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Samoa (2001)

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Samoa 2001 year

Administrative divisions 11 districts; A'ana, Aiga-i-le-Tai, Atua, Fa'asaleleaga, Gaga'emauga, Gagaifomauga, Palauli, Satupa'itea, Tuamasaga, Va'a-o-Fonoti, Vaisigano
Age structure 0-14 years:
31.88% (male 29,009; female 28,069)

15-64 years:
62.44% (male 70,491; female 41,304)

65 years and over:
5.68% (male 4,739; female 5,446) (2001 est.)
Agriculture - products coconuts, bananas, taro, yams
Airports 3 (2000 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total:

2,438 to 3,047 m:
1 (2000 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways total:

under 914 m:
2 (2000 est.)
Area total:
2,860 sq km

2,850 sq km

10 sq km
Area - comparative slightly smaller than Rhode Island
Background New Zealand occupied the German protectorate of Western Samoa at the outbreak of World War I in 1914. It continued to administer the islands as a mandate and then as a trust territory until 1962, when the islands became the first Polynesian nation to reestablish independence in the 20th century. The country dropped the "Western" from its name in 1997.
Birth rate 15.59 births/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Budget revenues:
$74.8 million

$81.4 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (1999 est.)
Capital Apia
Climate tropical; rainy season (October to March), dry season (May to October)
Coastline 403 km
Constitution 1 January 1962
Country name conventional long form:
Independent State of Samoa

conventional short form:

Western Samoa
Currency tala (WST)
Death rate 6.29 deaths/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Debt - external $180 million (1998 est.)
Diplomatic representation from the US chief of mission:
Ambassador Carol MOSELEY BRAUN (Ambassador to New Zealand and Samoa, resides in Wellington, New Zealand)

5th floor, Beach Road, Apia

mailing address:
P. O. Box 3430, Apia

[685] 21631

[685] 22030
Diplomatic representation in the US chief of mission:
Ambassador Tuiloma Neroni SLADE

800 Second Avenue, Suite 400D, New York, NY 10017

[1] (212) 599-6196, 6197

[1] (212) 599-0797
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient $42.9 million (1995)
Economy - overview The economy of Samoa has traditionally been dependent on development aid, family remittances from overseas, and agricultural exports. The country is vulnerable to devastating storms. Agriculture employs two-thirds of the labor force, and furnishes 90% of exports, featuring coconut cream, coconut oil, and copra. The manufacturing sector mainly processes agricultural products. Tourism is an expanding sector, accounting for 15% of GDP; about 85,000 tourists visited the islands in 2000. The Samoan Government has called for deregulation of the financial sector, encouragement of investment, and continued fiscal discipline. Observers point to the flexibility of the labor market as a basic strength for future economic advances. Foreign reserves are in a relatively healthy state, the external debt is stable, and inflation is low.
Electricity - consumption 93 million kWh (1999)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (1999)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (1999)
Electricity - production 100 million kWh (1999)
Electricity - production by source fossil fuel:



0% (1999)
Elevation extremes lowest point:
Pacific Ocean 0 m

highest point:
Mauga Silisili 1,857 m
Environment - current issues soil erosion
Environment - international agreements party to:
Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection

signed, but not ratified:
none of the selected agreements
Ethnic groups Samoan 92.6%, Euronesians 7% (persons of European and Polynesian blood), Europeans 0.4%
Exchange rates tala per US dollar - 3.3400 (January 2001), 3.2712 (2000), 3.0120 (1999), 2.9429 (1998), 2.5562 (1997), 2.4618 (1996)
Executive branch chief of state:
Chief Susuga MALIETOA Tanumafili II (cochief of state from 1 January 1962 until becoming sole chief of state 5 April 1963)

head of government:
Prime Minister TUILA'EPA Sailele Malielegaoi (since 24 November 1998); note - TUILA'EPA served as deputy prime minister since 1992; he assumed the prime ministership in November 1998 when former Prime Minister TOFILAU Eti Alesana resigned in poor health; the post of deputy prime minister is currently vacant

Cabinet consists of 12 members, appointed by the chief of state with the prime minister's advice

upon the death of Chief Susuga MALIETOA Tanumafili II, a new chief of state will be elected by the Legislative Assembly to serve a five-year term; prime minister appointed by the chief of state with the approval of the Legislative Assembly
Exports 0 kWh (1999)
Exports $17 million (f.o.b., 2000)
Exports - commodities coconut oil and cream, copra, fish, beer
Exports - partners American Samoa 59%, US 18%, Germany 9%, New Zealand 8% (2000 est.)
Fiscal year calendar year
Flag description red with a blue rectangle in the upper hoist-side quadrant bearing five white five-pointed stars representing the Southern Cross constellation
GDP purchasing power parity - $571 million (2000 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture:


