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Gibraltar (2008)

Gibraltar - wybierz rok:
GibraltarGibraltar (2001) (porownaj)
GibraltarGibraltar (2002) (porownaj)
GibraltarGibraltar (2003) (porownaj)
GibraltarGibraltar (2004) (porownaj)
GibraltarGibraltar (2005) (porownaj)
GibraltarGibraltar (2006) (porownaj)
GibraltarGibraltar (2007) (porownaj)


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Gibraltar 2008 roku

 Gibraltar
Podzial administracyjny none (overseas territory of the UK)
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 17.2% (male 2,460/female 2,343)


15-64 years: 66.3% (male 9,470/female 9,070)


65 years and over: 16.5% (male 2,090/female 2,534) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo none
Lotniska 1 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 1


1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2007)
Terytorium total: 6.5 sq km


land: 6.5 sq km


water: 0 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci a little less than one half the size of Rhode Island
Tlo historyczne Strategically important, Gibraltar was reluctantly ceded to Great Britain by Hiszpania w the 1713 Treaty of Utrecht; the British garrison was formally declared a colony w 1830. In a referendum held w 1967, Gibraltarians voted overwhelmingly to remain a British dependency. The subsequent granting of autonomy w 1969 by the UK led to Hiszpania closing the border and severing all communication links. A series of talks were held by the UK and Hiszpania between 1997 and 2002 on establishing temporary joint sovereignty over Gibraltar. In response to these talks, the Gibraltar Government called a referendum w late 2002 w which the majority of citizens voted overwhelmingly against any sharing of sovereignty z Hiszpania. Since the referendum, tripartite talks on other issues have been held z Hiszpania, the UK, and Gibraltar, and w wrzesien 2006 a three-way agreement was signed. Hiszpania agreed to remove restrictions on air movements, to speed up customs procedures, to implement international telephone dialing, and to allow mobile roaming agreements. Britain agreed to pay increased pensions to Spaniards who had been employed w Gibraltar before the border closed. Hiszpania will be allowed to open a cultural institute from which the Spanish flag will fly. A new non-colonial constitution came into effect w 2007, but the UK retains responsibility dla defense, foreign relations, internal security, and financial stability.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 10.69 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $455.1 million


expenditures: $423.6 million (2005 est.)
Stolica name: Gibraltar


geographic coordinates: 36 08 N, 5 21 W


time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)


daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday w marzec; ends last Sunday w pazdziernik
Klimat Mediterranean z mild winters and warm summers
Linia brzegowa 12 km
Konstytucja 5 czerwiec 2006; came into force 2 styczen 2007
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: none


conventional short form: Gibraltar
Wspolczynnik zgonow 9.4 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $NA
Podleglosc overseas territory of the UK
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA none (overseas territory of the UK)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA none (overseas territory of the UK)
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje in 2002, Gibraltar residents voted overwhelmingly by referendum to reject any "shared sovereignty" arrangement; the government of Gibraltar insists on equal participation w talks between the UK and Hiszpania; Hiszpania disapproves of UK plans to grant Gibraltar even greater autonomy
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $NA
Ekonomia Self-sufficient Gibraltar benefits from an extensive shipping trade, offshore banking, and its position as an international conference center. The British military presence has been sharply reduced and now contributes about 7% to the local economy, compared z 60% w 1984. The financial sector, tourism (almost 5 million visitors w 1998), shipping services fees, and duties on consumer goods also generate revenue. The financial sector, the shipping sector, and tourism each contribute 25%-30% of Produkt krajowy brutto. Telecommunications accounts dla another 10%. In recent years, Gibraltar has seen major structural change from a public to a private sector economy, but changes w government spending still have a major impact on the level of employment.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 141 million kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 141 million kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m


highest point: Rock of Gibraltar 426 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy limited natural freshwater resources: large concrete or natural rock water catchments collect rainwater (no longer used dla drinking water) and adequate desalination plant
Grupy etniczne Spanish, Italian, English, Maltese, Portuguese, German, North Africans
Kurs waluty Gibraltar pounds per US dollar - 0.4993 (2007), 0.5434 (2006), 0.5504 (2005), 0.5462 (2004), 0.6125 (2003)


note: the Gibraltar pound is at par z the British pound
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 luty 1952); represented by Governor Sir Robert FULTON (since 27 pazdziernik 2006)


head of government: Chief Minister Peter CARUANA (since 17 maj 1996)


cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed from among the 17 elected members of the Parliament by the governor w consultation z the chief minister


elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed chief minister by the governor
Eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Eksport $271 million f.o.b. (2004 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 0 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary (principally reexports) petroleum 51%, manufactured goods 41%, other 8%
Eksport - partnerzy UK 30.8%, Hiszpania 22.7%, Niemcy 13.7%, Turkmenistan 10.4%, Szwajcaria 8.3%, Wlochy 6.7% (2006)
Rok podatkowy 1 lipiec - 30 czerwiec
Opis flagi two horizontal bands of white (top, double width) and red z a three-towered red castle w the center of the white band; hanging from the castle gate is a gold key centered w the red band
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: NA%


industry: NA%


services: NA%
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 7% (2005 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 36 08 N, 5 21 W
Polozenie geograficzne strategic location on Strait of Gibraltar that links the North Ocean Atlantycki and Mediterranean Sea
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%


highest 10%: NA%
Import 0 kWh (2005)
Import $2.967 billion c.i.f. (2004 est.)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 24,350 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary fuels, manufactured goods, and foodstuffs
Import - partnerzy Hiszpania 23.4%, Rosja 12.3%, Wlochy 12%, UK 9%, Francja 8.9%, Holandia 6.8%, US 4.7% (2006)
Niepodleglosc none (overseas territory of the UK)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle NA%
Przemysl tourism, banking and finance, ship repairing, tobacco
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 4.98 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 5.54 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 4.39 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 2.9% (2005)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji Interpol (subbureau), UPU
Nawadniane tereny NA
Sadownictwo Supreme Court; Court of Appeal
Sila robocza 12,690 (including non-Gibraltar laborers) (2001)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: negligible


industry: 40%


services: 60% (2001)
Granica total: 1.2 km


border countries: Hiszpania 1.2 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 0%


permanent crops: 0%


other: 100% (2005)
Jezyki English (used w schools and dla official purposes), Spanish, Italian, Portuguese
System prawny the laws of the UK, where applicable, apply
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral Parliament (18 seats: 17 members elected by popular vote, 1 dla the Speaker appointed by Parliament; to serve four-year terms)


elections: last held 11 pazdziernik 2007 (next to be held not later than pazdziernik 2011)


election results: percent of vote by party - GSD 49.3%, GSLP 31.8%, Gibraltar Liberal Party 13.6%; seats by party - GSD 10, GSLP 4, Gibraltar Liberal Party 3
Zywotnosc total population: 79.93 years


male: 77.05 years


female: 82.96 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: NA


total population: above 80%


male: NA


female: NA
Lokalizacja Southwestern Europe, bordering the Strait of Gibraltar, which links the Mediterranean Sea and the North Ocean Atlantycki, on the southern coast of Hiszpania
Lokalizacja na mapie Europe
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 3 nm
Flota handlowa total: 216 ships (1000 GRT or over) 1,422,155 GRT/1,866,572 DWT


by type: barge carrier 2, bulk carrier 5, cargo 117, chemical tanker 39, container 31, passenger 1, petroleum tanker 13, roll on/roll off 7, specialized tanker 1


foreign-owned: 201 (Belgia 3, Cypr 5, Dania 9, Finlandia 3, Francja 1, Niemcy 117, Grecja 8, Islandia 1, Wlochy 1, Holandia 11, Norwegia 27, Szwecja 10, UAE 2, UK 3)


registered w other countries: 7 (Liberia 7) (2007)
Wojsko - uwagi defense is the responsibility of the UK; the Royal Gibraltar Regiment replaced the last British regular infantry forces w 1992
Wojsko Royal Gibraltar Regiment
Swieto narodowe National Day, 10 wrzesien (1967); note - day of the national referendum to decide whether to remain z the UK or go z Hiszpania
Narodowosc noun: Gibraltarian(s)


adjective: Gibraltar
Naturalne zagrozenia NA
Surowce naturalne none
Wspolczynnik migracji 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Gibraltar Liberal Party [Joseph GARCIA]; Gibraltar Social Democrats or GSD [Peter CARUANA]; Gibraltar Socialist Labor Party or GSLP [Joseph John BOSSANO]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow Chamber of Commerce; Gibraltar Representatives Organization; Women's Association
Ludnosc 27,967 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny 0.129% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 1, FM 5, shortwave 0 (1998)
Religie Roman Catholic 78.1%, Church of England 7%, other Christian 3.2%, Muslim 4%, Jewish 2.1%, Hindu 1.8%, other or unspecified 0.9%, none 2.9% (2001 census)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 1.044 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.825 male(s)/female


total population: 1.005 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal; and British citizens who have been residents six months or more
System telefoniczny general assessment: adequate, automatic domestic system and adequate international facilities


domestic: automatic exchange facilities


international: country code - 350; radiotelephone; microwave radio relay; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 24,512 (2002)
Telefony komorkowe 9,797 (2002)
Stacje telewizyjne 1 (plus 3 repeaters) (1997)
Uksztaltowanie terenu a narrow coastal lowland borders the Rock of Gibraltar
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 1.65 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 3% (2005 est.)
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