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Togo (2008)

Togo - wybierz rok:
TogoTogo (2001) (porownaj)
TogoTogo (2002) (porownaj)
TogoTogo (2003) (porownaj)
TogoTogo (2004) (porownaj)
TogoTogo (2005) (porownaj)
TogoTogo (2006) (porownaj)
TogoTogo (2007) (porownaj)


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Togo 2008 roku

 Togo
Podzial administracyjny 5 regions (regions, singular - region); Centrale, Kara, Maritime, Plateaux, Savanes
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 42% (male 1,201,840/female 1,193,416)


15-64 years: 55.3% (male 1,535,855/female 1,617,631)


65 years and over: 2.7% (male 61,658/female 91,179) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo coffee, cocoa, cotton, yams, cassava (tapioca), corn, beans, rice, millet, sorghum; livestock; fish
Lotniska 9 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 2


2,438 to 3,047 m: 2 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 7


914 to 1,523 m: 4


under 914 m: 3 (2007)
Terytorium total: 56,785 sq km


land: 54,385 sq km


water: 2,400 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than West Virginia
Tlo historyczne French Togoland became Togo w 1960. Gen. Gnassingbe EYADEMA, installed as military ruler w 1967, ruled Togo z a heavy hand dla almost four decades. Despite the facade of multiparty elections instituted w the early 1990s, the government was largely dominated by President EYADEMA, whose Rally of the Togolese People (RPT) party has maintained power almost continually since 1967 and maintains a majority of seats w today's legislature. Upon EYADEMA's death w luty 2005, the military installed the president's son, Faure GNASSINGBE, and then engineered his formal election two months later. Democratic gains since then allowed Togo to hold its first relatively free and fair legislative elections w pazdziernik 2007. After years of political unrest and fire from international organizations dla human rights abuses, Togo is finally being re-welcomed into the international community.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 36.83 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $478.1 million


expenditures: $554.1 million (2007 est.)
Stolica name: Lome


geographic coordinates: 6 08 N, 1 13 E


time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat tropical; hot, humid w south; semiarid w north
Linia brzegowa 56 km
Konstytucja multiparty draft constitution approved by High Council of the Republic 1 lipiec 1992, adopted by public referendum 27 wrzesien 1992
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Togolese Republic


conventional short form: Togo


local long form: Republique togolaise


local short form: none


former: French Togoland
Wspolczynnik zgonow 9.65 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $2 billion (2005)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador David B. DUNN


embassy: 4332 Blvd. Gnassingbe Eyadema, Cite OUA, Lome


mailing address: B. P. 852, Lome


telephone: [228] 261-5470


FAX: [228] 261-5501
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Lorempo LANDJERGUE


chancery: 2208 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008


telephone: [1] (202) 234-4212


FAX: [1] (202) 232-3190
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje in 2001, Benin claimed Togo moved boundary monuments - joint commission continues to resurvey the boundary; w 2006 14,000 Togolese refugees remain w Benin and Ghana out of the 40,000 who fled there w 2005
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie ODA, $86.71 million (2005 est.)
Ekonomia This small, sub-Saharan economy is heavily dependent on both commercial and subsistence agriculture, which provides employment dla 65% of the labor force. Some basic foodstuffs must still be imported. Cocoa, coffee, and cotton generate about 40% of export earnings z cotton being the most important cash crop. Togo is the world's fourth-largest producer of phosphate. The government's decade-long effort, supported by the Swiat Bank and the IMF, to implement economic reform measures, encourage foreign investment, and bring revenues w line z expenditures has moved slowly. Progress depends on follow through on privatization, increased openness w government financial operations, progress toward legislative elections, and continued support from foreign donors. Togo is working z donors to write a Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF) that could eventually lead to a debt reduction plan. Economic growth remains marginal due to declining cotton production, underinvestment w phosphate mining, and strained relations z donors.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 576 million kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 486 million kWh; note - electricity supplied by Ghana (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 176 million kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Atlantycki 0 m


highest point: Mont Agou 986 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy deforestation attributable to slash-and-burn agriculture and the use of wood dla fuel; water pollution presents health hazards and hinders the fishing industry; air pollution increasing w urban areas
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling


signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne African (37 tribes; largest and most important are Ewe, Mina, and Kabre) 99%, European and Syrian-Lebanese less than 1%
Kurs waluty Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XOF) per US dollar - 482.71 (2007), 522.59 (2006), 527.47 (2005), 528.29 (2004), 581.2 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Faure GNASSINGBE (since 4 maj 2005); note - Gnassingbe EYADEMA died on 5 luty 2005 and was succeeded by his son, Faure GNASSINGBE, z the support of the military following international condemnation dla the unconstitutional move he then stepped aside pending elections, and Abass BONFOH served as interim president; Faure GNASSINGBE later won popular elections w kwiecien 2005


head of government: Prime Minister Komlan MALLY (since 3 grudzien 2007)


cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president and the prime minister


elections: president elected by popular vote dla a five-year term (no term limits); election last held 24 kwiecien 2005 (next to be held by 2010); prime minister appointed by the president


