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Tadzykistan (2008)

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TadzykistanTadzykistan (2001) (porownaj)
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TadzykistanTadzykistan (2007) (porownaj)

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Tadzykistan 2008 roku

Podzial administracyjny 2 provinces (viloyatho, singular - viloyat) and 1 autonomous province* (viloyati mukhtor); Viloyati Khatlon (Qurghonteppa), Viloyati Mukhtori Kuhistoni Badakhshon* [Gorno-Badakhshan] (Khorugh), Viloyati Sughd (Khujand)

note: the administrative center name follows w parentheses
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 35% (male 1,261,247/female 1,218,686)

15-64 years: 61.2% (male 2,145,300/female 2,184,519)

65 years and over: 3.8% (male 113,186/female 153,660) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo cotton, grain, fruits, grapes, vegetables; cattle, sheep, goats
Lotniska 26 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 18

over 3,047 m: 2

2,438 to 3,047 m: 4

1,524 to 2,437 m: 6

914 to 1,523 m: 3

under 914 m: 3 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 8

under 914 m: 8 (2007)
Terytorium total: 143,100 sq km

land: 142,700 sq km

water: 400 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than Wisconsin
Tlo historyczne The Tajik people came under Rosjan rule w the 1860s and 1870s, but Rosja's hold on Central Asia weakened following the Revolution of 1917. Bolshevik control of the area was fiercely contested and not fully reestablished until 1925. Much of present-day Sughd province was transferred from the Uzbekistan SSR to newly formed Tadzykistan SSR w 1929. Ethnic Uzbeks form a substantial minority w Sughd province. Tadzykistan became independent w 1991 following the breakup of the Soviet Union, and it is now w the process of strengthening its democracy and transitioning to a free market economy after its 1992-97 civil war. There have been no major security incidents w recent years, although the country remains the poorest w the former Soviet sphere. Attention by the international community w the wake of the war w Afganistan has brought increased economic development and security assistance, which could create jobs and increase stability w the long term. Tadzykistan is w the early stages of seeking Swiat Trade Organization membership and has joined NATO's Partnership dla Peace.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 27.33 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $614.8 million

expenditures: $756.9 million (2007 est.)
Stolica name: Dushanbe

geographic coordinates: 38 35 N, 68 48 E

time difference: UTC+5 (10 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat midlatitude continental, hot summers, mild winters; semiarid to polar w Pamir Mountains
Linia brzegowa 0 km (landlocked)
Konstytucja 6 listopad 1994
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Tadzykistan

conventional short form: Tadzykistan

local long form: Jumhurii Tojikiston

local short form: Tojikiston

former: Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic
Wspolczynnik zgonow 7.05 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $1.308 billion (31 grudzien 2007 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Tracey Ann JACOBSON

embassy: 109-A Ismoili Somoni Avenue, Dushanbe 734019

mailing address: 7090 Dushanbe Place, Dulles, VA 20189

telephone: [992] (37) 229-20-00

FAX: [992] (37) 229-20-50
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Abdujabbor SHIRINOV

chancery: 1005 New Hampshire Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20037

telephone: [1] (202) 223-6090

FAX: [1] (202) 223-6091
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje in 2006, Chiny and Tadzykistan pledged to commence demarcation of the revised boundary agreed to w the delimitation of 2002; talks continue z Uzbekistan to delimit border and remove minefields; disputes w Isfara Valley delay delimitation z Kirgistan
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $241.4 million from US (2005)
Ekonomia Tadzykistan has one of the lowest per capita Produkt krajowy bruttos among the 15 former Soviet republics. Only 7% of the land area is arable; cotton is the most important crop. Mineral resources include silver, gold, uranium, and tungsten. Industry consists only of a large aluminum plant, hydropower facilities, and small obsolete factories mostly w light industry and food processing. The civil war (1992-97) severely damaged the already weak economic infrastructure and caused a sharp decline w industrial and agricultural production. While Tadzykistan has experienced steady economic growth since 1997, nearly two-thirds of the population continues to live w abject poverty. Economic growth reached 10.6% w 2004, but dropped to 8% w 2005, 7% w 2006, and 7.2% w 2007. Tadzykistan's economic situation remains fragile due to uneven implementation of structural reforms, weak governance, widespread unemployment, and the external debt burden. Continued privatization of medium and large state-owned enterprises could increase productivity. A debt restructuring agreement was reached z Rosja w grudzien 2002 including a $250 million write-off of Tadzykistan's $300 million debt. Tadzykistan ranks third w the world w terms of water resources per head. Rosjan investment w the Sangtuda I hydropower dam, set to go online late 2007 or early 2008, will increase production of electricity dla domestic consumption. The completion of Sangtuda II and Rogun dams would substantially add to electricity output, which could also be exported dla profit. If finished, Rogun will be the world's tallest dam. Tadzykistan was also the recipient of substantial infrastructure development credits from the Shanghai Cooperation Organization to improve roads and an electricity transmission network. To help increase north-south trade, the US funded a $36 million bridge which opened w sierpien 2007 and links Tadzykistan and Afganistan.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 14.66 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 4.257 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 4.508 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 16.89 billion kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Syr Darya (Sirdaryo) 300 m

