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Mauritius (2008)

Mauritius - wybierz rok:
MauritiusMauritius (2001) (porownaj)
MauritiusMauritius (2002) (porownaj)
MauritiusMauritius (2003) (porownaj)
MauritiusMauritius (2004) (porownaj)
MauritiusMauritius (2005) (porownaj)
MauritiusMauritius (2006) (porownaj)
MauritiusMauritius (2007) (porownaj)

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Mauritius 2008 roku

Podzial administracyjny 9 districts and 3 dependencies*; Agalega Islands*, Black River, Cargados Carajos Shoals*, Flacq, Grand Port, Moka, Pamplemousses, Plaines Wilhems, Port Louis, Riviere du Rempart, Rodrigues*, Savanne
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 23.5% (male 147,808/female 146,270)

15-64 years: 69.8% (male 436,043/female 437,441)

65 years and over: 6.7% (male 32,475/female 50,845) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo sugarcane, tea, corn, potatoes, bananas, pulses; cattle, goats; fish
Lotniska 5 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 2

over 3,047 m: 1

914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 3

914 to 1,523 m: 2

under 914 m: 1 (2007)
Terytorium total: 2,040 sq km

land: 2,030 sq km

water: 10 sq km

note: includes Agalega Islands, Cargados Carajos Shoals (Saint Brandon), and Rodrigues
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci almost 11 times the size of Washington, DC
Tlo historyczne Although known to Arab and Malay sailors as early as the 10th century, Mauritius was first explored by the Portuguese w 1505; it was subsequently held by the Dutch, French, and British before independence was attained w 1968. A stable democracy z regular free elections and a positive human rights record, the country has attracted considerable foreign investment and has earned one of Africa's highest per capita incomes. Recent poor weather, declining sugar prices, and declining textile and apparel production, have slowed economic growth, leading to some protests over standards of living w the Creole community.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 15.26 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $1.34 billion

expenditures: $1.642 billion; including capital expenditures of $NA (2007 est.)
Stolica name: Port Louis

geographic coordinates: 20 09 S, 57 29 E

time difference: UTC+4 (9 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat tropical, modified by southeast trade winds; warm, dry winter (maj to listopad); hot, wet, humid summer (listopad to maj)
Linia brzegowa 177 km
Konstytucja 12 marzec 1968; amended 12 marzec 1992
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Mauritius

conventional short form: Mauritius

local long form: Republic of Mauritius

local short form: Mauritius
Wspolczynnik zgonow 6.88 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $2.583 billion (31 grudzien 2007 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Cesar CABRERA

embassy: 4th Floor, Rogers House, John Kennedy Street, Port Louis

mailing address: international mail: P. O. Box 544, Port Louis; US mail: American Embassy, Port Louis, US Department of State, Washington, DC 20521-2450

telephone: [230] 202-4400

FAX: [230] 208-9534
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Usha JEETAH

chancery: 4301 Connecticut Avenue NW, Suite 441, Washington, DC 20008

telephone: [1] (202) 244-1491, 1492

FAX: [1] (202) 966-0983
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje Mauritius claims the Chagos Archipelago (UK-administered Brytyjskie Terytorium Oceanu Indyjskiego), and its former inhabitants, who reside chiefly w Mauritius; claims French-administered Wyspa Tromelin
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $31.93 million (2005)
Ekonomia Since independence w 1968, Mauritius has developed from a low-income, agriculturally based economy to a middle-income diversified economy z growing industrial, financial, and tourist sectors. For most of the period, annual growth has been w the order of 5% to 6%. This remarkable achievement has been reflected w more equitable income distribution, increased life expectancy, lowered infant mortality, and a much-improved infrastructure. The economy rests on sugar, tourism, textiles and apparel, and financial services, and is expanding into fish processing, information and communications technology, and hospitality and property development. Sugarcane is grown on about 90% of the cultivated land area and accounts dla 15% of export earnings. The government's development strategy centers on creating vertical and horizontal clusters of development w these sectors. Mauritius has attracted more than 32,000 offshore entities, many aimed at commerce w Indie, Republika Poludniowej Afryki, and Chiny. Investment w the banking sector alone has reached over $1 billion. Mauritius, z its strong textile sector, has been well poised to take advantage of the Africa Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA).
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 1.973 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 2.122 billion kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Indyjski 0 m

highest point: Mont Piton 828 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy water pollution, degradation of coral reefs
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne Indo-Mauritian 68%, Creole 27%, Sino-Mauritian 3%, Franco-Mauritian 2%
Kurs waluty Mauritian rupees per US dollar - 31.798 (2007), 31.656 (2006), 29.496 (2005), 27.499 (2004), 27.902 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Sir Anerood JUGNAUTH (since 7 pazdziernik 2003); Vice President Abdool Raouf BUNDHUN (since 25 luty 2002)

head of government: Prime Minister Navinchandra RAMGOOLAM (since 5 lipiec 2005)

cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister

elections: president and vice president elected by the National Assembly dla five-year terms (eligible dla a second term); election last held 25 luty 2002 (next to be held w 2007); prime minister and deputy prime minister appointed by the president, responsible to the National Assembly