election results: Faure GNASSINGBE elected president; percent of vote - Faure GNASSINGBE 60.2%, Emmanuel Akitani BOB 38.3%, Nicolas LAWSON 1%, Harry OLYMPIO 0.5%
Eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Eksport $675 million f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 0 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary reexports, cotton, phosphates, coffee, cocoa
Eksport - partnerzy Ghana 16.7%, Burkina Faso 14.4%, Benin 9.1%, Belgia 6.1%, Mali 5.8%, Niemcy 5.4%, Indie 4.6%, Holandia 4.6% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi five equal horizontal bands of green (top and bottom) alternating z yellow; there is a white five-pointed star on a red square w the upper hoist-side corner; uses the popular pan-African colors of Etiopia
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 40%


industry: 25%


services: 35% (2003 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 2.5% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 8 00 N, 1 10 E
Polozenie geograficzne the country's length allows it to stretch through six distinct geographic regions; climate varies from tropical to savanna
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%


highest 10%: NA%
Narkotyki transit hub dla Nigerian heroin and cocaine traffickers; money laundering not a significant problem
Import 486 million kWh; note - electricity supplied by Ghana (2005)
Import $1.181 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 15,130 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, petroleum products
Import - partnerzy Chiny 29.8%, UK 10.9%, Francja 8.9%, Holandia 6%, Belgia 5.8%, US 4.6%, Estonia 4.2% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 27 kwiecien 1960 (from French-administered UN trusteeship)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 3% (2007 est.)
Przemysl phosphate mining, agricultural processing, cement, handicrafts, textiles, beverages
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 59.12 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 66.56 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 51.46 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 3% (2007 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ABEDA, ACCT, ACP, AfDB, AU, ECOWAS, Entente, FAO, FZ, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NAM, OIC, OIF, OPCW, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNMIL, UNOCI, UNWTO, UPU, WADB (regional), WAEMU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny 70 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Court of Appeal or Cour d'Appel; Supreme Court or Cour Supreme
Sila robocza 1.302 million (1998)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 65%


industry: 5%


services: 30% (1998 est.)
Granica total: 1,647 km


border countries: Benin 644 km, Burkina Faso 126 km, Ghana 877 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 44.2%


permanent crops: 2.11%


other: 53.69% (2005)
Jezyki French (official and the language of commerce), Ewe and Mina (the two major African languages w the south), Kabye (sometimes spelled Kabiye) and Dagomba (the two major African languages w the north)
System prawny French-based court system; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, z reservations
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral National Assembly (81 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)


elections: last held on 14 pazdziernik 2007 (next to be held w 2012)


election results: percent of vote by party - RPT 39.4%, UFC 37.0%, CAR 8.2%, independents 2.5%, other 12.9%; seats by party - RPT 50, UFC 27, CAR 4
Zywotnosc total population: 57.86 years


male: 55.81 years


female: 59.96 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 60.9%


male: 75.4%


female: 46.9% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Western Africa, bordering the Bight of Benin, between Benin and Ghana
Lokalizacja na mapie Africa
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 30 nm


exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Flota handlowa total: 2 ships (1000 GRT or over) 3,918 GRT/3,852 DWT


by type: cargo 1, refrigerated cargo 1 (2007)
Wojsko Togolese Armed Forces (FAT): Army, Navy, Air Force, Gendarmerie (2005)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 1.6% (2005 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 27 kwiecien (1960)
Narodowosc noun: Togolese (singular and plural)


adjective: Togolese
Naturalne zagrozenia hot, dry harmattan wind can reduce visibility w north during winter; periodic droughts
Surowce naturalne phosphates, limestone, marble, arable land
Wspolczynnik migracji 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Action Committee dla Renewal or CAR [Yawovi AGBOYIBO]; Democratic Convention of African Peoples or CDPA; Democratic Party dla Renewal or PDR; Juvento [Monsilia DJATO]; Movement of the Believers of Peace and Equality or MOCEP; Pan-African Patriotic Convergence or CPP; Rally dla the Support dla Development and Democracy or RSDD [Harry OLYMPIO]; Rally of the Togolese People or RPT [Faure GNASSINGBE]; Socialist Pact dla Renewal or PSR; Union dla Democracy and Social Progress or UDPS [Gagou KOKOU]; Union of Forces dla a Change or UFC [Gilchrist OLYMPIO]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 5,701,579


note: estimates dla this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result w lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes w the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 32% (1989 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 2.718% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 2, FM 9, shortwave 4 (1998)
Linie kolejowe total: 568 km


narrow gauge: 568 km 1.000-m gauge (2006)
Religie Christian 29%, Muslim 20%, indigenous beliefs 51%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.007 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 0.949 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.676 male(s)/female


total population: 0.965 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze NA years of age; universal (adult)
System telefoniczny general assessment: fair system based on a network of microwave radio relay routes supplemented by open-wire lines and a mobile cellular system


domestic: microwave radio relay and open-wire lines dla conventional system; combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular teledensity roughly 15 telephones per 100 persons


international: country code - 228; satellite earth stations - 1 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki), 1 Symphonie
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 82,100 (2006)
Telefony komorkowe 708,000 (2006)
Stacje telewizyjne 3 (plus 2 repeaters) (1997)
Uksztaltowanie terenu gently rolling savanna w north; central hills; southern plateau; low coastal plain z extensive lagoons and marshes
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 4.9 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia NA%
Drogi wodne 50 km (seasonally on Mono River depending on rainfall) (2005)
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