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Malta (2008)

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Malta 2008 year

Administrative divisions none (administered directly from Valletta); note - local councils carry out administrative orders
Age structure 0-14 years: 16.7% (male 34,559/female 32,707)

15-64 years: 69.5% (male 141,265/female 137,951)

65 years and over: 13.8% (male 23,802/female 31,596) (2007 est.)
Agriculture - products potatoes, cauliflower, grapes, wheat, barley, tomatoes, citrus, cut flowers, green peppers; pork, milk, poultry, eggs
Airports 1 (2007)
Airports - with paved runways total: 1

over 3,047 m: 1 (2007)
Area total: 316 sq km

land: 316 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative slightly less than twice the size of Washington, DC
Background Great Britain formally acquired possession of Malta in 1814. The island staunchly supported the UK through both World Wars and remained in the Commonwealth when it became independent in 1964. A decade later Malta became a republic. Since about the mid-1980s, the island has transformed itself into a freight transshipment point, a financial center, and a tourist destination. Malta became an EU member in May 2004, and will begin to use the Euro as currency in 2008.
Birth rate 10.28 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budget revenues: $3.316 billion

expenditures: $3.368 billion (2007 est.)
Capital name: Valletta

geographic coordinates: 35 53 N, 14 30 E

time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Climate Mediterranean; mild, rainy winters; hot, dry summers
Coastline 196.8 km (does not include 56.01 km for the island of Gozo)
Constitution 1964 constitution; amended many times
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Malta

conventional short form: Malta

local long form: Repubblika ta' Malta

local short form: Malta
Death rate 8.19 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Debt - external $188.8 million (2005)
Diplomatic representation from the US chief of mission: Ambassador Molly BORDONARO

embassy: 3rd Floor, Development House, Saint Anne Street, Floriana, VLT 01

mailing address: P. O. Box 535, Valletta, CMR01

telephone: [356] 2561 4000

FAX: [356] 21 243229
Diplomatic representation in the US chief of mission: Ambassador Mark MICELI-FARRUGIA

chancery: 2017 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008

telephone: [1] (202) 462-3611, 3612

FAX: [1] (202) 387-5470

consulate(s): New York
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient $6.19 million (2004)
Economy - overview Major resources are limestone, a favorable geographic location, and a productive labor force. Malta produces only about 20% of its food needs, has limited fresh water supplies, and has few domestic energy sources. The economy is dependent on foreign trade, manufacturing (especially electronics and pharmaceuticals), and tourism. Economic recovery of the European economy has lifted exports, tourism, and overall growth. Malta adopted the euro on 1 January 2008.
Electricity - consumption 1.959 billion kWh (2005)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2005)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2005)
Electricity - production 2.106 billion kWh (2005)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m

highest point: Ta'Dmejrek 253 m (near Dingli)
Environment - current issues very limited natural fresh water resources; increasing reliance on desalination
Environment - international agreements party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Ethnic groups Maltese (descendants of ancient Carthaginians and Phoenicians, with strong elements of Italian and other Mediterranean stock)
Exchange rates Maltese liri per US dollar - 0.3106 (2007), 0.37 (2006), 0.34578 (2005), 0.34466 (2004), 0.37723 (2003)
Executive branch chief of state: President Edward FENECH ADAMI (since 4 April 2004)

head of government: Prime Minister Lawrence GONZI (since 23 March 2004)

cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president on the advice of the prime minister

elections: president elected by the House of Representatives for a five-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held 29 March 2004 (next to be held by April 2009); following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or leader of a majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the president for a five-year term; the deputy prime minister is appointed by the president on the advice of the prime minister

election results: Eddie FENECH ADAMI elected president; House of Representatives vote - 33 out of 65 votes
Exports 0 kWh (2005)
Exports $3.403 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Exports 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Exports 0 bbl/day (2004)
Exports - commodities machinery and transport equipment, manufactures
Exports - partners France 15.3%, Singapore 13.2%, US 13%, Germany 12.5%, UK 9.5%, Japan 4.9%, Hong Kong 4.2% (2006)
Fiscal year calendar year
Flag description two equal vertical bands of white (hoist side) and red; in the upper hoist-side corner is a representation of the George Cross, edged in red
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 2.7%

