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Jah-Jah.pl / Spis panstw / Ghana (2008) - Ghana (2006) / Porownanie panstw

Porownanie Ghana (2008) - Ghana (2006)

Porownanie Ghana (2008) z Ghana (2006)

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 Ghana (2008)Ghana (2006)
 GhanaGhana
Podzial administracyjny 10 regions; Ashanti, Brong-Ahafo, Central, Eastern, Greater Accra, Northern, Upper East, Upper West, Volta, Western 10 regions; Ashanti, Brong-Ahafo, Central, Eastern, Greater Accra, Northern, Upper East, Upper West, Volta, Western
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 38.2% (male 4,438,308/female 4,329,293)


15-64 years: 58.2% (male 6,661,512/female 6,687,738)


65 years and over: 3.6% (male 380,495/female 433,953) (2007 est.)
0-14 years: 38.8% (male 4,395,744/female 4,288,720)


15-64 years: 57.7% (male 6,450,828/female 6,483,781)


65 years and over: 3.5% (male 371,428/female 419,071) (2006 est.)
Rolinictwo cocoa, rice, cassava (tapioca), peanuts, corn, shea nuts, bananas; timber cocoa, rice, coffee, cassava (tapioca), peanuts, corn, shea nuts, bananas; timber
Lotniska 12 (2007) 12 (2006)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 7


over 3,047 m: 1


1,524 to 2,437 m: 4


914 to 1,523 m: 2 (2007)
total: 7


over 3,047 m: 1


1,524 to 2,437 m: 4


914 to 1,523 m: 2 (2006)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 5


914 to 1,523 m: 3


under 914 m: 2 (2007)
total: 5


914 to 1,523 m: 3


under 914 m: 2 (2006)
Terytorium total: 239,460 sq km


land: 230,940 sq km


water: 8,520 sq km
total: 239,460 sq km


land: 230,940 sq km


water: 8,520 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than Oregon slightly smaller than Oregon
Tlo historyczne Formed from the merger of the British colony of the Gold Coast and the Togoland trust territory, Ghana w 1957 became the first sub-Saharan country w colonial Africa to gain its independence. Ghana endured a long series of coups before Lt. Jerry RAWLINGS took power w 1981 and banned political parties. After approving a new constitution and restoring multiparty politics w 1992, RAWLINGS won presidential elections w 1992 and 1996, but was constitutionally prevented from running dla a third term w 2000. John KUFUOR succeeded him and was re-elected w 2004. Kufuor is constitutionally barred from running dla a third term w upcoming Presidential elections, which are scheduled dla grudzien 2008. Formed from the merger of the British colony of the Gold Coast and the Togoland trust territory, Ghana w 1957 became the first sub-Saharan country w colonial Africa to gain its independence. A long series of coups resulted w the suspension of the constitution w 1981 and a ban on political parties. A new constitution, restoring multiparty politics, was approved w 1992. Lt. Jerry RAWLINGS, head of state since 1981, won presidential elections w 1992 and 1996, but was constitutionally prevented from running dla a third term w 2000. John KUFUOR, who defeated former Vice President Atta MILLS w a free and fair election, succeeded him.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 29.85 births/1,000 population (2007 est.) 30.52 births/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Budzet revenues: $4.347 billion


expenditures: $5.197 billion (2007 est.)
revenues: $3.216 billion


expenditures: $3.506 billion; including capital expenditures of $NA (2005 est.)
Stolica name: Accra


geographic coordinates: 5 33 N, 0 13 W


time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
name: Accra


geographic coordinates: 5 33 N, 0 13 W


time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat tropical; warm and comparatively dry along southeast coast; hot and humid w southwest; hot and dry w north tropical; warm and comparatively dry along southeast coast; hot and humid w southwest; hot and dry w north
Linia brzegowa 539 km 539 km
Konstytucja approved 28 kwiecien 1992 approved 28 kwiecien 1992
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Ghana


conventional short form: Ghana


former: Gold Coast
conventional long form: Republic of Ghana


conventional short form: Ghana


former: Gold Coast
Wspolczynnik zgonow 9.55 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.) 9.72 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $3.387 billion (31 grudzien 2007 est.) $6.999 billion (2005 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Pamela E. BRIDGEWATER


