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Grenada (2001)

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Grenada 2001 year

Administrative divisions 6 parishes and 1 dependency*; Carriacou and Petit Martinique*, Saint Andrew, Saint David, Saint George, Saint John, Saint Mark, Saint Patrick
Age structure 0-14 years:
37.05% (male 16,739; female 16,318)

15-64 years:
59.03% (male 27,850; female 24,820)

65 years and over:
3.92% (male 1,592; female 1,908) (2001 est.)
Agriculture - products bananas, cocoa, nutmeg, mace, citrus, avocados, root crops, sugarcane, corn, vegetables
Airports 3 (2000 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total:

2,438 to 3,047 m:

1,524 to 2,437 m:

under 914 m:
1 (2000 est.)
Area total:
340 sq km

340 sq km

0 sq km
Area - comparative twice the size of Washington, DC
Background One of the smallest independent countries in the western hemisphere, Grenada was seized by a Marxist military council on 19 October 1983. Six days later the island was invaded by US forces and those of six other Caribbean nations, which quickly captured the ringleaders and their hundreds of Cuban advisers. Free elections were reinstituted the following year.
Birth rate 23.12 births/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Budget revenues:
$85.8 million

$102.1 million, including capital expenditures of $28 million (1997)
Capital Saint George's
Climate tropical; tempered by northeast trade winds
Coastline 121 km
Constitution 19 December 1973
Country name conventional long form:

conventional short form:
Currency East Caribbean dollar (XCD)
Death rate 7.82 deaths/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Debt - external $182.8 million (1998)
Diplomatic representation from the US chief of mission:
the ambassador to Barbados is accredited to Grenada

Point Salines, Saint George's

mailing address:
P. O. Box 54, Saint George's, Grenada, West Indies

[1] (473) 444-1173 through 1176

[1] (473) 444-4820
Diplomatic representation in the US chief of mission:
Ambassador Denis G. ANTOINE

1701 New Hampshire Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20009

[1] (202) 265-2561

consulate(s) general:
New York
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient $8.3 million (1995)
Economy - overview In this island economy progress in fiscal reforms and prudent macroeconomic management have kept annual growth steady since 1998. The increase in economic activity has been led by construction and trade. Tourist facilities are being expanded; tourism is the leading foreign exchange earner. Major short-term concerns are the rising fiscal deficit and the deterioration in the external account balance. Grenada shares a common central bank and a common currency with seven other members of the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS).
Electricity - consumption 111.6 million kWh (1999)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (1999)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (1999)
Electricity - production 120 million kWh (1999)
Electricity - production by source fossil fuel:



0% (1999)
Elevation extremes lowest point:
Caribbean Sea 0 m

highest point:
Mount Saint Catherine 840 m
Environment - current issues NA
Environment - international agreements party to:
Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Whaling

signed, but not ratified:
none of the selected agreements
Ethnic groups black 82% some South Asians (East Indians) and Europeans, trace Arawak/Carib Amerindian
Exchange rates East Caribbean dollars per US dollar - 2.7000 (fixed rate since 1976)
Executive branch chief of state:
Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Governor General Daniel WILLIAMS (since 9 August 1996)

head of government:
Prime Minister Keith MITCHELL (since 22 June 1995)

Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister

none; the monarch is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch; prime minister appointed by the governor general from among the members of the House of Assembly
Exports 0 kWh (1999)
Exports $62.3 million (2000 est.)
Exports - commodities bananas, cocoa, nutmeg, fruit and vegetables, clothing, mace
Exports - partners Caricom 32.3%, UK 20%, US 13%, Netherlands 8.8% (1991)
Fiscal year calendar year
Flag description a rectangle divided diagonally into yellow triangles (top and bottom) and green triangles (hoist side and outer side), with a red border around the flag; there are seven yellow, five-pointed stars with three centered in the top red border, three centered in the bottom red border, and one on a red disk superimposed at the center of the flag; there is also a symbolic nutmeg pod on the hoist-side triangle (Grenada is the world's second-largest producer of nutmeg, after Indonesia); the seven stars represent the seven administrative divisions
GDP purchasing power parity - $394 million (2000 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture:


