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Gibraltar (2006)

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Gibraltar 2006 year

Administrative divisions none (overseas territory of the UK)
Age structure 0-14 years: 17.5% (male 2,499/female 2,388)

15-64 years: 66% (male 9,443/female 8,999)

65 years and over: 16.5% (male 2,059/female 2,540) (2006 est.)
Agriculture - products none
Airports 1 (2006)
Airports - with paved runways total: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2006)
Area total: 6.5 sq km

land: 6.5 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative about 11 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC
Background Strategically important, Gibraltar was reluctantly ceded to Great Britain by Spain in the 1713 Treaty of Utrecht; the British garrison was formally declared a colony in 1830. In a referendum held in 1967, Gibraltarians voted overwhelmingly to remain a British dependency. Although the current 1969 Constitution for Gibraltar states that the British government will never allow the people of Gibraltar to pass under the sovereignty of another state against their freely and democratically expressed wishes, a series of talks were held by the UK and Spain between 1997 and 2002 on establishing temporary joint sovereignty over Gibraltar. In response to these talks, the Gibraltarian Government set up a referendum in late 2002 in which a majority of the citizens voted overwhelmingly against any sharing of sovereignty with Spain. Since the referendum, tripartite talks have been held with Spain, the UK, and Gibraltar, and in September 2006 a three-way agreement was signed. Spain agreed to allow airlines other than British to serve Gibraltar, to speed up customs procedures, and to add more telephone lines into Gibraltar. Britain agreed to pay pensions to Spaniards who had been employed in Gibraltar before the border closed in 1969. Spain will be allowed to open a cultural institute from which the Spanish flag will fly.
Birth rate 10.74 births/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Budget revenues: $307 million

expenditures: $284 million; including capital expenditures of $NA (FY00/01 est.)
Capital name: Gibraltar

geographic coordinates: 39 11 N, 5 22 W

time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Climate Mediterranean with mild winters and warm summers
Coastline 12 km
Constitution 30 May 1969
Country name conventional long form: none

conventional short form: Gibraltar
Death rate 9.31 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Debt - external $NA (2000 est.)
Dependency status overseas territory of the UK
Diplomatic representation from the US none (overseas territory of the UK)
Diplomatic representation in the US none (overseas territory of the UK)
Disputes - international in 2002, Gibraltar residents voted overwhelmingly by referendum to reject any "shared sovereignty" arrangement; the government of Gibraltar insists on equal participation in talks between the UK and Spain; Spain disapproves of UK plans to grant Gibraltar even greater autonomy
Economic aid - recipient $NA
Economy - overview Self-sufficient Gibraltar benefits from an extensive shipping trade, offshore banking, and its position as an international conference center. The British military presence has been sharply reduced and now contributes about 7% to the local economy, compared with 60% in 1984. The financial sector, tourism (almost 5 million visitors in 1998), shipping services fees, and duties on consumer goods also generate revenue. The financial sector, the shipping sector, and tourism each contribute 25%-30% of GDP. Telecommunications accounts for another 10%. In recent years, Gibraltar has seen major structural change from a public to a private sector economy, but changes in government spending still have a major impact on the level of employment.
Electricity - consumption 98.69 million kWh (2003)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2003)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2003)
Electricity - production 106.1 million kWh (2003)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m

highest point: Rock of Gibraltar 426 m
Environment - current issues limited natural freshwater resources: large concrete or natural rock water catchments collect rainwater (no longer used for drinking water) and adequate desalination plant
Ethnic groups Spanish, Italian, English, Maltese, Portuguese, German, North Africans
Exchange rates Gibraltar pounds per US dollar - 0.55 (2005), 0.5462 (2004), 0.6125 (2003), 0.6672 (2002), 0.6947 (2001)

note: the Gibraltar pound is at par with the British pound
Executive branch chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Governor Sir Robert FULTON (since 27 October 2006)

head of government: Chief Minister Peter CARUANA (since 17 May 1996)

cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed from among the 15 elected members of the House of Assembly by the governor in consultation with the chief minister

elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed chief minister by the governor
Exports 0 kWh (2003)
Exports $271 million f.o.b. (2004 est.)
Exports NA bbl/day
Exports - commodities (principally reexports) petroleum 51%, manufactured goods 41%, other 8%
Exports - partners UK 30.8%, Spain 22.7%, Germany 13.7%, Turkmenistan 10.4%, Switzerland 8.3%, Italy 6.7% (2005)
Fiscal year 1 July - 30 June
Flag description two horizontal bands of white (top, double width) and red with a three-towered red castle in the center of the white band; hanging from the castle gate is a gold key centered in the red band
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: NA%

