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Aruba (2008)

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Aruba 2008 year

Administrative divisions none (part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)
Age structure 0-14 years: 19.7% (male 9,943/female 9,761)

15-64 years: 70.2% (male 33,553/female 36,661)

65 years and over: 10.1% (male 4,046/female 6,054) (2007 est.)
Agriculture - products aloes; livestock; fish
Airports 1 (2007)
Airports - with paved runways total: 1

2,438 to 3,047 m: 1 (2007)
Area total: 193 sq km

land: 193 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative slightly larger than Washington, DC
Background Discovered and claimed for Spain in 1499, Aruba was acquired by the Dutch in 1636. The island's economy has been dominated by three main industries. A 19th century gold rush was followed by prosperity brought on by the opening in 1924 of an oil refinery. The last decades of the 20th century saw a boom in the tourism industry. Aruba seceded from the Netherlands Antilles in 1986 and became a separate, autonomous member of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Movement toward full independence was halted at Aruba's request in 1990.
Birth rate 12.83 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budget revenues: $507.9 million

expenditures: $577.9 million (2005 est.)
Capital name: Oranjestad

geographic coordinates: 12 31 N, 70 02 W

time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Climate tropical marine; little seasonal temperature variation
Coastline 68.5 km
Constitution 1 January 1986
Country name conventional long form: none

conventional short form: Aruba
Death rate 7.61 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Debt - external $478.6 million (2005 est.)
Dependency status member country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands; full autonomy in internal affairs obtained in 1986 upon separation from the Netherlands Antilles; Dutch Government responsible for defense and foreign affairs
Diplomatic representation from the US the US does not have an embassy in Aruba; the Consul General to Netherlands Antilles is accredited to Aruba
Diplomatic representation in the US none (represented by the Kingdom of the Netherlands); note - Mr. Henry BAARH, Minister Plenipotentiary for Aruba at the Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient $11.3 million (2004)
Economy - overview Tourism is the mainstay of the small, open Aruban economy, with offshore banking and oil refining and storage also important. The rapid growth of the tourism sector over the last decade has resulted in a substantial expansion of other activities. Over 1.5 million tourists per year visit Aruba, with 75% of those from the US. Construction continues to boom, with hotel capacity five times the 1985 level. In addition, the country's oil refinery reopened in 1993, providing a major source of employment, foreign exchange earnings, and growth. Tourist arrivals have rebounded strongly following a dip after the 11 September 2001 attacks. The island experiences only a brief low season, and hotel occupancy in 2004 averaged 80%, compared to 68% throughout the rest of the Caribbean. The government has made cutting the budget and trade deficits a high priority.
Electricity - consumption 716.1 million kWh (2005)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2005)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2005)
Electricity - production 770 million kWh (2005)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

highest point: Mount Jamanota 188 m
Environment - current issues NA
Ethnic groups mixed white/Caribbean Amerindian 80%, other 20%
Exchange rates Aruban guilders/florins per US dollar - NA (2007), 1.79 (2006), 1.79 (2005), 1.79 (2004), 1.79 (2003)
Executive branch chief of state: Queen BEATRIX of the Netherlands (since 30 April 1980); represented by Governor General Fredis REFUNJOL (since 11 May 2004)

head of government: Prime Minister Nelson O. ODUBER (since 30 October 2001)

cabinet: Council of Ministers elected by the Staten

elections: the monarch is hereditary; governor general appointed for a six-year term by the monarch; prime minister and deputy prime minister elected by the Staten for four-year terms; election last held in 2005 (next to be held by 2009)

election results: Nelson O. ODUBER elected prime minister; percent of legislative vote - NA
Exports 0 kWh (2005)
Exports $124 million f.o.b.; note - includes oil reexports (2006)
Exports 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Exports 230,600 bbl/day (2004)
Exports - commodities live animals and animal products, art and collectibles, machinery and electrical equipment, transport equipment
Exports - partners Netherlands 27.7%, Panama 25.5%, Colombia 12.8%, Venezuela 11.1%, US 9.4%, Netherlands Antilles 7.1% (2006)
Fiscal year calendar year
Flag description blue, with two narrow, horizontal, yellow stripes across the lower portion and a red, four-pointed star outlined in white in the upper hoist-side corner
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 0.4%

