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Grenada (2002)

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Grenada 2002 year

Administrative divisions 6 parishes and 1 dependency*; Carriacou and Petit Martinique*, Saint Andrew, Saint David, Saint George, Saint John, Saint Mark, Saint Patrick
Age structure 0-14 years: 35.9% (male 16,213; female 15,863)

15-64 years: 60.3% (male 28,460; female 25,307)

65 years and over: 3.8% (male 1,546; female 1,822) (2002 est.)
Agriculture - products bananas, cocoa, nutmeg, mace, citrus, avocados, root crops, sugarcane, corn, vegetables
Airports 3 (2001)
Airports - with paved runways total: 3

2,438 to 3,047 m: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1

under 914 m: 1 (2002)
Area total: 344 sq km

land: 344 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative twice the size of Washington, DC
Background One of the smallest independent countries in the western hemisphere, Grenada was seized by a Marxist military council on 19 October 1983. Six days later the island was invaded by US forces and those of six other Caribbean nations, which quickly captured the ringleaders and their hundreds of Cuban advisers. Free elections were reinstituted the following year.
Birth rate 23.05 births/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Budget revenues: $85.8 million

expenditures: $102.1 million, including capital expenditures of $28 million (1997)
Capital Saint George's
Climate tropical; tempered by northeast trade winds
Coastline 121 km
Constitution 19 December 1973
Country name conventional long form: none

conventional short form: Grenada
Currency East Caribbean dollar (XCD)
Death rate 7.63 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Debt - external $196 million (2000) (2000)
Diplomatic representation from the US chief of mission: the ambassador to Barbados is accredited to Grenada; Charge d'Affairs Nadia TONGOUR

embassy: Point Salines, Saint George's

mailing address: P. O. Box 54, Saint George's, Grenada, West Indies

telephone: [1] (473) 444-1173 through 1176

FAX: [1] (473) 444-4820
Diplomatic representation in the US chief of mission: Ambassador Denis G. ANTOINE

chancery: 1701 New Hampshire Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20009

telephone: [1] (202) 265-2561

FAX: [1] (202) 265-2468

consulate(s) general: New York
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient $8.3 million (1995) (1995)
Economy - overview Despite government steadying of annual economic growth in recent years through progress in fiscal reform and prudent macroeconomic management, a downturn in tourist arrivals in 2001 threatens government spending in 2002. Grenada relies on tourism as its main source of foreign exchange, although it also supports a small agriculture sector and a developing offshore financial industry. Short-term concerns include a rising fiscal deficit and the deterioration in the external account balance.
Electricity - consumption 102.3 million kWh (2000)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2000)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2000)
Electricity - production 110 million kWh (2000)
Electricity - production by source fossil fuel: 100%

hydro: 0%

nuclear: 0%

other: 0% (2000)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

highest point: Mount Saint Catherine 840 m
Environment - current issues NA
Environment - international agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Whaling

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Ethnic groups black 82%, mixed black and European 13%, European and East Indian 5% , and trace of Arawak/Carib Amerindian
Exchange rates East Caribbean dollars per US dollar - 2.7000 (fixed rate since 1976)
Executive branch chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Governor General Daniel WILLIAMS (since 9 August 1996)

head of government: Prime Minister Keith MITCHELL (since 22 June 1995)

cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister

elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the governor general
Exports 0 kWh (2000)
Exports $78 million (2000 est.)
Exports - commodities bananas, cocoa, nutmeg, fruit and vegetables, clothing, mace
Exports - partners Caricom 32.3%, UK 20%, US 13%, Netherlands 8.8% (1991)
Fiscal year calendar year
Flag description a rectangle divided diagonally into yellow triangles (top and bottom) and green triangles (hoist side and outer side), with a red border around the flag; there are seven yellow, five-pointed stars with three centered in the top red border, three centered in the bottom red border, and one on a red disk superimposed at the center of the flag; there is also a symbolic nutmeg pod on the hoist-side triangle (Grenada is the world's second-largest producer of nutmeg, after Indonesia); the seven stars represent the seven administrative divisions
GDP purchasing power parity - $424 million (2001 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 8%