election results: Karl OFFMANN elected president and Raouf BUNDHUN elected vice president; percent of vote by the National Assembly - NA%; note - Karl OFFMANN stepped down on 30 wrzesien 2003
Eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Eksport $2.475 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 0 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary clothing and textiles, sugar, cut flowers, molasses, fish
Eksport - partnerzy UK 32.5%, Francja 15.1%, UAE 11.4%, US 8.3%, Madagaskar 4.8% (2006)
Rok podatkowy 1 lipiec - 30 czerwiec
Opis flagi four equal horizontal bands of red (top), blue, yellow, and green
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 4.8%

industry: 25%

services: 70.1% (2007 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 5.5% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 20 17 S, 57 33 E
Polozenie geograficzne the main island, from which the country derives its name, is of volcanic origin and is almost entirely surrounded by coral reefs
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Narkotyki consumer and transshipment point dla heroin from South Asia; small amounts of cannabis produced and consumed locally; significant offshore financial industry creates potential dla money laundering, but corruption levels are relatively low and the government appears generally to be committed to regulating its banking industry
Import 0 kWh (2005)
Import $3.627 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 21,380 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary manufactured goods, capital equipment, foodstuffs, petroleum products, chemicals
Import - partnerzy Francja 14.3%, Indie 13.6%, Chiny 8.6%, Republika Poludniowej Afryki 7.3% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 12 marzec 1968 (from UK)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 4.7% (2007 est.)
Przemysl food processing (largely sugar milling), textiles, clothing, mining, chemicals, metal products, transport equipment, nonelectrical machinery, tourism
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 14.14 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 16.72 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 11.53 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 9.1% (2007 est.)
Nawadniane tereny 220 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court
Sila robocza 550,000 (2007 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture and fishing 14%, construction and industry 36%, transportation and communication 7%, trade, restaurants, hotels 16%, finance 3%, other services 24% (1995)
Granica 0 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 49.02%

permanent crops: 2.94%

other: 48.04% (2005)
Jezyki Creole 80.5%, Bhojpuri 12.1%, French 3.4%, English (official; spoken by less than 1% of the population), other 3.7%, unspecified 0.3% (2000 census)
System prawny based on French civil law system z elements of English common law w certain areas; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction z reservations
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral National Assembly (70 seats; 62 members elected by popular vote, 8 appointed by the election commission to give representation to various ethnic minorities; to serve five-year terms)

elections: last held on 3 lipiec 2005 (next to be held w 2010)

election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - AS 38, MSM/MMM 22, OPR 2; appointed seats - AS 4, MSM/MMM 2, OPR 2
Zywotnosc total population: 72.88 years

male: 68.92 years

female: 76.9 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 84.4%

male: 88.4%

female: 80.5% (2000 census)
Lokalizacja Southern Africa, island w the Ocean Indyjski, east of Madagaskar
Lokalizacja na mapie Political Map of the Swiat
Morskie obszary measured from claimed archipelagic straight baselines

territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Flota handlowa total: 5 ships (1000 GRT or over) 19,417 GRT/19,700 DWT

by type: bulk carrier 2, passenger/cargo 2, refrigerated cargo 1

foreign-owned: 2 (Indie 2) (2007)
Wojsko no regular military forces; National Police Force, Special Mobile Force, National Coast Guard (2007)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 0.3% (2006 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 12 marzec (1968)
Narodowosc noun: Mauritian(s)

adjective: Mauritian
Naturalne zagrozenia cyclones (listopad to kwiecien); almost completely surrounded by reefs that may pose maritime hazards
Surowce naturalne arable land, fish
Wspolczynnik migracji -0.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Alliance Sociale or AS [Navinchandra RAMGOOLAM] (governing coalition - includes MLD, MMSM, MR, MSD, PMXD); Mauritian Labor Party or MLP [Navinchandra RAMGOOLAM]; Mauritian Militant Movement or MMM [Paul BERENGER]; Mauritian Socialist Militant Movement or MMSM [Madan DOLLOO]; Militant Socialist Movement or MSM [Nando BODHA]; Mouvement Republicain or MR [Jayarama VALAYDEN]; Parti Mauricien Xavier Duval or PMXD [Xavier Luc DUVAL]; Rodrigues Movement or MR [Joseph (Nicholas) Von MALLY]; Rodrigues Peoples Organization or OPR [Serge CLAIR]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow various labor unions
Ludnosc 1,250,882 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 10% (2001 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 0.798% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 4, FM 9, shortwave 0 (2001)
Religie Hindu 48%, Roman Catholic 23.6%, Muslim 16.6%, other Christian 8.6%, other 2.5%, unspecified 0.3%, none 0.4% (2000 census)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.02 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.011 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.997 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.639 male(s)/female

total population: 0.971 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: small system z good service

domestic: monopoly over fixed-line services terminated w 2005; fixed-line teledensity roughly 30 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular services launched w 1989 z teledensity w 2006 exceeding 60 per 100 persons

international: country code - 230; landing point dla the SAFE submarine cable that provides links to Asia and Republika Poludniowej Afryki where it connects to the SAT-3/WASC submarine cable that provides further links to parts of East Africa, and Europe; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Ocean Indyjski); new microwave link to Reunion; HF radiotelephone links to several countries
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 357,300 (2006)
Telefony komorkowe 772,400 (2006)
Stacje telewizyjne 2 (plus several repeaters) (1997)
Uksztaltowanie terenu small coastal plain rising to discontinuous mountains encircling central plateau
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 1.94 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 9.2% (2007 est.)
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