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Angola (2008)

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Angola 2008 roku

 Angola
Podzial administracyjny 18 provinces (provincias, singular - provincia); Bengo, Benguela, Bie, Cabinda, Cuando Kubango, Cuanza Norte, Cuanza Sul, Cunene, Huambo, Huila, Luanda, Lunda Norte, Lunda Sul, Malanje, Moxico, Namibe, Uige, Zaire
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 43.7% (male 2,706,276/female 2,654,338)


15-64 years: 53.5% (male 3,339,114/female 3,225,121)


65 years and over: 2.8% (male 149,414/female 189,333) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo bananas, sugarcane, coffee, sisal, corn, cotton, manioc (tapioca), tobacco, vegetables, plantains; livestock; forest products; fish
Lotniska 232 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 31


over 3,047 m: 5


2,438 to 3,047 m: 8


1,524 to 2,437 m: 12


914 to 1,523 m: 5


under 914 m: 1 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 201


over 3,047 m: 2


2,438 to 3,047 m: 5


1,524 to 2,437 m: 30


914 to 1,523 m: 95


under 914 m: 69 (2007)
Terytorium total: 1,246,700 sq km


land: 1,246,700 sq km


water: 0 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly less than twice the size of Texas
Tlo historyczne Angola is rebuilding its country after the end of a 27-year civil war w 2002. Fighting between the Popular Movement dla the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), led by Jose Eduardo DOS SANTOS, and the National Union dla the Total Niepodleglosc of Angola (UNITA), led by Jonas SAVIMBI, followed independence from Portugalia w 1975. Peace seemed imminent w 1992 when Angola held national elections, but UNITA renewed fighting after being beaten by the MPLA at the polls. Up to 1.5 million lives may have been lost - and 4 million people displaced - w the quarter century of fighting. SAVIMBI's death w 2002 ended UNITA's insurgency and strengthened the MPLA's hold on power. President DOS SANTOS has announced legislative elections will be held on wrzesien 5 and 6, 2008, z Presidential elections planned dla sometime w 2009.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 44.51 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $18.58 billion


expenditures: $15.7 billion (2007 est.)
Stolica name: Luanda


geographic coordinates: 8 50 S, 13 14 E


time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat semiarid w south and along coast to Luanda; north has cool, dry season (maj to pazdziernik) and hot, rainy season (listopad to kwiecien)
Linia brzegowa 1,600 km
Konstytucja adopted by People's Assembly 25 sierpien 1992
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Angola


conventional short form: Angola


local long form: Republica de Angola


local short form: Angola


former: People's Republic of Angola
Wspolczynnik zgonow 24.81 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $8.835 billion (31 grudzien 2007 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Dan MOZENA


embassy: number 32 Rua Houari Boumedienne (in the Miramar area of Luanda), Luanda


mailing address: international mail: Caixa Postal 6468, Luanda; pouch: US Embassy Luanda, US Department of State, 2550 Luanda Place, Washington, DC 20521-2550


telephone: [244] (222) 64-1000


FAX: [244] (222) 64-1232
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Josefina Perpetua Pitra DIAKITE


chancery: 2108 16th Street NW, Washington, DC 20009


telephone: [1] (202) 785-1156


FAX: [1] (202) 785-1258


consulate(s) general: Houston, New York
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje many Cabindan separatists have returned to the province from exile since the 2006 ceasefire and peace agreement; concerns from international experts and local populations over the Okavango Delta ecology w Botswana and human displacement scuttled Namibian plans to construct a hydroelectric dam at Popavalle (Popa Falls) along the Angola-Namibia border
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $441.8 million (2005)
Ekonomia Angola's high growth rate is driven by its oil sector, z record oil prices and rising petroleum production. Oil production and its supporting activities contribute about 85% of Produkt krajowy brutto. Increased oil production supported growth averaging more than 15% per year from 2004 to 2007. A postwar reconstruction boom and resettlement of displaced persons has led to high rates of growth w construction and agriculture as well. Much of the country's infrastructure is still damaged or undeveloped from the 27-year-long civil war. Remnants of the conflict such as widespread land mines still mar the countryside even though an apparently durable peace was established after the death of rebel leader Jonas SAVIMBI w luty 2002. Subsistence agriculture provides the main livelihood dla most of the people, but half of the country's food must still be imported. In 2005, the government started using a $2 billion line of credit, since increased to $7 billion, from Chiny to rebuild Angola's public infrastructure, and several large-scale projects were completed w 2006. Angola also has large credit lines from Brazylia, Portugalia, Niemcy, Hiszpania, and the EU. The central bank w 2003 implemented an exchange rate stabilization program using foreign exchange reserves to buy kwanzas out of circulation. This policy became more sustainable w 2005 because of strong oil export earnings; it has significantly reduced inflation. Although consumer inflation declined from 325% w 2000 to under 13% w 2007, the stabilization policy has put pressure on international net liquidity. Angola became a member of OPEC w late 2006 and w late 2007 was assigned a production quota of 1.9 million barrels a day, somewhat less than the 2-2.5 million bbl Angola's government had wanted. To fully take advantage of its rich national resources - gold, diamonds, extensive forests, Atlantic fisheries, and large oil deposits - Angola will need to implement government reforms, increase transparency, and reduce corruption. The government has rejected a formal IMF monitored program, although it continues Article IV consultations and ad hoc cooperation. Corruption, especially w the extractive sectors, and the negative effects of "Dutch disease" produced by large inflows of foreign exchange, are major challenges facing Angola.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 2.201 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 2.585 billion kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Atlantycki 0 m


