Main page Compare countries Index countries Index fields


Malta (2001)

Malta - select year:
MaltaMalta (2002) (compare)
MaltaMalta (2003) (compare)
MaltaMalta (2004) (compare)
MaltaMalta (2005) (compare)
MaltaMalta (2006) (compare)
MaltaMalta (2007) (compare)
MaltaMalta (2008) (compare)

Compare with other popular countries

Malta 2001 year

Administrative divisions none (administered directly from Valletta)
Age structure 0-14 years:
19.98% (male 40,791; female 38,062)

15-64 years:
67.49% (male 133,914; female 132,402)

65 years and over:
12.53% (male 20,643; female 28,771) (2001 est.)
Agriculture - products potatoes, cauliflower, grapes, wheat, barley, tomatoes, citrus, cut flowers, green peppers; pork, milk, poultry, eggs
Airports 1 (2000 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total:

over 3,047 m:
1 (2000 est.)
Area total:
316 sq km

316 sq km

0 sq km
Area - comparative slightly less than twice the size of Washington, DC
Background Great Britain formally acquired possession of Malta in 1814. The island staunchly supported the UK through both World Wars and remained in the Commonwealth when it became independent in 1964. A decade later Malta became a republic. Over the last 15 years, the island has become a major freight transshipment point, financial center, and tourist destination. It is an official candidate for EU membership.
Birth rate 12.75 births/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Budget revenues:
$1.6 billion

$1.73 billion, including capital expenditures of $265.4 million (1999)
Capital Valletta
Climate Mediterranean with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers
Coastline 196.8 km (does not include 56.01 km for the island of Gozo)
Constitution 1964 constitution substantially amended on 13 December 1974
Country name conventional long form:
Republic of Malta

conventional short form:

local long form:
Repubblika ta' Malta

local short form:
Currency Maltese lira (MTL)
Death rate 7.74 deaths/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Debt - external $130 million (1997)
Diplomatic representation from the US chief of mission:
Ambassador George SALIBA

3rd Floor, Development House, Saint Anne Street, Floriana, Malta VLT 01

mailing address:
P. O. Box 535, Valletta, Malta, CMR 01

[356] 235960 through 235965

[356] 243229
Diplomatic representation in the US chief of mission:
Ambassador George SALIBA

2017 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008

[1] (202) 462-3611, 3612

[1] (202) 387-5470

New York
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient $NA
Economy - overview Major resources are limestone, a favorable geographic location, and a productive labor force. Malta produces only about 20% of its food needs, has limited freshwater supplies, and has no domestic energy sources. The economy is dependent on foreign trade, manufacturing (especially electronics and textiles), and tourism. Malta is privatizing state-controlled firms and liberalizing markets in order to prepare for membership in the European Union. However, the island is divided politically over the question of joining the EU. The sizable budget deficit remains a key concern.
Electricity - consumption 1.534 billion kWh (1999)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (1999)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (1999)
Electricity - production 1.65 billion kWh (1999)
Electricity - production by source fossil fuel:



0% (1999)
Elevation extremes lowest point:
Mediterranean Sea 0 m

highest point:
Ta'Dmejrek 253 m (near Dingli)
Environment - current issues very limited natural fresh water resources; increasing reliance on desalination
Environment - international agreements party to:
Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified:
Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
Ethnic groups Maltese (descendants of ancient Carthaginians and Phoenicians, with strong elements of Italian and other Mediterranean stock)
Exchange rates Maltese liri per US dollar - 0.4370 (January 2001), 0.4376 (2000), 0.3994 (1999), 0.3885 (1998), 0.3857 (1997), 0.3604 (1996)
Executive branch chief of state:
President Guido DE MARCO (since 4 April 1999)

head of government:
Prime Minister Eddie FENECH ADAMI (since 6 September 1998); Deputy Prime Minister Lawrence GONZE (since 4 April 1999)

Cabinet appointed by the president on the advice of the prime minister

president elected by the House of Representatives for a five-year term; election last held NA April 1999 (next to be held by NA April 2004); following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or leader of a majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the president for a five-year term; the deputy prime minister is appointed by the president on the advice of the prime minister

election results:
Guido DE MARCO elected president; percent of House of Representatives vote - 54%
Exports 0 kWh (1999)
Exports $2 billion (f.o.b., 1999)
Exports - commodities machinery and transport equipment, manufactures
Exports - partners US 21.4%, France 15.2%, Germany 12.6%, UK 9.3%, Italy 4.9% (1999)
Fiscal year 1 April - 31 March
Flag description two equal vertical bands of white (hoist side) and red; in the upper hoist-side corner is a representation of the Saint George Cross, edged in red
GDP purchasing power parity - $5.6 billion (2000 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture:


71.7% (1999)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $14,300 (2000 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 3.4% (2000 est.)
Geographic coordinates 35 50 N, 14 35 E
Geography - note the country comprises an archipelago, with only the three largest islands (Malta, Ghawdex or Gozo, and Kemmuna or Comino) being inhabited; numerous bays provide good harbors; Malta and Tunisia are discussing the commercial exploitation of the continental shelf between their countries, particularly for oil exploration
Highways total:
1,742 km

