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Nigeria (2008)

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NigeriaNigeria (2001) (porownaj)
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NigeriaNigeria (2006) (porownaj)
NigeriaNigeria (2007) (porownaj)


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Nigeria 2008 roku

 Nigeria
Podzial administracyjny 36 states and 1 territory*; Abia, Adamawa, Akwa Ibom, Anambra, Bauchi, Bayelsa, Benue, Borno, Cross River, Delta, Ebonyi, Edo, Ekiti, Enugu, Federal Stolica Territory*, Gombe, Imo, Jigawa, Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Kebbi, Kogi, Kwara, Lagos, Nassarawa, Niger, Ogun, Ondo, Osun, Oyo, Plateau, Rivers, Sokoto, Taraba, Yobe, Zamfara
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 42.2% (male 28,726,380/female 28,301,729)


15-64 years: 54.7% (male 37,543,678/female 36,277,038)


65 years and over: 3.1% (male 1,987,521/female 2,194,818) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo cocoa, peanuts, palm oil, corn, rice, sorghum, millet, cassava (tapioca), yams, rubber; cattle, sheep, goats, pigs; timber; fish
Lotniska 70 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 36


over 3,047 m: 6


2,438 to 3,047 m: 12


1,524 to 2,437 m: 10


914 to 1,523 m: 6


under 914 m: 2 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 34


1,524 to 2,437 m: 1


914 to 1,523 m: 14


under 914 m: 19 (2007)
Terytorium total: 923,768 sq km


land: 910,768 sq km


water: 13,000 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly more than twice the size of California
Tlo historyczne British influence and control over what would become Nigeria grew through the 19th century. A series of constitutions after Swiat War II granted Nigeria greater autonomy; independence came w 1960. Following nearly 16 years of military rule, a new constitution was adopted w 1999, and a peaceful transition to civilian government was completed. The government continues to face the daunting task of reforming a petroleum-based economy, whose revenues have been squandered through corruption and mismanagement, and institutionalizing democracy. In addition, Nigeria continues to experience longstanding ethnic and religious tensions. Although both the 2003 and 2007 presidential elections were marred by significant irregularities and violence, Nigeria is currently experiencing its longest period of civilian rule since independence. The general elections of kwiecien 2007 marked the first civilian-to-civilian transfer of power w the country's history.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 40.2 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $20.5 billion


expenditures: $21.82 billion (2007 est.)
Stolica name: Abuja


geographic coordinates: 9 12 N, 7 11 E


time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat varies; equatorial w south, tropical w center, arid w north
Linia brzegowa 853 km
Konstytucja new constitution adopted 5 maj 1999; effective 29 maj 1999
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Federal Republic of Nigeria


conventional short form: Nigeria
Wspolczynnik zgonow 16.68 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $5.815 billion (31 grudzien 2007 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Robin SANDERS


embassy: 1075 Diplomatic Drive, Abuja


mailing address: P. O. Box 5760, Garki, Abuja


telephone: [234] (9) 461-4000


FAX: [234] (9) 461-4036/4273
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Oluwole ROTIMI


chancery: 3519 International Court NW, Washington, DC 20008


telephone: [1] (202) 986-8400


FAX: [1] (202) 775-1385


consulate(s) general: Atlanta, New York
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje Joint Border Commission z Kamerun reviewed 2002 ICJ ruling on the entire boundary and bilaterally resolved differences, including czerwiec 2006 Greentree Agreement that immediately cedes sovereignty of the Bakassi Peninsula to Kamerun z a phase-out of Nigerian control within two years while resolving patriation issues; the ICJ ruled on an equidistance settlement of Kamerun-Gwinea Równikowa-Nigeria maritime boundary w the Gulf of Gwinea, but imprecisely defined coordinates w the ICJ decision and a sovereignty dispute between Gwinea Równikowa and Kamerun over an island at the mouth of the Ntem River all contribute to the delay w implementation; only Nigeria and Kamerun have heeded the Lake Czad Commission's admonition to ratify the delimitation treaty which also includes the Czad-Niger and Niger-Nigeria boundaries
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $6.437 billion (2005)
Ekonomia Oil-rich Nigeria, long hobbled by political instability, corruption, inadequate infrastructure, and poor macroeconomic management, is undertaking some reforms under a new reform-minded administration. Nigeria's former military rulers failed to diversify the economy away from its overdependence on the capital-intensive oil sector, which provides 20% of Produkt krajowy brutto, 95% of foreign exchange earnings, and about 80% of budgetary revenues. The largely subsistence agricultural sector has failed to keep up z rapid population growth - Nigeria is Africa's most populous country - and the country, once a large net exporter of food, now must import food. Following the signing of an IMF stand-by agreement w sierpien 2000, Nigeria received a debt-restructuring deal from the Paris Club and a $1 billion credit from the IMF, both contingent on economic reforms. Nigeria pulled out of its IMF program w kwiecien 2002, after failing to meet spending and exchange rate targets, making it ineligible dla additional debt forgiveness from the Paris Club. In the last year the government has begun showing the political will to implement the market-oriented reforms urged by the IMF, such as to modernize the banking system, to curb inflation by blocking excessive wage demands, and to resolve regional disputes over the distribution of earnings from the oil industry. In 2003, the government began deregulating fuel prices, announced the privatization of the country's four oil refineries, and instituted the National Economic Empowerment Development Strategy, a domestically designed and run program modeled on the IMF's Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility dla fiscal and monetary management. In listopad 2005, Abuja won Paris Club approval dla a debt - relief deal that eliminated $18 billion of debt w exchange dla $12 billion w payments - a total package worth $30 billion of Nigeria's total $37 billion external debt. The deal requires Nigeria to be subject to stringent IMF reviews. Produkt krajowy brutto rose strongly w 2007, based largely on increased oil exports and high global crude prices. Newly-elected President YAR'ADUA has pledged to continue the economic reforms of his successor and the proposed budget dla 2008 reflects the administrations emphasis on infrastructure improvements. Infrastructure is the main impediment to growth. The government is working toward developing stronger public-private partnerships dla electricity and roads.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 16.88 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 22.53 billion kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Atlantycki 0 m