industry: 33.3%

services: 66.3% (2002 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 2.4% (2005 est.)
Geographic coordinates 12 30 N, 69 58 W
Geography - note a flat, riverless island renowned for its white sand beaches; its tropical climate is moderated by constant trade winds from the Atlantic Ocean; the temperature is almost constant at about 27 degrees Celsius (81 degrees Fahrenheit)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Illicit drugs transit point for US- and Europe-bound narcotics with some accompanying money-laundering activity; relatively high percentage of population consumes cocaine
Imports 0 kWh (2005)
Imports $1.054 billion f.o.b. (2006)
Imports 0 cu m (2005)
Imports 235,000 bbl/day (2004)
Imports - commodities machinery and electrical equipment, crude oil for refining and reexport, chemicals; foodstuffs
Imports - partners US 53.6%, Netherlands 12.9%, UK 3.6% (2006)
Independence none (part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)
Industrial production growth rate NA%
Industries tourism, transshipment facilities, oil refining
Infant mortality rate total: 14.75 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 19.59 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 9.81 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 3.4% (2005)
International organization participation Caricom (observer), ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, ITUC, UNESCO (associate), UNWTO (associate), UPU, WCL, WMO
Irrigated land 0.01 sq km (1998 est.)
Judicial branch Common Court of Justice of Aruba (judges are appointed by the monarch)
Labor force 41,500 (2004 est.)
Labor force - by occupation agriculture: NA%

industry: NA%

services: NA%

note: most employment is in wholesale and retail trade and repair, followed by hotels and restaurants; oil refining
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: 10.53%

permanent crops: 0%

other: 89.47% (2005)
Languages Papiamento (a Spanish-Portuguese-Dutch-English dialect) 66.3%, Spanish 12.6%, English (widely spoken) 7.7%, Dutch (official) 5.8%, other 2.2%, unspecified or unknown 5.3% (2000 census)
Legal system based on Dutch civil law system, with some English common law influence
Legislative branch unicameral Legislature or Staten (21 seats; members elected by direct popular vote to serve four-year terms)

elections: last held 23 September 2005 (next to be held in 2009)

election results: percent of vote by party - MEP 43%, AVP 32%, MPA 7%, RED 7%, PDR 6%, OLA 4%, PPA 2%; seats by party - MEP 11, AVP 8, MPA 1, RED 1
Life expectancy at birth total population: 74.83 years

male: 71.8 years

female: 77.91 years (2007 est.)
Literacy definition: NA

total population: 97.3%

male: 97.5%

female: 97.1% (2000 census)
Location Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, north of Venezuela
Map references Central America and the Caribbean
Maritime claims territorial sea: 12 nm
Military - note defense is the responsibility of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Military branches no regular indigenous military forces; the Netherlands maintains a detachment of marines, a frigate, and an amphibious combat detachment in the neighboring Netherlands Antilles (2005)
National holiday Flag Day, 18 March (1976)
Nationality noun: Aruban(s)

adjective: Aruban; Dutch
Natural hazards lies outside the Caribbean hurricane belt
Natural resources NEGL; white sandy beaches
Net migration rate 10 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Political parties and leaders Aliansa/Aruban Social Movement or MSA [Robert WEVER]; Aruban Liberal Organization or OLA [Glenbert CROES]; Aruban Patriotic Movement or MPA [Monica ARENDS-KOCK]; Aruban Patriotic Party or PPA [Benny NISBET]; Aruban People's Party or AVP [Mike EMAN]; People's Electoral Movement Party or MEP [Nelson O. ODUBER]; Real Democracy or PDR [Andin BIKKER]; RED [Rudy LAMPE]; Workers Political Platform or PTT [Gregorio WOLFF]
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 100,018

note: estimate based on a revision of the base population, fertility, and mortality numbers, as well as a revision of 1985-1999 migration estimates from outmigration to inmigration, which is assumed to continue into the future; the new results are consistent with the 2000 census (July 2007 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 1.522% (2007 est.)
Radio broadcast stations AM 2, FM 16, shortwave 0 (2004)
Religions Roman Catholic 82%, Protestant 8%, other (includes Hindu, Muslim, Confucian, Jewish) 10%
Sex ratio at birth: 1.02 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.019 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.915 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.668 male(s)/female

total population: 0.906 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment: modern fully automatic telecommunications system

domestic: increased competition through privatization; 3 wireless service providers are now licensed

international: country code - 297; landing site for the PAN-AM submarine telecommunications cable system that extends from the US Virgin Islands through Aruba to Venezuela, Colombia, Panama, and the west coast of South America; extensive interisland microwave radio relay links (2007)
Telephones - main lines in use 38,300 (2005)
Telephones - mobile cellular 108,200 (2005)
Television broadcast stations 1 (1997)
Terrain flat with a few hills; scant vegetation
Total fertility rate 1.85 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Unemployment rate 6.9% (2005 est.)
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