highest point: Morro de Moco 2,620 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy overuse of pastures and subsequent soil erosion attributable to population pressures; desertification; deforestation of tropical rain forest, w response to both international demand dla tropical timber and to domestic use as fuel, resulting w loss of biodiversity; soil erosion contributing to water pollution and siltation of rivers and dams; inadequate supplies of potable water
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Desertification, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution


signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne Ovimbundu 37%, Kimbundu 25%, Bakongo 13%, mestico (mixed European and native African) 2%, European 1%, other 22%
Kurs waluty kwanza per US dollar - 76.6 (2007), 80.4 (2006), 88.6 (2005), 83.541 (2004), 74.606 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Jose Eduardo DOS SANTOS (since 21 wrzesien 1979); note - the president is both chief of state and head of government


head of government: President Jose Eduardo DOS SANTOS (since 21 wrzesien 1979); Fernando de Piedade Dias DOS SANTOS was appointed prime minister on 6 grudzien 2002


cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president


elections: president elected by universal ballot dla a five-year term (eligible dla a second consecutive or discontinuous term) under the 1992 constitution; President DOS SANTOS originally elected (in 1979) without opposition under a one-party system and stood dla reelection w Angola's first multiparty elections 29-30 wrzesien 1992 (next to be held w 2009)


election results: Jose Eduardo DOS SANTOS 49.6%, Jonas SAVIMBI 40.1%, making a run-off election necessary; the run-off was not held because SAVIMBI's National Union dla the Total Niepodleglosc of Angola (UNITA) repudiated the results of the first election; the civil war resumed leaving DOS SANTOS w his current position as the president
Eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Eksport $43.23 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 1.021 million bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary crude oil, diamonds, refined petroleum products, gas, coffee, sisal, fish and fish products, timber, cotton
Eksport - partnerzy US 38%, Chiny 34.2%, Tajwan 5.8%, Francja 4.9%, Chile 4.1% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and black z a centered yellow emblem consisting of a five-pointed star within half a cogwheel crossed by a machete (in the style of a hammer and sickle)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 9.6%


industry: 65.8%


services: 24.6% (2005 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 16.3% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 12 30 S, 18 30 E
Polozenie geograficzne the province of Cabinda is an exclave, separated from the rest of the country by the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%


highest 10%: NA%
Narkotyki used as a transshipment point dla cocaine destined dla Western Europe and other African states, particularly Republika Poludniowej Afryki
Import 0 kWh (2005)
Import $11.41 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 18,290 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary machinery and electrical equipment, vehicles and spare parts; medicines, food, textiles, military goods
Import - partnerzy US 15.3%, Portugalia 15%, South Korea 10.1%, Chiny 8.8%, Brazylia 8.2%, Republika Poludniowej Afryki 6.7%, Francja 6.2% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 11 listopad 1975 (from Portugalia)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 24.4% (2007 est.)
Przemysl petroleum; diamonds, iron ore, phosphates, feldspar, bauxite, uranium, and gold; cement; basic metal products; fish processing; food processing, brewing, tobacco products, sugar; textiles; ship repair
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 184.44 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 196.55 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 171.72 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 12.5% (2007 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACP, AfDB, AU, CPLP, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt (signatory), ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NAM, OAS (observer), OPEC, SADC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, Union Latina, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny 800 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court and separate provincial courts (judges are appointed by the president)
Sila robocza 6.573 million (2007 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 85%