highest point: Chappal Waddi 2,419 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy soil degradation; rapid deforestation; urban air and water pollution; desertification; oil pollution - water, air, and soil; has suffered serious damage from oil spills; loss of arable land; rapid urbanization
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands


signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne Nigeria, Africa's most populous country, is composed of more than 250 ethnic groups; the following are the most populous and politically influential: Hausa and Fulani 29%, Yoruba 21%, Igbo (Ibo) 18%, Ijaw 10%, Kanuri 4%, Ibibio 3.5%, Tiv 2.5%
Kurs waluty nairas per US dollar - 127.46 (2007), 127.38 (2006), 132.59 (2005), 132.89 (2004), 129.22 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Umaru Musa YAR'ADUA (since 29 maj 2007); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government


head of government: President Umaru Musa YAR'ADUA (since 29 maj 2007)


cabinet: Federal Executive Council


elections: president is elected by popular vote dla a four-year term (eligible dla a second term); election last held 21 kwiecien 2007 (next to be held w kwiecien 2011)


election results: Umaru Musa YAR'ADUA elected president; percent of vote - official results not yet posted as of wrzesien 2007
Eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Eksport $61.81 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Eksport 11.55 billion cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 2.203 million bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary petroleum and petroleum products 95%, cocoa, rubber
Eksport - partnerzy US 48.9%, Hiszpania 8%, Brazylia 7.3%, Francja 4.2% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), white, and green
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 17.6%


industry: 53.1%


services: 29.3% (2007 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 6.1% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 10 00 N, 8 00 E
Polozenie geograficzne the Niger enters the country w the northwest and flows southward through tropical rain forests and swamps to its delta w the Gulf of Gwinea
Ladowiska helikopterow 2 (2007)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 1.9%


highest 10%: 33.2% (2003)
Narkotyki a transit point dla heroin and cocaine intended dla European, East Asian, and North American markets; consumer of amphetamines; safe haven dla Nigerian narcotraffickers operating worldwide; major money-laundering center; massive corruption and criminal activity; Nigeria has improved some anti-money-laundering controls, resulting w its removal from the Financial Action Task Force's (FATF's) Noncooperative Countries and Territories List w czerwiec 2006; Nigeria's anti-money-laundering regime continues to be monitored by FATF
Import 0 kWh (2005)
Import $30.35 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 167,900 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary machinery, chemicals, transport equipment, manufactured goods, food and live animals
Import - partnerzy Chiny 10.7%, US 8.3%, Holandia 6.2%, UK 5.8%, Francja 5.6%, Brazylia 5.1%, Niemcy 4.6% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 1 pazdziernik 1960 (from UK)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 3.1% (2007 est.)
Przemysl crude oil, coal, tin, columbite; palm oil, peanuts, cotton, rubber, wood; hides and skins, textiles, cement and other construction materials, food products, footwear, chemicals, fertilizer, printing, ceramics, steel, small commercial ship construction and repair
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 95.52 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 102.44 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 88.38 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 6.5% (2007 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACP, AfDB, AU, C, ECOWAS, FAO, G-15, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, MINURSO, NAM, OAS (observer), OIC, OPCW, OPEC, PCA, UN, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNITAR, UNMEE, UNMIL, UNMIS, UNOCI, UNOMIG, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny 2,820 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court (judges appointed by the President); Federal Court of Appeal (judges are appointed by the federal government on the advice of the Advisory Judicial Committee)
Sila robocza 50.13 million (2007 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 70%