embassy: 24 4th Circular Rd. Cantonments, Accra


mailing address: P. O. Box 194, Accra


telephone: [233] (21) 741-000


FAX: [233] (21) 741-389
chief of mission: Ambassador Mary Carlin YATES


embassy: 6th and 10th Lanes, 798/1 Osu, Accra


mailing address: P. O. Box 194, Accra


telephone: [233] (21) 775-347, 775-348


FAX: [233] (21) 701-813
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Dr. Kwame BAWUAH-EDUSEI


chancery: 1156 15th St. NW #905, Washington, DC 20005


telephone: [1] (202) 785-1379


FAX: [1] (202) 785-1430


consulate(s) general: New York
chief of mission: Ambassador Fritz Kwabena POKU


chancery: 1156 15th St. NW #905, Washington, DC 20005


telephone: [1] (202) 785-1379


FAX: [1] (202) 785-1430


consulate(s) general: New York
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje Ghana struggles to accommodate returning nationals who worked w the cocoa plantations and escaped fighting w Cote d'Ivoire Ghana struggles to accommodate returning nationals who worked w the cocoa plantations and escaped fighting w Cote d'Ivoire
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $1.316 billion w loans and grants (2007) $6.9 billion (1999)
Ekonomia Well endowed z natural resources, Ghana has roughly twice the per capita output of the poorest countries w West Africa. Even so, Ghana remains heavily dependent on international financial and technical assistance. Gold and cocoa production, and individual remittances, are major sources of foreign exchange. The domestic economy continues to revolve around agriculture, which accounts dla about 35% of Produkt krajowy brutto and employs about 55% of the work force, mainly small landholders. Ghana opted dla debt relief under the Heavily Indebted Poor Country (HIPC) program w 2002, and is also benefiting from the Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative that took effect w 2006. Thematic priorities under its current Growth and Poverty Reduction Strategy, which also provides the framework dla development partner assistance, are: macroeconomic stability; private sector competitiveness; human resource development; and good governance and civic responsibility. Sound macro-economic management along z high prices dla gold and cocoa helped sustain Produkt krajowy brutto growth w 2007. Ghana signed a Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) Compact w 2006, which aims to assist w transforming Ghana's agricultural sector. Well endowed z natural resources, Ghana has roughly twice the per capita output of the poorer countries w West Africa. Even so, Ghana remains heavily dependent on international financial and technical assistance. Gold, timber, and cocoa production are major sources of foreign exchange. The domestic economy continues to revolve around subsistence agriculture, which accounts dla 34% of Produkt krajowy brutto and employs 60% of the work force, mainly small landholders. Ghana opted dla debt relief under the Heavily Indebted Poor Country (HIPC) program w 2002, but was included w a G-8 debt relief program decided upon at the Gleneagles Summit w lipiec 2005. Priorities under its current $38 million Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF) include tighter monetary and fiscal policies, accelerated privatization, and improvement of social services. Receipts from the gold sector helped sustain Produkt krajowy brutto growth w 2005 along z record high prices dla Ghana's largest cocoa crop to date. Inflation should ease but remains a major internal problem. Ghana also remains a candidate country to benefit from Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) funding that could assist w transforming Ghana's agricultural export sector. A final decision on its MCC bid is expected w spring 2006.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 6.906 billion kWh (2007 est.) 5.081 billion kWh (2003)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 256 million kWh (2007 est.) 400 million kWh (2003)
Elektrycznosc - import 461 million kWh (2007 est.) 500 million kWh (2003)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 7.042 billion kWh (2007 est.) 5.356 billion kWh (2003)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Atlantycki 0 m


highest point: Mount Afadjato 880 m
lowest point: Ocean Atlantycki 0 m


highest point: Mount Afadjato 880 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy recurrent drought w north severely affects agricultural activities; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; poaching and habitat destruction threatens wildlife populations; water pollution; inadequate supplies of potable water recurrent drought w north severely affects agricultural activities; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; poaching and habitat destruction threatens wildlife populations; water pollution; inadequate supplies of potable water
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands


signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation
party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands


signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation
Grupy etniczne Akan 45.3%, Mole-Dagbon 15.2%, Ewe 11.7%, Ga-Dangme 7.3%, Guan 4%, Gurma 3.6%, Grusi 2.6%, Mande-Busanga 1%, other tribes 1.4%, other 7.8% (2000 census) African 98.5% (includes Akan 44%, Moshi-Dagomba 16%, Ewe 13%, Ga 8%, Gurma 3%, Yoruba 1%), European and other 1.5% (1998)
Kurs waluty cedis per US dollar - 0.95 (2007), 9,174.8 (2006), 9,072.5 (2005), 9,004.6 (2004), 8,677.4 (2003) cedis per US dollar - 9,072.5 (2005), 9,004.6 (2004), 8,677.4 (2003), 7,932.7 (2002), 7,170.8 (2001)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President John Agyekum KUFUOR (since 7 styczen 2001); Vice President Alhaji Aliu MAHAMA (since 7 styczen 2001); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government


