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Aruba (2002)

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Aruba 2002 year

Administrative divisions none (part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)
Age structure 0-14 years: 21% (male 7,635; female 7,169)

15-64 years: 68.4% (male 23,270; female 24,906)

65 years and over: 10.6% (male 3,081; female 4,380) (2002 est.)
Agriculture - products aloes; livestock; fish
Airports 1 (2001)
Airports - with paved runways total: 1

2,438 to 3,047 m: 1 (2002)
Area total: 193 sq km

land: 193 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative slightly larger than Washington, DC
Background Discovered and claimed for Spain in 1499, Aruba was acquired by the Dutch in 1636. The island's economy has been dominated by three main industries. A 19th century gold rush was followed by prosperity brought on by the opening in 1924 of an oil refinery. The last decades of the 20th century saw a boom in the tourism industry. Aruba seceded from the Netherlands Antilles in 1986 and became a separate, autonomous member of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Movement toward full independence was halted at Aruba's request in 1990.
Birth rate 12.22 births/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Budget revenues: $135.81 million

expenditures: $147 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (2000)
Capital Oranjestad
Climate tropical marine; little seasonal temperature variation
Coastline 68.5 km
Constitution 1 January 1986
Country name conventional long form: none

conventional short form: Aruba
Currency Aruban guilder/florin (AWG)
Death rate 6.29 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Debt - external $285 million (1996)
Dependency status part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands; full autonomy in internal affairs obtained in 1986 upon separation from the Netherlands Antilles; Dutch Government responsible for defense and foreign affairs
Diplomatic representation from the US chief of mission: Consul General Deborah A. BOLTON

embassy: J. B. Gorsiraweg #1, Curacao

mailing address: P. O. Box 158, Willemstad, Curacao

telephone: [599] (9) 461-3066

FAX: [599] (9) 461-6489
Diplomatic representation in the US none (represented by the Kingdom of the Netherlands)
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient $26 million (1995); note - the Netherlands provided a $127 million aid package to Aruba and Suriname in 1996
Economy - overview Tourism is the mainstay of the small, open Aruban economy, with offshore banking and oil refining and storage also important. The rapid growth of the tourism sector over the last decade has resulted in a substantial expansion of other activities. Construction has boomed, with hotel capacity five times the 1985 level. In addition, the reopening of the country's oil refinery in 1993, a major source of employment and foreign exchange earnings, has further spurred growth. Aruba's small labor force and low unemployment rate have led to a large number of unfilled job vacancies, despite sharp rises in wage rates in recent years. The government's goal of balancing the budget within two years will hamper expenditures, as will the decline in stopover tourist arrivals following the 11 September terrorist attacks.
Electricity - consumption 418.5 million kWh (2000)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2000)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2000)
Electricity - production 450 million kWh (2000)
Electricity - production by source fossil fuel: 100%

hydro: 0%

nuclear: 0%

other: 0% (2000)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

highest point: Mount Jamanota 188 m
Environment - current issues NA
Ethnic groups mixed white/Caribbean Amerindian 80%
Exchange rates Aruban guilders/florins per US dollar - 1.7900 (fixed rate since 1986)
Executive branch chief of state: Queen BEATRIX of the Netherlands (since 30 April 1980), represented by Governor General Olindo KOOLMAN (since 1 January 1992)

head of government: Prime Minister Nelson O. ODUBER (since 30 October 2001); deputy prime minister NA

cabinet: Council of Ministers (elected by the Staten)

elections: the monarch is hereditary; governor general appointed for a six-year term by the monarch; prime minister and deputy prime minister elected by the Staten for four-year terms; election last held 28 September 2001 (next to be held by December 2005)

election results: Nelson O. ODUBER elected prime minister; percent of legislative vote - NA%
Exports 0 kWh (2000)
Exports $2.58 billion f.o.b. (including oil reexports) (2000)
Exports - commodities live animals and animal products, art and collectibles, machinery and electrical equipment, transport equipment
Exports - partners US 42%, Colombia 20%, Netherlands 12% (1999)
Fiscal year calendar year
Flag description blue, with two narrow, horizontal, yellow stripes across the lower portion and a red, four-pointed star outlined in white in the upper hoist-side corner
GDP purchasing power parity - $1.94 billion (1999 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: NA%

