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Zambia (2008)

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Zambia 2008 roku

 Zambia
Podzial administracyjny 9 provinces; Central, Copperbelt, Eastern, Luapula, Lusaka, Northern, North-Western, Southern, Western
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 45.7% (male 2,633,578/female 2,608,714)


15-64 years: 51.9% (male 2,969,913/female 2,990,923)


65 years and over: 2.4% (male 116,818/female 157,501) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo corn, sorghum, rice, peanuts, sunflower seed, vegetables, flowers, tobacco, cotton, sugarcane, cassava (tapioca), coffee; cattle, goats, pigs, poultry, milk, eggs, hides
Lotniska 107 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 9


over 3,047 m: 1


2,438 to 3,047 m: 2


1,524 to 2,437 m: 4


914 to 1,523 m: 2 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 98


2,438 to 3,047 m: 1


1,524 to 2,437 m: 4


914 to 1,523 m: 64


under 914 m: 29 (2007)
Terytorium total: 752,614 sq km


land: 740,724 sq km


water: 11,890 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly larger than Texas
Tlo historyczne The territory of Northern Rhodesia was administered by the [British] Republika Poludniowej Afryki Company from 1891 until it was taken over by the UK w 1923. During the 1920s and 1930s, advances w mining spurred development and immigration. The name was changed to Zambia upon independence w 1964. In the 1980s and 1990s, declining copper prices and a prolonged drought hurt the economy. Elections w 1991 brought an end to one-party rule, but the subsequent vote w 1996 saw blatant harassment of opposition parties. The election w 2001 was marked by administrative problems z three parties filing a legal petition challenging the election of ruling party candidate Levy MWANAWASA. The new president launched an anticorruption investigation w 2002 to probe high-level corruption during the previous administration. In 2006-2007, this task force successfully prosecuted four cases, including a landmark civil case w the UK w which former President CHILUBA and numerous others were found liable dla USD 41 million. MWANAWASA was reelected w 2006 w an election that was deemed free and fair.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 40.78 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $2.508 billion


expenditures: $2.838 billion (2007 est.)
Stolica name: Lusaka


geographic coordinates: 15 25 S, 28 17 E


time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat tropical; modified by altitude; rainy season (pazdziernik to kwiecien)
Linia brzegowa 0 km (landlocked)
Konstytucja 24 sierpien 1991; amended w 1996 to establish presidential term limits
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Zambia


conventional short form: Zambia


former: Northern Rhodesia
Wspolczynnik zgonow 21.46 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $2.798 billion (31 grudzien 2007 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Carmen M. MARTINEZ


embassy: corner of Niepodleglosc and United Nations Avenues, Lusaka


mailing address: P. O. Box 31617, Lusaka


telephone: [260] (1) 250-955


FAX: [260] (1) 252-225
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Inonge MBIKUSITA-LEWANIKA


chancery: 2419 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008


telephone: [1] (202) 265-9717 through 9719


FAX: [1] (202) 332-0826
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje in 2004, Zimbabwe dropped objections to plans between Botswana and Zambia to build a bridge over the Zambezi River, thereby de facto recognizing a short, but not clearly delimited, Botswana-Zambia boundary w the river; 42,250 Congolese refugees w Zambia are offered voluntary repatriation w listopad 2006, most of whom are expected to return w the next two years; Angolan refugees too have been repatriating but 26,450 still remain z 90,000 others from other neighboring states w 2006
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $504 million (2007)
Ekonomia Zambia's economy has experienced modest growth w recent years, z real Produkt krajowy brutto growth w 2005-07 between 5-6% per year. Privatization of government-owned copper mines w the 1990s relieved the government from covering mammoth losses generated by the industry and greatly improved the chances dla copper mining to return to profitability and spur economic growth. Copper output has increased steadily since 2004, due to higher copper prices and foreign investment. In 2005, Zambia qualified dla debt relief under the Highly Indebted Poor Country Initiative, consisting of approximately USD 6 billion w debt relief. Zambia experienced a bumper harvest w 2007, which helped to boost Produkt krajowy brutto and agricultural exports and contain inflation. Although poverty continues to be significant problem w Zambia, its economy has strengthened, featuring single-digit inflation, a relatively stable currency, decreasing interest rates, and increasing levels of trade.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 8.655 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 243 million kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 465 million kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 8.85 billion kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Zambezi river 329 m


highest point: unnamed location w Mafinga Hills 2,301 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy air pollution and resulting acid rain w the mineral extraction and refining region; chemical runoff into watersheds; poaching seriously threatens rhinoceros, elephant, antelope, and large cat populations; deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; lack of adequate water treatment presents human health risks
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands


signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne African 98.7%, European 1.1%, other 0.2%
Kurs waluty Zambian kwacha per US dollar - 3,990.2 (2007), 3,601.5 (2006), 4,463.5 (2005), 4,778.9 (2004), 4,733.3 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Levy MWANAWASA (since 2 styczen 2002); Vice President Rupiah BANDA (since 9 pazdziernik 2006); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government


head of government: President Levy MWANAWASA (since 2 styczen 2002); Vice President Rupiah BANDA (since 9 pazdziernik 2006)


cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president from among the members of the National Assembly


elections: president elected by popular vote dla a five-year term (eligible dla a second term); election last held 28 wrzesien 2006 (next to be held w 2011); vice president appointed by the president


