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Samoa (2008)

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Samoa 2008 year

Administrative divisions 11 districts; A'ana, Aiga-i-le-Tai, Atua, Fa'asaleleaga, Gaga'emauga, Gagaifomauga, Palauli, Satupa'itea, Tuamasaga, Va'a-o-Fonoti, Vaisigano
Age structure 0-14 years: 38.1% (male 41,551/female 40,085)

15-64 years: 56.3% (male 63,320/female 57,277)

65 years and over: 5.6% (male 5,416/female 6,616) (2007 est.)
Agriculture - products coconuts, bananas, taro, yams, coffee, cocoa
Airports 4 (2007)
Airports - with paved runways total: 3

2,438 to 3,047 m: 1

under 914 m: 2 (2007)
Airports - with unpaved runways total: 1

under 914 m: 1 (2007)
Area total: 2,944 sq km

land: 2,934 sq km

water: 10 sq km
Area - comparative slightly smaller than Rhode Island
Background New Zealand occupied the German protectorate of Western Samoa at the outbreak of World War I in 1914. It continued to administer the islands as a mandate and then as a trust territory until 1962, when the islands became the first Polynesian nation to reestablish independence in the 20th century. The country dropped the "Western" from its name in 1997.
Birth rate 28.28 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budget revenues: $171.3 million

expenditures: $78.1 million (FY04/05 est.)
Capital name: Apia

geographic coordinates: 13 50 S, 171 44 W

time difference: UTC-11 (6 hours behind Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Climate tropical; rainy season (November to April), dry season (May to October)
Coastline 403 km
Constitution 1 January 1962
Country name conventional long form: Independent State of Samoa

conventional short form: Samoa

local long form: Malo Sa'oloto Tuto'atasi o Samoa

local short form: Samoa

former: Western Samoa
Death rate 5.88 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Debt - external $177 million (2004)
Diplomatic representation from the US chief of mission: none; US Ambassador to New Zealand is accredited to Samoa

embassy: Accident Compensation Board (ACB) Building, 5th Floor, Beach Road, Apia

mailing address: P. O. Box 3430, Apia, 0815

telephone: [685] 21436/21452/21631/22696

FAX: [685] 22030
Diplomatic representation in the US chief of mission: Ambassador Aliioaiga Feturi ELISAIA

chancery: 800 Second Avenue, Suite 400D, New York, NY 10017

telephone: [1] (212) 599-6196, 6197

FAX: [1] (212) 599-0797
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient $43.95 million (2005)
Economy - overview The economy of Samoa has traditionally been dependent on development aid, family remittances from overseas, agriculture, and fishing. The country is vulnerable to devastating storms. Agriculture employs two-thirds of the labor force and furnishes 90% of exports, featuring coconut cream, coconut oil, and copra. The fish catch declined during the El Nino of 2002-03 but returned to normal by mid-2005. The manufacturing sector mainly processes agricultural products. One factory in the Foreign Trade Zone employs 3,000 people to make automobile electrical harnesses for an assembly plant in Australia. Tourism is an expanding sector, accounting for 25% of GDP; about 100,000 tourists visited the islands in 2005. The Samoan Government has called for deregulation of the financial sector, encouragement of investment, and continued fiscal discipline, while at the same time protecting the environment. Observers point to the flexibility of the labor market as a basic strength for future economic advances. Foreign reserves are in a relatively healthy state, the external debt is stable, and inflation is low.
Electricity - consumption 97.65 million kWh (2005)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2005)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2005)
Electricity - production 105 million kWh (2005)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

highest point: Mauga Silisili (Savaii) 1,857 m
Environment - current issues soil erosion, deforestation, invasive species, overfishing
Environment - international agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Ethnic groups Samoan 92.6%, Euronesians 7% (persons of European and Polynesian blood), Europeans 0.4%
Exchange rates tala per US dollar - NA (2007), 2.7594 (2006), 2.7103 (2005), 2.7807 (2004), 2.9732 (2003)
Executive branch chief of state: TUIATUA Tupua Tamasese Efi (since 20 June 2007)

head of government: Prime Minister Sailele Malielegaoi TUILA'EPA (since 1996); Deputy Prime Minister MISA Telefoni (since 2001)

cabinet: Cabinet consists of 12 members appointed by the chief of state on the prime minister's advice

elections: chief of state is elected by the Legislative Assembly to serve a five-year term (no term limits); election last held 15 June 2007 (next to be held in 2012); following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party is usually appointed prime minister by the chief of state with the approval of the Legislative Assembly

election results: TUIATUA Tupua Tamasese Efi unanimously elected by the Legislative Assembly
Exports 0 kWh (2005)
Exports $131 million f.o.b. (2006)
Exports 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Exports 0 bbl/day (2004)
Exports - commodities fish, coconut oil and cream, copra, taro, automotive parts, garments, beer
Exports - partners Australia 44.1%, American Samoa 29.9%, Taiwan 11.3% (2006)
Fiscal year June 1 - May 31
Flag description red with a blue rectangle in the upper hoist-side quadrant bearing five white five-pointed stars representing the Southern Cross constellation
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 11.4%

