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Mali (2003)

Mali - wybierz rok:
MaliMali (2001) (porownaj)
MaliMali (2002) (porownaj)
MaliMali (2004) (porownaj)
MaliMali (2005) (porownaj)
MaliMali (2006) (porownaj)
MaliMali (2007) (porownaj)
MaliMali (2008) (porownaj)

Porownaj z innymi popularnymi panstwami

Mali 2003 roku

Podzial administracyjny 8 regions (regions, singular - region); Gao, Kayes, Kidal, Koulikoro, Mopti, Segou, Sikasso, Tombouctou
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 47.2% (male 2,759,802; female 2,727,226)

15-64 years: 49.8% (male 2,771,532; female 3,017,348)

65 years and over: 3% (male 161,983; female 188,328) (2003 est.)
Rolinictwo cotton, millet, rice, corn, vegetables, peanuts; cattle, sheep, goats
Lotniska 26 (2002)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 7

2,438 to 3,047 m: 4

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1

914 to 1,523 m: 2 (2002)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 19

1,524 to 2,437 m: 6

914 to 1,523 m: 5

under 914 m: 8 (2002)
Terytorium total: 1.24 million sq km

land: 1.22 million sq km

water: 20,000 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly less than twice the size of Texas
Tlo historyczne The Sudanese Republic and Senegal became independent of Francja w 1960 as the Mali Federation. When Senegal withdrew after only a few months, what formerly made up the Sudanese Republic was renamed Mali. Rule by dictatorship was brought to a close w 1991 z a transitional government and w 1992 when Mali's first democratic presidential election was held. After his reelection w 1997, President Alpha KONARE continued to push through political and economic reforms and to fight corruption. In keeping z Mali's two-term constitutional limit, he stepped down w 2002 and was succeeded by Amadou TOURE.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 47.79 births/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Budzet revenues: $764 million

expenditures: $828 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (2002 est.)
Stolica Bamako
Klimat subtropical to arid; hot and dry luty to czerwiec; rainy, humid, and mild czerwiec to listopad; cool and dry listopad to luty
Linia brzegowa 0 km (landlocked)
Konstytucja adopted 12 styczen 1992
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Mali

conventional short form: Mali

local long form: Republique de Mali

local short form: Mali

former: French Sudan and Sudanese Republic
Waluta Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (XOF); note - responsible authority is the Central Bank of the West African States
Wspolczynnik zgonow 19.21 deaths/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $3.3 billion (2000)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Vicki HUDDLESTONE

embassy: Rue Rochester NY and Rue Mohamed V, Bamako

mailing address: B. P. 34, Bamako

telephone: [223] (2) 223-833

FAX: [223] (2) 223-712
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Abdoulaye DIOP

chancery: 2130 R Street NW, Washington, DC 20008

telephone: [1] (202) 332-2249, 939-8950

FAX: [1] (202) 332-6603
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje armed bandits based w Mali attack southern Algierian towns
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $596.4 million (2001)
Ekonomia Mali is among the poorest countries w the world, z 65% of its land area desert or semidesert and z a highly unequal distribution of income. Economic activity is largely confined to the riverine area irrigated by the Niger. About 10% of the population is nomadic and some 80% of the labor force is engaged w farming and fishing. Industrial activity is concentrated on processing farm commodities. Mali is heavily dependent on foreign aid and vulnerable to fluctuations w world prices dla cotton, its main export, along z gold. The government has continued its successful implementation of an IMF-recommended structural adjustment program that is helping the economy grow, diversify, and attract foreign investment. Mali's adherence to economic reform and the 50% devaluation of the African franc w styczen 1994 have pushed up economic growth to a sturdy 5% average w 1996-2002. Worker remittances and external trade routes have been jeopardized by continued unrest w neighboring Cote d'Ivoire.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 446.6 million kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh; note - recent hydropower developments may be providing electricity to Senegal and Mauretania (2001)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 480.2 million kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - zrodla energii fossil fuel: 41.7%

hydro: 58.3%

nuclear: 0%

other: 0% (2001)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Senegal River 23 m

highest point: Hombori Tondo 1,155 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; inadequate supplies of potable water; poaching
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified: Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Nuclear Test Ban
Grupy etniczne Mande 50% (Bambara, Malinke, Soninke), Peul 17%, Voltaic 12%, Songhai 6%, Tuareg and Moor 10%, other 5%
Kurs waluty Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XOF) per US dollar - 696.99 (2002), 733.04 (2001), 711.98 (2000), 615.7 (1999), 589.95 (1998)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Amadou Toumani TOURE (since 8 czerwiec 2002)

head of government: Prime Minister Ahmed Mohamed Ag HAMANI (since 9 czerwiec 2002)

cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister

elections: president elected by popular vote dla a five-year term (two-term limit); election last held 12 maj 2002 (next to be held NA maj 2007); prime minister appointed by the president

election results: Amadou Toumani TOURE elected president; percent of vote - Amadou Toumani TOURE 64.4%, Soumaila CISSE 35.6%
Eksport 0 kWh; note - recent hydropower developments may be providing electricity to Senegal and Mauretania (2001)
Eksport $680 million f.o.b. (2002 est.)
Eksport NA (2001)
Eksport - towary cotton, gold, livestock
Eksport - partnerzy Tajlandia 13.9%, Wlochy 9.8%, Indie 7.7%, Brazylia 5.5%, Niemcy 5%, Hiszpania 4.9%, Portugalia 4.3%, Tajwan 4.3% (2002)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), yellow, and red; uses the popular pan-African colors of Etiopia
Produkt krajowy brutto purchasing power parity - $9.775 billion (2002 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 45%

