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Mali (2002)

Mali - wybierz rok:
MaliMali (2001) (porownaj)
MaliMali (2003) (porownaj)
MaliMali (2004) (porownaj)
MaliMali (2005) (porownaj)
MaliMali (2006) (porownaj)
MaliMali (2007) (porownaj)
MaliMali (2008) (porownaj)


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Mali 2002 roku

 Mali
Podzial administracyjny 8 regions (regions, singular - region); Gao, Kayes, Kidal, Koulikoro, Mopti, Segou, Sikasso, Tombouctou
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 47.2% (male 2,687,998; female 2,658,605)


15-64 years: 49.8% (male 2,698,789; female 2,950,276)


65 years and over: 3% (male 160,604; female 184,208) (2002 est.)
Rolinictwo cotton, millet, rice, corn, vegetables, peanuts; cattle, sheep, goats
Lotniska 27 (2001)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 7


2,438 to 3,047 m: 4


1,524 to 2,437 m: 1


914 to 1,523 m: 2 (2002)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 19


1,524 to 2,437 m: 6


914 to 1,523 m: 5


under 914 m: 8 (2002)
Terytorium total: 1.24 million sq km


land: 1.22 million sq km


water: 20,000 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly less than twice the size of Texas
Tlo historyczne The Sudanese Republic and Senegal became independent of Francja w 1960 as the Mali Federation. When Senegal withdrew after only a few months, the Sudanese Republic was renamed Mali. Rule by dictatorship was brought to a close w 1991 z a transitional government, and w 1992 when Mali's first democratic presidential election was held. After his reelection w 1997, President Alpha KONARE continued to push through political and economic reforms and to fight corruption. In keeping z Mali's two-term constitutional limit, he stepped down w 2002 and was succeeded by Amadou TOURE.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 48.37 births/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Budzet revenues: $764 million


expenditures: $828 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (2002 est.)
Stolica Bamako
Klimat subtropical to arid; hot and dry luty to czerwiec; rainy, humid, and mild czerwiec to listopad; cool and dry listopad to luty
Linia brzegowa 0 km (landlocked)
Konstytucja adopted 12 styczen 1992
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Mali


conventional short form: Mali


local long form: Republique de Mali


local short form: Mali


former: French Sudan and Sudanese Republic
Waluta Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (XOF); note - responsible authority is the Central Bank of the West African States
Wspolczynnik zgonow 18.32 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $3.3 billion (2000)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Vicki HUDDLESTONE


embassy: Rue Rochester NY and Rue Mohamed V, Bamako


mailing address: B. P. 34, Bamako


telephone: [223] (2) 223-833


FAX: [223] (2) 223-712
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Cheick Oumar DIARRAH


chancery: 2130 R Street NW, Washington, DC 20008


telephone: [1] (202) 332-2249, 939-8950


FAX: [1] (202) 332-6603
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje none
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $596.4 million (2001)
Ekonomia Mali is among the poorest countries w the world, z 65% of its land area desert or semidesert. Economic activity is largely confined to the riverine area irrigated by the Niger. About 10% of the population is nomadic and some 70% of the labor force is engaged w farming and fishing. Industrial activity is concentrated on processing farm commodities. Mali is heavily dependent on foreign aid and vulnerable to fluctuations w world prices dla cotton, its main export. In 1997, the government continued its successful implementation of an IMF-recommended structural adjustment program that is helping the economy grow, diversify, and attract foreign investment. Mali's adherence to economic reform and the 50% devaluation of the African franc w styczen 1994 have pushed up economic growth to a sturdy 5% average w 1996-2000. In 2001, Produkt krajowy brutto decreased by 1.2% mainly due to a 50% drop w cotton production w 2000-01.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 429.66 million kWh (2000)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2000)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2000)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 462 million kWh (2000)
Elektrycznosc - zrodla energii fossil fuel: 43%


hydro: 57%


nuclear: 0%


other: 0% (2000)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Senegal River 23 m


highest point: Hombori Tondo 1,155 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; inadequate supplies of potable water; poaching
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands


signed, but not ratified: Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Nuclear Test Ban
Grupy etniczne Mande 50% (Bambara, Malinke, Soninke), Peul 17%, Voltaic 12%, Songhai 6%, Tuareg and Moor 10%, other 5%
Kurs waluty Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XOF) per US dollar - 742.79 (styczen 2002), 733.04 (2001), 711.98 (2000), 615.70 (1999), 589.95 (1998), 583.67 (1997); note - from 1 styczen 1999, the XOF is pegged to the euro at a rate of 655.957 XOF per euro
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Amadou Toumani TOURE (since 8 czerwiec 2002)


head of government: Prime Minister Ahmed Mohamed Ag HAMANI (since 9 czerwiec 2002)


cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister


elections: president elected by popular vote dla a five-year term (two-term limit); election last held 12 maj 2002 (next to be held NA maj 2007); prime minister appointed by the president


election results: Amadou Toumani TOURE elected president; percent of vote - Amadou Toumani TOURE 64.4%, Soumaila CISSE 35.6%
Eksport 0 kWh (2000)
Eksport $575 million f.o.b. (2001 est.)
Eksport - towary cotton 43%, gold 40%, livestock (2001 est.)
Eksport - partnerzy Brazylia 10.6%, South Korea 9.9%, Wlochy 7.3%, Kanada 7% (2000)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), yellow, and red; uses the popular pan-African colors of Etiopia
Produkt krajowy brutto purchasing power parity - $9.2 billion (2001 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 45%


industry: 17%


services: 38% (2001 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $840 (2001 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu -1.2% (2001 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 17 00 N, 4 00 W
Polozenie geograficzne landlocked; divided into three natural zones: the southern, cultivated Sudanese; the central, semiarid Sahelian; and the northern, arid Saharan
Autostrady total: 15,100 km