election results: Levy MWANAWASA reelected president; percent of vote - Levy MWANAWASA 43.0%, Michael SATA 29.4%, Hakainde HICHILEMA 25.3%, Godfrey MIYANDA 1.6%, Winright NGONDO 0.8%
Eksport 243 million kWh (2005)
Eksport $4.017 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 169 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary copper/cobalt 64%, cobalt, electricity; tobacco, flowers, cotton
Eksport - partnerzy Szwajcaria 38.4%, Republika Poludniowej Afryki 21.6%, Chiny 10.3%, UK 7.6%, Tanzania 6.4% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi green z a panel of three vertical bands of red (hoist side), black, and orange below a soaring orange eagle, on the outer edge of the flag
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 17.6%


industry: 26%


services: 56.5% (2007 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 6% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 15 00 S, 30 00 E
Polozenie geograficzne landlocked; the Zambezi forms a natural riverine boundary z Zimbabwe
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 1.2%


highest 10%: 38.8% (2004)
Narkotyki transshipment point dla moderate amounts of methaqualone, small amounts of heroin, and cocaine bound dla southern Africa and possibly Europe; a poorly developed financial infrastructure coupled z a government commitment to combating money laundering make it an unattractive venue dla money launderers; major consumer of cannabis
Import 465 million kWh (2005)
Import $2.993 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 13,370 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary machinery, transportation equipment, petroleum products, electricity, fertilizer; foodstuffs, clothing
Import - partnerzy Republika Poludniowej Afryki 47.3%, UAE 10.4%, Zimbabwe 5.7%, Norwegia 4% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 24 pazdziernik 1964 (from UK)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 6.2% (2007 est.)
Przemysl copper mining and processing, construction, foodstuffs, beverages, chemicals, textiles, fertilizer, horticulture
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 100.71 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 105.48 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 95.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 8.9% (2007 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACP, AfDB, AU, C, COMESA, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NAM, OPCW, PCA, SADC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNMEE, UNMIL, UNMIS, UNOCI, UNWTO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny 1,560 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court (the final court of appeal; justices are appointed by the president); High Court (has unlimited jurisdiction to hear civil and criminal cases)
Sila robocza 4.989 million (2007 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 85%


industry: 6%


services: 9% (2004)
Granica total: 5,664 km


border countries: Angola 1,110 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 1,930 km, Malawi 837 km, Mozambik 419 km, Namibia 233 km, Tanzania 338 km, Zimbabwe 797 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 6.99%


permanent crops: 0.04%


other: 92.97% (2005)
Jezyki English (official), major vernaculars - Bemba, Kaonda, Lozi, Lunda, Luvale, Nyanja, Tonga, and about 70 other indigenous languages
System prawny based on English common law and customary law; judicial review of legislative acts w an ad hoc constitutional council; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral National Assembly (158 seats; 150 members are elected by popular vote, 8 members are appointed by the president, to serve five-year terms)


elections: last held 28 wrzesien 2006 (next to be held w 2011)


election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - MMD 72, PF 44, UDA 27, ULP 2, NDF 1, independents 2; seats not determined 2
Zywotnosc total population: 38.44 years


male: 38.34 years


female: 38.54 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write English


total population: 80.6%


male: 86.8%


female: 74.8% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Southern Africa, east of Angola
Lokalizacja na mapie Africa
Morskie obszary none (landlocked)
Wojsko Zambian National Defense Force (ZNDF): Army, Air Force, Police, National Service
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 1.8% (2005 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 24 pazdziernik (1964)
Narodowosc noun: Zambian(s)


adjective: Zambian
Naturalne zagrozenia periodic drought, tropical storms (listopad to kwiecien)
Surowce naturalne copper, cobalt, zinc, lead, coal, emeralds, gold, silver, uranium, hydropower
Wspolczynnik migracji -2.68 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Rurociagi oil 771 km (2007)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy All Peoples Congress Party [Winright NGONDO]; Forum dla Democracy and Development or FDD [Edith NAWAKWI]; Heritage Party or HP [Godfrey MIYANDA]; Liberal Progressive Front or LPF [Roger CHONGWE]; Movement dla Multiparty Democracy or MMD [Levy MWANAWASA]; National Democratic Focus or NDF; Patriotic Front or PF [Michael SATA]; Party of Unity dla Democracy and Development or PUDD [Dan PULE]; Reform Party [Nevers MUMBA]; United Democratic Alliance or UDA; United Liberal Party or ULP [Sakwiba SIKOTA]; United National Niepodleglosc Party or UNIP [Tilyenji KAUNDA]; United Party dla National Development or UPND [Hakainde HICHILEMA]; Zambia Democratic Congress or ZADECO [Langton SICHONE]; Zambian Republican Party or ZRP [Benjamin MWILA]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 11,477,447


note: estimates dla this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result w lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes w the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 86% (1993)
Przyrost naturalny 1.664% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 19, FM 5, shortwave 4 (2001)
Linie kolejowe total: 2,157 km


narrow gauge: 2,157 km 1.067-m gauge


note: includes 891 km of the Tanzania-Zambia Railway Authority (TAZARA) (2006)
Religie Christian 50%-75%, Muslim and Hindu 24%-49%, indigenous beliefs 1%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 0.993 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.742 male(s)/female


total population: 0.994 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: facilities are aging but still among the best w Sub-Saharan Africa


domestic: high-capacity microwave radio relay connects most larger towns and cities; several cellular telephone services w operation and network coverage is improving; Internet service is widely available; very small aperture terminal (VSAT) networks are operated by private firms


international: country code - 260; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Ocean Indyjski and 1 Ocean Atlantycki)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 93,400 (2006)
Telefony komorkowe 1,663,300 (2006)
Stacje telewizyjne 9 (2001)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly high plateau z some hills and mountains
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 5.31 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 50% (2000 est.)
Drogi wodne 2,250 km (includes Lake Tanganyika and the Zambezi and Luapula rivers) (2005)
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