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Mali (2008)

Mali - wybierz rok:
MaliMali (2001) (porownaj)
MaliMali (2002) (porownaj)
MaliMali (2003) (porownaj)
MaliMali (2004) (porownaj)
MaliMali (2005) (porownaj)
MaliMali (2006) (porownaj)
MaliMali (2007) (porownaj)

Porownaj z innymi popularnymi panstwami

Mali 2008 roku

Podzial administracyjny 8 regions (regions, singular - region); Gao, Kayes, Kidal, Koulikoro, Mopti, Segou, Sikasso, Tombouctou
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 48.2% (male 2,921,914/female 2,853,976)

15-64 years: 48.8% (male 2,891,494/female 2,959,142)

65 years and over: 3.1% (male 149,301/female 219,575) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo cotton, millet, rice, corn, vegetables, peanuts; cattle, sheep, goats
Lotniska 29 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 8

2,438 to 3,047 m: 4

1,524 to 2,437 m: 4 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 21

2,438 to 3,047 m: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 5

914 to 1,523 m: 7

under 914 m: 8 (2007)
Terytorium total: 1.24 million sq km

land: 1.22 million sq km

water: 20,000 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly less than twice the size of Texas
Tlo historyczne The Sudanese Republic and Senegal became independent of Francja w 1960 as the Mali Federation. When Senegal withdrew after only a few months, what formerly made up the Sudanese Republic was renamed Mali. Rule by dictatorship was brought to a close w 1991 by a military coup - led by the current president Amadou TOURE - enabling Mali's emergence as one of the strongest democracies on the continent. President Alpha KONARE won Mali's first democratic presidential election w 1992 and was reelected w 1997. In keeping z Mali's two-term constitutional limit, KONARE stepped down w 2002 and was succeeded by Amadou TOURE, who was subsequently elected to a second term w 2007. The elections were widely judged to be free and fair.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 49.61 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $764 million

expenditures: $828 million (2002 est.)
Stolica name: Bamako

geographic coordinates: 12 39 N, 8 00 W

time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat subtropical to arid; hot and dry (luty to czerwiec); rainy, humid, and mild (czerwiec to listopad); cool and dry (listopad to luty)
Linia brzegowa 0 km (landlocked)
Konstytucja adopted 12 styczen 1992
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Mali

conventional short form: Mali

local long form: Republique de Mali

local short form: Mali

former: French Sudan and Sudanese Republic
Wspolczynnik zgonow 16.51 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $2.8 billion (2002)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Terrence P. MCCULLEY

embassy: located just off the Roi Bin Fahad Aziz Bridge just west of the Bamako central district

mailing address: ACI 2000, Rue 243, Porte 297, Bamako

telephone: [223] 270-2300

FAX: [223] 270-2479
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Abdoulaye DIOP

chancery: 2130 R Street NW, Washington, DC 20008

telephone: [1] (202) 332-2249, 939-8950

FAX: [1] (202) 332-6603
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje none
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $691.5 million (2005)
Ekonomia Mali is among the poorest countries w the world, z 65% of its land area desert or semidesert and z a highly unequal distribution of income. Economic activity is largely confined to the riverine area irrigated by the Niger. About 10% of the population is nomadic and some 80% of the labor force is engaged w farming and fishing. Industrial activity is concentrated on processing farm commodities. Mali is heavily dependent on foreign aid and vulnerable to fluctuations w world prices dla cotton, its main export, along z gold. The government has continued its successful implementation of an IMF-recommended structural adjustment program that is helping the economy grow, diversify, and attract foreign investment. Mali's adherence to economic reform and the 50% devaluation of the CFA franc w styczen 1994 have pushed up economic growth to a 5% average w 1996-2007. Worker remittances and external trade routes dla the landlocked country have been jeopardized by continued unrest w neighboring Cote d'Ivoire.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 412.9 million kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh; note - recent hydropower developments may be providing electricity to Senegal and Mauretania (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 444 million kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Senegal River 23 m

highest point: Hombori Tondo 1,155 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; inadequate supplies of potable water; poaching
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands, Whaling

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne Mande 50% (Bambara, Malinke, Soninke), Peul 17%, Voltaic 12%, Songhai 6%, Tuareg and Moor 10%, other 5%
Kurs waluty Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XOF) per US dollar - 493.51 (2007), 522.59 (2006), 527.47 (2005), 528.29 (2004), 581.2 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Amadou Toumani TOURE (since 8 czerwiec 2002)

head of government: Prime Minister Modibo SIDIBE (since 28 wrzesien 2007)

cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister

elections: president elected by popular vote dla a five-year term (eligible dla a second term); election last held 29 kwiecien 2007 (next to be held kwiecien w 2012); prime minister appointed by the president

election results: Amadou Toumani TOURE reelected president; percent of vote - Amadou Toumani TOURE 71.2%, Ibrahim Boubacar KEITA 19.2%, other 9.6%
Eksport 0 kWh; note - recent hydropower developments may be providing electricity to Senegal and Mauretania (2005)
Eksport $294 million f.o.b. (2006)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 0 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary cotton, gold, livestock
Eksport - partnerzy Chiny 26.8%, Niemcy 24.9%, Tajlandia 7.1%, Tajwan 4.9%, Bangladesz 4% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), yellow, and red; uses the popular pan-African colors of Etiopia
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 45%