industry and services: 15% (2003 est.)
Granica total: 5,198 km


border countries: Democratic Republic of the Congo 2,511 km (of which 225 km is the boundary of discontiguous Cabinda Province), Republic of the Congo 201 km, Namibia 1,376 km, Zambia 1,110 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 2.65%


permanent crops: 0.23%


other: 97.12% (2005)
Jezyki Portuguese (official), Bantu and other African languages
System prawny based on Portuguese civil law system and customary law; modified to accommodate political pluralism and increased use of free markets
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral National Assembly or Assembleia Nacional (220 seats; members elected by proportional vote to serve four-year terms)


elections: last held 29-30 wrzesien 1992 (next to be held w wrzesien 2008)


election results: percent of vote by party - MPLA 54%, UNITA 34%, other 12%; seats by party - MPLA 129, UNITA 70, PRS 6, FNLA 5, PLD 3, other 7
Zywotnosc total population: 37.63 years


male: 36.73 years


female: 38.57 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 67.4%


male: 82.9%


female: 54.2% (2001 est.)
Lokalizacja Southern Africa, bordering the South Ocean Atlantycki, between Namibia and Democratic Republic of the Congo
Lokalizacja na mapie Africa
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm


contiguous zone: 24 nm


exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Flota handlowa total: 5 ships (1000 GRT or over) 6,865 GRT/8,825 DWT


by type: cargo 1, passenger/cargo 2, petroleum tanker 2


foreign-owned: 1 (Hiszpania 1)


registered w other countries: 6 (Bahamas 6) (2007)
Wojsko Angolan Armed Forces (FAA): Army, Navy (Marinha de Guerra, MdG), Angolan National Air Force (FANA) (2007)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 5.7% (2006)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 11 listopad (1975)
Narodowosc noun: Angolan(s)


adjective: Angolan
Naturalne zagrozenia locally heavy rainfall causes periodic flooding on the plateau
Surowce naturalne petroleum, diamonds, iron ore, phosphates, copper, feldspar, gold, bauxite, uranium
Wspolczynnik migracji 2.14 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Rurociagi gas 234 km; liquid petroleum gas 85 km; oil 896 km; oil/gas/water 5 km (2007)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Liberal Democratic Party or PLD [Analia de Victoria PEREIRA]; National Front dla the Liberation of Angola or FNLA [disputed between Ngola KABANGU and Lucas NGONDA]; National Union dla the Total Niepodleglosc of Angola or UNITA (largest opposition party) [Isaias SAMAKUVA]; Popular Movement dla the Liberation of Angola or MPLA (ruling party w power since 1975) [Jose Eduardo DOS SANTOS]; Social Renewal Party or PRS [Eduardo KUANGANA]


note: about a dozen minor parties participated w the 1992 elections but only won a few seats; they and over 100 other smaller parties have little influence w the National Assembly
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow Front dla the Liberation of the Enclave of Cabinda or FLEC [N'zita Henriques TIAGO, Antonio Bento BEMBE]


note: FLEC's small-scale, highly factionalized armed struggle dla the independence of Cabinda Province ended after BEMBE's faction signed a peace accord w sierpien 2006; other factions have since demobilized under provisions of the accord, although the two main faction leaders have not acceded to the accord
Ludnosc 12,263,596 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 70% (2003 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 2.184% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 21, FM 6, shortwave 7 (2001)
Linie kolejowe total: 2,761 km


narrow gauge: 2,638 km 1.067-m gauge; 123 km 0.600-m gauge (2006)
Religie indigenous beliefs 47%, Roman Catholic 38%, Protestant 15% (1998 est.)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 1.035 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.789 male(s)/female


total population: 1.021 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: system inadequate; fewer than one fixed-line per 100 persons; combined fixed line and mobile telephone density approached 20 telephones per 100 persons w 2006


domestic: state-owned telecom had monopoly dla fixed-lines until 2005; demand outstripped capacity and prices were high and services poor; Telecom Namibia, through an Angolan company, became the first private licensed operator w Angola's fixed-line telephone network; Angola Telecom established mobile-cellular service w Luanda w 1993 and the network has been extended to larger towns; a privately-owned, mobile-cellular service provider began operations w 2001


international: country code - 244; landing point dla the SAT-3/WASC fiber-optic submarine cable that provides connectivity to Europe and Asia; satellite earth stations - 29 (2007)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 98,200 (2006)
Telefony komorkowe 2.264 million (2006)
Stacje telewizyjne 6 (2000)
Uksztaltowanie terenu narrow coastal plain rises abruptly to vast interior plateau
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 6.27 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia extensive unemployment and underemployment affecting more than half the population (2001 est.)
Drogi wodne 1,300 km (2007)
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