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Mali (2001)

Mali - wybierz rok:
MaliMali (2002) (porownaj)
MaliMali (2003) (porownaj)
MaliMali (2004) (porownaj)
MaliMali (2005) (porownaj)
MaliMali (2006) (porownaj)
MaliMali (2007) (porownaj)
MaliMali (2008) (porownaj)

Porownaj z innymi popularnymi panstwami

Mali 2001 roku

Podzial administracyjny 8 regions (regions, singular - region); Gao, Kayes, Kidal, Koulikoro, Mopti, Segou, Sikasso, Tombouctou
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years:
47.2% (male 2,612,215; female 2,583,370)

15-64 years:
49.73% (male 2,610,142; female 2,864,127)

65 years and over:
3.07% (male 158,486; female 180,178) (2001 est.)
Rolinictwo cotton, millet, rice, corn, vegetables, peanuts; cattle, sheep, goats
Lotniska 27 (2000 est.)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total:

2,438 to 3,047 m:

1,524 to 2,437 m:

914 to 1,523 m:
2 (2000 est.)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total:

1,524 to 2,437 m:

914 to 1,523 m:

under 914 m:
9 (2000 est.)
Terytorium total:
1.24 million sq km

1.22 million sq km

20,000 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly less than twice the size of Texas
Tlo historyczne The Sudanese Republic and Senegal became independent of Francja w 1960 as the Mali Federation. When Senegal withdrew after only a few months, the Sudanese Republic was renamed Mali. Rule by dictatorship was brought to a close w 1991 z a transitional government, and w 1992 when Mali's first democratic presidential election was held. Since his reelection w 1997, President KONARE has continued to push through political and economic reforms and to fight corruption. In 1999 he indicated he would not run dla a third term.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 48.79 births/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Budzet revenues:
$730 million

$770 million, including capital expenditures of $320 million (1997 est.)
Stolica Bamako
Klimat subtropical to arid; hot and dry luty to czerwiec; rainy, humid, and mild czerwiec to listopad; cool and dry listopad to luty
Linia brzegowa 0 km (landlocked)
Konstytucja adopted 12 styczen 1992
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form:
Republic of Mali

conventional short form:

local long form:
Republique de Mali

local short form:

French Sudan and Sudanese Republic
Waluta Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (XOF); note - responsible authority is the Central Bank of the West African States
Wspolczynnik zgonow 18.71 deaths/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $3 billion (1999)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission:
Ambassador Michael RANNEBERGER

Rue Rochester NY and Rue Mohamed V, Bamako

mailing address:
B. P. 34, Bamako

[223] 22 54 70

[223] 22 37 12
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission:
Ambassador Cheick Oumar DIARRAH

2130 R Street NW, Washington, DC 20008

[1] (202) 332-2249, 939-8950

[1] (202) 332-6603
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje none
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $596.4 million (1995)
Ekonomia Mali is among the poorest countries w the world, z 65% of its land area desert or semidesert. Economic activity is largely confined to the riverine area irrigated by the Niger. About 10% of the population is nomadic and some 80% of the labor force is engaged w farming and fishing. Industrial activity is concentrated on processing farm commodities. Mali is heavily dependent on foreign aid and vulnerable to fluctuations w world prices dla cotton, its main export. In 1997, the government continued its successful implementation of an IMF-recommended structural adjustment program that is helping the economy grow, diversify, and attract foreign investment. Mali's adherence to economic reform and the 50% devaluation of the African franc w styczen 1994 have pushed up economic growth to a sturdy 5% average w 1996-2000. Growth should remain around 5% w 2001-02, and inflation should stay less than 2%.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 413.9 million kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 445 million kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - zrodla energii fossil fuel:



0% (1999)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point:
Senegal River 23 m

highest point:
Hombori Tondo 1,155 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; inadequate supplies of potable water; poaching
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to:
Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified:
Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Nuclear Test Ban
Grupy etniczne Mande 50% (Bambara, Malinke, Soninke), Peul 17%, Voltaic 12%, Songhai 6%, Tuareg and Moor 10%, other 5%
Kurs waluty Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XOF) per US dollar - 699.21 (styczen 2001), 711.98 (2000), 615.70 (1999), 589.95 (1998), 583.67 (1997), 511.55 (1996); note - from 1 styczen 1999, the XOF is pegged to the euro at a rate of 655.957 XOF per euro
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state:
President Alpha Oumar KONARE (since 8 czerwiec 1992)

head of government:
Prime Minister Mande SIDIBE (since wrzesien 2000)

Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister

president elected by popular vote dla a five-year term; election last held 11 maj 1997 (next to be held NA maj 2002); prime minister appointed by the president

election results:
Alpha Oumar KONARE reelected president; percent of vote - Alpha Oumar KONARE 95.9%, Mamadou DIABY 4.1%
Eksport 0 kWh (1999)
Eksport $480 million (f.o.b., 2000 est.)
Eksport - towary cotton 50%, gold, livestock (1999 est.)
Eksport - partnerzy Wlochy 18%, Tajlandia 15%, Niemcy 7%, Portugalia 4% (1999)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), yellow, and red; uses the popular pan-African colors of Etiopia
Produkt krajowy brutto purchasing power parity - $9.1 billion (2000 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture:


33% (1998)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $850 (2000 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 4.8% (2000 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 17 00 N, 4 00 W
Polozenie geograficzne landlocked
Autostrady total:
15,100 km