industry: 58.4%

services: 30.2% (2004 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 5.5% (2005 est.)
Geographic coordinates 13 35 S, 172 20 W
Geography - note occupies an almost central position within Polynesia
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Imports 0 kWh (2005)
Imports $324 million f.o.b. (2006)
Imports 0 cu m (2005)
Imports 1,060 bbl/day (2004)
Imports - commodities machinery and equipment, industrial supplies, foodstuffs
Imports - partners NZ 21.5%, Fiji 14.8%, Singapore 13.2%, Australia 8.6%, Japan 8.6%, US 6.2%, Indonesia 5%, China 4.4% (2006)
Independence 1 January 1962 (from New Zealand-administered UN trusteeship)
Industrial production growth rate 2.8% (2000)
Industries food processing, building materials, auto parts
Infant mortality rate total: 25.89 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 30.54 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 21 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 3.3% (2005)
International organization participation ACP, ADB, C, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, IOC, IPU, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, OPCW, PIF, Sparteca, SPC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO (observer)
Irrigated land NA
Judicial branch Court of Appeal; Supreme Court; District Court; Land and Titles Court
Labor force 90,000 (2000 est.)
Labor force - by occupation agriculture: NA%

industry: NA%

services: NA%
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: 21.13%

permanent crops: 24.3%

other: 54.57% (2005)
Languages Samoan (Polynesian), English
Legal system based on English common law and local customs; judicial review of legislative acts with respect to fundamental rights of the citizen; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Legislative branch unicameral Legislative Assembly or Fono (49 seats, 47 elected by voters affiliated with traditional village-based electoral districts, 2 elected by independent, mostly non-Samoan or part-Samoan, voters who cannot, (or choose not to) establish a village affiliation; only chiefs (matai) may stand for election to the Fono from the 47 village-based electorates; members serve five-year terms)

elections: election last held 31 March 2006 (next election to be held not later than March 2011)

election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - HRPP 35, SDUP 10, independents 4
Life expectancy at birth total population: 71.3 years

male: 68.49 years

female: 74.26 years (2007 est.)
Literacy definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 99.7%

male: 99.6%

female: 99.7% (2003 est.)
Location Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand
Map references Oceania
Maritime claims territorial sea: 12 nm

contiguous zone: 24 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Merchant marine total: 1 ship (1000 GRT or over) 7,091 GRT/8,127 DWT

by type: cargo 1

foreign-owned: 1 (Cyprus 1) (2007)
Military - note Samoa has no formal defense structure or regular armed forces; informal defense ties exist with NZ, which is required to consider any Samoan request for assistance under the 1962 Treaty of Friendship
Military branches no regular military forces; Samoa Police Force (2005)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP NA
National holiday Independence Day Celebration, 1 June (1962); note - 1 January 1962 is the date of independence from the New Zealand-administered UN trusteeship; it is observed in June
Nationality noun: Samoan(s)

adjective: Samoan
Natural hazards occasional typhoons; active volcanism
Natural resources hardwood forests, fish, hydropower
Net migration rate -9.49 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Political parties and leaders Human Rights Protection Party or HRPP [Sailele Malielegaoi TUILA'EPA]; Samoa Christian Party or TCP [Tuala Tiresa MALIETOA]; Samoa Democratic United Party or SDUP [LE MAMEA Ropati]; Samoa Party or SP [Su'a Rimoni Ah CHONG]; Samoa Progressive Political Party or SPPP [Toeolesulusulu SIUEVA]
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 214,265

note: prior estimates used official net migration data by sex, but a highly unusual pattern for 1993 lead to a significant imbalance in the sex ratios (more men and fewer women) and a seeming reduction in the female population; the revised total was calculated using a 1993 number that was an average of the 1992 and 1994 migration figures (July 2007 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 1.291% (2007 est.)
Radio broadcast stations AM 2, FM 5, shortwave 0 (2004)
Religions Congregationalist 34.8%, Roman Catholic 19.6%, Methodist 15%, Latter-Day Saints 12.7%, Assembly of God 6.6%, Seventh-Day Adventist 3.5%, Worship Centre 1.3%, other Christian 4.5%, other 1.9%, unspecified 0.1% (2001 census)
Sex ratio at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.037 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.106 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.819 male(s)/female

total population: 1.061 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Suffrage 21 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment: adequate

domestic: NA

international: country code - 685; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean)
Telephones - main lines in use 19,500 (2005)
Telephones - mobile cellular 24,000 (2005)
Television broadcast stations 2 (2002)
Terrain two main islands (Savaii, Upolu) and several smaller islands and uninhabited islets; narrow coastal plain with volcanic, rocky, rugged mountains in interior
Total fertility rate 4.21 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Unemployment rate NA%
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