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Malta (2004)

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Malta 2004 year

Administrative divisions none (administered directly from Valletta); note - Local Councils carry out administrative orders
Age structure 0-14 years: 18.1% (male 36,891; female 34,912)

15-64 years: 68.5% (male 137,259; female 134,611)

65 years and over: 13.4% (male 22,691; female 30,487) (2004 est.)
Agriculture - products potatoes, cauliflower, grapes, wheat, barley, tomatoes, citrus, cut flowers, green peppers; pork, milk, poultry, eggs
Airports 1 (2003 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total: 1

over 3,047 m: 1 (2004 est.)
Area total: 316 sq km

land: 316 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative slightly less than twice the size of Washington, DC
Background Great Britain formally acquired possession of Malta in 1814. The island staunchly supported the UK through both World Wars and remained in the Commonwealth when it became independent in 1964. A decade later Malta became a republic. Since about the mid-1980s, the island has transformed itself into a freight transshipment point, a financial center, and a tourist destination. Malta became an EU member in May of 2004.
Birth rate 10.09 births/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Budget revenues: $2.086 billion

expenditures: $2.367 billion, including capital expenditures of NA (2003)
Capital Valletta
Climate Mediterranean with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers
Coastline 196.8 km (does not include 56.01 km for the island of Gozo)
Constitution 1964 constitution substantially amended on 13 December 1974 and again in 1987
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Malta

conventional short form: Malta

local long form: Repubblika ta' Malta

local short form: Malta
Currency Maltese lira (MTL)
Death rate 7.93 deaths/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Debt - external $130 million (1997)
Diplomatic representation from the US chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires William GRANT

embassy: 3rd Floor, Development House, Saint Anne Street, Floriana, Malta VLT 01

mailing address: P. O. Box 535, Valletta, Malta, CMR01

telephone: [356] 2561 4000

FAX: [356] 21 243229
Diplomatic representation in the US chief of mission: Ambassador John LOWELL

chancery: 2017 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008

telephone: [1] (202) 462-3611, 3612

FAX: [1] (202) 387-5470

consulate(s): New York
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient NA
Economy - overview Major resources are limestone, a favorable geographic location, and a productive labor force. Malta produces only about 20% of its food needs, has limited fresh water supplies, and has no domestic energy sources. The economy is dependent on foreign trade, manufacturing (especially electronics and textiles), and tourism. Malta is privatizing state-controlled firms and liberalizing markets in order to prepare for membership in the European Union. The island remains divided politically, however, over the question of joining the EU. Continued sluggishness in the global economy is holding back exports, tourism, and overall growth.
Electricity - consumption 1.644 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2001)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2001)
Electricity - production 1.768 billion kWh (2001)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m

highest point: Ta'Dmejrek 253 m (near Dingli)
Environment - current issues very limited natural fresh water resources; increasing reliance on desalination
Environment - international agreements party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Ethnic groups Maltese (descendants of ancient Carthaginians and Phoenicians, with strong elements of Italian and other Mediterranean stock)
Exchange rates Maltese liri per US dollar - 0.3772 (2003), 0.4336 (2002), 0.4501 (2001), 0.4382 (2000), 0.3989 (1999)
Executive branch chief of state: President Eddie FENECH ADAMI (since 4 April 2004)

head of government: Prime Minister Lawrence GONZI (since 23 March 2004)

cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president on the advice of the prime minister

elections: president elected by the House of Representatives for a five-year term; election last held 29 March 2004 (next to be held by April 2009); following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or leader of a majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the president for a five-year term; the deputy prime minister is appointed by the president on the advice of the prime minister

election results: Eddie FENECH ADAMI elected president; percent of House of Representatives vote - 33 out of 65 votes
Exports 0 kWh (2001)
Exports $2.175 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Exports NA (2001)
Exports - commodities machinery and transport equipment, manufactures
Exports - partners Singapore 17.4%, US 11.6%, UK 9.4%, Germany 8.8%, France 7.5%, China 7% (2003)
Fiscal year 1 April - 31 March
Flag description two equal vertical bands of white (hoist side) and red; in the upper hoist-side corner is a representation of the George Cross, edged in red
GDP purchasing power parity - $7.082 billion (2003 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 3%

industry: 23%

services: 74% (2003 est.)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $17,700 (2003 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 0.8% (2003 est.)
Geographic coordinates 35 50 N, 14 35 E
Geography - note the country comprises an archipelago, with only the three largest islands (Malta, Ghawdex or Gozo, and Kemmuna or Comino) being inhabited; numerous bays provide good harbors; Malta and Tunisia are discussing the commercial exploitation of the continental shelf between their countries, particularly for oil exploration
Highways total: 2,254 km

