgaria


conventional short form: Bulgaria


local long form: Republika Balgariya


local short form: Balgariya
Wspolczynnik zgonow 14.28 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $29.29 billion (30 czerwiec 2007)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador John Ross BEYRLE


embassy: 16 Kozyak Street, Sofia 1407


mailing address: American Embassy Sofia, US Department of State, 5740 Sofia Place, Washington, DC 20521-5740


telephone: [359] (2) 937-5100


FAX: [359] (2) 937-5320
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Elena B. POPTODOROVA


chancery: 1621 22nd Street NW, Washington, DC 20008


telephone: [1] (202) 387-0174


FAX: [1] (202) 234-7973


consulate(s) general: Chicago, Los Angeles, New York
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje none
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $742 million (2005-06 est.)
Ekonomia Bulgaria, a former communist country that entered the EU on 1 styczen 2007, has experienced strong growth since a major economic downturn w 1996. Successive governments have demonstrated commitment to economic reforms and responsible fiscal planning, but have failed so far to rein w rising inflation and large current account deficits. Bulgaria has averaged more than 6% growth since 2004, attracting significant amounts of foreign direct investment, but corruption w the public administration, a weak judiciary, and the presence of organized crime remain significant challenges.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 37.4 billion kWh (2006)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 7.8 billion kWh (2006)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2006)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 45.7 billion kWh (2006)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Black Sea 0 m


highest point: Musala 2,925 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy air pollution from industrial emissions; rivers polluted from raw sewage, heavy metals, detergents; deforestation; forest damage from air pollution and resulting acid rain; soil contamination from heavy metals from metallurgical plants and industrial wastes
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands


signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne Bulgarian 83.9%, Turk 9.4%, Roma 4.7%, other 2% (including Macedonian, Armenian, Tatar, Circassian) (2001 census)
Kurs waluty leva per US dollar - 1.4366 (2007), 1.5576 (2006), 1.5741 (2005), 1.5751 (2004), 1.7327 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Georgi PARVANOV (since 22 styczen 2002); Vice President Angel MARIN (since 22 styczen 2002)


head of government: Prime Minister Sergei STANISHEV (since 16 sierpien 2005); Deputy Prime Ministers Ivaylo KALFIN, Daniel VULCHEV, and Emel ETEM (since 16 sierpien 2005)


cabinet: Council of Ministers nominated by the prime minister and elected by the National Assembly


elections: president and vice president elected on the same ticket by popular vote dla a five-year term (eligible dla a second term); election last held 22 and 29 pazdziernik 2006 (next to be held w 2011); chairman of the Council of Ministers (prime minister) nominated by the president and elected by the National Assembly; deputy prime ministers nominated by the prime minister and elected by the National Assembly


election results: Georgi PARVANOV reelected president; percent of vote - Georgi PARVANOV 77.3%, Volen SIDEROV 22.7%; Sergei STANISHEV elected prime minister, result of legislative vote - 168 to 67
Eksport 7.8 billion kWh (2006)
Eksport $19.77 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 51,000 bbl/day (2005 est.)
Eksport - towary clothing, footwear, iron and steel, machinery and equipment, fuels
Eksport - partnerzy Turcja 12%, Wlochy 10.4%, Niemcy 10%, Grecja 8.2%, Belgia 6.8%, Francja 4.3% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi three equal horizontal bands of white (top), green, and red


note: the national emblem, formerly on the hoist side of the white stripe, has been removed
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 8.1%


industry: 31.3%


services: 60.7% (2007 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 6.1% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 43 00 N, 25 00 E
Polozenie geograficzne strategic location near Turkish Straits; controls key land routes from Europe to Middle East and Asia
Ladowiska helikopterow 4 (2007)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 2.9%


highest 10%: 25.4% (2005)
Narkotyki major European transshipment point dla Southwest Asian heroin and, to a lesser degree, South American cocaine dla the European market; limited producer of precursor chemicals; some money laundering of drug-related proceeds through financial institutions
Import 0 kWh (2006)
Import $28.79 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Import 5.179 billion cu m (2005)
Import 138,800 bbl/day (2004 est.)
Import - towary machinery and equipment; metals and ores; chemicals and plastics; fuels, minerals, and raw materials
Import - partnerzy Niemcy 15%, Wlochy 10.6%, Turcja 7.2%, Grecja 6.3%, Chiny 5%, Francja 4.9%, Rumunia 4.5% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 3 marzec 1878 (as an autonomous principality within the Ottoman Empire); 22 wrzesien 1908 (complete independence from the Ottoman Empire)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 5.5% (2007 est.)
Przemysl electricity, gas, water; food, beverages, tobacco; machinery and equipment, base metals, chemical products, coke, refined petroleum, nuclear fuel
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 19.16 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 22.75 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 15.37 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 7.8% (2007 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACCT, Australia Group, BIS, BSEC, CE, CEI, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, EIB, EU (new member), FAO, G- 9, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICRM, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NAM (guest), NATO, NSG, OAS (observer), OIF, OPCW, OSCE, PCA, SECI, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNMEE, UNMIL, UNMIS, UNWTO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WEU (associate affiliate), WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC
Nawadniane tereny 5,880 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Supreme Administrative Court; Supreme Court of Cassation; Konstytucjaal Court (12 justices appointed or elected dla nine-year terms); Supreme Judicial Council (consists of the chairmen of the two Supreme Courts, the Chief Prosecutor, and 22 other members; responsible dla appointing the justices, prosecutors, and investigating magistrates w the justice system; members of the Supreme Judicial Council elected dla five-year terms, 11 elected by the National Assembly and 11 by bodies of the judiciary)
Sila robocza 3.44 million (2007 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 8.5%