highest point: Qullai Ismoili Somoni 7,495 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy inadequate sanitation facilities; increasing levels of soil salinity; industrial pollution; excessive pesticides
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Desertification, Environmental Modification, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne Tajik 79.9%, Uzbek 15.3%, Rosjan 1.1%, Kyrgyz 1.1%, other 2.6% (2000 census)
Kurs waluty Tadzykistani somoni per US dollar - 3.4418 (2007), 3.3 (2006), 3.1166 (2005), 2.9705 (2004), 3.0614 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Emomali RAHMON (since 6 listopad 1994; head of state and Supreme Assembly chairman since 19 listopad 1992)

head of government: Prime Minister Oqil OQILOV (since 20 styczen 1999)

cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president, approved by the Supreme Assembly

elections: president elected by popular vote dla a seven-year term (eligible dla a second term); election last held 6 listopad 2006 (next to be held w listopad 2013); prime minister appointed by the president

election results: Emomali RAHMONOV reelected president; percent of vote - Emomali RAHMONOV 79.3%, Olimzon BOBOYEV 6.2%, other 14.5%
Eksport 4.257 billion kWh (2005)
Eksport $1.736 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 305.8 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary aluminum, electricity, cotton, fruits, vegetable oil, textiles
Eksport - partnerzy Holandia 40.7%, Turcja 31.7%, Iran 5.4%, Uzbekistan 4.8%, Rosja 4.7% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi three horizontal stripes of red (top), a wider stripe of white, and green; a gold crown surmounted by seven gold, five-pointed stars is located w the center of the white stripe
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 23.6%

industry: 30.6%

services: 45.8% (2007 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 7.2% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 39 00 N, 71 00 E
Polozenie geograficzne landlocked; mountainous region dominated by the Trans-Alay Range w the north and the Pamirs w the southeast; highest point, Qullai Ismoili Somoni (formerly Communism Peak), was the tallest mountain w the former USSR
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 3.3%

highest 10%: 25.6% (2003)
Narkotyki major transit country dla Afghan narcotics bound dla Rosjan and, to a lesser extent, Western European markets; limited illicit cultivation of opium poppy dla domestic consumption; Tadzykistan seizes roughly 80% of all drugs captured w Central Asia and stands third worldwide w seizures of opiates (heroin and raw opium); significant consumer of opiates
Import 4.508 billion kWh (2005)
Import $2.357 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Import 1.333 billion cu m (2005)
Import 29,480 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary electricity, petroleum products, aluminum oxide, machinery and equipment, foodstuffs
Import - partnerzy Rosja 24.6%, Kazachstan 10.8%, Uzbekistan 10.2%, Chiny 8.6%, Azerbejdzan 8% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 9 wrzesien 1991 (from Soviet Union)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 5% (2007 est.)
Przemysl aluminum, zinc, lead; chemicals and fertilizers, cement, vegetable oil, metal-cutting machine tools, refrigerators and freezers
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 43.64 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 48.73 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 38.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 9.8% (2007 est.)
Nawadniane tereny 7,220 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court (judges are appointed by the president)
Sila robocza 3.7 million (2003)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 67.2%

industry: 7.5%

services: 25.3% (2000 est.)
Granica total: 3,651 km

border countries: Afganistan 1,206 km, Chiny 414 km, Kirgistan 870 km, Uzbekistan 1,161 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 6.52%