1,677 km

65 km (1997)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%:

highest 10%:
Illicit drugs minor transshipment point for hashish from North Africa to Western Europe
Imports 0 kWh (1999)
Imports $2.6 billion (f.o.b., 1999)
Imports - commodities machinery and transport equipment, manufactured and semi-manufactured goods; food, drink, and tobacco
Imports - partners France 19.1%, Italy 16.7%, UK 10.9%, Germany 10.0%, US 8.5% (1999)
Independence 21 September 1964 (from UK)
Industrial production growth rate NA%
Industries tourism; electronics, ship building and repair, construction; food and beverages, textiles, footwear, clothing, tobacco
Infant mortality rate 5.83 deaths/1,000 live births (2001 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 2.5% (2000 est.)
International organization participation C, CCC, CE, EBRD, ECE, EU (applicant), FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IFAD, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), ISO, ITU, NAM, OPCW, OSCE, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 2 (2000)
Irrigated land 11.45 sq km (2000 est.)
Judicial branch Constitutional Court; Court of Appeal; judges for both courts are appointed by the president on the advice of the prime minister
Labor force 145,901 (1999)
Labor force - by occupation industry 24%, services 71%, agriculture 5% (1999 est.)
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land:

permanent crops:

permanent pastures:

forests and woodland:

61% (2000 est.)
Languages Maltese (official), English (official)
Legal system based on English common law and Roman civil law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations
Legislative branch unicameral House of Representatives (usually 65 seats; note - additional seats are given to the party with the largest popular vote to ensure a legislative majority; members are elected by popular vote on the basis of proportional representation to serve five-year terms)

last held 5 September 1998 (next to be held by September 2003)

election results:
percent of vote by party - PN 51.8%, MLP 46.9%, AD 1.2%; seats by party - PN 35, MLP 30
Life expectancy at birth total population:
78.1 years

75.64 years

80.79 years (2001 est.)
Literacy definition:
age 10 and over can read and write

total population:


89.55% (1995 census)
Location Southern Europe, islands in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Sicily (Italy)
Map references Europe
Maritime claims contiguous zone:
24 NM

continental shelf:
200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation

exclusive fishing zone:
25 NM

territorial sea:
12 NM
Merchant marine total:
1,414 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 28,191,090 GRT/46,773,603 DWT

ships by type:
bulk 443, cargo 394, chemical tanker 48, combination bulk 12, combination ore/oil 14, container 69, liquefied gas 2, livestock carrier 3, multi-functional large-load carrier 2, passenger 7, passenger/cargo 1, petroleum tanker 296, refrigerated cargo 37, roll on/roll off 50, short-sea passenger 15, specialized tanker 3, vehicle carrier 18

includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: Argentina 1, Bermuda 1, Belgium 1, Bangladesh 2, Bulgaria 11, China 7, Costa Rica 1, Cuba 2, Cyprus 15, Denmark 1, Estonia 2, Finland 1, Germany 23, Greece 258, Hong Kong 3, Croatia 9, Hungary 1, India 2, Israel 2, Italy 17, South Korea 1, Lebanon 2, Latvia 2, Lithuania 1, Monaco 14, Nigeria 1, Netherlands 10, Norway 31, Poland 8, Romania 3, Russia 39, Singapore 6, Spain 3, Sweden 3, Syria 1, Switzerland 25, UAE 2, Turkey 24, UK 8, Ukraine 9, US 9, Venezuela 1, Vietnam 1 (2000 est.)
Military branches Armed Forces (including land forces, an air squadron, a maritime squadron, and the Revenue Security Corps), Maltese Police Force
Military expenditures - dollar figure $201 million (FY98)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP 5.5% (FY98)
Military manpower - availability males age 15-49:
98,953 (2001 est.)
Military manpower - fit for military service males age 15-49:
78,783 (2001 est.)
National holiday Independence Day, 21 September (1964)
Nationality noun:
Maltese (singular and plural)

Natural hazards NA
Natural resources limestone, salt, arable land
Net migration rate 2.37 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Political parties and leaders Alternativa Demokratika/Alliance for Social Justice or AD [Harry VASSALLO]; Malta Labor Party or MLP [Alfred SANT]; Nationalist Party or PN [Edward FENECH ADAMI]
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 394,583 (July 2001 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 0.74% (2001 est.)
Ports and harbors Marsaxlokk, Valletta
Radio broadcast stations AM 1, FM 18, shortwave 6 (1999)
Radios 255,000 (1997)
Railways 0 km
Religions Roman Catholic 91%
Sex ratio at birth:
1.09 male(s)/female

under 15 years:
1.07 male(s)/female

15-64 years:
1.01 male(s)/female

65 years and over:
0.72 male(s)/female

total population:
0.98 male(s)/female (2001 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment:
automatic system satisfies normal requirements

submarine cable and microwave radio relay between islands

2 submarine cables; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
Telephones - main lines in use 187,000 (1997)
Telephones - mobile cellular 17,691 (1997)
Television broadcast stations 6 (2000)
Terrain mostly low, rocky, flat to dissected plains; many coastal cliffs
Total fertility rate 1.92 children born/woman (2001 est.)
Unemployment rate 4.5% (3rd Quarter 2000)
Waterways none
Sitemap: Compare countries listing (map site) | Country listing (map site)
Links: Add to favorites | Information about this website | Stats | Polityka prywatnosci
This page was generated in ##czas## s. Size this page: ##rozmiar_strony## kB.