paved: 1,827 km


unpaved: 13,273 km (1996)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 2%


highest 10%: 40% (1994) (1994)
Import 0 kWh (2000)
Import $600 million f.o.b. (2001 est.)
Import - towary machinery and equipment, construction materials, petroleum, foodstuffs, textiles
Import - partnerzy Cote d'Ivoire 21%, Francja 12.4%, Senegal 4%, Niemcy 4%, Benelux (2000)
Niepodleglosc 22 wrzesien 1960 (from Francja)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle NA
Przemysl food processing; construction; phosphate and gold mining
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow 119.63 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.)
Inflacja 4.5% (2001 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACCT, ACP, AfDB, CCC, ECA, ECOWAS, FAO, FZ, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO (subscriber), ITU, MIPONUH, NAM, OAU, OIC, OPCW, UN, UNAMSIL, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WADB (regional), WAEMU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
Dostawcy internetu 13 (2001)
Nawadniane tereny 1,380 sq km (1998 est.)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court or Cour Supreme
Sila robocza 3.93 million (2001 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture and fishing 80% (2001 est.)
Granica total: 7,243 km


border countries: Algieria 1,376 km, Burkina Faso 1,000 km, Gwinea 858 km, Cote d'Ivoire 532 km, Mauretania 2,237 km, Niger 821 km, Senegal 419 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 3.77%


permanent crops: 0.04%


other: 96.19% (1998 est.)
Jezyki French (official), Bambara 80%, numerous African languages
System prawny based on French civil law system and customary law; judicial review of legislative acts w Konstytucjaal Court (which was formally established on 9 marzec 1994); has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (147 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)


elections: last held 14 lipiec and 28 lipiec 2002 (next to be held NA lipiec 2007)


election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - Hope 2002 coalition 66, ADEMA 51, other 30
Zywotnosc total population: 47.39 years


male: 46.18 years


female: 48.64 years (2002 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 38%


male: 45%


female: 31% (1998 est.)
Lokalizacja Western Africa, southwest of Algieria
Lokalizacja na mapie Africa
Morskie obszary none (landlocked)
Wojsko Army, Air Force, Gendarmerie, Republican Guard, National Guard, National Police (Surete Nationale)
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $50 million (FY01)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 2% (FY01)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (w wieku poborowym) males age 15-49: 2,369,578 (2002 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (zdolni do sluzby wojskowej) males age 15-49: 1,358,646 (2002 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 22 wrzesien (1960)
Narodowosc noun: Malian(s)


adjective: Malian
Naturalne zagrozenia hot, dust-laden harmattan haze common during dry seasons; recurring droughts; occasional Niger River flooding
Surowce naturalne gold, phosphates, kaolin, salt, limestone, uranium, hydropower


note: bauxite, iron ore, manganese, tin, and copper deposits are known but not exploited
Wspolczynnik migracji -0.35 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Alliance dla Democracy or ADEMA [Diounconda Traore KEITA, party chairman]; Block of Alternative dla the Renewal of Africa or BARA [Yoro DIAKITE]; Democratic and Social Convention or CDS [Mamadou Bakary SANGARE, chairman]; Movement dla the Niepodleglosc, Renaissance and Integration of Africa or MIRIA [Mohamed Lamine TRAORE, Mouhamedou DICKO]; National Congress dla Democratic Initiative or CNID [Mountaga TALL, chairman]; Party dla Democracy and Progress or PDP [Me Idrissa TRAORE]; Party dla National Renewal or PARENA [Yoro DIAKITE, chairman; Tiebile DRAME, secretary general]; Rally dla Democracy and Labor or RDT [Ali GNANGADO]; Rally dla Democracy and Progress or RDP [Almamy SYLLA, chairman]; Rally dla Mali or RPM [Ibrahim Bonbasor KEITA, chairman]; Sudanese Union/African Democratic Rally or US/RDA [Mamadou Bamou TOURE, secretary general]; Union of Democratic Forces dla Progress or UFDP [Youssouf TOURE, secretary general]; Union dla Democracy and Development or UDD [Moussa Balla COULIBALY]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow Patriotic Movement of the Ghanda Koye or MPGK; United Movement and Fronts of Azawad or MFUA
Ludnosc 11,340,480 (lipiec 2002 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 64% average; 30% of the total population living w urban areas; 76% of the total population living w rural areas) (2001 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 2.97% (2002 est.)
Porty i stocznie Koulikoro
Stacje radiowe AM 1, FM 28, shortwave 1


note: the shortwave station w Bamako has seven frequencies and five transmitters and relays broadcasts dla Chiny Radio International (2001)
Radia 570,000 (1997)
Linie kolejowe total: 729 km


narrow gauge: 729 km 1.000-m gauge


note: linked to Senegal's rail system through Kayes (2001)
Religie Muslim 90%, indigenous beliefs 9%, Christian 1%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 0.91 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.87 male(s)/female


total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2002 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: domestic system unreliable but improving; provides only minimal service


domestic: network consists of microwave radio relay, open wire, and radiotelephone communications stations; expansion of microwave radio relay w progress


international: satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Ocean Atlantycki and 1 Ocean Indyjski)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 45,000 (2000)
Telefony komorkowe 40,000 (2001)
Stacje telewizyjne 1 (plus repeaters) (2001)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly flat to rolling northern plains covered by sand; savanna w south, rugged hills w northeast
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 6.73 children born/woman (2002 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 14.6% urban areas; 5.3% rural areas (2001 est.)
Drogi wodne 1,815 km
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