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Grenada (2008)

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Grenada 2008 roku

Podzial administracyjny 6 parishes and 1 dependency*; Carriacou and Petite Martynika*, Saint Andrew, Saint David, Saint George, Saint John, Saint Mark, Saint Patrick
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 32.8% (male 14,876/female 14,641)

15-64 years: 64.1% (male 30,522/female 27,137)

65 years and over: 3.1% (male 1,353/female 1,442) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo bananas, cocoa, nutmeg, mace, citrus, avocados, root crops, sugarcane, corn, vegetables
Lotniska 3 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 3

2,438 to 3,047 m: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1

under 914 m: 1 (2007)
Terytorium total: 344 sq km

land: 344 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci twice the size of Washington, DC
Tlo historyczne Carib Indiens inhabited Grenada when COLUMBUS discovered the island w 1498, but it remained uncolonized dla more than a century. The French settled Grenada w the 17th century, established sugar estates, and imported large numbers of African slaves. Britain took the island w 1762 and vigorously expanded sugar production. In the 19th century, cacao eventually surpassed sugar as the main export crop; w the 20th century, nutmeg became the leading export. In 1967, Britain gave Grenada autonomy over its internal affairs. Full independence was attained w 1974, making Grenada one of the smallest independent countries w the Western Hemisphere. Grenada was seized by a Marxist military council on 19 pazdziernik 1983. Six days later the island was invaded by US forces and those of six other Caribbean nations, which quickly captured the ringleaders and their hundreds of Kuban advisers. Free elections were reinstituted the following year and have continued since that time. Hurricane Ivan struck Grenada w wrzesien of 2004 causing severe damage.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 21.87 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $85.8 million

expenditures: $102.1 million (1997)
Stolica name: Saint George's

geographic coordinates: 12 03 N, 61 45 W

time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat tropical; tempered by northeast trade winds
Linia brzegowa 121 km
Konstytucja 19 grudzien 1973
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: none

conventional short form: Grenada
Wspolczynnik zgonow 6.61 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $347 million (2004)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: the US Ambassador to Barbados is accredited to Grenada

embassy: Lance-aux-Epines Stretch, Saint George's

mailing address: P. O. Box 54, Saint George's

telephone: [1] (473) 444-1173 through 1177

FAX: [1] (473) 444-4820
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Denis G. ANTOINE

chancery: 1701 New Hampshire Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20009

telephone: [1] (202) 265-2561

FAX: [1] (202) 265-2468

consulate(s) general: New York
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje none
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $44.87 million (2005)
Ekonomia Grenada relies on tourism as its main source of foreign exchange, especially since the construction of an international airport w 1985. Strong performances w construction and manufacturing, together z the development of an offshore financial industry, have also contributed to growth w national output. Grenada has rebounded from the devastating effects of Hurricanes Ivan (2004) and Emily (2005), but is now saddled z the debt burden from the rebuilding process. The agricultural sector, particularly nutmeg and cocoa cultivation, has gradually recovered, and the tourism sector has seen substantial increases w foreign direct investment as the regional share of the tourism market increases.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 139.5 million kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 150 million kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

highest point: Mount Saint Catherine 840 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy NA
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Whaling

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne black 82%, mixed black and European 13%, European and East Indien 5%, and trace of Arawak/Carib Amerindian
Kurs waluty East Caribbean dollars per US dollar - NA (2007), 2.7 (2006), 2.7 (2005), 2.7 (2004), 2.7 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 luty 1952); represented by Governor General Daniel WILLIAMS (since 9 sierpien 1996)

head of government: Prime Minister Keith MITCHELL (since 22 czerwiec 1995)

cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister

elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the governor general
Eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Eksport $38 million (2006)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 0 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary bananas, cocoa, nutmeg, fruit and vegetables, clothing, mace
Eksport - partnerzy Saint Lucia 18.8%, Antigua i Barbuda 12.8%, Saint Kitts & Nevis 11.5%, Dominika 11.4%, US 11.4% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi a rectangle divided diagonally into yellow triangles (top and bottom) and green triangles (hoist side and outer side), z a red border around the flag; there are seven yellow, five-pointed stars z three centered w the top red border, three centered w the bottom red border, and one on a red disk superimposed at the center of the flag; there is also a symbolic nutmeg pod on the hoist-side triangle (Grenada is the world's second-largest producer of nutmeg, after Indonezja); the seven stars represent the seven administrative divisions
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 5.4%

industry: 18%

services: 76.6% (2003)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 0.9% (2005 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 12 07 N, 61 40 W
Polozenie geograficzne the administration of the islands of the Grenadines group is divided between Saint Vincent i Grenadyny and Grenada
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Narkotyki small-scale cannabis cultivation; lesser transshipment point dla marijuana and cocaine to US
Import 0 kWh (2005)
Import $343 million (2006)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 1,776 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary food, manufactured goods, machinery, chemicals, fuel
Import - partnerzy Trynidad i Tobago 33.7%, US 24.2%, UK 4.3% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 7 luty 1974 (from UK)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 0.7% (1997 est.)
Przemysl food and beverages, textiles, light assembly operations, tourism, construction
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 13.92 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 13.57 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 14.27 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 3% (2005 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACP, C, Caricom, CDB, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NAM, OAS, OECS, OPANAL, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny NA
Sadownictwo Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court, consisting of a court of Appeal and a High Court of Justice (a High Court judge is assigned to and resides w Grenada)
Sila robocza 42,300 (1996)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 24%

industry: 14%

services: 62% (1999 est.)
Granica 0 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 5.88%

permanent crops: 29.41%

other: 64.71% (2005)
Jezyki English (official), French patois
System prawny based on English common law
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (13 seats, 10 appointed by the government and 3 by the leader of the opposition) and the House of Representatives (15 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

elections: last held on 27 listopad 2003 (next to be held by early 2009)

election results: House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NNP 46.6%, NDC 44.1%, other 9.3%; seats by party - NNP 8, NDC 7
Zywotnosc total population: 65.21 years

male: 63.38 years

female: 67.05 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 96%

male: NA%

female: NA% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and Ocean Atlantycki, north of Trynidad i Tobago
Lokalizacja na mapie Central America and the Caribbean
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Wojsko no regular military forces; Royal Grenada Police Force (includes Coast Guard) (2007)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) NA
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 7 luty (1974)
Narodowosc noun: Grenadian(s)

adjective: Grenadian
Naturalne zagrozenia lies on edge of hurricane belt; hurricane season lasts from czerwiec to listopad
Surowce naturalne timber, tropical fruit, deepwater harbors
Wspolczynnik migracji -11.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Grenada United Labor Party or GULP [Gloria Payne BANFIELD]; National Democratic Congress or NDC [Tillman THOMAS]; New National Party or NNP [Keith MITCHELL]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 89,971 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 32% (2000)
Przyrost naturalny 0.336% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 2, FM 13, shortwave 0 (1998)
Religie Roman Catholic 53%, Anglican 13.8%, other Protestant 33.2%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.016 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.125 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.938 male(s)/female

total population: 1.082 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: automatic, islandwide telephone system

domestic: interisland VHF and UHF radiotelephone links

international: country code - 1-473; landing point dla the East Caribbean Fiber Optic System (ECFS) submarine cable z links to 13 other islands w the eastern Caribbean extending from the Brytyjskie Wyspy Dziewicze to Trinidad; SHF radiotelephone links to Trynidad i Tobago and Saint Vincent; VHF and UHF radio links to Trinidad
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 27,700 (2006)
Telefony komorkowe 46,200 (2006)
Stacje telewizyjne 2 (1997)
Uksztaltowanie terenu volcanic w origin z central mountains
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 2.3 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 12.5% (2000)
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