61% (2000 est.)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $3,200 (2000 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 6.8% (2000 est.)
Geographic coordinates 13 35 S, 172 20 W
Highways total:
835 km

267 km

569 km (1983)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%:

highest 10%:
Imports 0 kWh (1999)
Imports $90 million (f.o.b., 2000)
Imports - commodities machinery and equipment, industrial supplies, foodstuffs
Imports - partners New Zealand 37%, Australia 24%, Fiji 14%, US 14% (2000 est.)
Independence 1 January 1962 (from New Zealand-administered UN trusteeship)
Industrial production growth rate 10% (2000 est.)
Industries food processing, building materials, auto parts
Infant mortality rate 31.75 deaths/1,000 live births (2001 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 0.8% (2000 est.)
International organization participation ACP, AsDB, C, ESCAP, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IMF, IMO, Intelsat (nonsignatory user), IOC, ITU, OPCW, Sparteca, SPC, SPF, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO (observer)
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 2 (2000)
Irrigated land NA sq km
Judicial branch Supreme Court; Court of Appeal
Labor force 90,000 (2000 est.)
Labor force - by occupation agriculture 65%, services 30%, industry 5% (1995 est.)
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land:

permanent crops:

permanent pastures:

forests and woodland:

Languages Samoan (Polynesian), English
Legal system based on English common law and local customs; judicial review of legislative acts with respect to fundamental rights of the citizen; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Legislative branch unicameral Legislative Assembly or Fono (49 seats - 47 elected by Samoans, 2 elected by non-Samoans; only chiefs (matai) may stand for election to the Fono; members serve five-year terms)

last held 4 March 2001 (next to be held by March 2006)

election results:
percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - HRPP 23, SNDP 13, independents 13
Life expectancy at birth total population:
69.5 years

66.77 years

72.37 years (2001 est.)
Literacy definition:
age 15 and over can read and write

total population:


97% (1971 est.)
Location Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand
Map references Oceania
Maritime claims exclusive economic zone:
200 NM

territorial sea:
12 NM
Military - note Samoa has no formal defense structure or regular armed forces; informal defense ties exist with NZ, which is required to consider any Samoan request for assistance under the 1962 Treaty of Friendship
Military branches no regular armed services; Samoa Police Force
Military expenditures - dollar figure $NA
Military expenditures - percent of GDP NA%
National holiday Independence Day Celebration, 1 June (1962); note - 1 January 1962 is the date of independence from the New Zealand-administered UN trusteeship, 1 June 1962 is the date that independence is celebrated
Nationality noun:

Natural hazards occasional typhoons; active volcanism
Natural resources hardwood forests, fish, hydropower
Net migration rate -11.62 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Political parties and leaders Human Rights Protection Party or HRPP [TUILA'EPA Sailele Malielegaoi, chairman]; Samoa All People's Party or SAPP [Matatumua NAIMOAGA]; Samoan National Development Party or SNDP [TAPUA Tamasese Efi, chairman] (opposition); Samoa National Party [FETU Tiatia, party secretary]; Samoan Progressive Conservative Party [LEOTA Ituau Ale]
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 179,058 (July 2001 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate -0.23% (2001 est.)
Ports and harbors Apia, Asau, Mulifanua, Salelologa
Radio broadcast stations AM 1, FM 3, shortwave 0 (1998)
Radios 178,000 (1997)
Railways 0 km
Religions Christian 99.7% (about one-half of population associated with the London Missionary Society; includes Congregational, Roman Catholic, Methodist, Latter-Day Saints, Seventh-Day Adventist)
Sex ratio at birth:
1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years:
1.03 male(s)/female

15-64 years:
1.71 male(s)/female

65 years and over:
0.87 male(s)/female

total population:
1.39 male(s)/female (2001 est.)
Suffrage 21 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment:


satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean)
Telephones - main lines in use 8,000 (1997)
Telephones - mobile cellular 1,545 (February 1998)
Television broadcast stations 6 (1997)
Terrain narrow coastal plain with volcanic, rocky, rugged mountains in interior
Total fertility rate 3.4 children born/woman (2001 est.)
Unemployment rate NA%; note - substantial underemployment
Waterways none
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