head of government: President John Agyekum KUFUOR (since 7 styczen 2001); Vice President Alhaji Aliu MAHAMA (since 7 styczen 2001)


cabinet: Council of Ministers; president nominates members subject to approval by Parliament


elections: president and vice president elected on the same ticket by popular vote dla four-year terms (eligible dla a second term); election last held 7 grudzien 2004 (next to be held w grudzien 2008)


election results: John Agyekum KUFUOR reelected president w election; percent of vote - John KUFUOR 52.4%, John ATTA-MILLS 44.6%
chief of state: President John Agyekum KUFUOR (since 7 styczen 2001); Vice President Alhaji Aliu MAHAMA (since 7 styczen 2001); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government


head of government: President John Agyekum KUFUOR (since 7 styczen 2001); Vice President Alhaji Aliu MAHAMA (since 7 styczen 2001); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government


cabinet: Council of Ministers; president nominates members subject to approval by Parliament


elections: president and vice president elected on the same ticket by popular vote dla four-year terms (eligible dla a second term); election last held 7 grudzien 2004 (next to be held grudzien 2008)


election results: John Agyekum KUFUOR reelected president w election; percent of vote - John KUFUOR 53.4%, John Atta MILLS 43.7%
Eksport 8,041 bbl/day (2004) NA bbl/day
Eksport - towary gold, cocoa, timber, tuna, bauxite, aluminum, manganese ore, diamonds, horticulture gold, cocoa, timber, tuna, bauxite, aluminum, manganese ore, diamonds
Eksport - partnerzy Holandia 11.3%, UK 8.7%, US 6.7%, Hiszpania 5.7%, Belgia 5.2%, Francja 4.4% (2006) Holandia 12.6%, UK 8.3%, US 6.7%, Belgia 5.8%, Francja 5.7%, Niemcy 4.5% (2005)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi three equal horizontal bands of red (top), yellow, and green z a large black five-pointed star centered w the yellow band; uses the popular pan-African colors of Etiopia; similar to the flag of Boliwia, which has a coat of arms centered w the yellow band three equal horizontal bands of red (top), yellow, and green z a large black five-pointed star centered w the yellow band; uses the popular pan-African colors of Etiopia; similar to the flag of Boliwia, which has a coat of arms centered w the yellow band
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 37.3%


industry: 25.3%


services: 37.5% (2006 est.)
agriculture: 36.6%


industry: 24.6%


services: 38.7% (2005 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 6.2% (2007 est.) 5.9% (2005 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 8 00 N, 2 00 W 8 00 N, 2 00 W
Polozenie geograficzne Lake Volta is the world's largest artificial lake Lake Volta is the world's largest artificial lake
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 2.2%


highest 10%: 30.1% (1999)
lowest 10%: 2.2%


highest 10%: 30.1% (1999)
Narkotyki illicit producer of cannabis dla the international drug trade; major transit hub dla Southwest and Southeast Asian heroin and, to a lesser extent, South American cocaine destined dla Europe and the US; widespread crime and money laundering problem, but the lack of a well developed financial infrastructure limits the country's utility as a money laundering center; significant domestic cocaine and cannabis use illicit producer of cannabis dla the international drug trade; major transit hub dla Southwest and Southeast Asian heroin and, to a lesser extent, South American cocaine destined dla Europe and the US; widespread crime and money laundering problem, but the lack of a well-developed financial infrastructure limits the country's utility as a money-laundering center
Import 45,010 bbl/day (2004) NA bbl/day
Import - towary capital equipment, petroleum, foodstuffs capital equipment, petroleum, foodstuffs
Import - partnerzy Nigeria 16.7%, Chiny 13%, UK 5.7%, Belgia 4.7%, US 4.7%, Republika Poludniowej Afryki 4.1%, Francja 4.1% (2006) Nigeria 15.4%, Chiny 12.7%, US 6.4%, UK 5.3%, Holandia 4.1%, Republika Poludniowej Afryki 4.1% (2005)
Niepodleglosc 6 marzec 1957 (from UK) 6 marzec 1957 (from UK)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 7.4% (2007 est.) 3.8% (2000 est.)
Przemysl mining, lumbering, light manufacturing, aluminum smelting, food processing, cement, small commercial ship building mining, lumbering, light manufacturing, aluminum smelting, food processing, cement, small commercial ship building
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 53.56 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 58 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 48.99 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
total: 55.02 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 59.56 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 50.33 deaths/1,000 live births (2006 est.)
Inflacja 11% (2007 est.) 15.1% (2005 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACP, AfDB, AU, C, ECOWAS, FAO, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, MINURSO, MONUC, NAM, OAS (observer), OIF, OPCW, UN, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNITAR, UNMEE, UNMIL, UNOCI, UNOMIG, UNWTO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO ACP, AfDB, AU, C, ECOWAS, FAO, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITU, MIGA, MINURSO, MONUC, NAM, OAS (observer), OIF, ONUB, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNITAR, UNMEE, UNMIL, UNOCI, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny 310 sq km (2003) 310 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court Supreme Court
Sila robocza 11.29 million (2007 est.) 10.62 million (2005 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 56%