75.3% (1996 est.)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $4,400 (2000 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 7% (2000 est.)
Geographic coordinates 12 07 N, 61 40 W
Geography - note the administration of the islands of the Grenadines group is divided between Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and Grenada
Highways total:
1,040 km

638 km

402 km (1996)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%:

highest 10%:
Illicit drugs small-scale cannabis cultivation; lesser transshipment point for marijuana and cocaine to US
Imports 0 kWh (1999)
Imports $217.5 million (2000 est.)
Imports - commodities food, manufactured goods, machinery, chemicals, fuel (1989)
Imports - partners US 31.2%, Caricom 23.6%, UK 13.8%, Japan 7.1% (1991)
Independence 7 February 1974 (from UK)
Industrial production growth rate 0.7% (1997 est.)
Industries food and beverages, textiles, light assembly operations, tourism, construction
Infant mortality rate 14.63 deaths/1,000 live births (2001 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 2.5% (2000 est.)
International organization participation ACP, C, Caricom, CDB, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO (subscriber), ITU, LAES, NAM, OAS, OECS, OPANAL, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WTrO
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 14 (2000)
Irrigated land NA sq km
Judicial branch West Indies Associate States Supreme Court (an associate judge resides in Grenada)
Labor force 42,300 (1996)
Labor force - by occupation services 62%, agriculture 24%, industry 14% (1999 est.)
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land:

permanent crops:

permanent pastures:

forests and woodland:

55% (1993 est.)
Languages English (official), French patois
Legal system based on English common law
Legislative branch bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (a 13-member body, 10 appointed by the government and three by the leader of the opposition) and the House of Representatives (15 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

last held on 18 January 1999 (next to be held by NA October 2004)

election results:
House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - NNP 14, GULP 1
Life expectancy at birth total population:
64.52 years

62.74 years

66.31 years (2001 est.)
Literacy definition:
age 15 and over can read and write

total population:


98% (1970 est.)
Location Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago
Map references Central America and the Caribbean
Maritime claims exclusive economic zone:
200 NM

territorial sea:
12 NM
Merchant marine none (2000 est.)
Military branches Royal Grenada Police Force (includes Special Service Unit), Coast Guard
Military expenditures - dollar figure $NA
Military expenditures - percent of GDP NA%
National holiday Independence Day, 7 February (1974)
Nationality noun:

Natural hazards lies on edge of hurricane belt; hurricane season lasts from June to November
Natural resources timber, tropical fruit, deepwater harbors
Net migration rate -15.86 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Political parties and leaders Grenada United Labor Party or GULP [Herbert PREUDHOMME]; National Democratic Congress or NDC [leader vacant]; New National Party or NNP [George McGUIRE]
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 89,227 (July 2001 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate -0.06% (2001 est.)
Ports and harbors Grenville, Saint George's
Radio broadcast stations AM 2, FM 1, shortwave 0 (1998)
Radios 57,000 (1997)
Railways 0 km
Religions Roman Catholic 53%, Anglican 13.8%, other Protestant 33.2%
Sex ratio at birth:
1 male(s)/female

under 15 years:
1.03 male(s)/female

15-64 years:
1.12 male(s)/female

65 years and over:
0.83 male(s)/female

total population:
1.07 male(s)/female (2001 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment:
automatic, islandwide telephone system

interisland VHF and UHF radiotelephone links

new SHF radiotelephone links to Trinidad and Tobago and Saint Vincent; VHF and UHF radio links to Trinidad
Telephones - main lines in use 27,000 (1997)
Telephones - mobile cellular 976 (1997)
Television broadcast stations 2 (1997)
Terrain volcanic in origin with central mountains
Total fertility rate 2.54 children born/woman (2001 est.)
Unemployment rate 15% (1997)
Waterways none
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