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Grenada (2007)

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Grenada 2007 year

Administrative divisions 6 parishes and 1 dependency*; Carriacou and Petite Martinique*, Saint Andrew, Saint David, Saint George, Saint John, Saint Mark, Saint Patrick
Age structure 0-14 years: 32.8% (male 14,876/female 14,641)

15-64 years: 64.1% (male 30,522/female 27,137)

65 years and over: 3.1% (male 1,353/female 1,442) (2007 est.)
Agriculture - products bananas, cocoa, nutmeg, mace, citrus, avocados, root crops, sugarcane, corn, vegetables
Airports 3 (2007)
Airports - with paved runways total: 3

2,438 to 3,047 m: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1

under 914 m: 1 (2007)
Area total: 344 sq km

land: 344 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative twice the size of Washington, DC
Background Carib Indians inhabited Grenada when COLUMBUS discovered the island in 1498, but it remained uncolonized for more than a century. The French settled Grenada in the 17th century, established sugar estates, and imported large numbers of African slaves. Britain took the island in 1762 and vigorously expanded sugar production. In the 19th century, cacao eventually surpassed sugar as the main export crop; in the 20th century, nutmeg became the leading export. In 1967, Britain gave Grenada autonomy over its internal affairs. Full independence was attained in 1974 making Grenada one of the smallest independent countries in the Western Hemisphere. Grenada was seized by a Marxist military council on 19 October 1983. Six days later the island was invaded by US forces and those of six other Caribbean nations, which quickly captured the ringleaders and their hundreds of Cuban advisers. Free elections were reinstituted the following year and have continued since that time. Hurricane Ivan struck Grenada in September of 2004 causing severe damage.
Birth rate 21.87 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budget revenues: $85.8 million

expenditures: $102.1 million (1997)
Capital name: Saint George's

geographic coordinates: 12 03 N, 61 45 W

time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Climate tropical; tempered by northeast trade winds
Coastline 121 km
Constitution 19 December 1973
Country name conventional long form: none

conventional short form: Grenada
Death rate 6.61 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Debt - external $347 million (2004)
Diplomatic representation from the US chief of mission: the US Ambassador to Barbados is accredited to Grenada

embassy: Lance-aux-Epines Stretch, Saint George's

mailing address: P. O. Box 54, Saint George's

telephone: [1] (473) 444-1173 through 1177

FAX: [1] (473) 444-4820
Diplomatic representation in the US chief of mission: Ambassador Denis G. ANTOINE

chancery: 1701 New Hampshire Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20009

telephone: [1] (202) 265-2561

FAX: [1] (202) 265-2468

consulate(s) general: New York
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient $44.87 million (2005)
Economy - overview Grenada relies on tourism as its main source of foreign exchange, especially since the construction of an international airport in 1985. Strong performances in construction and manufacturing, together with the development of an offshore financial industry, have also contributed to growth in national output.
Electricity - consumption 139.5 million kWh (2005)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2005)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2005)
Electricity - production 150 million kWh (2005)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

highest point: Mount Saint Catherine 840 m
Environment - current issues NA
Environment - international agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Whaling

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Ethnic groups black 82%, mixed black and European 13%, European and East Indian 5%, and trace of Arawak/Carib Amerindian
Exchange rates East Caribbean dollars per US dollar - 2.7 (2006), 2.7 (2005), 2.7 (2004), 2.7 (2003), 2.7 (2002)
Executive branch chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General Daniel WILLIAMS (since 9 August 1996)

head of government: Prime Minister Keith MITCHELL (since 22 June 1995)

cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister

elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the governor general
Exports 0 kWh (2005)
Exports $40 million (2004 est.)
Exports NA bbl/day
Exports - commodities bananas, cocoa, nutmeg, fruit and vegetables, clothing, mace
Exports - partners Saint Lucia 18.8%, Antigua and Barbuda 12.8%, Saint Kitts & Nevis 11.5%, Dominica 11.4%, US 11.3% (2006)
Fiscal year calendar year
Flag description a rectangle divided diagonally into yellow triangles (top and bottom) and green triangles (hoist side and outer side), with a red border around the flag; there are seven yellow, five-pointed stars with three centered in the top red border, three centered in the bottom red border, and one on a red disk superimposed at the center of the flag; there is also a symbolic nutmeg pod on the hoist-side triangle (Grenada is the world's second-largest producer of nutmeg, after Indonesia); the seven stars represent the seven administrative divisions
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 5.4%