industry: 15%


services: 29% (2005 est.)
agriculture: 60%


industry: 15%


services: 25% (1999 est.)
Granica total: 2,094 km


border countries: Burkina Faso 549 km, Cote d'Ivoire 668 km, Togo 877 km
total: 2,094 km


border countries: Burkina Faso 549 km, Cote d'Ivoire 668 km, Togo 877 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 17.54%


permanent crops: 9.22%


other: 73.24% (2005)
arable land: 17.54%


permanent crops: 9.22%


other: 73.24% (2005)
Jezyki Asante 14.8%, Ewe 12.7%, Fante 9.9%, Boron (Brong) 4.6%, Dagomba 4.3%, Dangme 4.3%, Dagarte (Dagaba) 3.7%, Akyem 3.4%, Ga 3.4%, Akuapem 2.9%, other 36.1% (includes English (official)) (2000 census) English (official), African languages (including Akan, Moshi-Dagomba, Ewe, and Ga)
System prawny based on English common law and customary law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction based on English common law and customary law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral Parliament (230 seats; members are elected by direct, popular vote to serve four-year terms)


elections: last held 7 grudzien 2004 (next to be held grudzien w 2008)


election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - NPP 128, NDC 94, PNC 4, CPP 3, independent 1
unicameral Parliament (230 seats; note - increased from 200 seats w last election; members are elected by direct, popular vote to serve four-year terms)


elections: last held 7 grudzien 2004 (next to be held grudzien 2008)


election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - NPP 128, NDC 92, other 10
Zywotnosc total population: 59.12 years


male: 58.31 years


female: 59.95 years (2007 est.)
total population: 58.87 years


male: 58.07 years


female: 59.69 years (2006 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 57.9%


male: 66.4%


female: 49.8% (2000 census)
definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 74.8%


male: 82.7%


female: 67.1% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Gwinea, between Cote d'Ivoire and Togo Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Gwinea, between Cote d'Ivoire and Togo
Lokalizacja na mapie Africa Africa
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm


contiguous zone: 24 nm


exclusive economic zone: 200 nm


continental shelf: 200 nm
territorial sea: 12 nm


contiguous zone: 24 nm


exclusive economic zone: 200 nm


continental shelf: 200 nm
Flota handlowa total: 3 ships (1000 GRT or over) 5,032 GRT/7,282 DWT


by type: petroleum tanker 1, refrigerated cargo 2


foreign-owned: 1 (Brazylia 1) (2007)
total: 4 ships (1000 GRT or over) 6,308 GRT/9,418 DWT


by type: cargo 1, petroleum tanker 1, refrigerated cargo 2


foreign-owned: 1 (Brazylia 1) (2006)
Wojsko Ghanaian Army, Ghanaian Navy, Ghanaian Air Force (2007) Ghanaian Army, Ghanaian Navy, Ghanaian Air Force (2006)
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) - $83.65 million (2005 est.)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 0.8% (2006 est.) 0.8% (2005 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 6 marzec (1957) Niepodleglosc Day, 6 marzec (1957)
Narodowosc noun: Ghanaian(s)


adjective: Ghanaian
noun: Ghanaian(s)


