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Ghana (2008)

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GhanaGhana (2007) (porownaj)


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Ghana 2008 roku

 Ghana
Podzial administracyjny 10 regions; Ashanti, Brong-Ahafo, Central, Eastern, Greater Accra, Northern, Upper East, Upper West, Volta, Western
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 38.2% (male 4,438,308/female 4,329,293)


15-64 years: 58.2% (male 6,661,512/female 6,687,738)


65 years and over: 3.6% (male 380,495/female 433,953) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo cocoa, rice, cassava (tapioca), peanuts, corn, shea nuts, bananas; timber
Lotniska 12 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 7


over 3,047 m: 1


1,524 to 2,437 m: 4


914 to 1,523 m: 2 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 5


914 to 1,523 m: 3


under 914 m: 2 (2007)
Terytorium total: 239,460 sq km


land: 230,940 sq km


water: 8,520 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than Oregon
Tlo historyczne Formed from the merger of the British colony of the Gold Coast and the Togoland trust territory, Ghana w 1957 became the first sub-Saharan country w colonial Africa to gain its independence. Ghana endured a long series of coups before Lt. Jerry RAWLINGS took power w 1981 and banned political parties. After approving a new constitution and restoring multiparty politics w 1992, RAWLINGS won presidential elections w 1992 and 1996, but was constitutionally prevented from running dla a third term w 2000. John KUFUOR succeeded him and was re-elected w 2004. Kufuor is constitutionally barred from running dla a third term w upcoming Presidential elections, which are scheduled dla grudzien 2008.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 29.85 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $4.347 billion


expenditures: $5.197 billion (2007 est.)
Stolica name: Accra


geographic coordinates: 5 33 N, 0 13 W


time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat tropical; warm and comparatively dry along southeast coast; hot and humid w southwest; hot and dry w north
Linia brzegowa 539 km
Konstytucja approved 28 kwiecien 1992
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Ghana


conventional short form: Ghana


former: Gold Coast
Wspolczynnik zgonow 9.55 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $3.387 billion (31 grudzien 2007 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Pamela E. BRIDGEWATER


embassy: 24 4th Circular Rd. Cantonments, Accra


mailing address: P. O. Box 194, Accra


telephone: [233] (21) 741-000


FAX: [233] (21) 741-389
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Dr. Kwame BAWUAH-EDUSEI


chancery: 1156 15th St. NW #905, Washington, DC 20005


telephone: [1] (202) 785-1379


FAX: [1] (202) 785-1430


consulate(s) general: New York
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje Ghana struggles to accommodate returning nationals who worked w the cocoa plantations and escaped fighting w Cote d'Ivoire
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $1.316 billion w loans and grants (2007)
Ekonomia Well endowed z natural resources, Ghana has roughly twice the per capita output of the poorest countries w West Africa. Even so, Ghana remains heavily dependent on international financial and technical assistance. Gold and cocoa production, and individual remittances, are major sources of foreign exchange. The domestic economy continues to revolve around agriculture, which accounts dla about 35% of Produkt krajowy brutto and employs about 55% of the work force, mainly small landholders. Ghana opted dla debt relief under the Heavily Indebted Poor Country (HIPC) program w 2002, and is also benefiting from the Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative that took effect w 2006. Thematic priorities under its current Growth and Poverty Reduction Strategy, which also provides the framework dla development partner assistance, are: macroeconomic stability; private sector competitiveness; human resource development; and good governance and civic responsibility. Sound macro-economic management along z high prices dla gold and cocoa helped sustain Produkt krajowy brutto growth w 2007. Ghana signed a Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) Compact w 2006, which aims to assist w transforming Ghana's agricultural sector.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 6.906 billion kWh (2007 est.)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 256 million kWh (2007 est.)
Elektrycznosc - import 461 million kWh (2007 est.)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 7.042 billion kWh (2007 est.)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Atlantycki 0 m


highest point: Mount Afadjato 880 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy recurrent drought w north severely affects agricultural activities; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; poaching and habitat destruction threatens wildlife populations; water pollution; inadequate supplies of potable water
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands


signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation
Grupy etniczne Akan 45.3%, Mole-Dagbon 15.2%, Ewe 11.7%, Ga-Dangme 7.3%, Guan 4%, Gurma 3.6%, Grusi 2.6%, Mande-Busanga 1%, other tribes 1.4%, other 7.8% (2000 census)
Kurs waluty cedis per US dollar - 0.95 (2007), 9,174.8 (2006), 9,072.5 (2005), 9,004.6 (2004), 8,677.4 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President John Agyekum KUFUOR (since 7 styczen 2001); Vice President Alhaji Aliu MAHAMA (since 7 styczen 2001); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government


head of government: President John Agyekum KUFUOR (since 7 styczen 2001); Vice President Alhaji Aliu MAHAMA (since 7 styczen 2001)


cabinet: Council of Ministers; president nominates members subject to approval by Parliament


elections: president and vice president elected on the same ticket by popular vote dla four-year terms (eligible dla a second term); election last held 7 grudzien 2004 (next to be held w grudzien 2008)


election results: John Agyekum KUFUOR reelected president w election; percent of vote - John KUFUOR 52.4%, John ATTA-MILLS 44.6%
Eksport 256 million kWh (2007 est.)
Eksport $4.194 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 8,041 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary gold, cocoa, timber, tuna, bauxite, aluminum, manganese ore, diamonds, horticulture
Eksport - partnerzy Holandia 11.3%, UK 8.7%, US 6.7%, Hiszpania 5.7%, Belgia 5.2%, Francja 4.4% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi three equal horizontal bands of red (top), yellow, and green z a large black five-pointed star centered w the yellow band; uses the popular pan-African colors of Etiopia; similar to the flag of Boliwia, which has a coat of arms centered w the yellow band
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 37.3%