industry: 18%

services: 76.6% (2003)
GDP - real growth rate 0.9% (2005 est.)
Geographic coordinates 12 07 N, 61 40 W
Geography - note the administration of the islands of the Grenadines group is divided between Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and Grenada
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Illicit drugs small-scale cannabis cultivation; lesser transshipment point for marijuana and cocaine to US
Imports 0 kWh (2005)
Imports $276 million (2004 est.)
Imports NA bbl/day
Imports - commodities food, manufactured goods, machinery, chemicals, fuel
Imports - partners Trinidad and Tobago 33.7%, US 24.2%, UK 4.3% (2006)
Independence 7 February 1974 (from UK)
Industrial production growth rate 0.7% (1997 est.)
Industries food and beverages, textiles, light assembly operations, tourism, construction
Infant mortality rate total: 13.92 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 13.57 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 14.27 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 3% (2005 est.)
International organization participation ACP, C, Caricom, CDB, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO (subscriber), ITU, ITUC, LAES, MIGA, NAM, OAS, OECS, OPANAL, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WTO
Irrigated land NA
Judicial branch Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court, consisting of a court of Appeal and a High Court of Justice (a High Court judge is assigned to and resides in Grenada)
Labor force 42,300 (1996)
Labor force - by occupation agriculture: 24%

industry: 14%

services: 62% (1999 est.)
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: 5.88%

permanent crops: 29.41%

other: 64.71% (2005)
Languages English (official), French patois
Legal system based on English common law
Legislative branch bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (13 seats, 10 appointed by the government and 3 by the leader of the opposition) and the House of Representatives (15 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

elections: last held on 27 November 2003 (next to be held by November 2008)

election results: House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NNP 46.6%, NDC 44.1%, other 9.3%; seats by party - NNP 8, NDC 7
Life expectancy at birth total population: 65.21 years

male: 63.38 years

female: 67.05 years (2007 est.)
Literacy definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 96%

male: NA%

female: NA% (2003 est.)
Location Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago
Map references Central America and the Caribbean
Maritime claims territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Military branches no regular military forces; Royal Grenada Police Force (includes Coast Guard) (2007)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP NA
National holiday Independence Day, 7 February (1974)
Nationality noun: Grenadian(s)

adjective: Grenadian
Natural hazards lies on edge of hurricane belt; hurricane season lasts from June to November
Natural resources timber, tropical fruit, deepwater harbors
Net migration rate -11.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Political parties and leaders Grenada United Labor Party or GULP [Gloria Payne BANFIELD]; National Democratic Congress or NDC [Tillman THOMAS]; New National Party or NNP [Keith MITCHELL]
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 89,971 (July 2007 est.)
Population below poverty line 32% (2000)
Population growth rate 0.336% (2007 est.)
Radio broadcast stations AM 2, FM 13, shortwave 0 (1998)
Religions Roman Catholic 53%, Anglican 13.8%, other Protestant 33.2%
Sex ratio at birth: 1 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.016 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.125 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.938 male(s)/female

total population: 1.082 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment: automatic, islandwide telephone system

domestic: interisland VHF and UHF radiotelephone links

international: country code - 1-473; landing point for the East Caribbean Fiber Optic System (ECFS) submarine cable with links to 13 other islands in the eastern Caribbean extending from the British Virgin Islands to Trinidad; SHF radiotelephone links to Trinidad and Tobago and Saint Vincent; VHF and UHF radio links to Trinidad
Telephones - main lines in use 27,700 (2006)
Telephones - mobile cellular 46,200 (2006)
Television broadcast stations 2 (1997)
Terrain volcanic in origin with central mountains
Total fertility rate 2.3 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Unemployment rate 12.5% (2000)
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