industry: 24%

services: 68% (2000) (2000)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $4,750 (2001 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 6.5% (2001 est.)
Geographic coordinates 12 07 N, 61 40 W
Geography - note the administration of the islands of the Grenadines group is divided between Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and Grenada
Highways total: 1,040 km

paved: 638 km

unpaved: 402 km (1996)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Illicit drugs small-scale cannabis cultivation; lesser transshipment point for marijuana and cocaine to US
Imports 0 kWh (2000)
Imports $270 million (2000 est.)
Imports - commodities food, manufactured goods, machinery, chemicals, fuel (1989)
Imports - partners US 31.2%, Caricom 23.6%, UK 13.8%, Japan 7.1% (1991)
Independence 7 February 1974 (from UK)
Industrial production growth rate 0.7% (1997 est.)
Industries food and beverages, textiles, light assembly operations, tourism, construction
Infant mortality rate 14.63 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 2.8% (2001 est.)
International organization participation ACP, C, Caricom, CDB, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO (subscriber), ITU, LAES, NAM, OAS, OECS, OPANAL, OPCW (signatory), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WTrO
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 14 (2000)
Irrigated land NA sq km
Judicial branch West Indies Associate States Supreme Court (an associate judge resides in Grenada)
Labor force 42,300 (1996) (1996)
Labor force - by occupation services 62%, agriculture 24%, industry 14% (1999 est.)
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: 5.88%

permanent crops: 26.47%

other: 67.65% (1998 est.)
Languages English (official), French patois
Legal system based on English common law
Legislative branch bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (a 13-member body, 10 appointed by the government and three by the leader of the opposition) and the House of Representatives (15 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

elections: last held on 18 January 1999 (next to be held by NA October 2004)

election results: House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - NNP 14, GULP 1
Life expectancy at birth total population: 64.52 years

male: 62.74 years

female: 66.31 years (2002 est.)
Literacy definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 98%

male: 98%

female: 98% (1970 est.)
Location Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago
Map references Central America and the Caribbean
Maritime claims exclusive economic zone: 200 NM

territorial sea: 12 NM
Merchant marine none (2002 est.)
Military branches Royal Grenada Police Force, Coast Guard
Military expenditures - dollar figure $NA
Military expenditures - percent of GDP NA%
National holiday Independence Day, 7 February (1974)
Nationality noun: Grenadian(s)

adjective: Grenadian
Natural hazards lies on edge of hurricane belt; hurricane season lasts from June to November
Natural resources timber, tropical fruit, deepwater harbors
Net migration rate -15.21 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Political parties and leaders Grenada United Labor Party or GULP [Herbert PREUDHOMME]; National Democratic Congress or NDC [leader vacant]; New National Party or NNP [George McGUIRE]
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 89,211 (July 2002 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 0.02% (2002 est.)
Ports and harbors Grenville, Saint George's
Radio broadcast stations AM 2, FM 13, shortwave 0 (1998)
Radios 57,000 (1997)
Railways 0 km
Religions Roman Catholic 53%, Anglican 13.8%, other Protestant 33.2%
Sex ratio at birth: 1 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.12 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.85 male(s)/female

total population: 1.08 male(s)/female (2002 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment: automatic, islandwide telephone system

domestic: interisland VHF and UHF radiotelephone links

international: new SHF radiotelephone links to Trinidad and Tobago and Saint Vincent; VHF and UHF radio links to Trinidad
Telephones - main lines in use 27,000 (1997)
Telephones - mobile cellular 976 (1997)
Television broadcast stations 2 (1997)
Terrain volcanic in origin with central mountains
Total fertility rate 2.5 children born/woman (2002 est.)
Unemployment rate 11.5% (1999) (1999)
Waterways none
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