industry: NA%

services: NA%
GDP - real growth rate NA%
Geographic coordinates 36 8 N, 5 21 W
Geography - note strategic location on Strait of Gibraltar that links the North Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Imports 0 kWh (2003)
Imports $2.967 billion c.i.f. (2004 est.)
Imports NA bbl/day
Imports - commodities fuels, manufactured goods, and foodstuffs
Imports - partners Spain 23.4%, Russia 12.3%, Italy 12%, UK 9%, France 8.9%, Netherlands 6.8%, US 4.7% (2005)
Independence none (overseas territory of the UK)
Industrial production growth rate NA%
Industries tourism, banking and finance, ship repairing, tobacco
Infant mortality rate total: 5.06 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 5.63 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 4.46 deaths/1,000 live births (2006 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 1.5% (1998)
International organization participation Interpol (subbureau), UPU
Irrigated land NA
Judicial branch Supreme Court; Court of Appeal
Labor force 12,690 (including non-Gibraltar laborers) (2001)
Labor force - by occupation agriculture: negligible

industry: 40%

services: 60%
Land boundaries total: 1.2 km

border countries: Spain 1.2 km
Land use arable land: 0%

permanent crops: 0%

other: 100% (2005)
Languages English (used in schools and for official purposes), Spanish, Italian, Portuguese
Legal system English law
Legislative branch unicameral House of Assembly (18 seats - 15 elected by popular vote, 1 appointed for the Speaker, and 2 ex officio members; members serve four-year terms)

elections: last held 27 November 2003 (next to be held not later than February 2008)

election results: percent of vote by party - GSD 58%, GSLP 41%; seats by party - GSD 8, GSLP 7
Life expectancy at birth total population: 79.8 years

male: 76.92 years

female: 82.83 years (2006 est.)
Literacy definition: NA

total population: above 80%

male: NA

female: NA
Location Southwestern Europe, bordering the Strait of Gibraltar, which links the Mediterranean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, on the southern coast of Spain
Map references Europe
Maritime claims territorial sea: 3 nm
Merchant marine total: 180 ships (1000 GRT or over) 1,129,379 GRT/1,437,754 DWT

by type: barge carrier 3, bulk carrier 1, cargo 105, chemical tanker 26, container 26, passenger 1, petroleum tanker 11, roll on/roll off 6, specialized tanker 1

foreign-owned: 165 (Belgium 2, Cyprus 1, Denmark 1, Finland 3, France 1, Germany 108, Greece 7, Iceland 1, Ireland 1, Italy 6, Latvia 2, Netherlands 5, Norway 18, Sweden 5, UK 4) (2006)
Military - note defense is the responsibility of the UK; the last British regular infantry forces left Gibraltar in 1992, replaced by the Royal Gibraltar Regiment
Military branches Royal Gibraltar Regiment
National holiday National Day, 10 September (1967); note - day of the national referendum to decide whether to remain with the UK or go with Spain
Nationality noun: Gibraltarian(s)

adjective: Gibraltar
Natural hazards NA
Natural resources none
Net migration rate 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Political parties and leaders Gibraltar Liberal Party [Joseph GARCIA]; Gibraltar Social Democrats or GSD [Peter CARUANA]; Gibraltar Socialist Labor Party or GSLP [Joseph John BOSSANO]
Political pressure groups and leaders Chamber of Commerce; Gibraltar Representatives Organization; Women's Association
Population 27,928 (July 2006 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 0.14% (2006 est.)
Radio broadcast stations AM 1, FM 5, shortwave 0 (1998)
Religions Roman Catholic 78.1%, Church of England 7%, other Christian 3.2%, Muslim 4%, Jewish 2.1%, Hindu 1.8%, other or unspecified 0.9%, none 2.9% (2001 census)
Sex ratio at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/female

total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2006 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal, plus other British citizens who have been residents six months or more
Telephone system general assessment: adequate, automatic domestic system and adequate international facilities

domestic: automatic exchange facilities

international: country code - 350; radiotelephone; microwave radio relay; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
Telephones - main lines in use 24,512 (2002)
Telephones - mobile cellular 9,797 (2002)
Television broadcast stations 1 (plus three low-power repeaters) (1997)
Terrain a narrow coastal lowland borders the Rock of Gibraltar
Total fertility rate 1.65 children born/woman (2006 est.)
Unemployment rate 2% (2001 est.)
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