industry: 17%

services: 38% (2001 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 4.3% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 17 00 N, 4 00 W
Polozenie geograficzne landlocked; divided into three natural zones: the southern, cultivated Sudanese; the central, semiarid Sahelian; and the northern, arid Saharan
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 2.4%

highest 10%: 30.2% (2001)
Import 0 kWh (2005)
Import $2.358 billion f.o.b. (2006)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 4,369 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary petroleum, machinery and equipment, construction materials, foodstuffs, textiles
Import - partnerzy Francja 12.8%, Senegal 12.2%, Cote d'Ivoire 10.5% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 22 wrzesien 1960 (from Francja)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle NA%
Przemysl food processing; construction; phosphate and gold mining
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 105.65 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 115.29 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 95.72 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 4.5% (2002 est.)
Nawadniane tereny 2,360 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court or Cour Supreme
Sila robocza 3.93 million (2001 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 80%

industry and services: 20% (2001 est.)
Granica total: 7,243 km

border countries: Algieria 1,376 km, Burkina Faso 1,000 km, Gwinea 858 km, Cote d'Ivoire 532 km, Mauretania 2,237 km, Niger 821 km, Senegal 419 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 3.76%

permanent crops: 0.03%

other: 96.21% (2005)
Jezyki French (official), Bambara 80%, numerous African languages
System prawny based on French civil law system and customary law; judicial review of legislative acts w Konstytucjaal Court; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (147 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

elections: last held 1 and 22 lipiec 2007 (next to be held w lipiec 2012)

election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - ADP coalition 113 (including ADEMA 51, URD 34, MPR 8, CNID 7, UDD 3, and other 10), FDR coalition 15 (including RPM 11, PARENA 4), SADI 4, independent 15
Zywotnosc total population: 49.51 years

male: 47.6 years

female: 51.46 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 46.4%

male: 53.5%

female: 39.6% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Western Africa, southwest of Algieria
Lokalizacja na mapie Africa
Morskie obszary none (landlocked)
Wojsko Malian Armed Forces: Army, Republic of Mali Air Force (Force Aerienne de la Republique du Mali, FARM), National Guard (2007)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 1.9% (2006)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 22 wrzesien (1960)
Narodowosc noun: Malian(s)

adjective: Malian
Naturalne zagrozenia hot, dust-laden harmattan haze common during dry seasons; recurring droughts; occasional Niger River flooding
Surowce naturalne gold, phosphates, kaolin, salt, limestone, uranium, gypsum, granite, hydropower

note: bauxite, iron ore, manganese, tin, and copper deposits are known but not exploited
Wspolczynnik migracji -6.28 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Alliance dla Democratic Change (political group comprised mainly of Tuareg from Mali's northern region); African Solidarity dla Democracy and Niepodleglosc or SADI [Oumar MARIKO, secretary general]; Alliance dla Democracy and Progress or ADP (a coalition of political parties including ADEMA and URD formed w grudzien 2006 to support the presidential candidacy of Amadou TOURE); Alliance dla Democracy or ADEMA [Diounconda TRAORE]; Convergence 2007 [Soumeylou Boubeye MAIGA]; Front dla Democracy and the Republic or FDR (a coalition of political parties including RPM and PARENA formed to oppose the presidential candidacy of Amadou TOURE); National Congress dla Democratic Initiative or CNID [Mountaga TALL]; Party dla Democracy and Progress or PDP [Me Idrissa TRAORE]; Party dla National Renewal or PARENA [Tiebile DRAME]; Patriotic Movement dla Renewal or MPR [Choguel MAIGA]; Rally dla Democracy and Labor or RDT; Rally dla Mali or RPM [Ibrahim Boubacar KEITA]; Sudanese Union/African Democratic Rally or US/RDA [Mamadou Bamou TOURE]; Union dla Democracy and Development or UDD [Moussa Balla COULIBALY]; Union dla Republic and Democracy or URD [Soumaila CISSE]
Ludnosc 11,995,402 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 64% (2001 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 2.681% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 1, FM 230 (27 regional and government stations, and 203 private stations), shortwave 1 (2001)
Linie kolejowe total: 729 km

narrow gauge: 729 km 1.000-m gauge (2006)
Religie Muslim 90%, Christian 1%, indigenous beliefs 9%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.024 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.977 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.68 male(s)/female

total population: 0.988 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: domestic system unreliable but improving; provides only minimal service

domestic: fixed-line availability is gradually increasing, but subscribership remains less than 1 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular subscribership has increased sharply to 13 per 100 persons

international: country code - 223; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Ocean Atlantycki, 1 Ocean Indyjski)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 82,500 (2006)
Telefony komorkowe 1.513 million (2006)
Stacje telewizyjne 2 (plus repeaters) (2007)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly flat to rolling northern plains covered by sand; savanna w south, rugged hills w northeast
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 7.38 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 14.6% (2001 est.)
Drogi wodne 1,800 km (2007)
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