industry: 25.3%


services: 37.5% (2006 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 6.2% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 8 00 N, 2 00 W
Polozenie geograficzne Lake Volta is the world's largest artificial lake
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 2.2%


highest 10%: 30.1% (1999)
Narkotyki illicit producer of cannabis dla the international drug trade; major transit hub dla Southwest and Southeast Asian heroin and, to a lesser extent, South American cocaine destined dla Europe and the US; widespread crime and money laundering problem, but the lack of a well developed financial infrastructure limits the country's utility as a money laundering center; significant domestic cocaine and cannabis use
Import 461 million kWh (2007 est.)
Import $8.073 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 45,010 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary capital equipment, petroleum, foodstuffs
Import - partnerzy Nigeria 16.7%, Chiny 13%, UK 5.7%, Belgia 4.7%, US 4.7%, Republika Poludniowej Afryki 4.1%, Francja 4.1% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 6 marzec 1957 (from UK)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 7.4% (2007 est.)
Przemysl mining, lumbering, light manufacturing, aluminum smelting, food processing, cement, small commercial ship building
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 53.56 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 58 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 48.99 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 11% (2007 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACP, AfDB, AU, C, ECOWAS, FAO, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, MINURSO, MONUC, NAM, OAS (observer), OIF, OPCW, UN, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNITAR, UNMEE, UNMIL, UNOCI, UNOMIG, UNWTO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny 310 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court
Sila robocza 11.29 million (2007 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 56%


industry: 15%


services: 29% (2005 est.)
Granica total: 2,094 km


border countries: Burkina Faso 549 km, Cote d'Ivoire 668 km, Togo 877 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 17.54%


permanent crops: 9.22%


other: 73.24% (2005)
Jezyki Asante 14.8%, Ewe 12.7%, Fante 9.9%, Boron (Brong) 4.6%, Dagomba 4.3%, Dangme 4.3%, Dagarte (Dagaba) 3.7%, Akyem 3.4%, Ga 3.4%, Akuapem 2.9%, other 36.1% (includes English (official)) (2000 census)
System prawny based on English common law and customary law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral Parliament (230 seats; members are elected by direct, popular vote to serve four-year terms)


elections: last held 7 grudzien 2004 (next to be held grudzien w 2008)


election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - NPP 128, NDC 94, PNC 4, CPP 3, independent 1
Zywotnosc total population: 59.12 years


male: 58.31 years


female: 59.95 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 57.9%


male: 66.4%


female: 49.8% (2000 census)
Lokalizacja Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Gwinea, between Cote d'Ivoire and Togo
Lokalizacja na mapie Africa
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm


contiguous zone: 24 nm


exclusive economic zone: 200 nm


continental shelf: 200 nm
Flota handlowa total: 3 ships (1000 GRT or over) 5,032 GRT/7,282 DWT


by type: petroleum tanker 1, refrigerated cargo 2


foreign-owned: 1 (Brazylia 1) (2007)
Wojsko Ghanaian Army, Ghanaian Navy, Ghanaian Air Force (2007)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 0.8% (2006 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 6 marzec (1957)
Narodowosc noun: Ghanaian(s)


adjective: Ghanaian
Naturalne zagrozenia dry, dusty, northeastern harmattan winds occur from styczen to marzec; droughts
Surowce naturalne gold, timber, industrial diamonds, bauxite, manganese, fish, rubber, hydropower, petroleum, silver, salt, limestone
Wspolczynnik migracji -0.58 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Rurociagi oil 13 km; refined products 316 km (2007)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Convention People's Party or CPP [Ladi NYLANDER]; Democratic Freedom Party or DFP [Alhaji Abudu Rahman ISSAKAH]; Every Ghanaian Living Everywhere or EGLE; Great Consolidated Popular Party or GCPP [Dan LARTEY]; National Democratic Congress or NDC [Dr. Kwabena ADJEI]; New Patriotic Party or NPP [Peter MAC-MANU]; People's National Convention or PNC [Alhaji Amed RAMADAN]; Reform Party [Kyeretwie OPUKU]; United Renaissance Party or URP [Charles WAYO]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 22,931,299


note: estimates dla this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result w lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes w the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 28.5% (2007 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 1.972% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 0, FM 86, shortwave 3 (2007)
Linie kolejowe total: 953 km


narrow gauge: 953 km 1.067-m gauge (2006)
Religie Christian 68.8% (Pentecostal/Charismatic 24.1%, Protestant 18.6%, Catholic 15.1%, other 11%), Muslim 15.9%, traditional 8.5%, other 0.7%, none 6.1% (2000 census)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.025 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 0.996 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.877 male(s)/female


total population: 1.003 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: fixed-line infrastructure outdated and unreliable; competition among multiple mobile-cellular providers has spurred growth z subscribership about 25 per 100 persons and rising


domestic: primarily microwave radio relay; wireless local loop has been installed


international: country code - 233; landing point dla the SAT-3/WASC fiber-optic submarine cable that provides connectivity to Europe and Asia; satellite earth stations - 4 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki); microwave radio relay link to Panaftel system connects Ghana to its neighbors
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 356,400 (2006)
Telefony komorkowe 5.207 million (2006)
Stacje telewizyjne 7 (2007)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly low plains z dissected plateau w south-central area
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 3.89 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 11% (2000 est.)
Drogi wodne 1,293 km


note: 168 km dla launches and lighters on Volta, Ankobra, and Tano rivers; 1,125 km of arterial and feeder waterways on Lake Volta (2007)
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