paved: 1,972 km

unpaved: 282 km (2000)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA

highest 10%: NA
Illicit drugs minor transshipment point for hashish from North Africa to Western Europe
Imports 0 kWh (2001)
Imports $2.761 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Imports NA (2001)
Imports - commodities machinery and transport equipment, manufactured and semi-manufactured goods; food, drink, and tobacco
Imports - partners Italy 19.3%, France 13.7%, UK 8.5%, Germany 6.6%, Singapore 6.1%, Japan 5.7%, South Korea 5.5%, US 4.1% (2003)
Independence 21 September 1964 (from UK)
Industrial production growth rate NA
Industries tourism; electronics, ship building and repair, construction; food and beverages, textiles, footwear, clothing, tobacco
Infant mortality rate total: 3.94 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 4.45 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 3.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2004 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 0.4% (2003 est.)
International organization participation Australia Group, C, CE, EBRD, EIB, EU (new member), FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IFAD, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, MIGA, NAM, NSG, OPCW, OSCE, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WEU (observer affiliate), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO
Irrigated land 20 sq km (1998 est.)
Judicial branch Constitutional Court; Court of Appeal; judges for both courts are appointed by the president on the advice of the prime minister
Labor force 160,000 (2002 est.)
Labor force - by occupation agriculture 5%, industry 24%, services 71% (1999 est.)
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: 28.13%

permanent crops: 3.13%

other: 68.74% (2001)
Languages Maltese (official), English (official)
Legal system based on English common law and Roman civil law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations
Legislative branch unicameral House of Representatives (usually 65 seats; note - additional seats are given to the party with the largest popular vote to ensure a legislative majority; members are elected by popular vote on the basis of proportional representation to serve five-year terms)

elections: last held 12 April 2003 (next to be held by April 2008)

election results: percent of vote by party - PN 51.7%, MLP 47.6%, AD 0.7%; seats by party - PN 34, MLP 31
Life expectancy at birth total population: 78.68 years

male: 76.51 years

female: 80.98 years (2004 est.)
Literacy definition: age 10 and over can read and write

total population: 92.8%

male: 92%

female: 93.6% (2003 est.)
Location Southern Europe, islands in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Sicily (Italy)
Map references Europe
Maritime claims territorial sea: 12 nm

contiguous zone: 24 nm

continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation

exclusive fishing zone: 25 nm
Merchant marine total: 1,176 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 25,102,401 GRT/41,176,791 DWT

by type: bulk 468, cargo 251, chemical tanker 46, combination bulk 8, combination ore/oil 8, container 74, liquefied gas 4, livestock carrier 2, multi-functional large load carrier 1, passenger 7, passenger/cargo 1, petroleum tanker 210, refrigerated cargo 40, roll on/roll off 35, short-sea/passenger 6, vehicle carrier 15

foreign-owned: Australia 4, Austria 6, Bangladesh 3, Belgium 13, Bulgaria 19, Canada 8, China 14, Croatia 9, Cyprus 6, Denmark 4, Estonia 1, Finland 1, France 1, Germany 52, Greece 603, Hong Kong 3, Iceland 5, India 4, Indonesia 2, Iran 4, Israel 20, Italy 24, Japan 3, South Korea 2, Latvia 25, Lebanon 6, Madagascar 1, Monaco 14, Netherlands 5, Nigeria 1, Norway 32, Pakistan 1, Poland 30, Portugal 3, Romania 8, Russia 69, Saudi Arabia 1, Singapore 2, Slovenia 3, Switzerland 30, Syria 4, Taiwan 1, Turkey 108, Ukraine 22, United Kingdom 2, United States 8

registered in other countries: 18 (2004 est.)
Military branches Armed Forces: Land Forces (including Air Squadron and Maritime Squadron), Revenue Security Corps
Military expenditures - dollar figure $33.3 million (2003)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP 0.7% (2003)
Military manpower - availability males age 15-49: 99,324 (2004 est.)
Military manpower - fit for military service males age 15-49: 79,128 (2004 est.)
National holiday Independence Day, 21 September (1964)
Nationality noun: Maltese (singular and plural)

adjective: Maltese
Natural hazards NA
Natural resources limestone, salt, arable land
Net migration rate 2.07 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Political parties and leaders Alternativa Demokratika/Alliance for Social Justice or AD [Harry VASSALLO]; Malta Labor Party or MLP [Alfred SANT]; Nationalist Party or PN [Lawrence GONZI]
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 396,851 (July 2004 est.)
Population below poverty line NA
Population growth rate 0.42% (2004 est.)
Ports and harbors Marsaxlokk, Valletta
Radio broadcast stations AM 1, FM 18, shortwave 6 (1999)
Religions Roman Catholic 98%
Sex ratio at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.74 male(s)/female

total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment: automatic system satisfies normal requirements

domestic: submarine cable and microwave radio relay between islands

international: country code - 356; 2 submarine cables; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
Telephones - main lines in use 208,300 (2003)
Telephones - mobile cellular 290,000 (2003)
Television broadcast stations 6 (2000)
Terrain mostly low, rocky, flat to dissected plains; many coastal cliffs
Total fertility rate 1.49 children born/woman (2004 est.)
Unemployment rate 7% (2003 est.)
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