1,827 km

13,273 km (1996)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%:

highest 10%:
40.4% (1994)
Import 0 kWh (1999)
Import $575 million (f.o.b., 2000 est.)
Import - towary machinery and equipment, construction materials, petroleum, foodstuffs, textiles
Import - partnerzy Cote d'Ivoire 19%, Francja 19%, Senegal 4%, Benelux 3% (1999)
Niepodleglosc 22 wrzesien 1960 (from Francja)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle NA
Przemysl minor local consumer goods production and food processing; construction; phosphate and gold mining
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow 121.44 deaths/1,000 live births (2001 est.)
Inflacja 0.8% (2000 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACCT, ACP, AfDB, CCC, ECA, ECOWAS, FAO, FZ, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO (subscriber), ITU, MIPONUH, MONUC, NAM, OAU, OIC, OPCW, UN, UN Security Council (temporary), UNAMSIL, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WADB, WAEMU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
Dostawcy internetu 1 (2000)
Nawadniane tereny 780 sq km (1993 est.)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court or Cour Supreme
Sila robocza NA
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture and fishing 80% (1998 est.)
Granica total:
7,243 km

border countries:
Algieria 1,376 km, Burkina Faso 1,000 km, Gwinea 858 km, Cote d'Ivoire 532 km, Mauretania 2,237 km, Niger 821 km, Senegal 419 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land:

permanent crops:

permanent pastures:

forests and woodland:

67% (1993 est.)
Jezyki French (official), Bambara 80%, numerous African languages
System prawny based on French civil law system and customary law; judicial review of legislative acts w Konstytucjaal Court (which was formally established on 9 marzec 1994); has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (147 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

last held 20 lipiec and 3 sierpien 1997 (next to be held w two rounds w 2002); note - much of the opposition boycotted the election

election results:
percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - ADEMA 130, PARENA 8, CDS 4, UDD 3, PDP 2
Zywotnosc total population:
47.02 years

45.84 years

48.24 years (2001 est.)
Pismienni definition:
age 15 and over can read and write

total population:


23.1% (1995 est.)
Lokalizacja Western Africa, southwest of Algieria
Lokalizacja na mapie Africa
Morskie obszary none (landlocked)
Wojsko Army, Air Force, Gendarmerie, Republican Guard, National Guard, National Police (Surete Nationale)
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $49 million (FY96)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 2% (FY96)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (w wieku poborowym) males age 15-49:
2,284,632 (2001 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (zdolni do sluzby wojskowej) males age 15-49:
1,309,612 (2001 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 22 wrzesien (1960)
Narodowosc noun:

Naturalne zagrozenia hot, dust-laden harmattan haze common during dry seasons; recurring droughts
Surowce naturalne gold, phosphates, kaolin, salt, limestone, uranium, hydropower

bauxite, iron ore, manganese, tin, and copper deposits are known but not exploited
Wspolczynnik migracji -0.36 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Alliance dla Democracy or ADEMA [Ibrahim Boubacar KEITA, party chairman]; Block of Alternative dla the Renewal of Africa or BARA [Yoro DIAKITE]; Democratic and Social Convention or CDS [Mamadou Bakary SANGARE, chairman]; Movement dla the Niepodleglosc, Renaissance and Integration of Africa or MIRIA [Mohamed Lamine TRAORE, Mouhamedou DICKO]; National Congress dla Democratic Initiative or CNID [Mountaga TALL, chairman]; Party dla Democracy and Progress or PDP [Me Idrissa TRAORE]; Party dla National Renewal or PARENA [Yoro DIAKITE, chairman; Tiebile DRAME, secretary general]; Rally dla Democracy and Labor or RDT [Ali GNANGADO]; Rally dla Democracy and Progress or RDP [Almamy SYLLA, chairman]; Sudanese Union/African Democratic Rally or US/RDA [Mamadou Bamou TOURE, secretary general]; Union of Democratic Forces dla Progress or UFDP [Youssouf TOURE, secretary general]; Union dla Democracy and Development or UDD [Moussa Balla COULIBALY]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow Patriotic Movement of the Ghanda Koye or MPGK; United Movement and Fronts of Azawad or MFUA
Ludnosc 11,008,518 (lipiec 2001 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny 2.97% (2001 est.)
Porty i stocznie Koulikoro
Stacje radiowe AM 1, FM 14, shortwave 7 (1998)
Radia 570,000 (1997)
Linie kolejowe total:
729 km (linked to Senegal's rail system through Kayes)

narrow gauge:
729 km 1.000-m gauge
Religie Muslim 90%, indigenous beliefs 9%, Christian 1%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth:
1.03 male(s)/female

under 15 years:
1.01 male(s)/female

15-64 years:
0.91 male(s)/female

65 years and over:
0.88 male(s)/female

total population:
0.96 male(s)/female (2001 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 21 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment:
domestic system poor but improving; provides only minimal service

network consists of microwave radio relay, open wire, and radiotelephone communications stations; expansion of microwave radio relay w progress

satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Ocean Atlantycki and 1 Ocean Indyjski)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 23,000 (1997)
Telefony komorkowe 2,842 (1997)
Stacje telewizyjne 1 (plus two repeaters) (1997)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly flat to rolling northern plains covered by sand; savanna w south, rugged hills w northeast
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 6.81 children born/woman (2001 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia NA%
Drogi wodne 1,815 km
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