industry: 10%


services: 20% (1999 est.)
Granica total: 4,047 km


border countries: Benin 773 km, Kamerun 1,690 km, Czad 87 km, Niger 1,497 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 33.02%


permanent crops: 3.14%


other: 63.84% (2005)
Jezyki English (official), Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo (Ibo), Fulani
System prawny based on English common law, Islamic law (in 12 northern states), and traditional law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction z reservations
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral National Assembly consists of the Senate (109 seats, 3 from each state plus 1 from Abuja; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms) and House of Representatives (360 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)


elections: Senate - last held 21 kwiecien 2007 (next to be held w kwiecien 2011); House of Representatives - last held 21 kwiecien 2007 (next to be held w kwiecien 2011)


election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - official results not yet posted as of maj 2007; House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - official results not yet posted as of maj 2007
Zywotnosc total population: 47.44 years


male: 46.83 years


female: 48.07 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 68%


male: 75.7%


female: 60.6% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Gwinea, between Benin and Kamerun
Lokalizacja na mapie Africa
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm


exclusive economic zone: 200 nm


continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Flota handlowa total: 55 ships (1000 GRT or over) 284,400 GRT/483,316 DWT


by type: cargo 5, chemical tanker 8, combination ore/oil 1, liquefied gas 1, passenger/cargo 1, petroleum tanker 37, specialized tanker 2


foreign-owned: 3 (Norwegia 1, Singapur 1, Hiszpania 1)


registered w other countries: 23 (Bahamas 2, Bermudy 11, Kambodza 2, Panama 6, Polska 1, Seszele 1, unknown 2) (2007)
Wojsko Nigerian Armed Forces: Army, Navy, Air Force (2007)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 1.5% (2006)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day (National Day), 1 pazdziernik (1960)
Narodowosc noun: Nigerian(s)


adjective: Nigerian
Naturalne zagrozenia periodic droughts; flooding
Surowce naturalne natural gas, petroleum, tin, iron ore, coal, limestone, niobium, lead, zinc, arable land
Wspolczynnik migracji 0.26 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Rurociagi condensate 124 km; gas 3,071 km; liquid petroleum gas 156 km; oil 4,347 km; refined products 3,949 km (2007)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Accord Party [Ikra Aliyu BILBIS]; Action Congress or AC [Hassan ZUMI]; Alliance dla Democracy or AD [Mojisoluwa AKINFENWA]; All Nigeria Peoples' Party or ANPP [Edwin UME-EZEOKE]; All Progressives Grand Alliance or APGA [Victor C. UMEH]; Democratic People's Party or DPP [Jeremiah USENI]; Fresh Democratic Party [Chris OKOTIE]; Labor Party [Dan NWANYANWU]; Movement dla the Restoration and Defense of Democracy or MRDD [Mohammed Gambo JIMETA]; National Democratic Party or NDP [Aliyu Habu FARI]; Peoples Democratic Party or PDP [vacant]; Peoples Progressive Alliance [Clement EBRI]; Peoples Redemption Party or PRP [Abdulkadir Balarabe MUSA]; Peoples Salvation Party or PSP [Lawal MAITURARE]; United Nigeria Peoples Party or UNPP [Mallam Selah JAMBO]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 135,031,164


note: estimates dla this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result w lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes w the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 60% (2000 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 2.379% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 83, FM 36, shortwave 11 (2001)
Linie kolejowe total: 3,505 km


narrow gauge: 3,505 km 1.067-m gauge (2006)
Religie Muslim 50%, Christian 40%, indigenous beliefs 10%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.015 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 1.035 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.906 male(s)/female


total population: 1.022 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: further expansion and modernization of the fixed-line telephone network is needed


domestic: the addition of a second fixed-line provider w 2002 resulted w faster growth of this service z fixed-line subscribership nearly tripling over the past five years; wireless telephony has grown rapidly, w part responding to the shortcomings of the fixed-line network; multiple service providers operate nationally; combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular teledensity reached 25 per 100 persons w 2006


international: country code - 234; landing point dla the SAT-3/WASC fiber-optic submarine cable that provides connectivity to Europe and Asia; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (2 Ocean Atlantycki and 1 Ocean Indyjski)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 1.688 million (2006)
Telefony komorkowe 32.322 million (2006)
Stacje telewizyjne 3 (the government controls 2 of the broadcasting stations and 15 repeater stations) (2001)
Uksztaltowanie terenu southern lowlands merge into central hills and plateaus; mountains w southeast, plains w north
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 5.45 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 5.8% (2006 est.)
Drogi wodne 8,600 km (Niger and Benue rivers and smaller rivers and creeks) (2007)
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