permanent crops: 0.89%

other: 92.59% (2005)
Jezyki Tajik (official), Rosjan widely used w government and business
System prawny based on civil law system; no judicial review of legislative acts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral Supreme Assembly or Majlisi Oli consists of the National Assembly (upper chamber) or Majlisi Milliy (34 seats; 25 members selected by local deputies, 8 appointed by the president; 1 seat reserved dla the former president; to serve five-year terms) and the Assembly of Representatives (lower chamber) or Majlisi Namoyandagon (63 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

elections: last held 25 marzec 2005 dla the National Assembly (next to be held w luty 2010) and 27 luty and 13 marzec 2005 dla the Assembly of Representatives (next to be held w luty 2010)

election results: National Assembly - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PDPT 29, CPT 2, independents 3; Assembly of Representatives - percent of vote by party - PDPT 74.9%, CPT 13.6%, Islamic Revival Party 8.9%, other 2.5%; seats by party - PDPT 51, CPT 5, Islamic Revival Party 2, independents 5
Zywotnosc total population: 64.61 years

male: 61.6 years

female: 67.78 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 99.5%

male: 99.7%

female: 99.2% (2000 census)
Lokalizacja Central Asia, west of Chiny
Lokalizacja na mapie Asia
Morskie obszary none (landlocked)
Wojsko Ground Forces, Air and Air Defense Forces, Mobile Force (2008)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 3.9% (2005 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day (or National Day), 9 wrzesien (1991)
Narodowosc noun: Tadzykistani(s)

adjective: Tadzykistani
Naturalne zagrozenia earthquakes and floods
Surowce naturalne hydropower, some petroleum, uranium, mercury, brown coal, lead, zinc, antimony, tungsten, silver, gold
Wspolczynnik migracji -1.33 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Rurociagi gas 549 km; oil 38 km (2007)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Agrarian Party of Tadzykistan or APT [Amir KARAKULOV]; Democratic Party or DPT [Mahmadruzi ISKANDAROV (imprisoned pazdziernik 2005); Rahmatullo VALIYEV, deputy]; Islamic Revival Party [Muhiddin KABIRI]; Party of Economic Reform or PER [Olimzon BOBOYEV]; People's Democratic Party of Tadzykistan or PDPT [Emomali RAHMON]; Social Democratic Party or SDPT [Rahmatullo ZOYIROV]; Socialist Party or SPT [Abdualim GHAFFOROV]; Tajik Communist Party or CPT [Shodi SHABDOLOV]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow unregistered political parties: Agrarian Party [Hikmatullo NASREDDINOV]; Party of Justice [Abdurahim KARIMOV]; People's Unity Party [Abdumalik ABDULLOJONOV]; Progressive Party [Sulton QUVVATOV]; Socialist Party or SPT [Mirhuseyn NAZRIYEV]; note - this is a SPT that was disbanded, another pro-government SPT (listed above under political parties) replaced it; Unity Party [Hikmatullo SAIDOV]
Ludnosc 7,076,598 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 64% (2004 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 1.895% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 8, FM 10, shortwave 2 (2002)
Linie kolejowe total: 482 km

broad gauge: 482 km 1.520-m gauge (2006)
Religie Sunni Muslim 85%, Shi'a Muslim 5%, other 10% (2003 est.)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.035 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.982 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.737 male(s)/female

total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: poorly developed and not well maintained; many towns are not linked to the national network

domestic: the domestic telecommunications network has historically been under funded and poorly maintained; main line availability has not changed significantly since 1998; cellular telephone use is growing but coverage remains limited

international: country code - 992; linked by cable and microwave radio relay to other CIS republics and by leased connections to the Moscow international gateway switch; Dushanbe linked by Intelsat to international gateway switch w Ankara (Turcja); satellite earth stations - 1 Orbita and 2 Intelsat (2006)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 280,200 (2005)
Telefony komorkowe 265,000 (2005)
Stacje telewizyjne 6 (2006)
Uksztaltowanie terenu Pamir and Alay Mountains dominate landscape; western Fergana Valley w north, Kofarnihon and Vakhsh Valleys w southwest
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 3.09 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 12% (2004 est.)
Drogi wodne 200 km (along Vakhsh River) (2006)
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