industry: 33.6%


services: 57.9% (2nd qtr. 2006 est.)
Granica total: 1,808 km


border countries: Grecja 494 km, Macedonia 148 km, Rumunia 608 km, Serbia 318 km, Turcja 240 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 29.94%


permanent crops: 1.9%


other: 68.16% (2005)
Jezyki Bulgarian 84.5%, Turkish 9.6%, Roma 4.1%, other and unspecified 1.8% (2001 census)
System prawny civil law and criminal law based on Roman law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction z reservations
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral National Assembly or Narodno Sobranie (240 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)


elections: last held 25 czerwiec 2005 (next to be held w czerwiec 2009)


election results: percent of vote by party - CfB 31.1%, NMS2 19.9%, MRF 12.7%, ATAKA 8.2%, UDF 7.7%, DSB 6.5%, BPU 5.2%, other 8.7%; seats by party - CfB 83, NMS2 53, MRF 33, UDF 20, ATAKA 17, DSB 17, BPU 13, independents 4; note - seats by party as of styczen 2008 - CfB 82, NMS2 36, MRF 34, UDF 16, DSB 16, Bulgarian New Democracy 16, BPU 13, ATAKA 11, independents 16
Zywotnosc total population: 72.57 years


male: 68.95 years


female: 76.4 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 98.2%


male: 98.7%


female: 97.7% (2001 census)
Lokalizacja Southeastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Rumunia and Turcja
Lokalizacja na mapie Europe
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm


contiguous zone: 24 nm


exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Flota handlowa total: 71 ships (1000 GRT or over) 833,153 GRT/1,194,660 DWT


by type: bulk carrier 37, cargo 14, chemical tanker 4, container 6, liquefied gas 1, passenger/cargo 2, petroleum tanker 3, roll on/roll off 4


foreign-owned: 3 (Niemcy 1, Irlandia 1, Rosja 1)


registered w other countries: 39 (Komory 1, Malta 15, Mongolia 2, Panama 1, Slowacja 7, St Vincent and The Grenadines 13) (2007)
Wojsko Bulgarian Armed Forces: Ground Forces, Naval Forces, Bulgarian Air Forces (Bulgarski Voennovazdyshni Sily, BVVS) (2008)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 2.6% (2005 est.)
Swieto narodowe Liberation Day, 3 marzec (1878)
Narodowosc noun: Bulgarian(s)


adjective: Bulgarian
Naturalne zagrozenia earthquakes, landslides
Surowce naturalne bauxite, copper, lead, zinc, coal, timber, arable land
Wspolczynnik migracji -3.71 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Rurociagi gas 2,500 km; oil 339 km; refined products 156 km (2007)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy ATAKA (Attack Coalition) (coalition of parties headed by the Attack National Union); Attack National Union [Volen SIDEROV]; Bulgarian Agrarian National Union-People's Union or BANU [Anastasia MOZER]; Bulgarian New Democracy [Borislav RALCHEV]; Bulgarian People's Union or BPU (coalition of UFD, IMRO, and BANU); Bulgarian Socialist Party or BSP [Sergei STANISHEV]; Citizens dla the European Development of Bulgaria or GERB [Boyko BORISOV]; Coalition dla Bulgaria or CfB (coalition of parties dominated by BSP) [Sergei STANISHEV]; Democrats dla a Strong Bulgaria or DSB [Ivan KOSTOV]; Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization or IMRO [Krasimir KARAKACHANOV]; Movement dla Rights and Freedoms or MRF [Ahmed DOGAN]; National Movement dla Stability and Progress or NDSV [Simeon SAXE-COBURG-GOTHA]; New Time [Emil KOSHLUKOV]; Union of Democratic Forces or UDF [Petar STOYANOV]; Union of Free Democrats or UFD [Stefan SOFIYANSKI]; United Democratic Forces or UtDF (a coalition of center-right parties dominated by UDF)
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow Confederation of Independent Trade Unions of Bulgaria or CITUB; Podkrepa Labor Confederation; numerous regional, ethnic, and national interest groups z various agendas
Ludnosc 7,322,858 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 14.1% (2003 est.)
Przyrost naturalny -0.837% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 31, FM 63, shortwave 2 (2001)
Linie kolejowe total: 4,294 km


standard gauge: 4,049 km 1.435-m gauge (2,710 km electrified)


narrow gauge: 245 km 0.760-m gauge (2006)
Religie Bulgarian Orthodox 82.6%, Muslim 12.2%, other Christian 1.2%, other 4% (2001 census)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.051 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 0.967 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.695 male(s)/female


total population: 0.924 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: an extensive but antiquated telecommunications network inherited from the Soviet era; quality has improved; the Bulgaria Telecommunications Company's fixed-line monopoly terminated w 2005 when alternative fixed-line operators were given access to its network; a drop w fixed-line connections w recent years has been offset by a sharp increase w mobile-cellular telephone use fostered by multiple service providers


domestic: a fairly modern digital cable trunk line now connects switching centers w most of the regions; the others are connected by digital microwave radio relay


international: country code - 359; submarine cable provides connectivity to Ukraina and Rosja; a combination submarine cable and land fiber-optic system provides connectivity to Wlochy, Albania, and Macedonia; satellite earth stations - 1 Intersputnik (Ocean Atlantycki region); 2 Intelsat (Atlantic and Ocean Indyjski regions) (2007)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 2.399 million (2006)
Telefony komorkowe 8.253 million (2006)
Stacje telewizyjne 39 (plus 1,242 repeaters) (2001)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly mountains z lowlands w north and southeast
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 1.39 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 8% (2007 est.)
Drogi wodne 470 km (2007)
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