industry: NA%

services: NA%
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $28,000 (2000 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 2.5% (2000)
Geographic coordinates 12 30 N, 69 58 W
Geography - note a flat, riverless island renowned for its white sand beaches; its tropical climate is moderated by constant trade winds from the Atlantic Ocean; the temperature is almost constant at about 27 degrees Celsius (81 degrees Fahrenheit)
Highways total: 800 km

paved: 513 km

unpaved: 287 km

note: most coastal roads are paved, while unpaved roads serve large tracts of the interior (1995)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Illicit drugs transit point for US- and Europe-bound narcotics with some accompanying money-laundering activity
Imports 0 kWh (2000)
Imports $2.61 billion f.o.b. (2000)
Imports - commodities machinery and electrical equipment, crude oil for refining and reexport, chemicals; foodstuffs
Imports - partners US 63%, Netherlands 11%, Netherlands Antilles 3%, Japan (1999)
Independence none (part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)
Industrial production growth rate NA%
Industries tourism, transshipment facilities, oil refining
Infant mortality rate 6.26 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 4% (2000)
International organization participation Caricom (observer), ECLAC (associate), Interpol, IOC, UNESCO (associate), WCL, WToO (associate)
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) NA
Irrigated land 0.01 sq km (1998 est.)
Judicial branch Joint High Court of Justice (judges are appointed by the monarch)
Labor force 41,501
Labor force - by occupation most employment is in wholesale and retail trade and repair, followed by hotels and restaurants; oil refining
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: 10.53% (including aloe 0.01%)

permanent crops: 0%

other: 89.47% (1998 est.)
Languages Dutch (official), Papiamento (a Spanish, Portuguese, Dutch, English dialect), English (widely spoken), Spanish
Legal system based on Dutch civil law system, with some English common law influence
Legislative branch unicameral Legislature or Staten (21 seats; members elected by direct, popular vote to serve four-year terms)

elections: last held 28 September 2001 (next to be held by NA 2005)

election results: percent of vote by party - MEP 52.4%, AVP 26.7%, PPA 9.6%, OLA 5.7%, Aliansa 3.5%, other 2.1%; seats by party - MEP 12, AVP 6, PPA 2, OLA 1
Life expectancy at birth total population: 78.67 years

male: 75.32 years

female: 82.19 years (2002 est.)
Literacy definition: NA

total population: 97%

male: NA%

female: NA%
Location Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, north of Venezuela
Map references Central America and the Caribbean
Maritime claims territorial sea: 12 NM
Merchant marine note: there is one foreign-owned ship registered here as a flag of convenience: Monaco 1 (2002 est.)
Military - note defense is the responsibility of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Military branches no regular indigenous military forces; Royal Dutch Navy and Marines, Coast Guard
National holiday Flag Day, 18 March
Nationality noun: Aruban(s)

adjective: Aruban; Dutch
Natural hazards lies outside the Caribbean hurricane belt
Natural resources NEGL; white sandy beaches
Net migration rate NEGL migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Political parties and leaders Aruba Solidarity Movement or MAS [leader NA]; Aruban Democratic Alliance or Aliansa [leader NA]; Aruban Democratic Party or PDA [Leo BERLINSKI]; Aruban Liberal Party or OLA [Glenbert CROES]; Aruban Patriotic Party or PPA [Benny NISBET]; Aruban People's Party or AVP [Jan (Henny) H. EMAN]; Concentration for the Liberation of Aruba or CLA [leader NA]; People's Electoral Movement Party or MEP [Nelson O. ODUBER]; For a Restructured Aruba Now or PARA [Urbana LOPEZ]; National Democratic Action or ADN [Pedro Charro KELLY]
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 70,441 (July 2002 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 0.59% (2002 est.)
Ports and harbors Barcadera, Oranjestad, Sint Nicolaas
Radio broadcast stations AM 4, FM 6, shortwave 0 (1998)
Radios 50,000 (1997)
Railways 0 km
Religions Roman Catholic 82%, Protestant 8%, Hindu, Muslim, Confucian, Jewish
Sex ratio at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.07 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.93 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.7 male(s)/female

total population: 0.93 male(s)/female (2002 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment: NA

domestic: more than adequate

international: 1 submarine cable to Sint Maarten (Netherlands Antilles); extensive interisland microwave radio relay links
Telephones - main lines in use 33,000 (1997)
Telephones - mobile cellular 3,402 (1997)
Television broadcast stations 1 (1997)
Terrain flat with a few hills; scant vegetation
Total fertility rate 1.8 children born/woman (2002 est.)
Unemployment rate 0.6%
Waterways none
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