adjective: Ghanaian
Naturalne zagrozenia dry, dusty, northeastern harmattan winds occur from styczen to marzec; droughts dry, dusty, northeastern harmattan winds occur from styczen to marzec; droughts
Surowce naturalne gold, timber, industrial diamonds, bauxite, manganese, fish, rubber, hydropower, petroleum, silver, salt, limestone gold, timber, industrial diamonds, bauxite, manganese, fish, rubber, hydropower, petroleum, silver, salt, limestone
Wspolczynnik migracji -0.58 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.) -0.11 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Rurociagi oil 13 km; refined products 316 km (2007) oil 13 km; refined products 316 km (2006)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Convention People's Party or CPP [Ladi NYLANDER]; Democratic Freedom Party or DFP [Alhaji Abudu Rahman ISSAKAH]; Every Ghanaian Living Everywhere or EGLE; Great Consolidated Popular Party or GCPP [Dan LARTEY]; National Democratic Congress or NDC [Dr. Kwabena ADJEI]; New Patriotic Party or NPP [Peter MAC-MANU]; People's National Convention or PNC [Alhaji Amed RAMADAN]; Reform Party [Kyeretwie OPUKU]; United Renaissance Party or URP [Charles WAYO] Convention People's Party or CPP [Nii Noi DOWUONA, general secretary]; Every Ghanaian Living Everywhere or EGLE [Owuraku AMOFA, chairman]; Great Consolidated Popular Party or GCPP [Dan LARTY]; National Convention Party or NCP [Sarpong KUMA-KUMA]; National Democratic Congress or NDC [Dr. Huudu YAHAYA, general secretary]; New Patriotic Party or NPP [Samuel Arthur ODOI-SYKES]; People's Convention Party or PCP [P. K. DONKOH-AYIFI, acting chairman]; People's Heritage Party or PHP [Emmanuel Alexander ERSKINE]; People's National Convention or PNC [Edward MAHAMA]; Reform Party [Kyeretwie OPUKU, general secretary]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA NA
Ludnosc 22,931,299


note: estimates dla this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result w lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes w the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (lipiec 2007 est.)
22,409,572


note: estimates dla this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result w lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes w the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (lipiec 2006 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 28.5% (2007 est.) 31.4% (1992 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 1.972% (2007 est.) 2.07% (2006 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 0, FM 86, shortwave 3 (2007) AM 0, FM 49, shortwave 3 (2001)
Linie kolejowe total: 953 km


narrow gauge: 953 km 1.067-m gauge (2006)
total: 953 km


narrow gauge: 953 km 1.067-m gauge (2005)
Religie Christian 68.8% (Pentecostal/Charismatic 24.1%, Protestant 18.6%, Catholic 15.1%, other 11%), Muslim 15.9%, traditional 8.5%, other 0.7%, none 6.1% (2000 census) Christian 63%, Muslim 16%, indigenous beliefs 21%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.025 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 0.996 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.877 male(s)/female


total population: 1.003 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.89 male(s)/female


total population: 1 male(s)/female (2006 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: fixed-line infrastructure outdated and unreliable; competition among multiple mobile-cellular providers has spurred growth z subscribership about 25 per 100 persons and rising


domestic: primarily microwave radio relay; wireless local loop has been installed


international: country code - 233; landing point dla the SAT-3/WASC fiber-optic submarine cable that provides connectivity to Europe and Asia; satellite earth stations - 4 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki); microwave radio relay link to Panaftel system connects Ghana to its neighbors
general assessment: poor to fair system; Internet accessible; many rural communities not yet connected; expansion of services is underway


domestic: primarily microwave radio relay; wireless local loop has been installed


international: country code - 233; satellite earth stations - 4 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki); microwave radio relay link to Panaftel system connects Ghana to its neighbors; fiber optic submarine cable (SAT-3/WASC) provides connectivity to Europe and Asia
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 356,400 (2006) 321,500 (2005)
Telefony komorkowe 5.207 million (2006) 2.842 million (2005)
Stacje telewizyjne 7 (2007) 10 (2001)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly low plains z dissected plateau w south-central area mostly low plains z dissected plateau w south-central area
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 3.89 children born/woman (2007 est.) 3.99 children born/woman (2006 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 11% (2000 est.) 20% (1997 est.)
Drogi wodne 1,293 km


note: 168 km dla launches and lighters on Volta, Ankobra, and Tano rivers; 1,125 km of arterial and feeder waterways on Lake Volta (2007)
1,293 km


note: 168 km dla launches and lighters on Volta, Ankobra, and Tano rivers; 1,125 km of arterial and feeder waterways on Lake Volta (2005)
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