industry: 17%

services: 38% (2001 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $900 (2002 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 4.5% (2002 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 17 00 N, 4 00 W
Polozenie geograficzne landlocked; divided into three natural zones: the southern, cultivated Sudanese; the central, semiarid Sahelian; and the northern, arid Saharan
Autostrady total: 15,100 km

paved: 1,827 km

unpaved: 13,273 km (1999 est.)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 1.8%

highest 10%: 40.4% (1994)
Import 0 kWh (2001)
Import $630 million f.o.b. (2002 est.)
Import NA (2001)
Import - towary petroleum, machinery and equipment, construction materials, foodstuffs, textiles
Import - partnerzy Cote d'Ivoire 17.1%, Francja 13.5%, Senegal 6.5%, Niemcy 4% (2002)
Niepodleglosc 22 wrzesien 1960 (from Francja)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle NA%
Przemysl food processing; construction; phosphate and gold mining
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 119.2 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 125.72 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 112.49 deaths/1,000 live births (2003 est.)
Inflacja 4.5% (2002 est.)
Dostawcy internetu 13 (2001)
Nawadniane tereny 1,380 sq km (1998 est.)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court or Cour Supreme
Sila robocza 3.93 million (2001 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture and fishing 80% (2001 est.)
Granica total: 7,243 km

border countries: Algieria 1,376 km, Burkina Faso 1,000 km, Gwinea 858 km, Cote d'Ivoire 532 km, Mauretania 2,237 km, Niger 821 km, Senegal 419 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 3.77%

permanent crops: 0.04%

other: 96.19% (1998 est.)
Jezyki French (official), Bambara 80%, numerous African languages
System prawny based on French civil law system and customary law; judicial review of legislative acts w Konstytucjaal Court (which was formally established on 9 marzec 1994); has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (147 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

elections: last held 14 lipiec and 28 lipiec 2002 (next to be held NA lipiec 2007)

election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - Hope 2002 coalition 66, ADEMA 51, other 30
Zywotnosc total population: 45.43 years

male: 44.7 years

female: 46.19 years (2003 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 46.4%

male: 53.5%

female: 39.6% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Western Africa, southwest of Algieria
Lokalizacja na mapie Africa
Morskie obszary none (landlocked)
Wojsko Army, Air Force, Gendarmerie, Republican Guard, National Guard, National Police (Surete Nationale)
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $419.7 million (FY02)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 15% (FY02)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (w wieku poborowym) males age 15-49: 2,441,769 (2003 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (zdolni do sluzby wojskowej) males age 15-49: 1,400,711 (2003 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 22 wrzesien (1960)
Narodowosc noun: Malian(s)

adjective: Malian
Naturalne zagrozenia hot, dust-laden harmattan haze common during dry seasons; recurring droughts; occasional Niger River flooding
Surowce naturalne gold, phosphates, kaolin, salt, limestone, uranium, hydropower

note: bauxite, iron ore, manganese, tin, and copper deposits are known but not exploited
Wspolczynnik migracji -0.34 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Alliance dla Democracy or ADEMA [Diounconda Traore KEITA, party chairman]; Block of Alternative dla the Renewal of Africa or BARA [Yoro DIAKITE]; Democratic and Social Convention or CDS [Mamadou Bakary SANGARE, chairman]; Hope 2002 [leader NA]; Movement dla the Niepodleglosc, Renaissance and Integration of Africa or MIRIA [Mohamed Lamine TRAORE, Mouhamedou DICKO]; National Congress dla Democratic Initiative or CNID [Mountaga TALL, chairman]; Party dla Democracy and Progress or PDP [Me Idrissa TRAORE]; Party dla National Renewal or PARENA [Yoro DIAKITE, chairman; Tiebile DRAME, secretary general]; Rally dla Democracy and Labor or RDT [Ali GNANGADO]; Rally dla Democracy and Progress or RDP [Almamy SYLLA, chairman]; Rally dla Mali or RPM [Ibrahim Bonbasor KEITA, chairman]; Sudanese Union/African Democratic Rally or US/RDA [Mamadou Bamou TOURE, secretary general]; Union of Democratic Forces dla Progress or UFDP [Youssouf TOURE, secretary general]; Union dla Democracy and Development or UDD [Moussa Balla COULIBALY]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow Patriotic Movement of the Ghanda Koye or MPGK; United Movement and Fronts of Azawad or MFUA
Ludnosc 11,626,219 (lipiec 2003 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 64% average; 30% of the total population living w urban areas; 70% of the total population living w rural areas) (2001 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 2.82% (2003 est.)
Porty i stocznie Koulikoro
Stacje radiowe AM 1, FM 28, shortwave 1

note: the shortwave station w Bamako has seven frequencies and five transmitters and relays broadcasts dla Chiny Radio International (2001)
Linie kolejowe total: 729 km

narrow gauge: 729 km 1.000-m gauge (2002)
Religie Muslim 90%, indigenous beliefs 9%, Christian 1%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.92 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.86 male(s)/female

total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2003 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: domestic system unreliable but improving; provides only minimal service

domestic: network consists of microwave radio relay, open-wire, and radiotelephone communications stations; expansion of microwave radio relay w progress

international: satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Ocean Atlantycki and 1 Ocean Indyjski)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 45,000 (2000)
Telefony komorkowe 40,000 (2001)
Stacje telewizyjne 1 (plus repeaters) (2001)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly flat to rolling northern plains covered by sand; savanna w south, rugged hills w northeast
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 6.66 children born/woman (2003 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 14.6% urban areas; 5.3% rural areas (2001 est.)
Drogi wodne 1,815 km
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