industry: 22.3%

services: 74.9% (2003 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 3.4% (2007 est.)
Geographic coordinates 35 50 N, 14 35 E
Geography - note the country comprises an archipelago, with only the three largest islands (Malta, Ghawdex or Gozo, and Kemmuna or Comino) being inhabited; numerous bays provide good harbors; Malta and Tunisia are discussing the commercial exploitation of the continental shelf between their countries, particularly for oil exploration
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Illicit drugs minor transshipment point for hashish from North Africa to Western Europe
Imports 0 kWh (2005)
Imports $4.212 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Imports 0 cu m (2005)
Imports 18,210 bbl/day (2004)
Imports - commodities machinery and transport equipment, manufactured and semi-manufactured goods; food, drink, tobacco
Imports - partners Italy 28%, UK 10.5%, France 8.7%, Germany 7.6%, Singapore 6.8%, US 5.6% (2006)
Independence 21 September 1964 (from UK)
Industrial production growth rate NA%
Industries tourism, electronics, ship building and repair, construction, food and beverages, pharmaceuticals, footwear, clothing, tobacco
Infant mortality rate total: 3.82 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 4.29 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 3.32 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 0.9% (2007 est.)
International organization participation Australia Group, C, CE, CPLP (associate), EBRD, EIB, EMU, EU, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NSG, OPCW, OSCE, PCA, Schengen Convention, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, Union Latina (observer), UNWTO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Irrigated land 20 sq km (2003)
Judicial branch Constitutional Court; Court of Appeal; judges for both courts are appointed by the president on the advice of the prime minister
Labor force 164,000 (2006 est.)
Labor force - by occupation agriculture: 3%

industry: 22%

services: 75% (2005 est.)
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: 31.25%

permanent crops: 3.13%

other: 65.62% (2005)
Languages Maltese (official), English (official)
Legal system based on English common law and Roman civil law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
Legislative branch unicameral House of Representatives (usually 65 seats; members are elected by popular vote on the basis of proportional representation to serve five-year terms; note - additional seats are given to the party with the largest popular vote to ensure a legislative majority)

elections: last held 12 April 2003 (next to be held by 8 March 2008)

election results: percent of vote by party - PN 51.8%, MLP 47.5%, AD 0.7%; seats by party - PN 34, MLP 31
Life expectancy at birth total population: 79.15 years

male: 76.95 years

female: 81.47 years (2007 est.)
Literacy definition: age 10 and over can read and write

total population: 92.8%

male: 92%

female: 93.6% (2003 est.)
Location Southern Europe, islands in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Sicily (Italy)
Map references Europe
Maritime claims territorial sea: 12 nm

contiguous zone: 24 nm

continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation

exclusive fishing zone: 25 nm
Merchant marine total: 1,281 ships (1000 GRT or over) 25,213,650 GRT/41,033,203 DWT

by type: bulk carrier 439, cargo 382, chemical tanker 125, combination ore/oil 2, container 65, liquefied gas 15, livestock carrier 1, passenger 15, passenger/cargo 14, petroleum tanker 132, refrigerated cargo 41, roll on/roll off 31, specialized tanker 2, vehicle carrier 17

foreign-owned: 1,197 (Austria 1, Azerbaijan 3, Bangladesh 3, Belgium 10, Bulgaria 15, Canada 15, China 13, Croatia 12, Cyprus 15, Denmark 10, Estonia 7, France 4, Germany 67, Greece 448, Hong Kong 1, Iceland 7, India 3, Iran 24, Israel 21, Italy 45, Japan 3, South Korea 3, Latvia 36, Lebanon 12, Libya 3, Monaco 1, Netherlands 3, Norway 71, Pakistan 2, Poland 25, Portugal 3, Romania 10, Russia 66, Slovenia 3, Spain 1, Sweden 1, Switzerland 22, Syria 4, Turkey 143, Ukraine 28, UAE 10, UK 12, US 11)

registered in other countries: 4 (Panama 2, Portugal 1, St Vincent and The Grenadines 1) (2007)
Military branches Armed Forces of Malta (AFM; includes air and maritime elements) (2005)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP 0.7% (2006 est.)
National holiday Independence Day, 21 September (1964)
Nationality noun: Maltese (singular and plural)

adjective: Maltese
Natural hazards NA
Natural resources limestone, salt, arable land
Net migration rate 2.04 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Political parties and leaders Alternativa Demokratika/Alliance for Social Justice or AD [Harry VASSALLO]; Malta Labor Party or MLP [Alfred SANT]; Nationalist Party or PN [Lawrence GONZI]
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 401,880 (July 2007 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 0.413% (2007 est.)
Radio broadcast stations AM 1, FM 18, shortwave 6 (1999)
Religions Roman Catholic 98%
Sex ratio at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.057 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.024 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.753 male(s)/female

total population: 0.987 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment: automatic system satisfies normal requirements; fixed-line teledensity 50 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular teledensity about 90 per 100 persons

domestic: submarine cable and microwave radio relay between islands

international: country code - 356; submarine cable connects to Italy; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
Telephones - main lines in use 202,300 (2006)
Telephones - mobile cellular 346,800 (2006)
Television broadcast stations 5 (2006)
Terrain mostly low, rocky, flat to dissected plains; many coastal cliffs
Total fertility rate 1.51 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Unemployment rate 6.8% (2005 est.)
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